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The following events occurred in July 1928:

July 4, 1928: Wealthy Belgian financier Alfred Loewenstein killed after falling from airplane
July 17, 1928: Mexican President-Elect Álvaro Obregón assassinated 16 days after election

Sunday, July 1Edit

  • Álvaro Obregón was elected unopposed to succeed Plutarco Elías Calles as President of Mexico beginning December 1.[1]
  • The NBC-owned experimental television station W2XBS began operations in New York City with test broadcasts of the signals scanned by the RCA Photophone television scanning system. It would begin commercial broadcasts exactly 13 years later, on July 1, 1941, and is now the NBC flagship station WNBC.
  • New York police ended a dance marathon after 20 days. The $8,600 prize money was distributed among the nine remaining couples.[2]
  • Died: Frankie Yale, 35, American gangster, was killed by submachine gun fire and a shotgun blast while driving in New York City.

Monday, July 2Edit

Tuesday, July 3Edit

  • English inventor John Logie Baird successfully demonstrate the transmission of colour television for the first time. The demonstration transmitted pictures of eight-year-old Noele Gordon, "wearing different coloured hats".[4]
  • A prototype of the first commercially available television set, the General Electric "Octagon" scanning disk mechanical television, was unveiled by General Electric for possible manufacture and sale. Only four of the sets, which included a wooden cabinet in the style of furniture similar to radio receivers, were made and the Octagon was never marketed.[5] The initial suggested retail price for the set was $75.00, equivalent to almost $1,200 in 2020.[6]

Wednesday, July 4Edit

Thursday, July 5Edit

  • Italian aviators Arturo Ferrarin and Carlo Del Prete set a new distance record for sustained flight when they landed north of Natal, Brazil, 7,218 kilometres (4,485 mi) away from Montecelio, Italy where they took off from two days earlier.[9]
  • Born: Warren Oates, American film actor, in Depoy, Kentucky (d. 1982)

Friday, July 6Edit

 
The Chilean naval transport Angamos

Saturday, July 7Edit

 
The 1928 Pontiac Model Q

Sunday, July 8Edit

Monday, July 9Edit

  • The tobacco strike in Greece was called off after four weeks.[18]
 
The Graf Zeppelin in 1930

Tuesday, July 10Edit

Wednesday, July 11Edit

Thursday, July 12Edit

  • The Russian icebreaker Krasin rescued the seven remaining survivors of the Italia crash. They had been stranded for a total of 48 days.[14][24]
  • The Bolzano Victory Monument was inaugurated in northern Italy by King Victor Emmanuel III. Thousands protested in cities across the border in Austria, angered by what they saw as another provocation in the Italianization of South Tyrol. No battle had actually been fought at the site and the Latin inscription on the monument read, "Here are the borders of the fatherland, set down the banner. From here we brought to the others language, law and arts."[25][26][27]
  • Born: Elias James Corey, organic chemist, in Methuen, Massachusetts
  • Died: Mexican aviator Emilio Carranza, 22, was killed when his plane crashed during a thunderstorm, shortly after taking off from New York at the conclusion of his goodwill tour of the United States.[28]

Friday, July 13Edit

Saturday, July 14Edit

  • A Berlin court ruled that it was not immoral for businessmen to work in shirt sleeves.[30]

Sunday, July 15Edit

Monday, July 16Edit

Tuesday, July 17Edit

Wednesday, July 18Edit

Thursday, July 19Edit

Friday, July 20Edit

  • Wrongly convicted German-born man Oscar Slater was freed by a Scottish appeals court after serving 19 years for a murder he did not commit.[37]
  • A government decree in Hungary ordered the country's Romani people to integrate with the general population in dress and language and settle down in fixed abodes.[38]
  • Government offices in Washington, D.C., closed at noon due to a deadly heat wave.[39]
  • Died: Greek poet Kostas Karyotakis committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest. Days earlier, the 31-year old poet had written Preveza, where he had been working as a legal administrator, to express his misery.[40]

Saturday, July 21Edit

  • A revolt by soldiers in Portugal was put down after an all-night bombardment of the San Jorge barracks.[41]
 
Mrs. Wallace Warfield Simpson

Sunday, July 22Edit

  • ShoeCar the Tank Engine's Season 7 airs in TV and becomes the first season at this time.
  • Japan broke off diplomatic relations with China.[6]
  • American pilots John Henry Mears and Charles B.D. Collyer completed an aerial circumnavigation of the globe in 23 days 15 hours and 21 minutes and 3 seconds, beating the old record by 4 days and 23 hours.[43]
  • A crowd of 150,000 marched in Vienna in favor of uniting Austria with Germany.[44]
  • Born:
  • Died: William M. Folger, 84, American naval officer

Monday, July 23Edit

Tuesday, July 24Edit

Wednesday, July 25Edit

  • The Archbishop of Canterbury, Randall Davidson, announced his resignation effective November 12.[48]
  • The United States and China signed a treaty regulating tariff relations.[49] The treaty also essentially granted diplomatic recognition to the Kuomintang government by the United States, though this fact was only agreed upon by legal experts after study.[50]
  • Born:
    • Dolphy (stage name for Rodolfo Vera Quízon Sr.) Filipino comedy film actor, known as "The King of Comedy" in the Philippines; in Tondo District, Manila (d. 2012)
    • Mario Montenegro (stage name for Roger Collin Macalalag), Filipino dramatic film actor; in Pagsanjan (d. 1988)

Thursday, July 26Edit

Friday, July 27Edit

  • It was announced that Cosmo Lang, the Anglican Archbishop of York, would succeed Randall Davidson as Archbishop of Canterbury.[55]
  • The day before the opening ceremony of the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, some international athletes and delegates came around to the Olympic Stadium to get a glimpse of the structure. An altercation broke out between the French group, and a Dutch gatekeeper who punched one of the French officials in the jaw. The French government immediately demanded, and received, an apology from the Dutch Olympic Committee and a promise to discharge the gatekeeper.[56]

Saturday, July 28Edit

  • The opening ceremony for the Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, Netherlands was held. France boycotted the ceremony after their delegation arrived at the stadium and saw that the Dutch gatekeeper from the day before had not been discharged as the Olympic Committee had promised. Germany received the biggest ovation from the 45,000 on hand, this being their first Olympics since 1912 after not being invited to the 1920 and 1924 Games.[56]
  • Anton Korošec became Prime Minister of Yugoslavia.

Sunday, July 29Edit

Monday, July 30Edit

Tuesday, July 31Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cornyn, John (July 2, 1928). "Mexico Elects Gen. Obregon as New President". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  2. ^ "N. Y. Police End Dance Derby After 20 Days". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 1, 1928. p. 1.
  3. ^ "Death Blow if Al Wins, Says Cherrington". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 3, 1928. p. 1.
  4. ^ Fullarton, Donald (February 26, 2013). "Baird achieves colour TV". Helensburgh Heritage. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  5. ^ "Watching TV" exhibition, "Canadian Museum of History
  6. ^ a b c Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 367. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
  7. ^ The Evening Independent, July 5, 1928, p. 1
  8. ^ "Rides Niagara Falls Safely in Rubber Ball". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 5, 1928. p. 1.
  9. ^ "Rome-to-Brazil Flight World Record". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 6, 1928. p. 1.
  10. ^ "Angamos". Shipwrecks. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  11. ^ Neibaur, James L. (2015). James Cagney Films of the 1930s. London: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-4422-4220-3.
  12. ^ Shirer, William (July 7, 1928). "Lacoste Knocks Net Crown from Cochet's Brow". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15.
  13. ^ Godfrey, Donald (2014). C. Francis Jenkins, Pioneer of Film and Television. University of Illinois. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-252-09615-0.
  14. ^ a b Nuttall, Mark (2005). Encyclopedia of the Arctic. New York and Oxon: Routledge. p. 1437. ISBN 978-1-57958-436-8.
  15. ^ Shirer, William (July 8, 1928). "Helen Retains World's Net Title, 6-2, 6-3". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. Part 2 p. 1.
  16. ^ "2 Germans Shatter Duration Record in Flight of 65 Hours". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 8, 1928. p. 1.
  17. ^ "Tax Collections by U.S. for 1928 Drop $74,776,244". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 9, 1928. p. 18.
  18. ^ "Greek Strikes Ended". The Straits Times. Singapore: 9. July 10, 1928.
  19. ^ "Christen Giant German Airship with Liquid Air". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 10, 1928. p. 31.
  20. ^ "Former Dictator of Greece Freed from Jail by New Premier". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 11, 1928. p. 13.
  21. ^ Bennett, James O'Donnell (July 12, 1928). "Smith Picks Militant Wet to Lead Fight". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  22. ^ "Farmer–Labor Picks Norris Despite His No". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 12, 1928. p. 1.
  23. ^ "Lord Janner of Braunstone - obituary". The Telegraph.
  24. ^ "7 Win Arctic Death Battle". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 13, 1928. p. 1.
  25. ^ "Italy Dedicates War Memorial; Austria Angry". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 13, 1928. p. 13.
  26. ^ Lantschner, Emma. "History of the South Tyrol Conflict and its Settlement". Tolerance Through Law: Self Governance and Group Rights In South Tyrol. Ed. Jens Woelk, Francesco Palermo and Joseph Marko. Nertherlands: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2008. p. 8. ISBN 978-90-04-16302-7.
  27. ^ Angelucci, Malcolm. "Bolzano Bozen's Monument to Victory: Rhetoric, Sacredness and Profanation". New Perspectives in Italian Cultural Studies, Volume 2: The Arts and History. Ed. Graziella Parati. Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, Inc. 2013. p. 177. ISBN 978-1-61147-566-1.
  28. ^ "Carranza Killed In Crash As He Flies Into Storm In Mexico Hop," The New York Times, July 14, 1928
  29. ^ "Under U. S. Flag Peru Ends 1883 Spat with Chile". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 14, 1928. p. 5.
  30. ^ Schultz, Sigrid (July 15, 1928). "Court Holds Shirt Sleeves Not Immoral". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  31. ^ Steele, John (July 16, 1928). "Europe Gasps in U.S. Brand in Heat Wave". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 8.
  32. ^ Steele, John (July 17, 1928). "King of England Receives World Cancer Experts". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 15.
  33. ^ "Obregon Slain at Banquet". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 18, 1928. p. 1.
  34. ^ "Churchill Announces Tax on Betting to Be Reduced". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 19, 1928. p. 14.
  35. ^ "Chronology 1928". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  36. ^ "Find Banker's Body in Sea". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 20, 1928. p. 1.
  37. ^ Steele, John (July 21, 1928). "Name is Cleared After 19 Yrs. in Jail for Murder". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
  38. ^ "50,000 Gypsies Abolished Under Hungary Decree". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 21, 1928. p. 3.
  39. ^ "Mercury at 100 Drives Capital Workers Home". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 21, 1928. p. 3.
  40. ^ "Karyotakis, Kostas (1896-1928)". Encyclopedia of Modern Greek Literature, by Bruce Merry (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004) pp. 216–217
  41. ^ "Bombard Fort All Night; Quell Portugal Revolt". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 22, 1928. p. 3.
  42. ^ Lehman, H. Eugene (2011). Lives of England's Reigning and Consort Queens. Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse. p. 648. ISBN 978-1-4634-3055-9.
  43. ^ "Globe Circlers Break Record by 4 Days, 23 Hours". Brooklyn Daily Eagle: 3. July 23, 1928.
  44. ^ Rue, Larry (July 23, 1928). "Austro-German Union Demanded by Vast Parade". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 14.
  45. ^ "Italy Will Probe Italia Disaster, Says Mussolini". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 23, 1928. p. 1.
  46. ^ Darrah, David (July 25, 1928). "Vatican Stamps Kellogg Pact as Weapon of Peace". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 30.
  47. ^ "Ellen Terry's Last Wish Bans Funeral Gloom". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 22, 1928. p. 3.
  48. ^ "Archbishop of Canterbury, Primate of England, Resigns". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 26, 1928. p. 11.
  49. ^ "1928, Tariff Relations – USA". China's External Relations – A History. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  50. ^ "Admit U.S. Has Recognized New Rulers in China". Chicago Daily Tribune. September 28, 1928. p. 16.
  51. ^ Pegler, Westbrook (July 27, 1928). "Gene Tunney Whips Heeney". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  52. ^ Backer, Andreas (July 27, 1928). "Nobile Lands in Norway; Big Crowd Hisses". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  53. ^ "Carl Hubbell 1928 Pitching Gamelogs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  54. ^ "Biography of a leader: Peter Lougheed 1928 - 2012". CTV News. 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2021-07-16.
  55. ^ "King Approves Archbishop of York as British Primate". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 28, 1928. p. 1.
  56. ^ a b Shirer, William (July 29, 1928). "Fists Mar Olympic Opening". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  57. ^ "Tunney Quits; Science Arts or Girl Cause". Chicago Daily Tribune. July 30, 1928. p. 1.
  58. ^ "Color Movies for Cameras In Home Shown to Scientists". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 30, 1928. p. 1.
  59. ^ "Chuck Klein 1928 Batting Logs". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved March 4, 2015.
  60. ^ Darrah, David (August 1, 1928). "Nobile Reaches Rome; Acclaimed". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
  61. ^ "36,000 Homeless in Siberian Flood". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. August 1, 1928. p. 2.