Vedantam Raghavayya

Vedantam Raghavayya (Telugu: వేదాంతం రాఘవయ్య) (8 June 1919 – 1971) was an Indian film director, dance choreographer, Kuchipudi exponent, actor, producer, and musician known for his works in Telugu cinema, Telugu theatre, and Tamil cinema.[1][2][3][4][5] Raghavayya was an accomplished Kuchipudi dancer, who was awarded "Bharata Kala Prapurna" in dance by the Andhra Pradesh government.

Vedantam Raghavayya
Born(1919-06-08)8 June 1919
Kuchipudi, Krishna district, India
Died1971 (aged 51 or 52)
Occupations

Starting his career as a dance choregrapher,[6] Raghavayya choreographed for films such as Raithu Bidda (1939), and Swarga Seema (1945). He made his directorial and production debut with Stree Sahasamu (1951). He then directed successful films such as Devadasu (1953), Annadata (1954), Anarkali (1955), Chiranjeevulu (1956), Bhale Ramudu (1956), Prema Pasam (Tamil, 1956), Suvarna Sundari (1957), Rahasyam (1967).[7] As an actor he starred in Mohini Rukmanigada (1937), Garuda Garvabhangam (1943) and Raksharekha (1949).[8][9] He was the co-owner of the film production house "Vinodha Pictures".

Raghavayya served in the committee of the First General Council of the "Andhra Pradesh Sangeetha Nataka Academy" that represented Dance and was also nominated in 1964 as the President of the "National Dance Festival". Noted dancer, Bhagavathula Yagna Narayana Sarma, Sangeet Natak Akademi winner was trained under Raghavayya's Fellowship.[9][5]

Film craft and DevadasuEdit

His directorial film Devadasu (1953),[3] which was the first Telugu adaptation of Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay's novel, and Devadas was the second Tamil adaptation of the same, following the 1937 Devadas directed by and starring P. V. Rao.[10] During pre-production Akkineni Nageswara Rao, who portrayed the titular character, later recalled that Raghavayya, being a Kuchipudi dance exponent and an experienced stage actor, used to enact the scenes before the actors, thereby making their job easy. He recalled that the director shot him only at night so that he could give the character a "drunken, droopy" look.[11] Those night-time shots were filmed over 50 days. The final length of both versions was 17,260 feet (5,260 m).[12] Devadasu and Devadas are regarded as among the most successful films in Telugu and Tamil cinema respectively. Both versions were critically and commercially successful. It has since achieved cult status, with terms and phrases from the film being widely cited.[13] In April 2013, News18 included the film in its list of "100 greatest Indian films of all time".[14]

Theater and danceEdit

  • Usha in Ushaparinayam
  • Sita in Ramanataka Yakshaganam
  • Leelavathi in Prahallada Yakshaganam
  • Chandramathi in Hrischandra nataka Yakshaganam
  • Sasirekha in Sasirekhaparinaya Yakshaganam
  • Mohini in Mohini Rukmangada Yakshaganam
  • Satyabhama in Bhamakalapa Yakshaganam
  • Bala Gopala Tarangam[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Raghavayya was born in Kuchipudi, Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh on 8 June 1919 to Vedantam Ramayya and Annapurnamma. He had six daughters and a son, including renowned Kuchipudi guru Vedantam Ramu, and actress Shubha. He was married to actress Suryaprabha, the sister of actress Pushpavalli who was partner to Gemini Ganesan, and their daughter Rekha is a Hindi actress.[5]

Selected filmographyEdit

As actor and choreographer
  • Mohini Rukmanigada (1937) (actor in the Balagopala Tarangam)
  • Raithu Bidda (1939) (dancer and choreographer)
  • Panthulamma (1943) (choreographer)
  • Garuda Garvabhangam (1943) (actor and choreographer)
  • Sri Seeta Rama Jananam (1944) (choreographer)
  • Swargaseema (1945) (choreographer)
  • Tyagayya (1946) (choreographer)
  • Palnati Yudham (1947) (choreographer)
  • Yogi Vemana (1947) (choreographer)
  • Vande Mataram (1948) (choreographer)
  • Laila Majnu (1949) (choreographer)
  • Raksharekha (1949) (actor and choreographer)
As director
  • Stree Sahasamu (1951) (producer and director)
  • Santhi (1952) (producer and director)
  • Devadasu (Telugu and Tamil) (1953) (producer and director)
  • Annadata (1954) (director)
  • Anarkali (1955) (director)
  • Chiranjeevulu (1956) (director)
  • Bhale Ramudu (Telugu, 1956) (director)
  • Prema Pasam (Tamil, 1956) (director)
  • Suvarna Sundari (1957) (screenplay writer and director)
  • Bhale Ammayilu (Telugu, 1957) (director)
  • Iru Sagodarigal (Tamil, 1957) (director)
  • Manalane Mangayin Bhagyam (1957) (director)
  • Raja Nandini (1958) (director)
  • Inti Guttu (1958) (director)
  • Bala Nagamma (1959) (director)
  • Jai Bhawana (1959) (director)
  • Adutha Veetu Penn (1960) (director)
  • Mamaku Tagga Alludu (1960) (director)
  • Runanubandham (1960) (director)
  • Swarna Manjari (1962) (director)
  • Mangaiyar Ullam Mangatha Selvam (1962) (director)
  • Aada Brathuku (1965) (director)
  • Nanna Kartavya (1965) (director)
  • Badukuva Daari (1966) (director)
  • Sati Sakkubai (1965) (director)
  • Rahasyam (1967) (director)
  • Sati Sumathi (1967) (director)
  • Kumkumabharina (1968) (director)
  • Sapta Swaralu (1969) (director)
  • Ulagam Ivvalavuthan (1969) (director)
  • Bhale Ethu Chivaraku Chittu (1970) (director)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (31 October 2010). "Ramadasu (1933)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 October 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  2. ^ Rajadhyaksha, Ashish; Willemen, Paul (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. ISBN 9781135943189 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ a b S., Suchitra Lata (5 December 2002). "Memories of the Southern Devadas". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 27 December 2002.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. ^ Vedantam Raghavayya at IMDb
  5. ^ a b c d ""Bharata Kala Prapurna" Sri Vedantam Raghavaiah « Kuchipudi Yakshaganam". kuchipudiyakshaganam.org.
  6. ^ "A tribute to legend Vedantam Satyanarayana Sarma - Sridharachari". Narthaki.
  7. ^ M. L. Narasimhan (28 August 2014). "Anarkali (1955)". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  8. ^ Narasimham, M. L. (3 March 2013). "STREE SAHASAMU (1951)". The Hindu.
  9. ^ a b Gulazāra; Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (9 November 2017). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 9788179910665 – via Google Books.
  10. ^ Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 331; Baskaran 1996, p. 116.
  11. ^ "The immortal lover". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 21 June 2002.
  12. ^ "1953 வெளியான படங்களின் விபரம்- Lakshman Sruthi - 100% Manual Orchestra -". www.lakshmansruthi.com. Archived from the original on 25 March 2017.
  13. ^ Sastry, K. N. T. (1986). Alanati Chalana Chitram. Cinema Group. Archived from the original on 16 May 2000 – via Idlebrain.
  14. ^ "100 Years of Indian Cinema: The 100 greatest Indian films of all time". News18. 17 April 2013. Archived from the original on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2016.

External linksEdit