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Guidonia Montecelio (Italian pronunciation: [ɡwiˈdɔːnja ˌmonteˈtʃɛːljo]), commonly known as Guidonia, is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital, Lazio, central Italy.

Guidonia Montecelio
Comune di Guidonia Montecelio
Panorama of Guidonia
Panorama of Guidonia
Coat of arms of Guidonia Montecelio
Coat of arms
Guidonia within the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Guidonia within the Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Location of Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio is located in Italy
Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio
Location of Guidonia Montecelio in Italy
Guidonia Montecelio is located in Lazio
Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio
Guidonia Montecelio (Lazio)
Coordinates: 42°00′N 12°43′E / 42.000°N 12.717°E / 42.000; 12.717
CountryItaly
RegionLazio
Metropolitan cityRome (RM)
FrazioniAlbuccione, Bivio di Guidonia, Colle Fiorito, Colleverde, La Botte, Marco Simone, Montecelio, Pichini, Setteville, Setteville Nord, Villalba, Villanova
Government
 • MayorMichel Barbet (Movimento 5 Stelle)
Area
 • Total79.47 km2 (30.68 sq mi)
Elevation
105 m (344 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total89,288
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Guidoniani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
00010, 00011, 00012, 00014
Dialing code0774
Patron saintMaria Beata Vergine di Loreto
Saint dayDecember 10
WebsiteOfficial website

Contents

GeographyEdit

The municipality of Guidonia Montecelio, formed by the main towns of Guidonia and Montecelio, lies to the north-east of Rome, some kilometres from the Grande Raccordo Anulare - a ring-shaped motorway which forms a circle around the capital. The terrain of Guidonia Montecelio is mainly flat, and the community lies in between the Via Nomentana and the Via Tiburtina.

It borders with Fonte Nuova, Marcellina, Palombara Sabina, Rome, San Polo dei Cavalieri, Sant'Angelo Romano and Tivoli. The hamlets (frazioni) are Albuccione, Bivio di Guidonia, Colle Fiorito, Colleverde, La Botte, Marco Simone, Montecelio, Pichini, Setteville, Setteville Nord, Villalba and Villanova.

HistoryEdit

Montecelio was founded in 998 as a fortified castrum (Castrum Monticellorum).

In 1915 the Regio Esercito (Italian Royal Army) built a major military airport in the area for its Corpo Aeronautico Militare (Military Aviation Corps), the predecessor of the Italian Royal Air Force founded in 1923.

Guidonia was erected as a comune in 1937 by Benito Mussolini, its name chosen to honour the Regia Aeronautica general Alessandro Guidoni (1880–1928), who had died on 27 April 1928 while testing a new parachute at the air force facilities.

EconomyEdit

 
Travertine caves in Guidonia.

Today the town is part of the Rome metropolitan area, with a massive presence of industry (mainly travertine caves and cement industry) and the service sector. The number of residents commuting to Rome is high, with transport in a critical situation.

Guidonia is also home to Marco Simone Golf and Country Club, which will host the Ryder Cup in 2022.

PeopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Guidonia Montecelio is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Demography in Figures". Istituto nazionale di statistica (ISTAT). for August 2009

External linksEdit