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Motto in English
|Lead us from Darkness to Light|
|Location||Hyderabad, Telangana, India|
Osmania University is a public state university located in Hyderabad, India, founded in 1918 with the help of chief architect of Mahbub Ali Khan – Nawab Sarwar Jung. It was established and named after the seventh and last Nizam of Hyderabad, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan. It is the third oldest university in southern India, and the first to be established in the erstwhile princely State of Hyderabad. It is the first Indian university to have Urdu as a medium of instruction.
As of 2012, the university hosts 3,700 international students from more than 80 nations. The OU is one of the largest university systems in the Indian subcontinent with over 300,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges. It is particularly known for its faculty of Engineering and Technology, Law, Arts, Sciences, Commerce and Management departments. Osmania Medical College was once a part of the university.
In 1846, the Nizam Medical school was formed to teach Allopathic Medical science in the Urdu language to the native students of Hyderabad state,. In the year 1854, Darul-Uloom was formed as a formal primary educational institute, and the Nizam College and College of Law were initiated in the year 1887 and 1899. Nobel Laureate poet, Rabindranth Tagore observed:
I have long been waiting for the day when, freed from the shackles of a foreign language, our education becomes naturally accessible to all our people. It is a problem for the solution of which we look to our Native States, and it gives me great joy to know that your State proposes to found a University in which instructions are to be given through the medium of Urdu. It is needless to say that your scheme has my fullest appreciation..."
A plan to establish a university in Hyderabad state was initiated in 1884. Wilfred Sewen Blunt, a British educationist, prepared a proposal and presented it to the Nizam of Hyderabad on 24 January 1884. The official decree was issued on 17 August 1917 for the establishment of Osmania University. Inaugurated in 1918, the university has functioned since 28 August 1919, with an initial enrollment of 225 students. Within the first decade of its establishment, medicine and engineering faculties were started in 1927 and 1929, which were accredited throughout the Indian subcontinent. The university college for women was initiated in 1926, and in 1936 the arts college was started.
The university was established to cater to modern, secular, cultural, Islamic and regional arts education, for which the medium of instruction was selected as Urdu and English as a compulsory language, making it the first university in the Indian subcontinent to provide education in native and Urdu language. The Translation Bureau and Publication section was formed, which collected foreign and regional language textbooks along with literature, sciences and other artworks from the world and translated them into the Urdu language. Moreover, in 1974, the Progressive Women's Organisation was formed in the University which championed women's rights across India especially in the urban sector.
The main campus is a chief intellectual centre in Hyderabad, and its alumni and faculty members include many distinguished individuals, including former Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao. Admission to the main campus departments of Psychology, Genetics, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Engineering, Management, and Law is highly competitive.
The university colleges are located within the main campus of the university. There are eight such colleges: the University College of Arts and Social Sciences, University College of Commerce & Business Management, University College of Technology, University College of Engineering, University College of Law, University College of Science, Institute of Advance Study in Education, and PG College of Physical Education.
The university has a campus of nearly 1600 acres (6 km²) with 300,000 students (counting all the campuses, constituent affiliated colleges and district centres), making it one of the largest higher education system in India. It is home to nearly 300,000 students pursuing their higher studies. It attracts students from across the nation as well as from other countries. Nearly 5000 faculty and staff are employed at Osmania.
Admissions and researchEdit
Osmania is a non-profit university which is funded and managed by the government. Admissions into the Bachelor of Engineering, Masters and Doctoral programs in the main campus is on a merit basis, evaluated by national entrance examinations (such as the EAMCET, GATE, BCFSBTGMES-N&D, APLAWCET, or O.U. PhD Entrance Exam) for each of the courses offered. The research activities are funded by various autonomous agencies of the government of India.
The University Library is the main library of the university and it was founded in 1918 along with the university. It has close to 500,000 books and more than 6000 manuscripts, which include rare palm leaf manuscripts. It also has various journals and government documents. The main library coordinates a library system, which connects the libraries in the entire campus and other constituent college libraries.
Constituent centers at main campusEdit
Osmania University is a confederation of university colleges, constituent colleges, and affiliated colleges. The constituent colleges of the university includes various colleges, including Nizam College and University College for Women. Nizam College was established in 1887 and was part of the University of Madras for 60 years; the college was made a constituent college of Osmania on 19 February 1947.
- University College for Women, Koti
- University College of Science, Saifabad, Hyderabad
- Post Graduate College, Secunderabad
- Post Graduate College of Law, Basheerbhagh
- Institute of Genetics and Hospital for Genetic Diseases
- Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Parasitology
- Center For Energy Technology
- Educational Multimedia Research Center
- Center For English Language Training
Other autonomous centersEdit
- Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers, Hyderabad
- Indian Council of Social Science Research, Hyderabad
- Center For Plant Molecular Biology
- Center For Indian Ocean Studies
- Japal-Rangapur Observatory
- Research and Training Unit in Navigational Electronics
- Regional Center For Urban and Environmental Studies
- National Institute of Nutrition
- City College Hyderabad
- Center For Stem Cell Science, Hyderabad
- Anwar Ul Uloom College, Hyderabad
- PGRR center for distance education
- Nizam College
The affiliated colleges of the university are scattered in Hyderabad district and offer various undergraduate and post-graduate courses. There are over four hundred colleges affiliated to Osmania University. They operate in conjunction with Osmania University, but they all have separate rules and criteria to be admitted into them.
|University and college rankings|
|General – international|
|Times (World) (2018)||801-1000|
|Times (BRICS) (2017)||201-250|
|Times (Asia) (2018)||251-300|
|General – India|
|NIRF (Overall) (2018)||45|
|NIRF (Universities) (2018)||28|
|Engineering – India|
|Outlook India (2017)||23|
|Law – India|
|Outlook India (2017)||10|
|The Week (2017)||26|
Osmania University was ranked 801-1000 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2018, 251-300 in Asia and 251-300 in the BRICS & Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2017. The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it 45 in the overall ranking for 2018 and 28 among universities.
The University College of Engineering, Osmania University was ranked 23 in India by Outlook India's "Top 100 Engineering Colleges In 2017".
The Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University was ranked tenth in India by Outlook India's "Top 25 Law Colleges In 2017". The University College of Law was ranked 26 in India by The Week's "Top Law Colleges In 2017"
Notable alumni and facultyEdit
Notable alumni of Osmania University include major politicians of India, including the ninth Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao and 16th and last Chief Minister of united Andhra Pradesh with Telangana Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy, Keshavrao Sonawane Co-operative minister of Maharashtra State, current CEO of Microsoft Satya Nadella current CEO Adobe systems Shantanu Narayen and senior advocate Subodh Markandeya. Ravi V. Bellamkonda, a distinguished biomedical engineer, the president of American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering, and the recently appointed dean of Pratt School of Engineering at Duke University also is an Osmania graduate. Other alumni include former Indian cricket team captain Mohammed Azharuddin, cricket commentator Harsha Bhogle, novelist Venkatesh Kulkarni, PDSU founder George Reddy, former Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India Yaga Venugopal Reddy, chemist Garikapati Narahari Sastry, Harvard psycholgoist Mahzarin R. Banaji, metallurgist and former Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University Patcha Ramachandra Rao and physicist Raziuddin Siddiqui. Rakesh Sharma, cosmonaut and the first Indian to travel in space, was a graduate of Osmania. Karan Bilimoria, founder of Cobra Beer, Member of the House of Lords, and the seventh Chancellor of the University of Birmingham earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree from Osmania in 1981.
Notable former faculty members of the university include Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Dravidianist and linguist, and founder of linguistics department at the university, physicist Suri Bhagavantam, eminent linguist Masud Husain Khan, and Pulavar (Vidwan) P. Velliangiri, Emeritus professor of Tamil.Also currently the president of Reliance Industries Limited Petrochemical sector Mr. Par Singh graduated from this reputed university.
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