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Kamrup district (Pron:ˈkæmˌrəp or ˈkæmˌru:p); also Kamrup rural district is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India formed by bifurcating old Kamrup district into two in the year 2003; other being Kamrup Metropolitan district, named after region it constitute. The district, along with Nalbari and Barpeta together form the Kamrup region, has Kamrupi culture and language.

Kamrup district
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DivisionLower Assam
HeadquartersAmingaon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesGauhati Lok Sabha constituency
Area
 • Total3,105 km2 (1,199 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,517,542
 • Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Urban
142,394
Demographics
 • Literacy70.95 per cent
 • Sex ratio914
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNational Highway 31, National Highway 37
Average annual precipitation1,400 mm
Websitekamrup.nic.in

Contents

HistoryEdit

Kamrup Rural district is created by bifurcating Old Kamrup district in 2003.

CultureEdit

History of sikhi and black magicEdit

Guru Nanak traveled all over India to spread the word of God, and he walked everywhere on foot. His companions Bala and Mardana always traveled with him. Once they were in a remote part of India called Kamrup where the people were famous for their devotion to black magic. When Guru Nanak reached the outskirts of the city he sat down under a tree and began meditating. While Bala stayed with him Mardana went ahead into the city to find food and drink.

Mardana found the city well and started filling his water containers. While he was there, some girls saw him and were curious about him. They asked him who he was and where he came from. But when he answered they thought he sounded funny because he spoke a different language. One of them said, "He sounds like a sheep, he's bleating like a sheep!" They both laughed and the other said, "Let's turn him into one!" So she performed magic on the unsuspecting Mardana by putting a thread around his neck. He immediately got on all fours and started bleating, "Baaah, baah, baah." Other people who were watching started to laugh.

Guru Nanak sensed something was going on with Mardana and so he and Bala started walking towards the city. The magic girls saw them coming and decided to turn them in to animals too. One of them tried to cast a spell on Guru Nanak, she said, “Bark like a dog!” But it did nothing to Guru Ji. Instead, the spell was reversed and it was she who began barking like a dog. The other girl tried to defend her friend and raised her arm to cast a different spell, but her arm just froze in the air and she couldn't move it. The girls tried several other spells and whatever they tried to do was reversed back on them.

A woman who was watching became alarmed and ran to tell the Queen of Kamrup what was happening. The Queen was a powerful magician. She came to the city well to see for herself what was going on. She was surprised to see her sisters’ magic had been totally blocked. She tried to do magic to help them and even her magic couldn’t work! Then she tried to do magic against Guru Nanak but that didn't work either. Finally, she gave up and told Guru Nanak, "You are a great magician! Please free my sisters and teach me your magic!"

Guru Nanak Dev Ji, ever loving and compassionate, freed the girls at once. He explained that actually they were just bound by the effects of their own magic. Guru Ji then said, "The real magic is meditation on God."

The Queen of Kamrup fell at the Guru's feet and asked him to stay so they could honorably serve him. He told them that he would stay and gave them some advice: “Listen, you have used your powers for mischief. You have not helped people. Stop tricking people and start saving them. God is inside us. Give that to people. Do your duties well. Show love to people. Meditate on God in your hearts and bring this cozy loving God to every house. This way you will be in bliss when you drop your bodies and go to the next realm. It will bring glory to your soul and light to the world." From then on the women changed their ways and the city of Kamrup became a spiritual center of great compassion.

Geography and environmentEdit

OverviewEdit

Kamrup district occupies an area of 4,345 square kilometres (1,678 sq mi),[1] comparatively equivalent to Australia's Kangaroo Island.[2] Kamrup district has some territorial disputes with neighbouring West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya, including that over the village of Langpih.[3]

HydrographyEdit

In the immediate neighborhood of the Brahmaputra the land is low, and exposed to annual inundation. In this marshy tract reeds and canes flourish luxuriantly, and the only cultivation is that of rice. At a comparatively short distance from the river banks the ground begins to rise in undulating knolls towards the mountains of Bhutan on the north, and towards the Khasi hills on the south. The hills south of the Brahmaputra in some parts reach the height of 800 feet (240 m). The Brahmaputra, which divides the district into two nearly equal portions, is navigable by river steamers throughout the year, and receives several tributaries navigable by large native boats in the rainy season. The chief of these are the Manas, Chaul Khoya and Barnadi on the north, and the Kulsi and Dibru on the south bank.[4]

Flora and faunaEdit

In 1989 Kamrup district became home to the Dipor Bil Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 4.1 km2 (1.6 sq mi).[5] There is also a plantation where seedlings of teak, sal, sissu, sum, and nahor are reared, and experiments are being made with the caoutchouc tree.[4]

Kamrup is home to one of the few large colonies of greater adjutant storks still in existence. The villagers previously regarded the birds as pests, but outreach efforts including cultural and religious programming, especially aimed at local women, have rallied Kamrup residents to be proud of and protect the storks. [6]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

According to the 2011 census Kamrup district has a population of 1,517,202,[7] roughly equal to the West African country of Gabon[8] or the US state of Hawaii.[9] This gives it a ranking of 327th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 436 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.67%.[7] Kamrup has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 72.81%.[7]The district has people belonging to various indigenous Assamese communities like Keots/Kaibarta, Bodo, Rabha, Tiwa/Lalung, Amri Karbi, Dom/Nadiyal, Koch-Rajbongshi etc.

YearPop.±% p.a.
1901273,945—    
1911304,339+1.06%
1921325,816+0.68%
1931356,369+0.90%
1941424,814+1.77%
1951497,763+1.60%
1961598,357+1.86%
1971804,775+3.01%
19911,091,651+1.54%
20011,311,698+1.85%
20111,517,542+1.47%
source:[10]

ReligionEdit

 
Hayagriha Madhava Temple

The district has followers of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Animism. The ancient temples of Kamakhya and Hajo attracts many pilgrims from all quarters.[4] The people of Kamrup also donated a sacred Arya Avalokiteśvara statue to Stakna Monastery in Ladakh.[11]

LanguageEdit

Major language spoken natively is Kamrupi dialect of Assamese with pockets of Amri, a language related with Karbi, with 1,25,000 speakers;[12] Tiwa (Lalung) and A'Tong, also spoken by 10,000 people, found mostly in southern parts bordering Meghalaya. All the indigenous Assamese communities use the Assamese language to communicate with other indigenous Assamese communities. [13]

EconomyEdit

 
Indian Institute of Technology in North Gauhati

The staple crop of the district is rice, of which there are three crops[citation needed]. The indigenous manufactures are confined to the weaving of silk and cotton cloths for home use, and to the making of brass cups and plates. The chief exports are rice, oil seeds, timber and cotton; the imports are fine rice, salt, piece goods, sugar, betel nuts, coconuts and hardware. A section of the Assam-Bengal railway starts from Guwahati and a branch of the Eastern Bengal railway has recently been opened to the opposite bank of the river. A metalled road runs due south from Guwahati to Shillong.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Kangaroo Island
  3. ^ "Meghalaya flexes muscle on Assam boundary", Zee News, 22 November 2008, archived from the original on 24 February 2014, retrieved 11 August 2012
  4. ^ a b c   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kamrup". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 647.
  5. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  6. ^ Toomey, Diane (6 December 2016). "From loathed to loved: Villagers rally to save Greater Adjutant storks". Mongabay. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gabon 1,576,665
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Hawaii 1,360,301
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ "Stakna Gompa". Buddhist-temples.com. Retrieved 19 October 2009.
  12. ^ M . Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Amri Karbi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  13. ^ M . Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.

BibliographyEdit

  • Bannerje, A C (1992). "Chapter 1: The New Regime, 1826-31". In Barpujari, H K (ed.). The Comprehensive History of Assam: Modern Period. IV. Guwahati: Publication Board, Assam. pp. 1–43.
  • Hunter, William Wislon (1879). A Statistical Account of Assam. 1. Trübner & co. Retrieved 13 December 2012.

External linksEdit