Robert Edward Crane (July 13, 1928 – June 29, 1978) was an American actor, drummer, radio personality, and disc jockey known for starring in the CBS situation comedy Hogan's Heroes.

Bob Crane
Crane in Hogan's Heroes, 1969
Robert Edward Crane

(1928-07-13)July 13, 1928
DiedJune 29, 1978(1978-06-29) (aged 49)
Cause of deathHomicide
Resting placeWestwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery
  • Actor
  • drummer
  • radio host
  • disc jockey
Years active1950–1978
Anne Terzian
(m. 1949; div. 1970)
(m. 1970)

Crane was a drummer from age 11,[1] and he began his entertainment career as a radio personality, beginning in Hornell, New York and later in Connecticut. He then moved to Los Angeles, where he hosted the number-one rated morning radio show. In the early 1960s, Crane moved into acting, eventually landing the lead role of Colonel Robert Hogan in Hogan's Heroes. The series aired from 1965 to 1971, and Crane received two Emmy Award nominations.

Crane's career declined after Hogan's Heroes. He became frustrated with the few roles that he was being offered and began performing in dinner theater. In 1975, he returned to television in the NBC series The Bob Crane Show, but the series received poor ratings and was cancelled after thirteen weeks. Afterward, Crane returned to performing in dinner theater and also appeared in occasional guest spots on television.

Crane was found bludgeoned to death in his Scottsdale, Arizona, apartment while on tour in June 1978 for a dinner theater production of Beginner's Luck. In the 1990s, Crane's friend John Henry Carpenter was tried for the murder but was acquitted, and the case remains officially unsolved. Crane's previously uncontroversial public image suffered due to the suspicious nature of his death and posthumous revelations about his personal life.[2]

Early life edit

Bob Crane was born in Waterbury, Connecticut, the younger of two sons of Rose Mary (née Ksenich) and Alfred Thomas Crane - the original spelling of the family name was Crean.[3] He spent his childhood and teenaged years in Stamford.[4]

Crane began playing drums at the age of 11, and by junior high was organizing local drum and bugle parades with his neighborhood friends.[4] He joined his high school's orchestra and its marching and jazz bands.[4][5][6] Crane also played for the Connecticut and Norwalk Symphony Orchestras as part of their youth orchestra program.[7] He graduated from Stamford High School in 1946.[4] Then, in 1948, he enlisted for two years in the Connecticut Army National Guard and was honorably discharged in 1950.[8] The previous year he married his high-school sweetheart, Anne Terzian. The couple had three children: Robert David, Deborah Anne, and Karen Leslie.[9]

Career edit

Early career edit

Crane in 1963

In 1950, Crane began his career in radio broadcasting at WLEA in Hornell, New York. He soon moved to Connecticut stations WBIS in Bristol and then WICC in Bridgeport, a 1,000-watt operation with a signal covering the northeastern portion of the New York metropolitan area. In 1956, Crane was hired by CBS Radio to host the morning show at its West Coast flagship KNX in Los Angeles, California, partly to re-energize that station's ratings and partly to halt his erosion of suburban ratings at WCBS in New York City. In California, Crane filled the broadcast with sly wit, drumming, and such guests as Marilyn Monroe, Frank Sinatra, and Bob Hope. His show quickly topped the morning ratings with adult listeners in the Los Angeles area, and Crane became "king of the Los Angeles airwaves".[10]

Crane's acting ambitions led to guest-hosting for Johnny Carson on the daytime game show Who Do You Trust? and appearances on The Twilight Zone (uncredited), Channing, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, and General Electric Theater. After Carl Reiner appeared on his radio show, Crane persuaded Reiner to book him for a guest appearance on The Dick Van Dyke Show.

The Donna Reed Show (1963–1964) edit

After seeing Crane's performance on The Dick Van Dyke Show, Donna Reed offered him a guest shot on her program. After the success of that episode, his character, Dr. David Kelsey, was incorporated into the show's storyline, and Crane became a regular cast member, beginning with the episode "Friends and Neighbors". Crane continued to work full-time at KNX during his stint on The Donna Reed Show, running back and forth from the KNX studio at Columbia Square to Columbia Studios. He left the show in December 1964.[1]

Hogan's Heroes (1965–1971) edit

In 1965, Crane was offered the starring role in a CBS television sitcom set in a World War II POW camp. Hogan's Heroes involved the sabotage and espionage missions of Allied soldiers, led by Colonel Robert Hogan, from under the noses of the oblivious Germans guarding them. The show was an immediate hit, finishing in the top 10 in its first year. The series lasted for six seasons on CBS, and Crane was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1966 and 1967.

After having a love affair with Hogan co-star Cynthia Lynn,[11] the actress who played Helga, Crane became romantically involved with Lynn's replacement Patricia Olson in 1968, who played Hilda under the stage name Sigrid Valdis. Crane divorced Terzian in 1970, just before their 21st anniversary, and married Olson on the set of the show later that year, with series co-star Richard Dawson serving as best man.[12][13] Their son, Scotty, was born in 1971,[14] and they later adopted a daughter, Ana Marie. Robert Crane Jr. later revealed that his father, Bob, was not the biological father of any of Olson's children. When they were married in 1970, Patricia was already pregnant, but Bob had had a vasectomy in 1968 while he was still married to his first wife.[15] Crane and Olson separated in 1977,[13] and were mere weeks aways from finalizing their divorce at the time Crane's death in June, 1978.[16]

After Hogan's Heroes edit

In 1968, Crane and Hogan co-stars Werner Klemperer, Leon Askin, and John Banner appeared with Elke Sommer in a feature film, The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz, set in the divided city of Berlin during the Cold War. In 1969, Crane starred with Abby Dalton in a dinner theater production of Cactus Flower.

Following the cancellation of Hogan's Heroes in 1971, Crane appeared in two Disney films: Superdad (1973), in the title role, and a small role in Gus (1976). In 1973, he purchased the rights to a comedy play called Beginner's Luck and began touring it, as its star and director, at the Showboat Dinner Theatre in St. Petersburg, Florida; the La Mirada Civic Theatre in California; the Windmill Dinner Theatre in Scottsdale, Arizona; and other dinner theaters around the country.[17]

Between theater engagements, Crane guest-starred in a number of television shows, including Police Woman, Gibbsville, Quincy, M.E., and The Love Boat. In 1975, he returned to television with his own series, The Bob Crane Show on NBC, which was cancelled after thirteen episodes. In early 1978, Crane taped a travel documentary in Hawaii and recorded an appearance on the Canadian cooking show Celebrity Cooks. Neither aired in the U.S. after his death the following June. His appearance on Celebrity Cooks was broadcast in Canada in late 1978, and was recreated in the biopic film Auto Focus.[1]

Private life and murder edit

Crane frequently videotaped and photographed his own sexual escapades.[18] During the run of Hogan's Heroes, Dawson introduced him to John Henry Carpenter, a regional sales manager for Sony Electronics who often helped famous clients with their video equipment.[19] The two men struck up a friendship and began visiting bars and nightclubs together. Crane attracted many women due to his celebrity status, and he introduced Carpenter to them as his manager. Crane and Carpenter videotaped their joint sexual encounters.[20] Crane's son Robert later insisted that all of the women were aware of the videotaping and consented to it, but several claimed that they had no idea that they had been recorded until they were informed by Scottsdale police after Crane's murder.[21] Carpenter later became national sales manager at Akai, and he arranged his business trips to coincide with Crane's dinner-theater touring schedule so that the two could continue videotaping their sexual encounters.[22]

Apartment 132A of the Winfield Place Apartments (now condominiums) where Crane was murdered
A funeral wreath on the door of apartment 132A
Crane and Valdis's gravestone, bearing their portraits and the banner "Hogan and Hilda, Together Forever"

In June 1978, Crane was living in the Winfield Place Apartments in Scottsdale during a run of Beginner's Luck at the Windmill Dinner Theatre. On the afternoon of June 29, his co-star Victoria Ann Berry entered his apartment after he failed to show up for a lunch meeting, and discovered his body.[23] Crane had been bludgeoned to death with a weapon that was never identified, though investigators believed it to be a camera tripod. An electrical cord had been tied around his neck.[24]

Crane's funeral was held on July 5, 1978 at St. Paul the Apostle Catholic Church in Westwood, Los Angeles. An estimated 200 family members and friends attended, including John Astin and his wife Patty Duke and Carroll O'Connor. Pallbearers included Hogan's Heroes producer Edward Feldman, co-stars Robert Clary and Larry Hovis, and Crane's son Robert. He was interred in Oakwood Memorial Park Cemetery in Chatsworth, California.[25] Patricia Olson later had his remains relocated to Westwood Village Memorial Park in Westwood, and she was buried beside him in 2007 under her stage name Sigrid Valdis.[26]

Investigation edit

The Scottsdale Police Department had no homicide division in 1978, so it was ill-equipped to handle such a high-profile murder investigation. The crime scene yielded few clues; no evidence was found of forced entry, and nothing of value was missing. Detectives examined Crane's extensive videotape collection, which led them to Carpenter who had flown to Phoenix on June 25 to spend a few days with Crane. Carpenter's rental car was impounded and searched. Several blood smears were found that matched Crane's blood type; no one else of that blood type was known to have been in the car, including Carpenter. DNA testing was not yet available, and the Maricopa County Attorney declined to file charges.[27]

In 1990, Scottsdale Police Detective Barry Vassall and Maricopa County Attorney's Office Investigator Jim Raines[28] re-examined the evidence from 1978 and persuaded the county attorney to reopen the case.[29] DNA testing was inconclusive on the blood found in Carpenter's rental car, but Raines did discover an evidence photograph of the car's interior that appeared to show a piece of brain tissue. The actual tissue samples recovered from the car had been lost, but an Arizona judge ruled that the new evidence was admissible.[29] In June 1992, Carpenter was arrested and charged with Crane's murder.[30][31]

Trial edit

At the 1994 trial, Crane's son Robert testified that Crane had repeatedly expressed a desire to sever his friendship with Carpenter in the weeks before his death. He said that Carpenter had become "a hanger-on" and "a nuisance to the point of being obnoxious".[32] "My dad expressed that he just didn't need Carpenter kind of hanging around him anymore," he said.[27] Robert testified that Crane had called Carpenter the night before the murder and ended their friendship.[33]

Carpenter's attorneys attacked the prosecution's case as circumstantial and inconclusive. They presented evidence that Carpenter and Crane were still on good terms, including witnesses from the restaurant where the two men had dined the evening before the murder. They noted that the murder weapon had never been identified or found; the prosecution's camera tripod theory was sheer speculation, they said, based solely on Carpenter's occupation. They disputed the claim that the newly discovered evidence photo showed brain tissue, and alleged that the police work had been sloppy, such as the mishandling and misplacing of evidence—including the crucial tissue sample itself.[28] They pointed out that Crane had been videotaped and photographed in sexual relations with numerous women, implying that any one of them might have been the killer.[33] Other potential suspects proposed by defense attorneys included angry husbands and boyfriends of the women, and an actor who had sworn vengeance after a violent argument with Crane in Texas several months earlier.[27]

Carpenter was acquitted,[34][35][36][37][38][39][40] and he continued to maintain his innocence until his death in 1998.[41] After the trial, Robert speculated publicly that his father's widow Patty Olson might have had a role in instigating the crime. "Nobody got a dime out of [the murder]," he said, "except for one person," alluding to Crane's will, which excluded him, his siblings, and his mother, with Crane's entire estate left to Olson. He repeated his suspicions in the 2015 book Crane: Sex, Celebrity, and My Father's Unsolved Murder.[42] Maricopa County District Attorney Rick Romley responded, "We never characterized Patty as a suspect," adding "I am convinced John Carpenter murdered Bob Crane."[12] Officially, Crane's murder remains unsolved.[41]

Later DNA testing edit

In November 2016, the Maricopa County Attorney's Office permitted Phoenix television reporter John Hook to submit the 1978 blood samples from Carpenter's rental car for retesting, using a more advanced DNA technique than the one used in 1990.[43] Two sequences were identified, one from an unknown male, and the other too degraded to reach a conclusion.

This testing consumed all of the remaining DNA from the rental car, making further tests impossible. Hook's investigation turned up two blood vials, samples from Crane and Carpenter, located in evidence storage at the Maricopa County Attorney's Office. Carpenter voluntarily gave a sample to Scottsdale Police when he was questioned in 1978. Crane's blood vial was recovered during his autopsy the day after the murder. Both were used as comparison samples for Hook's DNA tests on the blood stains found in Carpenter's rental car.[44]

Auto Focus edit

Bob Crane's life and murder were the subject of the 2002 feature film Auto Focus directed by Paul Schrader and starring Greg Kinnear as Crane. The film is based on the book by The Murder of Bob Crane author Robert Graysmith and was described as "brilliant" by critic Roger Ebert. It portrays Crane as a happily married, church-going family man who succumbs to Hollywood's celebrity lifestyle after becoming a television star. He meets John Carpenter, played by Willem Dafoe, and learns about the new home video technology. He then descends into a life of strip clubs, BDSM, and sex addiction.[45]

Crane's son Scotty challenged the film's accuracy in an October 2002 review. "During the last twelve years of his life," he wrote, "[Crane] went to church three times: when I was baptized, when his father died, and when he was buried." His son further stated that Crane was a sex addict long before he became a star, and that he may have begun recording his sexual encounters as early as 1956. There was no evidence, he said, that Crane engaged in BDSM; there were no such scenes in any of his hundreds of home movies, and Schrader admitted that the film's BDSM scene was based on his own experience while writing Hardcore.[46] Before production on Auto Focus was announced, Scotty and Olson had tried to sell a rival script titled F-Stop or Take Off Your Clothes and Smile, but interest ceased after Auto Focus was announced.[47]

In June 2001, Scotty launched the website It included a paid section featuring photographs, outtakes from his father's sex films, and Crane's autopsy report that proved, he said, that his father did not have a penile implant as stated in Auto Focus.[21][48][49] The XXX-rated photographs and videos from Bob Crane's private archive of sexual liaisons involving him and various women could also be purchased for a monthly subscription fee of $19.95.[50] The site was renamed "Bob Crane: The Official Web Site", but is now abandoned. The "official" Bob Crane website was maintained by CMG Worldwide, but it no longer exists.[51]

Filmography edit

Film edit

Year Title Role Notes
1961 Return to Peyton Place Peter White Uncredited
1961 Man-Trap Ralph Turner
1964 The New Interns Drunken Prankster at Baby Shower Uncredited
1968 The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz Bill Mason
1972 Patriotism Narrator Short film
1973 Superdad Charlie McCready
1976 Gus Pepper His final film role

Television edit

Year Title Role Notes
1953 General Electric Theater [citation needed] Episode: "Ride the River"
1959 Picture Window Jerry McEvoy Unaired pilot
1961 The Twilight Zone Disc Jockey Episode: "Static", uncredited
1961 General Electric Theater Harry Episode: "The $200 Parlay"
1962 The Dick Van Dyke Show Harry Rogers Episode: "Somebody Has to Play Cleopatra"
1963 The Alfred Hitchcock Hour Charlie Lessing Season 1 Episode 15: "The Thirty-First of February"
1963 Channing Prof. Arlen Episode: "A Hall Full of Strangers"
1963–65 The Donna Reed Show Dr. Dave Kelsey 62 episodes
1965–71 Hogan's Heroes Col. Robert E. Hogan 168 episodes
1966 The Lucy Show Himself Episode: "Lucy and Bob Crane"
1966 Password Himself Game Show Contestant / Celebrity Guest Star
1967 The Green Hornet Uncredited Non Speaking Role Episode: "Corpse of the Year, Part 1"
1967 The Red Skelton Show Col. Hogan Episode: "Freddie's Heroes"
1969 Arsenic and Old Lace Mortimer Brewster Television film
1969 Love, American Style Howard Melville Episode: "Love and the Modern Wife"
1971 Love, American Style Mark Episode: "Love and the Logical Explanation"
1971 Love, American Style [citation needed] Episode: "Love and the Waitress"
1971 The Doris Day Show Bob Carter Episode: "And Here's... Doris"
1971 Night Gallery Ellis Travers Episode: "House – with Ghost"
1972 The Delphi Bureau Charlie Taggart Television pilot
1974 Tenafly Sid Pierce Episode: "Man Running"
1974 Tattletales Himself Game Show Contestant / Celebrity Guest Star
1974 Police Woman Larry Brooks Episode: "Requiem for Bored Wives'
1975 The Bob Crane Show Bob Wilcox 14 episodes
1976 Joe Forrester Alban Episode: "The Invaders"
1976 Ellery Queen Jerry Crabtree Episode: "The Adventure of the Hardhearted Huckster"
1976 Spencer's Pilots Cozens Episode: "The Search"
1976 Gibbsville Lawyer Episode: "Trapped"
1977 Quincy, M.E. Dr. Jamison Episode: "Has Anybody Here Seen Quincy?"
1977 The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries Danny Day Episode: "A Haunting We Will Go"
1978 The Love Boat Edward 'Teddy' Anderson Episode: "Too Hot to Handle/Family Reunion/Cinderella Story", (final television appearance)

Awards and nominations edit

Year Award Category Title of work Nominated/Won
1966 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series Hogan's Heroes Nominated[52]
1967 Primetime Emmy Award Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series Hogan's Heroes Nominated[53]

References edit

  1. ^ a b c Ford, C.M. (2015). Bob Crane: The definitive biography. Wilbraham MA: AuthorMike Ink. ISBN 978-0991033072.
  2. ^ France, Lisa Respers (November 15, 2016). "We still don't know who killed Bob Crane". CNN.
  3. ^ Hind Posz, Darcie. "Robert E. Crane of Hogan's Heroes and his Hogan and Crean Ancestors of Waterbury and Stamford." Connecticut Ancestry, Vol. 64, no. 1 (August 2021): 31-40.
  4. ^ a b c d Altamont Enterprise and Albany County Post, Friday, February 13, 1970, p. 1, "Glittering Stars to Appear on Telethon," [1] Archived July 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine; A&E "Bob Crane Biography" [2];TV Radio Mirror, October 1967, pp. 33, 76–79.; Stamford High School; Stamford Historical Society, Stamford CT.
  5. ^ TV Star Parade, January 1966, "The Unlikeliest Hero of Them All," pp. 8, 70–71; Stamford High School, Stamford, CT.
  6. ^ "Bob Crane's 'Instant' Success Story". Nashua Telegraph. June 25, 1966. p. 3. Retrieved May 9, 2021.
  7. ^ TV Radio Mirror, October 1967, pp. 33, 76–79; Bridgeport Symphony Orchestra, formerly Connecticut Symphony Orchestra, Bridgeport CT; Stamford High School, Class of 1946 Alumni.
  8. ^ Newark Advocate, July 24, 1965, "Crane Gambles $150,000," p. 7; Stamford National Guard records, Stamford CT.
  9. ^ "'Hogan's Heroes' Star Bob Crane Beaten to Death". Youngstown Vindicator. June 30, 1979. p. 6. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "Bob Crane Biography". Archived from the original on October 27, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015.
  11. ^ Rice, Lynette (August 26, 2019). "The Tragic, Unsolved Murder of Hogan's Heroes Star Bob Crane". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  12. ^ a b Tresniowski, A. (November 2, 2002). What About Bob? People Magazine archive, retrieved November 3, 2015.
  13. ^ a b "Sigrid Valdis, 72". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. November 22, 2007. p. 8E. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  14. ^ "Colonel Hogan has bounced back". Eugene Register-Guard. April 20, 1975. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  15. ^ Fryer, Christopher (2015). Crane: Sex, Celebrity, and My Father's Unsolved Murder. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 93–94. ISBN 9780813160757.
  16. ^ Fryer, Christopher (2015). Crane: Sex, Celebrity, and My Father's Unsolved Murder. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky. p. 70. ISBN 9780813160757.
  17. ^ Noe, Denise: [3] Archived August 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine TruTV Crime Library, The Bob Crane Case.
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  19. ^ (Katz 2010, p. 288)
  20. ^ Kim, Eun-Kyung (November 1, 1994). "Crane's friend acquitted". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. A–8. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Wilonsky, Robert (July 18, 2001). "Klinky Sex". Archived from the original on December 23, 2010. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  22. ^ (Katz 2010, p. 289)
  23. ^ "Actor Bob Crane Beaten To Death". La Crosse Tribune. La Crosse, Wisconsin. AP. July 30, 1978. p. 5. Retrieved January 20, 2024 – via
  24. ^ Kim, Eun-Kyung (September 13, 1994). "Trial reruns TV star's love life". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. A–8. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  25. ^ "Family, friend mourn Crane". Kingman Daily Miner. July 6, 1978. p. 6. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  26. ^ Bob Crane Biography. Archived October 27, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, retrieved November 3, 2015.
  27. ^ a b c Rubin, P. (April 28, 1993). The Bob Crane Murder Case, Part Two. Phoenix New Times archive, retrieved November 3, 2015.
  28. ^ a b Rubin, P. (May 5, 1993). The Bob Crane Murder Case, Part Three. Phoenix New Times archive, retrieved November 4, 2015.
  29. ^ a b "Crane case to go forward". The Bulletin. March 12, 1993. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  30. ^ "How did Bob Crane die, anyway?". May 8, 2008. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  31. ^ Balazs, Diana (September 12, 1998). "Suspect in killing of 'Hogan's Heroes' actor Bob Crane". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. A–12. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  32. ^ "Bob Crane's son testifies in trial". The Telegraph. October 4, 1994. p. A–2. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  33. ^ a b Philbin, Tom (2012). The Killer Book of Cold Cases: Incredible Stories, Facts, and Trivia from the Most Baffling True Crime Cases of All Time. Sourcebooks, Inc. ISBN 1-402-25356-7 p. 191
  34. ^ "Actor Bob Crane died a gruesome death. Anchor's book takes another look". USA Today. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
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  36. ^ Hirschberg, Lynn (September 29, 2002). "First came the sitcom. Then came the murder. Then came the pornographic Web site. Now here comes the Hollywood biopic!". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  37. ^ Rubin, Paul (April 21, 1993). "The Bob Crane Murder Case Part One". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  38. ^ Berger, Leslie; Malnic, Eric (June 3, 1992). "Man Held in Crane's Death Was a Suspect From Day 1 : Crime: Authorities say he phoned the actor's apartment but reached police investigating case". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  39. ^ France, Lisa Respers (November 14, 2016). "We still don't know who killed Bob Crane". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  40. ^ "Cold Case: Bob Crane's Secret Life Implicated". NBC Los Angeles. May 5, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  41. ^ a b Newton, Michael (2009). The Encyclopedia of Unsolved Crimes (2nd ed.). Infobase Publishing. ISBN 0-8160-7818-1
  42. ^ Crane R, Fryer C. Crane: Sex, Celebrity, and My Father's Unsolved Murder. University Press of Kentucky (2015), pp. 200–209. ISBN 081316074X
  43. ^ Kimball, Lindsay (November 15, 2016). "New DNA Evidence Proves Hogan's Heroes Star Bob Crane's Murderer Is Still Unknown". People. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  44. ^ "'Hogan's Heroes' star Bob Crane's murder still a mystery despite new DNA tests". November 15, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.
  45. ^ Ebert, R. (September 2, 2002). "Auto Focus" Captures Star's Downfall. archive. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  46. ^ Crane, Scotty. "Raging Bullshit: Auto Focus Is Not My Dad's Story". The Stranger. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  47. ^ "The Truth About Bob Crane". Morty's Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  48. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 24, 2002). "Sons take sides in biopic dispute". The Hour. p. D5. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  49. ^ "A star is porn". The Age. July 4, 2003. Retrieved December 15, 2012.
  50. ^ Fryer, Christopher (2015). Crane: Sex, Celebrity, and My Father's Unsolved Murder. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky. p. 282. ISBN 9780813160757.
  51. ^ "Bob Crane – The Official Licensing Website of Bob Crane". Bob Crane. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  52. ^ "Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Comedy Series - 1966". Retrieved September 6, 2021.
  53. ^ "Outstanding Continued Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role in a Comedy Series - 1967". Retrieved September 6, 2021.

Further reading edit

External links edit