Rangia is a city and a municipal board in Kamrup rural district in the Indian state of Assam. It is the regional divisional headquarters of the Northeast Frontier Railway. It is situated 52 kilometres away from the state headquarters Dispur Guwahati and 39 kilometres from Jalukbari.

Rangia City
Rangia or Rangiya
Rangia is located in Assam
Location in Assam, India
Rangia is located in India
Rangia (India)
Coordinates: 26°28′N 91°38′E / 26.47°N 91.63°E / 26.47; 91.63Coordinates: 26°28′N 91°38′E / 26.47°N 91.63°E / 26.47; 91.63
Country India
RegionWestern Assam
 • BodyRangia Municipality Board
39 m (128 ft)
 • Total26,389
 • OfficialAssamese
 • NativeKamrupi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code03621
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS 01 & AS 25
Sex ratio1.17:1 (male:female) /


The word Rangia has been derived from "Randiya" ("Ran" means 'war' and "Diya" means 'to give') i.e. a place where war happened between Boros and Bhutanese.[1]


In Ancient times it was part of Ancient Kamrup, and subsequently included in Kamapitha division of Kamarupa Kingdom. In modern times, Rangiya is part of Kamrupi cultural region.


Rangiya is located at 26°28′N 91°38′E / 26.47°N 91.63°E / 26.47; 91.63.[2] It has an average elevation of 39 metres (128 feet). The river Borolia flows through the heart of the city.


As of 2011 India census,[3] Rangiya had a population of 26,389. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Rangiya has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 67%. In Rangiya, 12% of the population is under six years of age.


There are several educational institutes in Rangiya. Some of them are Jawaharlal Nehru Shishu Vidyalaya (Estd. 1964), Modern English School (Estd. 1993), Third Eye Computer Education Centre (Estd. 2008), Sankardev Academy Junior college, Pragmetic Academy Junior College, Euclid Group of institutions, Faculty Academy, Symbiosis Academy, Rangia College (Estd.1964),[4] Manabendra Sarma Girls College, Rangiya Arabic College, Rangiya Teachers Training College, Rangia Higher Secondary School (Estd. 1936), Rangiya Girls' H.S. School, Rangiya High Madrasa & H.S. School, Arimatta Vidyapith H.S. School, Rangia Hindi High School, Railway High School (Bengali Medium), (Estd.1950), Shankardev Shishu Niketan (Estd. 1987), Ambedkar Lotus English School (Estd. 1984), Fatima Convent School (Estd. 2007), Kendriya Vidyalaya NFR Rangia, SERS Public School, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Rangiya Law College and Sankaracharya Vidya Niketan, premada sivanath vidyapith, Red Horns Public School (Estd.1988), Rangia Jatiya Vidyalaya Tiniali (Estd.2010). Rangia Basic training center,The level of educational awareness in this area is high.

Healthcare systemEdit

There are several private hospitals in Rangiya apart from 2 government hospitals. Some of them are Swasti Hospital (Estd. 2018),[5] Rangia Poly Clinic & Nursing Home, Sparsh Hospital (Estd. 2016),.[6]


National Highway 27 runs through the heart of the town. Rangiya is important transit point in the region, nearly all trains halts at Rangiya Junction railway station. It is a junction of the New Bongaigaon–Guwahati section of Barauni–Guwahati line. It is one of the divisional headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railway. The Rangiya–Murkongselek line connects the state to Arunachal Pradesh.


  1. ^ (Siiger 2015:183)As the Bodos could not stand all this, in the long run they made war upon the Bhutanese. They fought in Rangia. Ron means war, and from that the town has got its name. There the Bodos were defeated by the Bhutanese. As they were defeated by the Bhutanese, the Bodos had to pay land revenue to them.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rangia
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  4. ^ "Rangia College".
  5. ^ "Swasti Hospital".
  6. ^ "Sparsh Hospital | Best Multi-Speciality Hospital In Rangia | Guwahati".