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The Late Show with Stephen Colbert

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert is an American late-night talk show hosted by Stephen Colbert, which premiered on September 8, 2015. Produced by Spartina Productions and CBS Television Studios, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert is the second iteration of CBS's Late Show franchise. Stay Human, led by bandleader Jon Batiste, serves as the program's house band, and the announcer is program writer Jen Spyra.

The Late Show
with Stephen Colbert
Late Show with Stephen Colbert Logo (2015).png
Also known asLate Show (franchise brand)
GenreLate-night talk show
News/political satire
Created byStephen Colbert
Developed by
  • Stephen Colbert
  • Jay Katsir
  • Opus Moreschi
Written byJay Katsir
Opus Moreschi
(co-head writers)
Directed byJim Hoskinson
Presented byStephen Colbert
StarringJon Batiste and Stay Human (house band)
Narrated byJen Spyra
Theme music composer
  • Jon Batiste
Opening theme"Humanism" by Stay Human
Ending theme"I'm from Kenner"
"The Art of the Bumper"
Country of originUnited States
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons5
No. of episodes800 (as of September 17, 2019) (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s)
Production location(s)
Camera setupMulti-camera
Running time46 minutes
Production company(s)
DistributorCBS Television Distribution
Release
Original networkCBS
Picture formatHDTV 1080i
Original releaseSeptember 8, 2015 (2015-09-08) –
present (present)
Chronology
Preceded byLate Show with David Letterman
Related showsThe Colbert Report
The Daily Show
Our Cartoon President
External links
Website

The program is taped at the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City and airs live to tape in most U.S. markets weekdays at 11:35 p.m. Eastern and Pacific, and 10:35 Central. It aired its 800th episode on September 17, 2019. [1]

BackgroundEdit

Prior to Colbert's assumption of hosting duties, David Letterman had been host of Late Show for 22 years, dating to his arrival at CBS in 1993. CBS had not had a regular late-night talk show for most of its existence prior to that point, with only one attempt (the short-lived Pat Sajak Show in 1990) between 1972 and Letterman's arrival. Letterman, who joined CBS from NBC after ending his eleven-year run as host of Late Night and losing out on being Johnny Carson's successor on The Tonight Show to Jay Leno, was initially competitive with his show's bitter rival, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno; Letterman's Late Show, however, slowly experienced a decline in ratings over the course of the 1990s and 2000s, dating back to an affiliation agreement between New World Communications and Fox that resulted in all nine CBS-affiliated stations it owned or recently acquired switching to Fox between September and December 1994, relegating the network to lower-rated former Fox affiliates and independent stations in many major cities.

 
Stephen Colbert hosted his satirical news show, The Colbert Report, which won seven Primetime Emmy Awards on Comedy Central, from October 2005 to December 2014

According to TV by the Numbers, in February 2013, the live-plus-seven-day ratings for Letterman's Late Show averaged about 3.1 million per show for the 2012–13 season to date.[2] A year later, average viewership was down to 2.8 million.[3] Late Show also had the oldest audience among the various late-night talk shows, which may have led to CBS' decision to pick a younger replacement for Letterman to compete with The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon and ABC's Jimmy Kimmel Live!.[3] In addition, Colbert's previous program did well among college students and young men 18–34, which are prime target audiences for late-night comedy programming.[3]

On April 3, 2014, Letterman announced his retirement, with his final episode as host of Late Show scheduled for May 20, 2015. On April 10, 2014, CBS announced Stephen Colbert as Letterman's successor, signing him to a five-year agreement.[4] In contrast with Colbert's previous program The Colbert Report, in which he played a fictionalized version of himself, Colbert hosts the show (which retains the Late Show branding, albeit with the article "The" formally inserted into the title) as himself.[5] On April 23, 2014, the character version of Stephen Colbert appeared on The Daily Show with Jon Stewart to announce that he had clearly "won television" and would be closing down The Colbert Report because he had met his goal. This came after the announcement the character would not be used after the end of The Colbert Report.[6] The final episode of Report aired on December 18, 2014.

Several states and municipalities attempted to coax CBS with tax credits and other incentives to move Late Show from its long-time home at the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York City, including Connecticut, Los Angeles, and New Orleans.[7] On July 23, 2014, CBS CEO Leslie Moonves announced that the program would remain in New York City; CBS would be eligible for $11 million in tax credits over five years to produce the program there, and would also receive grants to fund renovations to the theater.[8] Jonathan Batiste was announced as the bandleader on June 4, 2015,[9] with his Stay Human band succeeding the CBS Orchestra (which returned to its previous identity as the World's Most Dangerous Band shortly thereafter) as the house band.[10][11]

PromotionEdit

In anticipation of the program's premiere, a new online presence was launched for The Late Show in June 2015, including new social media accounts, a podcast, mobile app, and a monologue-styled video focusing on the beard Colbert had grown since leaving The Colbert Report.[12] Throughout the remainder of the summer, videos would continue to be released through the show's official YouTube channel and mobile app. On July 1, 2015, Colbert hosted a special edition of a public access program in Monroe, Michigan, interviewing Eminem.[13][14]

ProductionEdit

 
The Ed Sullivan Theater's marquee

Colbert has been given near-full control of the show, with little interference from CBS management in regard to format.[15][16] Colbert brought most of his staff from The Colbert Report with him to The Late Show,[15] as well as outsiders such as Brian Stack, who is best known for his work on Conan O'Brien's programs,[17] and Jon Stewart, former host of Colbert's previous sister program The Daily Show, who is credited as executive producer.[18] Colbert no longer uses the character he had portrayed on The Colbert Report, jokingly remarking to Jeb Bush that "I used to play a narcissistic conservative pundit – now I'm just a narcissist."[18]

The Ed Sullivan Theater underwent a full restoration to its original 1927 splendor in a process that began following Letterman's final episode, including the uncovering of the theater's ceiling, stained-glass windows and a restoration of a chandelier, due to advances in technology that allow less sound and video equipment to cover up the auditorium's architectural details. The 1993 restoration project for Letterman was only done on a few months' notice after the theater was repurchased in February 1993 by CBS.[19]

In April 2016, former CBS This Morning executive producer Chris Licht was named showrunner for The Late Show; CBS had shown concerns that, despite improved ratings in comparison to Letterman's tenure, Colbert had a weak online presence in comparison to The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, and Colbert's lead-out The Late Late Show with James Corden (whose "Carpool Karaoke" segments have been popular as viral videos). The Hollywood Reporter believed that Licht's experience in news programming would be leveraged to complement Colbert's strengths in topical and news-oriented material.[20]

FormatEdit

Colbert originally started the show with a cold open and brief monologue before the opening sequence, which uses tilt–shift photography of day and night New York City scenes that make the city appear like a miniature model. During the opening sequence, a voice-over announces the night's guests.[21] Starting with the April 18, 2016, broadcast, the first under new showrunner Chris Licht, the format was modified to replace the cold open monologue with short sketches starring Colbert, his staff, and often featuring that night's guests, followed by the opening sequence and Colbert entering the stage.[22] Starting with the coverage of the Republican National Convention in July 2016, a new opening debuted which starts off with writer Jen Spyra taking on the role of announcer — becoming the first female announcer in broadcast, late-night television — and announcing "It's The Late Show With Stephen Colbert!" to scenes of New York City at night including Yankee Stadium, Times Square and the New York City Subway, with names of the night's guests imposed on various places. This structure is similar to the openings of other late-night shows such as The Tonight Show or Late Night. Similar to The Colbert Report, graphics that resemble the American Flag have also been added.

The open is followed by an extended news satire style desk sequence with a run-through of recent headlines, in a manner reminiscent of television newscasts and that of The Colbert Report.[23] Also, the show follows the same basic format as other late-night talk shows including the use of sketch comedy, guest interviews and musical performances. Colbert's guest list includes more political and government figures than his contemporaries; his first two weeks' guests included visits from Jeb Bush, Joe Biden, Ban Ki-moon, Stephen Breyer, Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren, Donald Trump, and Ted Cruz.

Thus far, Colbert has not had any of his staff act as a sidekick or straight man on the show. While Colbert dances and physically interacts with Jon Batiste while the band plays, they only occasionally engage in on-air banter, unlike David Letterman's relationship with Paul Shaffer or the relationship of other late night hosts with their announcers or bandleaders. After the first few episodes in which Colbert introduced himself, he now uses an off-screen announcer. Occasionally, Colbert has brought out producers of his show, or enlisted the help of audience members, who assume a sidekick-like role for single segments, engaging in light dialogue about a topic.

EpisodesEdit

 
Colbert interviewing Secretary of State John Kerry

Notable episodesEdit

In the show's series premiere, Colbert welcomed actor George Clooney and politician Jeb Bush, thanked former host David Letterman, and joined singer Mavis Staples and numerous other musicians for a rendition of Sly and the Family Stone's "Everyday People."[24] The episode nearly missed its broadcast due to technical difficulties.[25] An early interview with Vice President Joe Biden received particular acclaim.[26][27][28]

Following the terrorist attacks in Paris that November, Colbert devoted his program to that city.[29] A special football-themed episode aired as the lead-out program for Super Bowl 50 in 2016, featuring guests President Barack Obama (in a taped segment), Tina Fey, Margot Robbie, Will Ferrell, and Megyn Kelly.[30]

On June 22, 2016, CBS announced that The Late Show would broadcast two weeks of live episodes during the 2016 Republican and Democratic conventions. The first of these episodes, on July 18, 2016, opened with a musical number by Colbert that compared the Republican convention to being "Christmas in July", and featured sketches where Jon Stewart (revealed to have been living off-grid in a cabin) is told that Donald Trump had clinched the Republican nomination for the presidential election, Colbert's persona from The Colbert Report is revived and delivers an edition of The Word on "Trumpiness", and a filmed sketch touring the convention's venue as his The Hunger Games-inspired character Julius Flickerman.[31][32][33] Stewart appeared once more the following Thursday, delivering a segment criticizing the Fox News Channel in the wake of the firing of its CEO Roger Ailes. Colbert's performances during these episodes were critically praised for their return to an emphasis on news-oriented comedy similar to The Colbert Report and The Daily Show.[34][35]

On November 8, 2016, Colbert presented a live, election night special for CBS's sister premium channel Showtime, Stephen Colbert's Live Election Night: Democracy's Series Finale: Who's Going to Clean Up This Shit? The special featured appearances by Laura Benanti (reprising her impersonation of Melania Trump), Jeff Goldblum, Mark Halperin, Elle King, John Heilemann, and Nick Offerman. Due to it being broadcast on a premium channel, the show was billed as being uncensored (which Colbert demonstrated during his monologue by swearing, and announcing Marco Rubio's senate re-election result using a nearly-nude male model). Critics felt that the special had anticipated a Hillary Clinton victory, noting the increasingly "surreal" and "uncomfortable" atmosphere that ensued when Trump emerged as the front-runner. When Halperin informed Colbert that Trump was nearing the required 270 electoral votes, he remarked that he "[couldn't] put a happy face on it, and that's my job". Katy Perry was expected to make a pre-recorded appearance, but her segment was dropped due to the impending victory. During his interview, Jeff Goldblum also acknowledged the situation, and sang a verse from "It Goes Like It Goes". In his closing monologue, Colbert noted that before she died, his mother Lorna (who was born only days after the first presidential election where women had the right to vote nationally) remarked that—despite having historically been a Republican—she had wanted to vote for Hillary Clinton. He argued that people may have "overdosed" on the "poison" of politics, but acknowledged that "you can't laugh and be afraid at the same time, and the devil cannot stand mockery."[36][37][38][39][40][41][42]

On May 1, 2017, Stephen Colbert's monologue was devoted to President Trump following his conduct in an interview with CBS's John Dickerson on Face the Nation. Describing Dickerson as a fellow "member of the CBS family", Colbert "read a laundry list of insults on-air to rapturous cheers from the crowd ... reeling off a series of scripted jokes and ending on, 'In fact, the only thing your mouth is good for is being Vladimir Putin's cock holster.'"[43] Colbert's language was considered to be crude and homophobic by some, and led to a short-lived #FireColbert hashtag on Twitter.[43] Colbert later addressed the controversy on-air, admitting he had used "a few words that were cruder than they needed to be" but that he "would do [the monologue] again".[44] On May 5, the Federal Communications Commission announced that it would go through a comprehensive investigation of Colbert's remarks,[45] and concluded no action was to be taken against Colbert or The Late Show, reasoning in a public statement released on May 23 that there was "nothing actionable under the FCC's rules" as the offending statement had been properly censored.[46][47]

ReceptionEdit

Ratings and viewershipEdit

The Late Show debuted to 8.26 million viewers (with Live+7) according to Nielsen Media Research, beating out all late-night competition.[48] The show's highest ratings to date—and highest for the Late Show franchise—were achieved by a live episode that ran after Super Bowl 50 in 2016, which averaged 21.1 million viewers.[30] Despite this, the show's initial ratings trailed competitor The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon, while remaining ahead of Jimmy Kimmel Live.[49] While Colbert still managed more young viewers than Letterman in his first few months, analyst Bill Carter wrote that his "opening splash seemed to dry faster than expected." He suggested this was due to little social media presence (where his competitor, Fallon, surged).[50] The show began to increasingly focus on politics, with more viewers tuning in to several live episodes following the 2016 Republican National Convention.[51][52]

Following the inauguration of Donald Trump as president in January 2017, The Late Show began to see major ratings gains, aided by the program's satire of the Trump administration. In the first full week after the inauguration, Colbert narrowly beat Fallon for the first time in average viewership since its premiere.[53] By the end of April, The Late Show had been the top U.S. late-night program in terms of total viewership for sixteen consecutive weeks[54] and was rated the number one late night show by viewership for the first quarter of 2017.[55] The Late Show became the highest rated late night talk show for the September 2016 to May 2017 season, averaging more than 3.2 million nightly viewers.[56] The show has since seen larger ratings gains; for the first quarter of 2018, the show saw 4.02 million DVR-adjusted viewers, which was a 20 percent leap over the same time frame a year before.[57]

ReviewsEdit

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert has garnered mostly positive reviews.[58] The Guardian's Brian Moylan praised the show's humor: "This opener was by no means a perfect show, but there were enough really inventive jokes to make Colbert already seem like an innovator."[59] Robert Lloyd of Los Angeles Times deemed it a "strong start,"[60] while Variety's Brian Lowry felt it a "mostly terrific" debut, commenting, "Colbert looks like he has the skill set to settle in and make this job his own, night in and night out."[61] Many critics considered the show's more political segments as reminiscent of The Colbert Report.[60][62] An early interview with Vice President Joe Biden also received praise: Robert Rorke of the New York Post commented that the review gave Biden "that essential sense of humanity that makes people believe in a candidate."[63]

The show's post-Super Bowl episode in 2016 proved polarizing. "Sunday’s live episode felt mostly like a wasted opportunity – one that probably won’t win many converts among those football fans sober enough to stick around," said Brian Lowry at Variety.[64] Daniel D'Addario of Time dubbed his performance "stiff and uncomfortable," writing, "Colbert might have been better advised not to bother trying with football at all and just put forward a program of pure entertainment."[65]

The Late Show has received positive reviews following the inauguration of Donald Trump as president. "Colbert may not be the sarcastic, irony-laden character he once played for Comedy Central, but as Trump has dominated the news every day since taking office, The Late Show has become the home for reasoned, but incisive, discussion, on the perceived overreaches of the White House," said David Sims of The Atlantic.[66] James Poniewozik of The New York Times commented, "Mr. Colbert's comedy hasn't become radically different, but it has been more frank and caustic ... The network-TV Mr. Colbert is more cheery than his cable character. But it’s as if the Trump administration had solved the problem of reconciling his new comedy with his old by making truthiness America's official language."[67]

BroadcastEdit

In Canada, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert airs on Global, airing in simulcast with CBS in most regions.[68][69]

In Australia, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert airs on Ten, followed by The Late Late Show with James Corden.[70]

In Asia, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert airs on RTL CBS Entertainment weeknights at 10:50PM (UTC+08:00) starting September 10, 2015, preceding The Late Late Show with James Corden.[71]

In India and Sri Lanka, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert airs on STAR World Premiere HD.[72]

In Portugal, The Late Show with Stephen Colbert airs on SIC Radical.[citation needed]

In New Zealand, it airs on free to air Prime at late night times.[73]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stephen Colbert: Trump’s plan to court Hispanic voters won’t work Fansided, September 18, 2019
  2. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (February 14, 2013). "Late Night TV Ratings For February 4–8, 2013". Zap2it. Archived from the original on May 31, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2015. Season-to-date figures are averages of “live plus seven day” data except for the two most recent weeks, which are “live plus same day.”)... SEASON TO DATE/TOTAL VIEWERS...11:35 p.m.-12:35 a.m. ET: NBC “Tonight,” 3.6 million viewers, CBS “Late Show,” 3.1 million viewers, ABC “Kimmel,” 2.8 million viewers**
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