Penupatruni Adinarayana Rao (21 August 1914 – 19 August 1991) was an Indian music director, film producer, lyricist and play writer. He co-founded "Aswini Pictures" with Akkineni Nageswara Rao and produced some movies in Telugu and Tamil. Later, he produced several blockbuster Telugu films under his own production house, Anjali Pictures, named after his actress wife, Anjali Devi. He also composed and produced music for several Tamil and Hindi films.

P. Adinarayana Rao
Birth namePenupatruni Adinarayana Rao
Born(1914-08-21)21 August 1914[1]
Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh
Died19 August 1991(1991-08-19) (aged 77)
Occupation(s)Music director
Years active1951–1991
(m. 1948)

According to the music critic V. A. K. Rangarao,

"Adinarayana Rao is credited for introducing Hindustani music in contemporary flavour and simplified orchestration, and thereby impressing both laymen audience as well cognoscenti. It is this music that survives him enthralling all the music lovers".[2]

Memorable music compositions from Rao are: "Rajasekhara Neepai Moju Theera Leduraa" in the film Anarkali released in 1955,[3] "Piluvakuraa Alugakuraa" in the film Suvarna Sundari released in 1957,[4] "Telugu Veera Levaraa Deeksha Booni Sagara" and "Vastaadu Naraju" in the film Alluri Seetarama Raju released in 1974[5] and all songs including "Ghana Ghana Sundara" in Bhakta Tukaram, released in 1973.[6] Some of his most popular compositions come from Suvarna Sundari and include Hayi hayiga Amani Saage (Telugu), Kuhu Kuhu bole Koyaliya (Hindi), and Thesulavuthe (Tamil).[citation needed]

Music directors such as Satyam, T. V. Raju, M. Ranga Rao,"JosephKrishna" and Laxmikant–Pyarelal worked under him as assistant directors.[7][8]

Life edit

Adinarayana Rao was born in 1914 in Kakinada of East Godavari district in Andhra Pradesh to Penupatruni Krishnayya Gowd and Penupatruni Anasuya.[9][1] He completed his matriculation in Kakinada.

He started his film career as a child artiste at the age of six, under Rajarajeswari Naatya Mandali's baton playing the roles of mythological characters such as "Narada" and "Savitri". Later, he studied classical music under Patrayani Sitaramsastry in Saluru. By age of 12, he played many musical instruments and had shown his talent in both music as a composer, and on stage as a playwright.[10]

Theatre edit

He was well known in Kakinada theatre circle, with plays like Black Market, Vasanta Sena and Veedhi Gaayakulu, with which he still continued after entering the film industry and was affectionately given a nickname "Abbayi Garu". The play Street Singers written by him was admired, and his wife Anjali Devi received a gold medal and a citation from Sir Arthur Hope, then governor of the Madras Presidency in 1943.[11] He fine-tuned his skills to become a well known artiste while working under the 'Burmah Shell Amateurs Troupe', through the famous 'Young Mens Happy Club', which produced stalwarts from the Telugu film industry like Relangi, S. V. Ranga Rao, Gandikota Jagannatham and Anjali Devi. Here he met his future wife Anjali Devi.

Film edit

He and S. V. Ranga Rao made their debut into the film industry with the film Varudhini in 1946. Adinarayana Rao wrote lyrics and composed music for two songs in that film. He wrote lyrics and composed music for two more films.[citation needed] He got a break with the film Gollabhama (1947) directed by C. Pullaiah, in which his wife Anjali Devi made her debut. He was the music director for the film Palletoori Pilla in 1950. He married Anjali Devi in 1948, and they had two sons.[12] His granddaughter Saila Rao is also an actress.

He was so generous to promote his assistant Dholak Satyam as Co Music Director for film Bhakta Kannappa. His authenticity,profound knowledge in conducting music for interludes & back ground score with numerous instruments based on pure Hindustani classical music ragas fetched him status of distinctive musician who achieved the feat of using most instruments in Telugu film Industry.[13]

During the 1980s, he mainly composed music and wrote lyrics under Padmalaya Studios for the actor Krishna until the former's death in 1991.

Aswini Pictures edit

Adinarayana Rao founded "Aswini Pictures", together with Akkineni Nageswara Rao and makeup artist K. Gopala Rao, to produce movies like "Maayalamaari" in 1951 in Telugu, "Mayakkaari" in Tamil, and "Annadhata" in 1954, for which he wrote lyrics and composed music.

Anjali Pictures edit

He started a production house 'Anjali Pictures' in 1951, using the name of his wife after parting ways with Aswini Pictures. He produced some of the blockbusters in the film industry like Paradesi in 1952 in Telugu, which was directed by L. V. Prasad, Poongottai in Tamil, Anarkali in 1955, Suvarna Sundari in 1957 and Bhakta Tukaram in 1973. In all these movies, his wife Anjali Devi acted as the lead heroine. Most of the movies he produced had Akkineni Nageswara Rao as a lead actor.

He also produced movies in Hindi such as Phoolon Ki Sej in 1964 and Suvarna Sundari, for which he wrote the script (1957).[14]

Filmography edit

Producer edit

Year Film Title
1951 Maayalamaari
1953 Pardesi
1954 Annadata
1955 Anarkali
1957 Suvarna Sundari
1962 Swarnamanjari
1964 Phoolon Ki Sej
1965 Sati Sakkubai
1970 Ammakosam
1973 Bhakta Tukaram
1976 Mahakavi Kshetrayya
1980 Chandipriya

Music director edit

Year Film Language Director Banner Notes
1947 Gollabhama Telugu C. Pullayya Sobhanachala Studios
1950 Palletoori Pilla Telugu B. A. Subba Rao Poorna Films
1951 Maayakkari Tamil P. Sridhar Aswini Pictures
1951 Mayalamari Telugu P. Sridhar Aswini Pictures
1951 Mayamalai Tamil Raja Saheb of Mirzapur Sobhanachala Studios
1951 Tilottama Telugu Raja Saheb of Mirzapur Sobhanachala Studios
1953 Paradesi Telugu L. V. Prasad Anjali Pictures
1953 Poongothai Tamil L. V. Prasad Anjali Pictures
1954 Annadata Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Ashwaraj Films
1955 Anarkali Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1955 Anarkali Tamil Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1957 Karpin Jothi Tamil Vedantam Raghavayya Ashwaraj Films
1957 Manaalane Mangaiyin Baakkiyam Tamil Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1957 Suvarna Sundari Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1960 Adutha Veettu Penn Tamil Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1960 Runanubandham Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1962 Mangaiyar Ullam Mangatha Selvam Tamil Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1962 Swarna Manjari Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1964 Phoolon Ki Sej Hindi Inder Raj Anand Vijaya Vauhini Studios & Mehboob Studios
1965 Sati Sakkubai Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1967 Sathi Sumathi Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1968 Kumkuma Bharani Telugu Vedantam Raghavayya Anjali Pictures
1970 Agni Pareeksha Telugu K. Varaprasad Rao Padmalaya Studios
1970 Amma Kosam Telugu B. V. Prasad Chinni Brothers
1971 Mosagallaku Mosagadu Telugu K. S. R. Das Padmalaya Studios
1971 Kalyana Mandapam Telugu V. Madhusudhana Rao Anjali Pictures
1971 Sati Ansuya Telugu B. A. Subba Rao Srikanth & Srikanth Enterprises
1973 Bhakta Tukaram Telugu V. Madhusudhana Rao Anjali Pictures
1973 Pedda Koduku Telugu K. S. Prakash Rao Srikanth & Srikanth Enterprises
1974 Alluri Seetarama Raju Telugu V. Ramachandra Rao Padmalaya Studios
1976 Mahakavi Kshetrayya Telugu Adurthi Subba Rao Anjali Pictures
1976 Bhakta Kannappa Telugu Bapu Gopi Krishna Movies with Satyam
1978 Kannavari Illu Telugu K. Pratyagatma
1980 Chandipriya Telugu V. Madhusudhana Rao Anjali Pictures
1981 Shirdi Saibaba Telugu Ashok Bhushan with M. Ranga Rao

Writer edit

Awards edit

Adinarayana Rao Award edit

Anjali Devi launched the Adinarayana Rao Award (using her husband's name) beginning in 2011. Noted playback singer P. Susheela was the first recipient of the award.[18]

References edit

  1. ^ a b Pulagam, Chinnarayana (2011). Swarna Yuga Sangeetha Darshakulu. Hyderabad: p. 207.
  2. ^ V.A.K. Rangarao credits Adinrayana Rao for introducing Hindustani music
  3. ^ "Raja sekharaa". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  4. ^ "Piluvakuraa Alugakuraa". Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Vasthaadu naa raju and Telugu veera levaraa". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Ghana Ghana Sundara". Archived from the original on 31 January 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  7. ^ Totakura Venkata Raju (a.k.a. T V Raju), Satyam and Lakshmikant-Pyarelal duo (Phoolonki Sej) worked as his assistants
  8. ^ Satyam was working for Adinarayana Rao Archived 10 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ music director Sree Penupatruni Krishnayya (music director Adinarayana Rao's father) Archived 10 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Adinarayana Rao Personal Details
  11. ^ Smt Anjali Profile – Anjali Devi received a Gold Medal and a Citation in 1943 from Sir Arthur Hope, Governor, in appreciation of the play 'Street Singers', written by Adinarayana Rao
  12. ^ Smt Anjali Profile
  13. ^ "The Standard of music in Telugu films has gone down". Indian Express. 10 April 1987. p. 14.
  14. ^ Anjali Pictures Production Company Filmography
  15. ^ "నంది అవార్డు విజేతల పరంపర (1964–2008)" [A series of Nandi Award Winners (1964–2008)] (PDF) (in Telugu). Information & Public Relations of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  16. ^ "P.Adinarayana Rao won the Best Music Director". Archived from the original on 19 March 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  17. ^ Adi Narayana Rao received the award for best music (nationwide), an honor given by the Bombay Journalist Association. It was the first time a south Indian received that award
  18. ^ Anjali Devi, 84, announced an award in the name of her husband and late composer Adinarayana Rao, marking the 20th anniversary of his death

External links edit