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Osmania University

Osmania University is a public state university located in University town, Hyderabad, India, and founded in 1918.[1] It was established by and named after Mir Osman Ali Khan, the 7th Nizam of Hyderabad. It is the third oldest university in southern India, and the first to be established in the erstwhile Kingdom of Hyderabad.[2][3][4] It is the first Indian university to have Urdu as a medium of instruction.[1] As of 2012, the university hosts 3,700 international students from more than 80 nations.[5] The O.U. is one of the largest university systems in the subcontinent with over 300,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges. The O. U. is particularly known for its faculty of Engineering and Technology, Law, Arts, Biochemistry, Genetics and Biotechnology, Commerce and Management departments.[citation needed] The Osmania Medical College; one of the top Medical schools in the country, was once a part of the O.U. System.[6] However, it is now under the supervision of Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences.[7][8][9]

Osmania University
Osmania University Logo.png
Motto in English
Lead us from Darkness to Light
TypePublic
Established1918
FounderMir Osman Ali Khan
ChancellorGovernor of Telangana
Vice-Chancellor
  • Arvind Kumar, IAS
Location, ,
CampusUrban
AffiliationsUGC, NAAC, AIU
Websitewww.osmania.ac.in
The Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan at the inauguration of "Osmania University Arts College", c. 1937.

HistoryEdit

 
Students dressed in sherwani at the University College of Arts, c. 1939-1945.
 
B. E. Vijayam addresses students with the arts college in the background, c. 1973.

The Osmania University was brought into existence in 1918 through a firman of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the last Nizam of Hyderabad. The need for a university in Hyderabad State was felt for a long time, and in 1917, Sir Akbar Hydari, in a memorandum to the Education Minister, emphasized the need to establish a university with Urdu as the medium of instruction "as it is the language of the widest currency in India".

The Nizam sent Zain Yar Jung on a voyage to study world architecture and recruit architects to design a new campus of the university. He met Belgian architect Edward Jasper in Egypt, who he commissions to design the university campus. In 1934, the university was shifted to the present campus, inaugurated by the Nizam. The arts college, however, was inaugrated in 1938.[10]

After independence and the accession of Hyderabad State in 1948, the university fell under the purview of the state government. English replaced Urdu as the medium of instruction, and the Nizam's crown was also removed from the university seal.

SealEdit

The original seal featured the Nizam's crown as the crest, along with the phrase Noorun Ala Noor. It also contained the hadith, “I am the city of knowledge and Ali is its gate.”[11]

The present emblem contains inscriptions in Telugu and Hindi. The new logo has the Urdu letter Ain in between.

 
The university postage stamp released by the government of India on 15 March 1969

Main campusEdit

 
The University College of Arts and Social Sciences has an architectural heritage structure similar to College of Sultan Hassan in Cairo, Egypt.[12]

The Main campus is a chief intellectual centre in Hyderabad, and its alumni and faculty members include many distinguished individuals, including former Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao. Admission to Main campus departments of Genetics, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Engineering, Management, and Law is highly competitive.[13] The state government has appointed Prof S.Ramachandram as vice chancellor of the University. The University is accredited by the NAAC with an 'A+' Grade and conferred with the status of 'University with Potential for Excellence' by the UGC, New Delhi.[14]

The University Colleges are located within the main campus of the university. There are eight such colleges: the University College of Arts and Social Sciences, University College of Commerce & Business Management, University College of Technology, University College of Engineering, University College of Law, University College of Science, Institute of Advance Study in Education, and PG College of Physical Education. The university offers courses in Humanities, Arts, Sciences, Social Sciences, Law, Engineering, Medicine, Technology, Commerce and Business Management, Information Technology and Oriental Languages. In 2001, Osmania was awarded five-star status by the National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) of the University Grants Commission, part of the Government of India.[15]

The university has a campus of nearly 1600 acres (6 km²) with 300,000 students (counting all the campuses, constituent affiliated colleges and district centres) making it one of the largest higher education system in India. Nearly 5000 faculty and staff are employed at Osmania.[16] It attracts students from across the nation as well as from other countries.[17]

Admissions and ResearchEdit

Osmania is a non-profit university which is funded and managed by the government. Admissions into the Bachelor of Engineering, Masters and Doctoral programs in main campus is on a merit basis, evaluated by national entrance examinations (EAMCET, GATE, BCFSBTGMES-N&D, APLAWCET, O.U. PhD Entrance Exam etc.) for each of the courses offered. The research activities are funded by various autonomous agencies of the government of India.

Colleges and departmentsEdit

 
University College of Engineering, Osmania University is one of the top 15 engineering schools in the country[18][19]
 
The College of Law is one of the top 15 law schools in the country[20]

Constituent collegesEdit

Osmania University is a confederation of university colleges, constituent colleges, and affiliated colleges. The constituent colleges of the university includes:[21]

Other Autonomous CentersEdit

Affiliated collegesEdit

The affiliated colleges of the university are scattered in Telangana and offer various undergraduate and post-graduate courses.[22] Notable affiliated colleges include:

DepartmentsEdit

LibraryEdit

 
The University Library

The University Library is the main library of the university and it was founded in 1918 along with the university. It has close to 500,000 books and more than 6000 manuscripts, which includes rare palm leave manuscripts. It also has various journals, government documents, etc. The main library coordinates a library system, which connects the libraries in the entire campus and other constituent college libraries.[23][24][25][26][27]

RankingsEdit

In 2012, the university was placed sixth among the Nation's Premier Universities in Humanities, Sciences and Commerce stream, which secured the University with Potential for Excellence status.[14]

The Main Campus is ranked tenth among the State Universities, as published by India Today.[28]

University rankings
General – international
QS (BRICS) (2019)[29]141
QS (Asia) (2019)[30]281-290
Times (World) (2019)[31]801–1000
General – India
NIRF (Universities) (2019)[32]26
QS (India) (2019)[33]34

The university is ranked among the top universities in India by the NIRF

It is ranked 34th in India, 281-290 in Asia, and 141 in the BRICS countries by the QS World University Rankings.

Notable alumni and facultyEdit

Notable alumni of Osmania University include major politicians of India, including 9th Prime Minister of India P. V. Narasimha Rao[13] and 16th and last Chief Minister of united Andhra Pradesh with Telangana Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy, current CEO Adobe systems Shantanu Narayen and senior advocate Subodh Markandeya. Other alumni includes former Indian Cricket team captain Mohammed Azharuddin, cricket commentator Harsha Bhogle, novelist Venkatesh Kulkarni, PDSU founder George Reddy, former Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil, former Governor of the Reserve Bank of India Yaga Venugopal Reddy, chemist Garikapati Narahari Sastry, Metallurgist and former Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University Patcha Ramachandra Rao and physicist Raziuddin Siddiqui. Rakesh Sharma, cosmonaut and the first Indian to travel in space, was a graduate of Osmania.[34] Karan Bilimoria, founder of Cobra Beer, Member of the House of Lords, and the seventh Chancellor of the University of Birmingham earned his Bachelor of Commerce degree from Osmania in 1981.[35] Rafi Ahmed, a well-known virologist and immunologist graduated from Osmania University in 1968.

Notable former faculty members of the university include Bhadriraju Krishnamurti, Dravidianist and linguist, and founder of linguistics department at the university, physicist Suri Bhagavantam, and linguist Masud Husain Khan.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

12th class result

  1. ^ a b Roger L. Geiger (2009). Curriculum, accreditation, and coming of age of higher education. Transaction Publishers. pp. 154–155. ISBN 978-1-4128-1031-9. Retrieved 16 October 2011.
  2. ^ "H.E.H. Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan" (PDF). Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  3. ^ History oucde.ac.in
  4. ^ "INSA". Insaindia.org. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  5. ^ "Hyderabad: Osmania University tells foreign students to keep off drugs". ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
  6. ^ "About OMC". Osmania Medical College. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  7. ^ "Modi accorded warm welcome in Telangana". The Hindu. 8 August 2016 – via www.thehindu.com.
  8. ^ "Telangana starts disaffiliation of colleges under NTR health university - Times of India".
  9. ^ "Warangal prison will now host a university". 21 July 2016.
  10. ^ Apr 23, Syed Akbar | TNN | Updated:; 2017; Ist, 9:13. "OU architect was Nizam's emissary before merger | Hyderabad News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 October 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  11. ^ "Dispute over logo at Hyderabad's Osmania University". Deccan Chronicle. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  12. ^ "A slice of Egypt in Hyderabad". Chennai, India: hindu.com. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 12 December 2011.
  13. ^ a b "P. V. Narasimha Rao – A Profile". Indian PM's official website. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009.
  14. ^ a b "Osmania University ranked 6th among top ten universities" (PDF). Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  15. ^ Team indiaresultszone.com (25 November 2007). "Ranking of University | India". Indiaresultszone.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  16. ^ "About Osmania University". Osmania University. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  17. ^ Aarti Dhar (15 July 2012). "News / National : Still a small global campus". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  18. ^ "Overall Ranking of Top Engineering Colleges" (PDF). Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  19. ^ Special Correspondent (23 July 2012). "Cities / Hyderabad : Osmania University computer science students placed high". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  20. ^ "Outlook Rankings: NALSAR, Hyderabad ranked the best law school in the country; followed by NLSIU, Bangalore and NLIU, Bhopal". Barandbench.com. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  21. ^ "Osmania University Constituent Colleges". www.osmania.ac.in. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  22. ^ "Affiliated Colleges List Under Osmania University". Osmaina University. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  23. ^ "University Library". Osmania University. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  24. ^ Parasa, Rajeswari (18 May 2019). "Osmania University renames library after Dr B R Ambedkar". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  25. ^ Ramu, Marri (6 June 2019). "PIL against changing name of Osmania varsity library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  26. ^ Parasa, Rajeswari (18 May 2019). "Osmania University renames library after Dr B R Ambedkar". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  27. ^ Ramu, Marri (6 June 2019). "PIL against changing name of Osmania varsity library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  28. ^ "India's top 50 universities - | Photos | India Today |". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
  29. ^ "QS BRICS University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  30. ^ "QS Asia University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  31. ^ "Top 1000 World University Rankings 2019". The Times Higher Education. 2018.
  32. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2019.
  33. ^ "QS India University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  34. ^ "Nizam College fete from tomorrow". The Hindu. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  35. ^ "Lord Bilimoria appointed as Chancellor of the University of Birmingham". Birmingham University. Retrieved 17 December 2014.

External linksEdit