James Edward Franco (born April 19, 1978) is an American actor and filmmaker. For his role in 127 Hours (2010), he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor. Franco is known for his roles in films, such as Sam Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy (2002–2007), Milk (2008), Eat, Pray, Love (2010), Rise of the Planet of the Apes (2011), Spring Breakers (2012), and Oz the Great and Powerful (2013). He is known for his collaborations with fellow actor Seth Rogen, having appeared in eight films and one television series with him, examples being Pineapple Express (2008), This Is the End (2013), Sausage Party (2016), and The Disaster Artist (2017), for which he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor.
James Edward Franco
April 19, 1978
Franco is also known for his work on television where his first prominent acting role was the character Daniel Desario on the short-lived ensemble comedy-drama Freaks and Geeks (1999–2000), which developed a cult following. He portrayed the title character in the television biographical film James Dean (2001), for which he won a Golden Globe Award, and received nominations for Screen Actors Guild Award and Primetime Emmy Award. Franco had a recurring role on the daytime soap opera General Hospital (2009–2012) and starred in the limited series 11.22.63 (2016). He starred in the David Simon-created HBO drama The Deuce (2017–2019).
Franco volunteers for the Art of Elysium charity and has taught film classes at New York University, the University of Southern California, UCLA, Studio 4, Palo Alto High School, and Playhouse West.
James Edward Franco was born in Palo Alto, California on April 19, 1978. His mother, Betsy Lou (née Verne), is a children's book author and occasional actress, and his father, Douglas Eugene Franco, ran a Silicon Valley business. His father was of Portuguese (from Madeira) and Swedish ancestry, while his mother is Jewish, from a family of Russian Jewish descent. His maternal grandfather, Daniel, changed his surname from "Verovitz" to "Verne" some time after 1940. His paternal grandmother, Marjorie (née Peterson), is a published author of young adult books. His maternal grandmother, Mitzie (née Levine), owned the prominent Verne Art Gallery in Cleveland, Ohio and was an active member in the National Council of Jewish Women.
Franco's family upbringing was "academic, liberal, and largely secular". He grew up in California with his two brothers, actors Tom and Dave. A "math whiz", Franco interned at Lockheed Martin. He was often encouraged by his father to get good grades and did well on his SATs. He graduated from Palo Alto High School in 1996, where he acted in plays. This led to him attending CSSSA in 1998 for theater studies. In his high school years, Franco was arrested for underage drinking, graffiti, and being a part of a group that stole designer fragrances from department stores and sold them to classmates. These arrests led to Franco briefly becoming a ward of the state. Facing the possibility of juvenile hall, he was given a second chance by the judge. He recalled of his troubles with the law, "It was teen angst. I was uncomfortable in my own skin. I was shy. I changed my ways just in time to get good grades."
Although the idea of becoming a marine zoologist interested him, Franco had always secretly wanted to become an actor but feared being rejected. He enrolled at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) as an English major, but dropped out after his first year (against his parents' wishes) to pursue a career as an actor, since he would have had to wait two years to audition for their acting program. He instead chose to take acting lessons with Robert Carnegie at the Playhouse West. Around this time, he took up a late-night job at McDonald's to support himself because his parents refused to do so. He was a vegetarian for the year prior to working there. While working at the establishment, he would practice accents on customers, an experience he remembered nostalgically in a 2015 Washington Post editorial titled "McDonald's was there for me when no one else was".
After 15 months of training, Franco began auditioning in Los Angeles. His first paid role was a television commercial for Pizza Hut, featuring a dancing Elvis Presley (who had died in 1977). He found guest roles on television shows but his first break came in 1999, after he was cast in a leading role on the short-lived but well-reviewed NBC television series Freaks and Geeks, which ran for 18 episodes and was canceled due to low viewership. Later, the show became a cult hit among audiences. He has since described the series as "one of the most fun" work experiences that he has had. In another interview, Franco said: "When we were doing Freaks and Geeks, I didn't quite understand how movies and TV worked, and I would improvise even if the camera wasn't on me ... So I was improvising a little bit back then, but not in a productive way." After his film debut Never Been Kissed, he played a popular jock Chris in Whatever It Takes (2000), a modern-day remake of the 1897 play Cyrano de Bergerac.
He was subsequently cast as the title role in director Mark Rydell's 2001 TV biographical film James Dean. To immerse himself in the role, Franco went from being a non-smoker to smoking two packs of cigarettes a day, bleached his dark brown hair blond, and learned to ride a motorcycle as well as play guitar and the bongos. To have a greater understanding of Dean, Franco spent hours with two of Dean's associates. Other research included reading books on Dean and studying his movies. While filming James Dean, Franco, to get into character, cut off communication with his family and friends, as well as his then-girlfriend. "It was a very lonely existence," he notes. "If I wasn't on a set, I was watching James Dean. That was my whole thinking. James Dean. James Dean." Despite already being a fan of Dean, Franco feared he might be typecast if he'd captured the actor too convincingly. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly wrote: "Franco could have walked through the role and done a passable Dean, but instead gets under the skin of this insecure, rootless young man." He received a Golden Globe Award and nominations for an Emmy Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award (SAG).
Franco achieved worldwide fame and attention in the 2002 superhero film Spider-Man, when he played Harry Osborn, the son of the villainous Green Goblin (Willem Dafoe) and best friend of Spider-Man (Tobey Maguire). Originally, Franco was considered for the lead role of Spider-Man/Peter Parker in the film. Todd McCarthy of Variety noted that there are "good moments" between Maguire and Franco in the film. Spider-Man was a commercial and critical success. The movie grossed $114 million during its opening weekend in North America and went on to earn $822 million worldwide.
He next starred in Sonny, a 2002 release in which he was directed by fellow actor Nicolas Cage, whose involvement had attracted Franco to the film. Set in 1980s New Orleans, Sonny follows the titular character (Franco) returning home after just being discharged from the Army. To prepare for his role, he met with sex workers or people who had previously been prostitutes. The movie was panned by critics, with the New York Post's Lou Lumenick calling it an "instant candidate for worst movie of the year". Franco was cast as a homeless drug addict in the drama City by the Sea (2002) after co-star Robert De Niro saw a snippet of his work in James Dean. He lived on the streets for several days to better understand the subject matter as well as talking to former or still-using drug addicts. He also co-starred with Neve Campbell in Robert Altman's ballet movie The Company (2003). The success of the first Spider-Man film led Franco to reprise the role in the 2004 sequel, Spider-Man 2. The movie was well received by critics, and it proved to be a big financial success, setting a new opening weekend box office record for North America. With revenue of $783 million worldwide, it became the second highest-grossing film in 2004. The following year he made and starred in the black comedy The Ape and the 2005 war film The Great Raid, in which he portrayed Robert Prince, a captain in the United States Army's elite Sixth Ranger Battalion. In 2006, Franco co-starred with Tyrese Gibson in Annapolis and played legendary hero Tristan in Tristan & Isolde, a period piece dramatization of the Tristan and Iseult story also starring British actress Sophia Myles. For the former, he did eight months of boxing training and for the latter, he practiced horseback riding and sword fighting. He then completed training for his Private Pilot Licence in preparation for his role in Flyboys, which was released in September 2006; the same month, Franco appeared briefly in The Wicker Man, the remake of the seminal horror film. Also in 2006, he made a cameo appearance in the romantic comedy The Holiday.
He again played Harry Osborn in Spider-Man 3 (2007). In contrast to the previous two films' positive reviews, Spider-Man 3 was met with a mixed reception by critics. Nonetheless, with a total worldwide gross of $891 million, it stands as the most successful film in the series, and Franco's highest-grossing film to date. In this same year, Franco made a cameo appearance as himself in the Apatow-directed comedy Knocked Up, which starred Freaks and Geeks alumni Seth Rogen, Jason Segel and Martin Starr. Franco co-starred with Sienna Miller in the low-budget independent film Camille, a dark fantasy dramedy about a young newlywed couple and Interview, where he appears in a voice only role, both 2007 movies that were ignored by audiences and critics alike. Among his other 2007 projects were Good Time Max, which Franco wrote, directed and starred in. The movie premiered at the 2007 Tribeca Film Festival and tells the story of two talented brothers who take very diverse paths in life, one going on to become a doctor whilst the other sibling (Franco) experiences unemployment and uses drugs. The actor chose to cast himself in that role because, "It was really just a process of elimination. I was better suited for this role than the responsible surgeon".
He next starred in Pineapple Express (2008), a stoner comedy co-starring and co-written by Seth Rogen and produced by Judd Apatow. Of Franco's character, Apatow said, "You tell him, 'Okay, you're going to play a pot dealer', and he comes back with a three-dimensional character you totally believe exists. He takes it very seriously, even when it's comedy". In her New York Times review, critic Manohla Dargis wrote: "He's delightful as Saul, loosey-goosey and goofy yet irrepressibly sexy, despite that greasy curtain of hair and a crash pad with a zero WAF (Woman Acceptance Factor). It's an unshowy, generous performance and it greatly humanizes a movie that, as it shifts genre gears and cranks up the noise, becomes disappointingly sober and self-serious". His performance earned him a second Golden Globe nomination, for Best Actor in a Musical or Comedy. He has stated in some interviews that he no longer uses cannabis (although he has occasionally alluded to smoking it, most notably during an extended segment on The Colbert Report). He was awarded High Times magazine's Stoner of the Year Award for his work in Pineapple Express. In 2008 he also appeared in two films by American artist Carter, exhibited at the Yvon Lambert gallery in Paris. On September 20, 2008, he hosted the sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live (SNL), and a second time on December 19, 2009.
Franco starred with Sean Penn, Josh Brolin and Emile Hirsch, in Gus Van Sant's Milk (2008). In the film he plays Scott Smith, the boyfriend of Harvey Milk (Penn). Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times, in review of the film, wrote: "Franco is a nice match for him [Penn] as the lover who finally has enough of political life". For his performance in the film, Franco won the Independent Spirit Award in the category for Best Supporting Actor. In late 2009 he joined the cast of the daytime soap opera General Hospital on a recurring basis. He plays Franco, a multimedia artist much like himself, who comes to Port Charles to do an art exhibition and becomes obsessed with Jason Morgan (Steve Burton). Franco has called his General Hospital role performance art.
Franco began 2010 by making an appearance on the sitcom 30 Rock where he played himself and carried on a fake romance with Jenna Maroney (Jane Krakowski) in a scheme concocted by their respective agents. After appearing in the commercial successes Date Night, an action comedy, and Eat Pray Love, an adaption of a novel, Franco played poet Allen Ginsberg in the drama Howl, released on September 24. The latter, about his most known poem and the trial about the work, premiered at the Berlin Film Festival and earned modest reviews.
In his next project, 127 Hours, directed by Danny Boyle, Franco portrayed real-life mountain climber Aron Ralston. It was given a limited release starting on November 5, 2010. 127 Hours centered on Ralston trying to free his hand after it became trapped under a boulder in a ravine while canyoneering alone in Utah and resorting to desperate measures in order to survive, eventually amputating his arm. During the five-week, 12-hours-per-day shoot, Franco would only leave the gully set to use the lavatory and would read books such as academic textbooks to keep busy. Franco later called making 127 Hours a once-in-a-lifetime experience. To date, 127 Hours is one of his most well-reviewed movies and was also a commercial success, earning $60.7 million against an $18 million budget. His performance earned him universal acclaim from critics. Subsequently, he was nominated for an Academy Award, Golden Globe and SAG award, as well as winning an Independent Spirit Award.
On February 23, 2011, Franco made a cameo appearance on NBC's Minute to Win It where the real-life Ralston was participating as a contestant playing for charity. After having an uncredited cameo in the opening scene of The Green Hornet (2011), he starred opposite Natalie Portman and Danny McBride in the Medieval fantasy comedy Your Highness. In the film, he plays Fabious, a prince who teams up with his brother (McBride) to rescue the soon to be bride of Fabious (played by Zooey Deschanel). In May 2010, he was cast to star in Rupert Wyatt's $93 million budgeted Rise of the Planet of the Apes, a reboot of the Planet of the Apes series which was released on August 5. Franco starred alongside Winona Ryder in The Letter, originally entitled The Stare, directed by Jay Anania. He was cast as a drug-addicted lawyer in About Cherry, also starring Heather Graham, which started shooting the following month in California. He dropped out of the indie film While We're Young to star in Oz the Great and Powerful, a Disney prequel to L. Frank Baum's The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). Filming began in July 2011, and the film was released on March 8, 2013. He has signed to do a sequel to it.
At the end of September 2010, the actor acquired the rights to Stephen Elliott's The Adderall Diaries, with the intention to adapt, direct, and star in the film. It was announced in January 2011 that the actor has planned to not only star in, but direct himself in The Night Stalker, a film version of author Philip Carlo's book about the 1980s serial killer, Richard Ramirez. Co-screenwriter of the screenplay, Nicholas Constantine, was initially unconvinced that Franco would be right for the movie, until he learned of Franco's desire to be a director and later watched three of his short films, one of which featured a serial killer, ultimately confirming to the writer that the actor had a darker side. Franco also directed a film version of William Faulkner's novel As I Lay Dying., the film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. In late 2013, Franco starred in This Is the End as a fictionalized version of himself stuck in a house during an apocalypse with Seth Rogen, Jay Baruchel, Craig Robinson, Jonah Hill, and Danny McBride, also fictionalized versions of themselves.
In February 2012, Franco began shooting a film version of Cormac McCarthy's 1973 novella Child of God, which stars Scott Haze as Lester Ballard. The film chronicles the depraved and violent impulses of the young Tennessee backwoodsman after he is dispossessed of his ancestral land. Child of God was selected in official competition at the 70th Venice Film Festival, an official selection to the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival and an official selection to the prestigious 51st New York Film Festival. In 2013, Franco starred as the gangster "Alien" in Harmony Korine's Spring Breakers, with Vanessa Hudgens, Selena Gomez, Ashley Benson, Gucci Mane and Rachel Korine. A24 films began a campaign in September 2013 in support of a Best Supporting Actor Oscar nomination for Franco's performance. In March 2013, it was announced that Franco was set to make his 2014 Broadway stage debut in the role of George in a revival of John Steinbeck's Of Mice and Men. In October 2013, Franco appeared in the music video for "City of Angels" by Thirty Seconds to Mars.
In April 2014, Franco directed and appeared in "Techno Color Sunglasses", which promoted Gucci's eyewear collection. In December, Franco starred in the controversial Sony comedy thriller, The Interview, a film which played a central role in the real world diplomatic relations between the United States and North Korea as they related to the 2014 Sony hacking incident. In April 2015, two of his projects, titled I Am Michael and True Story, were shown at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival. In I Am Michael, Franco plays a gay activist who rejects his homosexuality and becomes a conservative Christian pastor with a girlfriend. In True Story, based on a true story, Franco played Christian Longo, a man who was on the FBI's most wanted list for murdering his wife and three children in Oregon, and who had also been hiding under the identity of Michael Finkel, a journalist played by Jonah Hill.
In 2015, Franco was cast in the lead role for the Hulu limited series 11.22.63 which is based on the novel of the same name by Stephen King. The eight-episode series premiered on February 15, 2016. In 2016, Franco co-produced and starred in King Cobra, a true story about the rise of gay pornographic actor Brent Corrigan and the murder of Bryan Kocis. Franco played Joseph Kerekes who (along with his partner) was convicted of the murder. In the comedy Why Him?, released in December 2016, Franco played an immature tech-billionaire whose girlfriend's conservative father tries to intervene in the couple's relationship, with Zoey Deutch playing the girlfriend and Bryan Cranston as her father. He briefly appeared in the Alien prequel, Alien: Covenant, alongside friend and frequent collaborator Danny McBride, and Michael Fassbender and Noomi Rapace. He played Branson, the captain of the Covenant ship and husband to Daniels, played by Katherine Waterston. The film was released on May 19, 2017.
In 2016, Franco directed, co-produced, and starred in The Disaster Artist, the film adaptation of actor Greg Sestero's non-fiction book of the same name, about the making of The Room, which is considered to be one of worst films ever made. In the film, Franco portrayed the film's star, director, screenwriter, and producer Tommy Wiseau, while Franco's brother, Dave, portrayed Sestero. Franco remained in character as Wiseau throughout the entirety of the shoot. The Disaster Artist was released on December 1, 2017, to positive reviews, while his portrayal of Wiseau gained near-universal praise. His performance won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.
At the end of 2017, Franco, almost 40, said he was slowing down to focus on himself.
Franco produced and directed a documentary titled Saturday Night documenting a week in the production of an episode of SNL. The film began as a short for an NYU class but grew due to his two episodes as host, while short stories he wrote for other classes appeared in Esquire and McSweeney's. In summer 2010, the fictional Franco from General Hospital held an exhibit at the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, while the real Franco held an exhibit at the museum based on his experiences on the soap opera.
In 2008, Franco was named as the face of Gucci's men's fragrance line. His short films as director The Feast of Stephen and Herbert White were both presented within Maryland Film Festival in May 2010. Another of his short movies, The Clerk's Tale, was screened in competition at the Hamptons Film Festival at the end of 2010. In June 2010, James Franco presented his first solo exhibition, "The Dangerous Book Four Boys", presented at The Clocktower Gallery in New York City. Curated by Alanna Heiss, the show featured video, drawings, sculptures and installation.
On October 19, 2010, Scribner published a collection of short stories, Palo Alto, by Franco. The book is named after the California city where Franco grew up and is dedicated to many of the writers he worked with at Brooklyn College. Inspired by some of Franco's own teenage memories Palo Alto, and memories written and submitted by high school students at Palo Alto Senior High School, consists of life in Palo Alto as experienced by a series of teenagers who spend most of their time indulging in driving drunk, smoking marijuana, and taking part in unplanned acts of violence. Each passage is told by a young narrator. The book has received mixed reviews; Los Angeles Times called it "the work of an ambitious young man who clearly loves to read, who has a good eye for detail, but who has spent way too much time on style and virtually none on substance". The Guardian reported that Franco's "foray into the literary world may be met with cynicism in some quarters, but this is a promising debut from a most unlikely source". Writing in The New York Times, reviewer and fellow author Joshua Mohr praised Franco for how, in the story "American History", he juxtaposed historical parts with a present-day social commentary that "makes the we wonder how much we've actually evolved in post-bellum America". At least one editor of a literary journal testified he would not publish Franco's stories, claiming he has been published due to his star power, not literary talent. Publishers Weekly reviewed the collection, stating "The author fails to find anything remotely insightful to say in these 11 amazingly underwhelming stories".
In January 2011, Franco screened his multimedia project, entitled Three's Company The Drama, in which he merges video and art to update the titular sitcom, at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival. Franco reunited with Milk director Van Sant to make Unfinished, a project that features two movies: Endless Idaho and My Own Private River. Endless Idaho showcases edited outtakes, deleted scenes and behind-the-scenes footage from the 1991 movie My Own Private Idaho, while My Own Private River focuses on actor River Phoenix. The idea for the exhibition was conceived after Van Sant introduced unused footage from the 1991 film to Franco, inspiring him to turn it into something more. Unfinished opened from February 26 to April 9 at the Gagosian Gallery in Beverly Hills.
On February 27, 2011, he and Anne Hathaway hosted the 83rd Academy Awards. The two were selected to help the awards show achieve its goal of attracting a younger audience. Franco had previously said that he accepted the job for the experience and because it was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. Numerous media viewers criticized Franco for his discontent and lack of energy on stage and the show was widely panned, with some reviewers dubbing it the worst telecast in its history. The actor later spoke about his hosting in an interview on the Late Show with David Letterman. He explained that when accepting the job he never had high hopes, adding "It was never on my list of things to do. It doesn't mean I didn't care and it doesn't mean I didn't try, right?" Regarding allegations that he was under the influence of marijuana while hosting, Franco commented "I think the Tasmanian Devil would look stoned standing next to Anne Hathaway. She has a lot of energy!" He concluded that he tried his best and could have had "low energy" during the telecast.
In May, Franco made his dance-theater directorial debut at New York's Stella Adler Studios, where he narrated all the performances. Entitled "Collage" and described as a "mixed-media piece", the show featured live dance, theater, music, and poetry. Tickets were free but were distributed on a first-come, first-served basis. The actor also directed two short films for songs ("Blue" and "That Someone Is You") by R.E.M. from their album Collapse into Now (2011). Franco continued his career as a filmmaker with The Broken Tower, a 90-minute docudrama shot in black and white about poet Hart Crane, who committed suicide by jumping off the steamship SS Orizaba. It originally started out as his master's thesis. It was screened at 2011's Los Angeles Film Festival – among more than 200 feature films, short projects, and music videos from more than 30 countries. It was released on DVD in 2012.
In 2011, Franco taught a graduate-level film course at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts. He has also taught film classes at USC and UCLA, as well as a screenwriting class on the online learning community Skillshare. For his students' film projects, Franco has helped to attract actors, including Seth MacFarlane, Kate Mara, Natalie Portman, Chloe Sevigny, Kristen Wiig and Olivia Wilde.
Franco developed an aptitude for art—painting in particular—during his high school years while attending the California State Summer School for the Arts (CSSSA). Franco has said painting was the "outlet" he needed in high school, and he "has actually been painting longer than he has been acting". His paintings were displayed publicly for the first time at the Glü Gallery in Los Angeles, from January 7, through February 11, 2006. He launched his first European art exhibition in 2011 at Peres Projects in Berlin.
In September 2012, Franco announced the release of his band Daddy's first single Love in the Old Days and their first EP MotorCity. On July 9, 2013, Franco announced that he would be the featured roastee on the next Comedy Central Roast. The roast aired on September 2, 2013.
In February 2014, Franco wrote an article in The New York Times in support of the metamodernist performance art of Shia LaBeouf, describing LaBeouf's project as one "in which a young man in a very public profession tries to reclaim his public persona". In April 2014, the literary publisher Graywolf Press issued Franco's first collection of poetry, Directing Herbert White. The title alludes to a poem (made by Franco into a 2010 short film) by Frank Bidart, who has served as friend and mentor to Franco.
In the media
Viewed as a sex symbol, Franco was named the Sexiest Man Living in 2009 by Salon. There has often been frequent media coverage of Franco, particularly regarding his interest in going to colleges. In addition to that, Franco has also claimed to have been strongly misquoted by reports in the media and news outlets reporting erroneous information about him. This led to the actor being parodied in an episode of SNL's Weekend Update segment, which an Entertainment Weekly writer deemed "clever". In a 2011 interview, he stated:
I've been perceived as this guy yelling, 'Hey, look at me. I want attention'. I'm not going to school to get articles written about me. I'm just going to school. But the fact that I'm going to school or that someone takes a picture of me sleeping is like, 'We're gonna jump on that and criticize him for his antics'. What antics? I write. I make movies. I'm going to school. I hosted the Oscars. I take these projects seriously.
Franco has deliberately garnered a reputation for publishing "selfies" and wrote an explanatory article for The New York Times in December 2013. He stated:
[A] well-stocked collection of selfies seems to get attention. And attention seems to be the name of the game when it comes to social networking. In this age of too much information at a click of a button, the power to attract viewers amid the sea of things to read and watch is power indeed. It's what the movie studios want for their products, it's what professional writers want for their work, it's what newspapers want — hell, it's what everyone wants: attention. Attention is power.
In April 2012, Shalom Life ranked Franco and his brother, Dave, together as number two on its list of 50 talented and attractive Jewish men. In 2013, Franco was featured as the cover model and featured focus in the men's magazine Man of the World.
In other forms of media, a Chicago-based theater company, Under the Gun Theater, developed a show inspired by and titled after Franco. The 2015 production of Dear James Franco used, parodied and deconstructed letters penned to or by celebrities. The performances used improvisation to satirize their subject matter.
Franco has described himself as Jewish; regarding his secular upbringing, he told The Guardian that he feels as if he has "missed out on the Jewish experience", but has been told not to worry about that by his Jewish friends and said in the same interview that he likes "the idea of religion as a source of community". When asked if he was a "believer", he responded, "In God? I don't know. Yes. To a certain extent. It's a complicated question." In 2015, he had an official bar mitzvah ceremony, presided over by a rabbi.
Relationships and sexuality
Due to his support for the LGBT community and his portrayal of gay characters in his projects, Franco's sexuality has been a subject of discussion in media sources, relentlessly questioning if he himself is gay. In response to questions regarding his sexuality, he insists he finds plenty more dimensions to the characters than their bedroom proclivities. "Or, you know what," he quipped, "maybe I'm just gay." In a March 2015 interview with Four Two Nine magazine, Franco again opened up about his sexuality, stating, "In the twenties and thirties, they used to define homosexuality by how you acted and not by whom you slept with. Sailors would fuck guys all the time, but as long as they behaved in masculine ways, they weren't considered gay." He added, "Well, I like to think that I'm gay in my art and straight in my life."
After meeting on the set of Whatever It Takes in 1999, Franco dated co-star Marla Sokoloff for five years. He was later in a relationship with actress Ahna O'Reilly until 2011. He confirmed their separation in an interview for Playboy magazine's August 2011 issue, saying that his interest in education got between them.
Franco, dissatisfied with his career's direction, reenrolled at UCLA in autumn 2006 as an English major with a creative writing concentration. He received permission to take as many as 62 course credits per quarter compared to the normal limit of 19, while still continuing to act, receiving many of his credits from independent study for his involvement on the set of Spider-Man 3. He received his undergraduate degree in June 2008 with a GPA of 3.5/4.0. For his degree, Franco prepared his departmental honors thesis as a novel under the supervision of Mona Simpson.
Franco was selected as the commencement speaker at UCLA, and was to speak at the ceremony on June 12, 2009. Several months before commencement, an editorial in the student newspaper questioned his "caliber" and a student created a Facebook page protesting the choice. On June 3, Franco withdrew, citing a date conflict with location pre-production on a film. On January 26, 2011, Franco and the Harvard Lampoon released a satirical video on prominent comedy website Funny or Die mocking his last-minute cancellation.
Franco moved to New York to simultaneously attend graduate school at Columbia University School of the Arts for writing, New York University's Tisch School of the Arts for filmmaking, and Brooklyn College for fiction writing, while also attending the low-residency MFA Program for Writers at North Carolina's Warren Wilson College for poetry. He received his M.F.A. from Columbia in 2010. As of 2010, Franco was studying in the Ph.D. program in English at Yale University He has also attended the Rhode Island School of Design.
In an interview with Showbiz411, on September 23, 2010, Franco made the erroneous public announcement that he received a "D" grade in "Acting" class at the NYU Graduate Film School. He had, in fact, received that grade in a "Directing the Actor" class. Franco's professor, José Angel Santana, alleged that Franco did not earn his grades while attending that school and stated that Franco only received high marks and a degree because of his celebrity status as an actor. Franco made unfavorable comments about Santana's teaching. In September 2012, after having been terminated from his position Santana filed a lawsuit against Franco for defamation; Santana claimed that Franco's comments were false and had led to his termination. In September 2013, Franco and Santana settled the defamation lawsuit. "The matter has been resolved to the mutual satisfaction of the parties," said Santana's attorney Matthew Blit. Franco defended himself on the Howard Stern Show, stating that he had told the professor before the semester began that he would have to miss most classes to film 127 Hours and that they had agreed that Franco would receive a "D" in the course.
In March 2013, Franco was featured in half-page print advertisements for his alma mater UCLA which celebrated the university's famous alumnus as a "prolific academic" and carried the tagline: "Some A-Listers Actually Get A's".
Sexual misconduct accusations and lawsuit
In 2014, a 17-year-old girl posted screenshots of alleged messages between her and Franco on Instagram. The messages showed that Franco, then aged 35, tried to meet her in a hotel room after she told him she was 17. He sent multiple pictures of himself to prove his real identity. Franco admitted on Live! With Kelly and Michael that he had written the messages. Though his actions were legal since the age of consent in New York is 17, he was the subject of media backlash because of the wide age gap. He initially responded to the scandal by tweeting, "I HOPE PARENTS KEEP THEIR TEENS AWAY FROM ME. Thank you." He later stated he was "embarrassed" and that "I learned my lesson."
At the 2018 Golden Globe Awards, Franco wore a Time's Up pin in solidarity with the Me Too movement, to protest sexual harassment against women. His pin drew criticism on social media from actress Ally Sheedy, who hinted she had quit acting after working with Franco on a play. A former girlfriend, Violet Paley, also alleged that he once forced her to give him oral sex in a car while they were dating. On January 9, 2018, The New York Times, citing the allegations, canceled a planned event with Franco. On January 10, Franco said on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert that the accusations made against him on Twitter were "not accurate".
On January 11, 2018, the Los Angeles Times reported that five women were accusing Franco of inappropriate or sexually exploitative behavior during the period when Franco was serving as their acting teacher or mentor. One former student stated that Franco "would always make everybody think there were possible roles on the table if we were to perform sexual acts or take off our shirts" in his projects. Another alleged that Franco held a sex scenes class and removed students' vaginal guards while simulating oral sex with them. Franco's attorney, Michael Plonsker, disputed the women's' allegations.
On October 3, 2019, two former students of Franco's now-closed film and acting school, Studio 4, filed a lawsuit against him and his partners. According to The New York Times, the complaint alleged that the program "was little more than a scheme to provide him and his male collaborators with a pool of young female performers that they could take advantage of." The case claimed that pupils were subjected to "sexually exploitative auditions and film shoots" and had to sign away their rights to the recordings. The litigants sought unspecified monetary damages as well as the return or destruction of any questionable material. Franco has denied the plaintiffs' claims through his attorney.
On February 21, 2021, it was reported that the lawsuit was settled and that, according to documents filed on February 11, both students had agreed to drop their individual claims. The deal was submitted for preliminary court approval by March 15, 2021. In June 2021, terms of the settlement were revealed, and it was disclosed that Franco, pending a judge's approval, would pay more than $2.2 million to resolve two different legal disputes: one by the two women who cited sexual exploitation (they will receive $894,000), and another class-action plaint by approximately 1,500 Studio 4 students who maintain that they were defrauded. A joint statement by the plaintiffs and defendants reads in part: "While Defendants continue to deny the allegations in the Complaint, they acknowledge that Plaintiffs have raised important issues; and all parties strongly believe that now is a critical time to focus on addressing the mistreatment of women in Hollywood."
In April 2021, actress Charlyne Yi, who worked with Franco in The Disaster Artist in 2017, claimed that Yi tried to quit the film over the allegations though they said the filmmakers offered her a bigger role when they tried to leave the movie, and Yi viewed this enticement as an attempted bribe. Yi also accused Seth Rogen, one of Franco's long-time co-stars, of being an "enabler" of Franco. A month later, Rogen commented on the allegations against Franco, expressing doubts that he would ever work with him again.
Franco has said "aiding others is the key to life, the key to happiness and, as an actor, you can get wrapped up in yourself and your career ... A little secret is one of the greatest ways to break that is to stop thinking about yourself for a second". When Franco was at a point in his life where he wanted to give back but was unsure how, he asked his Spider-Man co-star Kirsten Dunst for advice. At her suggestion, he started volunteering at the charity Art of Elysium, where she also volunteers, which helps children with serious medical conditions. He said the experience helped save his life. In January 2011, at the Art of Elysium Heaven Gala in Los Angeles, Franco was honored for his work at the hospital, receiving the Spirit of Elysium accolade.
On March 31, 2011, the actor took part in "An Evening with James Franco", a Washington D.C. dinner benefit for 826DC, a non-profit foundation created to help neighborhood students reach their goals, as well as provide after-school literature programs and workshops that encourage them to improve their writing skills. Franco became involved with Dave Eggers' 826 National after Eggers asked him to do a conceptual idea for the program, and he directed a documentary for them and has since been a supporter of them. At the event, he spoke about how he thought schools needed to be more original with their literature programs. "Writing can do things that video cannot", he added. In April 2011, Franco autographed a T-shirt that would be auctioned off through the Yoshiki Foundation, with the proceeds being donated for Japanese tsunami relief. On June 14, he was honored by amfAR, the foundation for AIDS research, at the Museum of Modern Art. Franco received the Piaget Award of Inspiration for his humanitarian work and contributions to men's style.
In April 2014, Franco presented at Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS Easter Bonnet Competition with Leighton Meester and Chris O'Dowd, after raising donations at his Broadway show Of Mice and Men. In June 2014, Franco performed in the BC/EFA benefit Broadway Bares.
Filmography and awards
- Franco, James. "A Star, a Soap and the Meaning of Art". The Wall Street Journal, December 4, 2009.
- Franco, James. "Just Before the Black". Esquire, March 24, 2010.
- Franco, Betsy (2009). Metamorphosis: Junior Year [With Earbuds]. Candlewick Press. ISBN 978-0763-6-3765-1.
- Franco, James (2010). Palo Alto: Stories. Scribner. ISBN 978-1-4391-6314-6.
- Hoffman, Alice (2011). Ploughshares Winter 2011–2012. ISBN 978-1933-0-5821-4.
- Mattson, Joseph (2011). The Speed Chronicles. Akashic Books. ISBN 978-1617-7-5028-1.
- 1, n+ (2012). n+1 Issue 13: Machine Politics. n+1. ISBN 978-0982-5-9775-0.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
- La Force, Thessaly (2012). My Ideal Bookshelf. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0316-2-0090-5.
- Franco, James (2012). Dangerous Book Four Boys. Rizzoli International Publications. ISBN 978-0847-8-3813-4.
- Franco, James (2012). 113 Crickets: Volume 2. Dymaxicon. ISBN 978-1937-9-6506-8.
- Factory, The Coffin (2012). The Coffin Factory (Issue 3). The Coffin Factory.
- Franco, James (2012). Strongest of the Litter: (The Hollyridge Press Chapbook Series). Hollyridge Press. ISBN 978-0984-3-1005-0.
- Franco, James (2013). A California Childhood. Insight Editions. ISBN 978-1608-8-7202-2.
- Franco, James (2013). Actors Anonymous. Little A / New Harvest. ISBN 978-0544-1-1453-1.
- Franco, James (2014). Directing Herbert White: Poems. Graywolf Press. ISBN 978-1555-9-7673-6.
- Franco, James (2014). Hollywood Dreaming. Insight Editions. ISBN 978-1-60887-343-2.
- 2011: Turn It Up EP – collaboration with Kalup Linzy
- 2012: MotorCity EP – with Tim O'Keefe, as the duo "Daddy"
- 2016: Let Me Get What I Want – with Tim O'Keefe, as the duo "Daddy"
Music on other albums
- 2013: "Hanging with Da Dopeboys" – featuring DangeRuss from album Spring Breakers: Music from the Motion Picture
- 2013: "I Love You" – featuring Kalup Linzy from album Romantic Loner
- 2015: "11/22/63"
|2014||Of Mice and Men||Performer||George||Longacre Theatre|
|2014||The Long Shift||Director||Rattlestick Theatre|
- Rathe, Adam (August 4, 2011). "James Franco, NYU professor, reveals details of his class; Students will transfer poetry to film". New York Daily News. New York City. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
- Kaufman, Amy (October 9, 2012). "James Franco to teach film class at USC". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 27, 2013.
- Kwok, Adrienne; Maese-Czeropski, Aidan (September 7, 2015). "James Franco to teach film course in MAC". The Paly Voice. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Kadvany, Elena (September 13, 2015). "Franco beings 'revolutionary' film class with local high schoolers". Palo Alto Online. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
- Alter, Charlotte. "James Franco Just Announced His New Class in the Most James Franco Way Possible". TIME.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Monitor". Entertainment Weekly (1255/1256): 31. March 19–26, 2013.
- Finn, Natalie (October 4, 2011). "James Franco's Father Dies at 63". E! Online. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Marquis Who's Who, Inc (1991). Who's who of emerging leaders in America. Marquis Who's Who. ISBN 0-8379-7202-7.
- Raphael, Amy (January 24, 2009). "Acting clever". The Guardian. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- Applebaum, Stephen (February 24, 2011). "Interview: James Franco". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- "James Franco Finds Harvard a Real Drag". People. February 14, 2009. Retrieved May 7, 2018.
- "James Franco" Inside the Actors Studio December 7, 2010
- Rhone, Paysha (February 14, 2009). "Spidey foe meets his match in Harvard's Hasty Pudding crew". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 9, 2009.
- Ganahl, Jane (January 23, 2010). "Howl's Cast and Crew on the Road to Sundance". Vanity Fair. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
- Commire, Anne (1985). Something about the Author, Volume 38. Gale Research. p. 77. ISBN 0-8103-0071-0.
- Spevack, Violet (January 31, 2002). "Cavalcade". Cleveland Jewish News. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- Spevack, Violet (October 23, 2009). "Cavalcade 10/23". Cleveland Jewish News. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- "Case Western Reserve University". Admission Case. Archived from the original on October 24, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Raphael, Amy (January 24, 2009). "Acting clever". The Guardian. Retrieved May 1, 2011.
- Van Sant, Gus. "James Franco". Interview. p. 1. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Anderson, Sam (July 25, 2010). "The James Franco Project". New York – via http://instapaperstories.tumblr.com.
- "James Franco Biography". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 29, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Soll, Lindsay (September 29, 2006). "10 Things You Don't Know About James Franco". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Posner, Michael (August 5, 2008). "Top of the food chain". Globe and Mail. Archived from the original on January 16, 2009. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Franco, James (May 7, 2015). "McDonald's was there for me when no one else was". Retrieved December 8, 2017 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
- Franco, James (May 7, 2015). "McDonald's was there for me when no one else was". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Buchanan, Kyle (May 5, 2011). "James Franco Is Not Above Working at McDonald's". Vulture. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
- "Shout! Factory — Freaks And Geeks". Shout Factory. Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Guider, Elizabeth (October 14, 2010). "IFC picks up two Judd Apatow series". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "United Press International". Franco to reunite with Freaks pals. United Press International. Retrieved September 23, 2006.
- Gleiberman, Owen (March 31, 2000). "What It Takes Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Scott, A.O. (March 24, 2000). "Whatever It Takes Review". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Carter, Kelly (July 27, 2001). "James Franco: The next James Dean". USA Today. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Lee, Chris (August 6, 2008). "James Franco plays against type in 'Pineapple Express'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Tucker, Ken (August 3, 2001). "James Dean TV Review". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 13, 2008.
- "HFPA — Awards Search". Golden Globes. Archived from the original on July 3, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- "8th Annual Screen Actors Guild Awards". Screen Actors Guild Awards. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- "2002 Emmys Nominees/Winners". Television Academy. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- "Mike Clark review". USA Today. May 3, 2002. Retrieved January 23, 2007.
- McCarthy, Todd (April 19, 2002). "Spider-Man Review". Variety. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- "James Franco". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "James Franco Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Murray, Rebecca; Fred, Topel. "James Franco Talks About "Sonny"". About.com. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- Lumenick, Lou (December 27, 2002). "Sonny". New York Post.
- B., Scotty (September 4, 2002). "An Interview with James Franco". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Spider-Man 2 (2004)". Box Office Mojo. June 30, 2004. Retrieved December 9, 2008.
- Potts, Kim (November 2, 2010). "'127' Facts About James Franco". Moviefone. AOL Inc. Archived from the original on August 7, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Thomson, Katherine (April 30, 2007). "James Franco is Good Time Max". Huffington Post. USA. Retrieved April 28, 2011.
- Travers, Peter (August 7, 2008). "Pineapple Express Review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on August 22, 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Mock, Janet. "James Franco Timeline". People. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
- Dargis, Manohla (August 6, 2008). "'Pineapple Express' – Stoners Who Put the Bud in Buddies". The New York Times. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- "James Franco Pt. 2 – The Colbert Report – 2011-05-04 – Video Clip | Comedy Central". Colbertnation.com. Retrieved March 25, 2012.
- Hager, Steven (September 30, 2008). "Franco's First Time". High Times. Archived from the original on January 30, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
- Freydkin, Donna (April 7, 2009). "Franco takes 'Erased James Franco' to art". USA Today. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- Boedeker, Hal (September 21, 2008). ""Saturday Night Live" with James Franco improves in week two, but still far from its peak". Orlando Sentinel.
- Roberts, Soraya (December 20, 2009). "James Franco hosts 'Saturday Night Live': Actor pulls an Adam Lambert with man-on-man kiss". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Freydkin, Donna (August 3, 2008). "'Pineaple' star Franco digs deep, plays stoner and serious". USA Today. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Turan, Kenneth (November 26, 2008). "Review: 'Milk'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 5, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
- Smith, Neil (February 22, 2009). "Rourke steals Spirit award show". BBC News. Retrieved February 23, 2009.
Other acting awards went to Melissa Leo and Penélope Cruz, both of whom are also up for Oscars, and to James Franco for his supporting role in Milk.
- Bryant, Adam (October 1, 2009). "James Franco to Appear on General Hospital". TV Guide. Retrieved October 1, 2009.
- Stewart, Dodai. "James Franco: General Hospital Stint Is Performance Art". Jezebel. Retrieved September 12, 2018.
- Stanhope, Kate (November 3, 2009). "James Franco to Guest-Star on 30 Rock". TV Guide. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- "127 Hours". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- Shone, Tom (January 4, 2011). "A class apart: interview with James Franco". The Daily Telegraph Limited. London. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- 2011 Independent Spirit Awards
- "James Franco Gives Encouragement to Aron Ralston on 'Minute to Win It'". Hollywood Reporter. March 4, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Butler, Robert W. (January 13, 2011). "'The Green Hornet' has dull plot, lame humor". Kansas City Star. The McClatchy Company. Archived from the original on January 16, 2011. Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- Kit, Borys (May 30, 2009). "Natalie Portman signs on for comedy "Your Highness"". The Hollywood Reporter. Reuters. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
- Siegel, Tatiana (May 20, 2010). "James Franco to star in 'Apes'". Variety. Archived from the original on May 25, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2010.
- Snieder, Jeff (May 18, 2011). "Franco, Graham, Patel board indie 'Cherry'". Variety. Retrieved May 19, 2011.
- Jagernauth, Kevin (March 6, 2011). "Noah Baumbach's 'While We're Young' Loses James Franco & Cate Blanchett; Ben Stiller Still In". IndieWire. Snagfilms. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Chatter: Who Should Replace Sam Raimi as Director of the Oz Sequel?". Fandango.com. March 11, 2013.
- "Cast Signed for 'Oz: The Great & Powerful' Sequel But Not Sam Raimi". firstshowing.net. March 11, 2013.
- Fleming, Mike (September 29, 2010). "James Franco Buys 'The Adderall Diaries'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Zakarin, Jordan (January 16, 2011). "James Franco: 'The Night Stalker' Star And Director". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Friedman, Devin. "Leading Man: James Franco" GQ Dec. 2010: 286–88
- "2013 Official Selection". Cannes. April 20, 2013. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
- Wallace, Amy (June 3, 2013). "James Franco and the All-Star Cast of This Is the End". GQ. Retrieved December 2, 2017.
- Rosen, Christopher (September 3, 2013). "James Franco's 'Spring Breakers' Role Gets For Your Consideration Oscar Ad". Huffington Post.
- Dzieemianowicz, Joe (March 6, 2013). "James Franco Says He's Coming to Broadway to Star in 'Of Mice and Men'". New York Daily News. New York City. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Grow, Kory (October 29, 2013). "Thirty Seconds to Mars Recruit Kanye West, Lindsay Lohan for 'Angels'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 8, 2014.
- Lombardi, Ken (March 8, 2013). "James Franco honored with Hollywood Walk of Fame star". CBS News.
- Turra, Alessandra (April 7, 2014). "James Franco Directs Video for Gucci". WWD. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- On, Then Off, Now On Again 'The Interview,' With James Franco and Seth Rogen, Is Back On New York Times, by A.O. Scott. Published December 25, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2014.
- Nicholson, Max. "Hill, Franco Join Pitt for True Story". ign.com. Retrieved May 13, 2012.
- Wagmeister, Elizabeth (February 12, 2015). "James Franco to Star in Hulu's Stephen King Series '11/22/63'". Variety. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Petski, Denise (October 30, 2015). "Stephen King's '11.22.63' Event Series Gets Premiere Date On Hulu". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Bradshaw, Peter (December 22, 2016). "Why Him? review – Bryan Cranston in disposable festive fun". The Guardian. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- Anderton, Ethan (December 9, 2016). "'Alien: Covenant' Adds James Franco To The Cast". /Film. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- "James Franco's Production Company Acquires Book About So-Bad-It's-Good Cult Movie 'The Room'". Deadline Hollywood. February 7, 2014. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- Rosen, Christopher (March 13, 2017). "James Franco's The Disaster Artist receives standing ovation". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 2, 2017.
- Pearson, Ben (October 27, 2017). "James Franco Directed 'The Disaster Artist' in Character as Tommy Wiseau". /Film. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- "The Disaster Artist (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved December 2, 2017.
- Huff, Lauren (January 7, 2018). "Golden Globes: James Franco, Tommy Wiseau Accept Award for Best Actor for 'The Disaster Artist'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 7, 2018.
- (retrieved "CBS Sunday Morning" (December 31, 2017). "Sunday Profile: James Franco." Interviewed by Tony Decopal)
- Itzkoff, Dave (May 3, 2010). "Things We Learned About 'Saturday Night Live' From James Franco's Documentary". The New York Times. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- Kamp, David (December 2008). "Franco cum Laude". Vanity Fair. New York City. Retrieved December 2, 2008.
- Pearlman, Cindy (November 30, 2008). "James Franco a big man in 'Milk' – and on campus". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Smith, Roberta (August 19, 2010). "When an Actor Casts Himself as an Artist". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- Orden, Erica (June 17, 2010). "Portrait of the Artist as a Young Movie Star". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "A life in constant motion". iol.co.za. January 5, 2011.
- Ram, Megha. "James Franco requests Paly students' short stories". PalyVoice.
- Pidd, Helen (February 20, 2011). "The many lives of James Franco". The Guardian. London, england: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Fox, Killian (February 1, 2011). "Palo Alto by James Franco – review". The Guardian.
- Mohr, Joshua (October 22, 2010). "Teen Spirit, Soured". The New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Berglund, Jeff (February 24, 2011). "Oscar host's stories wouldn't get published in Purdue journal". Purdue Exponent Online. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Fiction Book Review: Palo Alto by James Franco". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
- Rancilio, Alicia (January 25, 2011). "James Franco Talks 'Crazy Projects' at Sundance". ABC News. American Broadcasting Company. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Ng, David (February 23, 2011). "James Franco, Gus Van Sant exhibition coming this week to Gagosian Gallery". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- King, Susan (November 29, 2010). "James Franco, Anne Hathaway to host Oscar telecast".
- Jimmy Kimmel Live!. December 2, 2010. ABC Studios.
- "Critics: Oscars Were Historic Bomb". WTXF-TV. February 28, 2011. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- TheVideoMan (February 28, 2011). "83rd Oscars Review: To Hip To Be Square?". CNN. Archived from the original on March 3, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Ebert, Roger (February 27, 2011). "Oscars: "King" wins, show loses". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
- Shira, Dahvi (March 31, 2011). "James Franco & David Letterman Swap Oscar Horror Stories". People. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Buchanan, Kyle (April 29, 2011). "James Franco to Mount Dance-Theater Show". New York Magazine. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- "James Franco, Sam Taylor-Wood guest direct new REM videos". NME. UK. March 2, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Pfefferman, Naomi (June 15, 2011). "James Franco Q & A: His Film on Tortured Gay Poet Hart Crane". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- Vilensky, Mike (December 10, 2010). "James Franco on Playing Sailor-Chasing Poet Hart Crane". New York Magazine. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- Kaufman, Amy (May 11, 2011). "2011 Los Angeles Film Festival will welcome stars Guillermo del Toro, James Franco, Ryan Reynolds and more". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- "Amazon.com: Broken Tower: Michael Shannon, James Franco, Dave Franco: Movies & TV". amazon.com. Retrieved September 11, 2015.
- Staskiewicz, Keith (March 29, 2011). "James Franco to teach film course at NYU, but no syllabus as of yet". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Hoffman, Meredith (September 23, 2011). "A Teacher? This Actor Fits the Part". The New York Times. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- Kessler, Sarah (June 10, 2014). "For $25, You Can Now Take A Film Class Taught By James Franco". Fast Company. New York City: Mansueto Ventures. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Ali, Husam Sam (February 26, 2013). "James Franco: The Great Wizard of Academia". UKScreen. Retrieved February 26, 2013.
- "Lindzi.com Your Connection to the Stars". James Franco. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
- Oldenburg, Ann (August 14, 2002). "Celebrities pour passion into artwork". USA Today. Retrieved August 8, 2008.
- Collins, Sean. "Premiere: James Franco's Motown-Inspired 'Love in the Old Days'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- "Comedy Central roast – wsup – James Franco – Instagram". Instagram. Archived from the original on August 20, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
- "Comedy Central Roast of James Franco". Comedy Central. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
- Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (January 21, 2014). "James Franco supports Shia LaBeouf in New York Times piece". The Guardian. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Franco, James (January 19, 2014). "Why Actors Act Out". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2014.
- Franco, James. Directing Herbert White. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Graywolf Press. ISBN 978-1555976736.
- Hepola, Sarah (November 19, 2009). "Sexiest Man Living 2009". Salon. Archived from the original on April 3, 2010. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- Rebello, Stephen (July 11, 2011). "Playboy Interview: JAMES FRANCO". Playboy. Chicago Illinois: Playboy Enterprises. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- Charlie Rose Public Broadcasting System April 19, 2011.
- Tucker, Ken (February 6, 2011). "'Saturday Night Live' recap: Dana Carvey brought his old characters, some old friends, and Justin Bieber". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved July 16, 2011.
- Franco, James (December 26, 2013). "The Meanings of the Selfie". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "Top 50 Hottest Jewish Men (10-1) - Page1". Shalom Life. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- Wallace, Chris. "James Franco". Man of the World. Archived from the original on April 7, 2013. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
- Hayford, Justin (January 6, 2016). "The Gift Theatre's Ten 2016, Dear James Franco, and eight more new theater reviews". Chicago Reader. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- Kustanowitz, Esther D. (October 20, 2015). "James Franco's bar mitzvah spectacular". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Los Angeles, California: TRIBE Media Corp. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
- Donnelly, Matt (January 7, 2011). "James Franco's Maybe I'm just gay'- and why we love it". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved January 8, 2011.
- Duffy, Nick (March 18, 2015). "James Franco opens up about his sexuality". PinkNews. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
- Dinh, Mai; Murphy, Janet. "James Franco Biography". People. New York City.
- Freydkin, Donna (August 3, 2008). "'Pineapple' star Franco digs deep, plays stoner and serious". USA Today. McLean, Virginia. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- Schmelzer, Randi (January 1, 2009). "Smart Set". UCLA Magazine. Los Angeles, California: UCLA. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- Black, Rosemary (August 27, 2008). "Brad Pitt explores other options". New York Daily News. New York City: Tronc. p. 2. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
- Snierson, Dan (June 4, 2009). "James Franco drops out of UCLA graduation speech". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Boatright-Simon, Elizabeth Kivowitz (June 3, 2009). "James Franco not speaking at UCLA commencement ceremony" (Press release). UCLA Office of Media Relations and Public Outreach. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
- Schaefer, Samantha (June 3, 2009). "Franco cancels as commencement keynote". Daily Bruin. Retrieved June 4, 2009.
- "James-Franco's-Rejected-UCLA-Commencement-Speech". Funny or Die. July 8, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
- Evans, Sean; Lester, Shallon (August 6, 2008). "Side Dish: Write on, James Franco". New York Daily News. New York City: Tronc. Retrieved September 21, 2008.
- Finnegan, Leah (March 29, 2010). "James Franco To Get Yet Another Degree at Yale?". Huffington Post. New York City. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Zuckerman, Esther (March 28, 2010). "Now He Can Fall Asleep in LC Too". Yale Daily News. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University. Archived from the original on April 2, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010.
- "EXCLUSIVE: James Franco talks to Roger Friedman about his 'D' in acting class & falling asleep". Youtube. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- Barnes, Henry (December 20, 2011). "James Franco's bad grade got NYU professor fired, lawsuit claims". The Guardian. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- "Professor: NYU Fired Me for Giving James Franco a 'D'". Fox News. December 19, 2011.
- Child, Ben (September 5, 2012). "James Franco's former teacher sues actor for defamation". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- Doty, Meriah (September 6, 2012). "'Bully' James Franco being sued by former NYU professor". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved September 26, 2012.
- Schram, Jamie (September 4, 2013). "'Defamed' NYU prof settles suit vs. James Franco". New York Post. New York City: News Corp. Retrieved December 5, 2013.
- "Howard Stern Show: James Franco 03/25/13 P.5". Youtube. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- "UCLA ad". The New York Times. March 24, 2013. p. 21.
- Weisman, Aly (April 3, 2014). "James Franco Busted For Allegedly Trying To Pick Up Teenage Fan On Instagram". Business Insider. New York City. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- "James Franco on Instagram scandal: "I was a gentleman"". CBS News. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- Hathaway, Jay (April 4, 2014). "James Franco Says He Did Hit On a Teen, Because Social Media Is Tricky". Gawker. Archived from the original on June 1, 2015.
- Maresca, Rachel (April 4, 2014). "James Franco admits to chatting up 17-year-old girl". New York Daily News. New York City: Tribune Publishing. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "James Franco admits to chasing 17-year-old girl: 'I learned my lesson'". Fox News. April 4, 2014. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- Johnson, Zach (March 1, 2014). "James Franco: I'm Not Going to High Schools Looking for Dates". E! Online. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- Kreps, Daniel (January 10, 2018). "James Franco: Sexual Misconduct Allegations 'Not Accurate'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 27, 2018.
- "James Franco Accuser Violet Paley: 'I Wish He Made a Promise to Change'". Time. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- Lopez, Ricardo (January 9, 2018). "James Franco TimesTalk Cancelled". Variety. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
- Miller, Daniel; Kaufman, Amy (January 11, 2018). "Five women accuse actor James Franco of inappropriate or sexually exploitative behavior". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, California: Tronc. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- Yang, Rachel (October 9, 2018). "Busy Philipps Says James Franco Physically Assaulted Her on 'Freaks and Geeks' Set". Variety. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Itzkoff, Dave (October 3, 2019). "2 Women Say James Franco's Acting School Sexually Exploited Them". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Phelan, Matthew (October 4, 2019). "James Franco Sued for Fraud, Sexual Harassment by Two Students of Shuttered Acting School". Slate Magazine. Retrieved October 9, 2019.
- Dalton, Andrew (February 21, 2021). "James Franco Settles Sexual Misconduct Lawsuit Brought By Former Students". Huffington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
- "Actors Involved In James Franco Suit Settle, Drop Claims". NPR. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- "James Franco sexual misconduct case settled". BBC News. February 22, 2021. Retrieved February 22, 2021.
- Paybarah, Azi (July 1, 2021). "James Franco Agrees to Pay $2.2 Million to Settle Sexual Misconduct and Fraud Lawsuits". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
- "Charlyne Yi accuses James Franco of being a 'sexual predator'". The Independent. April 9, 2021. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- Lattanzio, Ryan (April 9, 2021). "Charlyne Yi Says She Tried to Quit 'Disaster Artist' Over James Franco Sexual Misconduct Allegations". IndieWire. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- Choe, Brandon (May 9, 2021). "Seth Rogen Stays Silent On Future Plans With James Franco Following Sexual Misconduct Allegations". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- Owoseje, Toyin (May 10, 2021). "Seth Rogen says he has no plans to work with James Franco again". CNN. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
- Chen, Joyce (December 8, 2010). "James Franco credits obsession, UCLA education, giving back for success: 'Inside the Actors Studio'". New York Daily News. New York City: Tronc. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- "James Franco saved by Kirsten Dunst's charity advice". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. January 17, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- Farazad, Roshan (April 4, 2011). "Charity Spotlight: Evening With James Franco". Washington Life Magazine. Washington DC. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- Vena, Jocelyn (April 13, 2011). "Robert Pattinson Takes Off Shirt For Japan Relief". MTV. New York City: Viacom. Archived from the original on April 17, 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2011.
- "James Franco Honored by amfAR". The Advocate. San Francisco, California: Here Media. May 31, 2011. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "James Franco to accept ally award". PRNEWSWIRE.com. Retrieved April 9, 2013.
- Gordon, David; Walters, Seth (April 23, 2014). "Bryan Cranston, James Franco, Idina Menzel, and More in Highlights From the 2014 Easter Bonnet Competition - Photo Flash - Apr 23, 2014". theatermania.
- Wesely, Tommy (June 23, 2014). "James Franco Bared His Bum For "Broadway Bares"". BuzzFeed. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "Motorcity – EP by Daddy". iTunes. September 25, 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
- "Let Me Get What I Want by Daddy". iTunes. March 18, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Franco.|