The International Basketball Federation (FIBA /ˈfbə/ FEE-bə; French: Fédération internationale de basket-ball) is an association of national organizations which governs the sport of basketball worldwide. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its name but retained the acronym.[4]

International Basketball Federation
Fédération Internationale de Basketball
(FIBA)
International Basketball Federation logo.svg
AbbreviationFIBA
PredecessorInternational Amateur Handball Federation
Formation18 June 1932; 90 years ago (1932-06-18)
Founded atGeneva, Switzerland
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersMies, Switzerland
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
213 national federations
Official languages
English, French[1]
President
Hamane Niang
Secretary General
Andreas Zagklis[2]
Key people
Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher
Revenue (2018)
US$102.2 million[3]
Expenses (2018)US$107.74 million[3]
WebsiteFIBA.basketball

FIBA defines the rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, organises international competitions, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones: Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

FIBA organizes both the men's and women's FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament and the Summer Olympics Basketball Tournament, which are sanctioned by the IOC.[5] The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's American-Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in association football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country.

HistoryEdit

1932-49; founding and early yearsEdit

 
FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Before 1934 basketball was under the umbrella of the International Amateur Handball Federation. Its original name was Fédération Internationale de basket-ball amateur. The eight nation's basketball federations that were the founding members of FIBA were: Argentina's Basketball Federation, Czechoslovakia's Basketball Federation, Greece's Basketball Federation, Italy's Basketball Federation, Latvia's Basketball Federation, Portugal's Basketball Federation, Romania's Basketball Federation, and Switzerland's Basketball Federation. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

1950-2019; developmentEdit

 
FIBA in Mies.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup was moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. Andreas Zagklis became the Secretary-General of FIBA on 7 December 2018.

2020-present; suspensions of Russia and BelarusEdit

In February 2022, Russia and Belarus were suspended from international competitions until further notice due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[6][7] It also banned the two countries from hosting any competitions.[7]

PresidentsEdit

Years Name[8]
1932–1948   Leon Bouffard
1948–1960   Willard Greim
1960–1968   Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
1968–1976   Abdel Moneim Wahby
1976–1984   Gonzalo Puyat II
1984–1990   Robert Busnel
1990–1998   George E. Killian
1998–2002   Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
2002–2006   Ching Men-ky
2006–2010   Robert Elphinston
2010–2014   Yvan Mainini
2014–2019   Horacio Muratore
2019–present   Hamane Niang

During the 1936 Summer Olympics the FIBA honored James A. Naismith, the founder of basketball, as their honorary President.[4]

Secretaries GeneralEdit

Years Name
1932–1976   Renato William Jones
1976–2003  /  Borislav Stanković
2003–2018   Patrick Baumann
2018–present   Andreas Zagklis

TournamentsEdit

World championsEdit

Tournament FIBA World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men   Spain (2) 2019   United States (16) 2020
Women   United States (10) 2018   United States (9) 2020
U-19 Men   United States (8) 2021   Argentina (1) 2018
U-19 Women   United States (9) 2021   United States (2) 2018
U-17 Men   United States (5) 2018 N/A[a]
U-17 Women   United States (4) 2018
  1. ^ The Youth Olympic Games are a U-19 event, played in FIBA 3x3 format.

World club championsEdit

Club competition Year Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Intercontinental Cup 2021   San Pablo Burgos 1st   Quimsa 2022

Continental championsEdit

National teams FIBA Africa Year Next edition FIBA Americas Year Next edition FIBA Asia Year Next edition FIBA Europe Year Next edition FIBA Oceania Year Next edition
Men   Tunisia (3) 2021 2025   United States (7) 2017 2022   Australia (1) 2017 2021   Slovenia (1) 2017 2022   Australia (19) 2015 N/A[a]
Women   Nigeria (5) 2021 2023   United States (4) 2021 2023   Japan (5) 2019 2021   Serbia (2) 2021 2021   Australia (14) 2015
U-18 Men   Mali (1) 2018 2022   United States (9) 2018 2022   Australia (1) 2018 2022   Spain (4) 2019 2021   New Zealand (1) 2016
U-18 Women   Mali (7) 2018 2022   United States (10) 2018 2022   China (16) 2018 2022   Italy (3) 2019 2022   Australia (7) 2016
U-16 Men   Egypt (5) 2021 2023   United States (7) 2021 2023   Australia (1) 2017 2021   Spain (5) 2019 2021   Australia (5) 2017 2021
U-16 Women   Mali (7) 2021 2023   United States (6) 2021 2023   Australia (1) 2017 2021   Russia (6) 2019 2021   Australia (2) 2019 2021
  1. ^ FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.

Continental club championsEdit

Region Competition Year Champion Title Runner-up Next edition
Men's club competitions
Africa Basketball Africa League 2022   US Monastir 1st   Petro de Luanda 2023
Americas Basketball Champions League Americas 2021   Flamengo 1st   Real Estelí 2021–22
Asia Asia Champions Cup 2019   Alvark Tokyo 1st   Al Riyadi Beirut 2021
Europe[a] Basketball Champions League 2020–21   San Pablo Burgos 2nd   Pınar Karşıyaka 2021–22
Europe Cup 2020–21   Ironi Nes Ziona 1st   Arged BMSLAM Stal 2021–22
Women's club competitions
Africa Africa Women's Clubs Champions Cup 2018   Ferroviário de Maputo 1st   Interclube 2021
Europe EuroLeague Women (1st-tier) 2020–21   UMMC Ekaterinburg 6th   Perfumerías Avenida 2021–22
EuroCup Women (2nd-tier) 2020–21   Valencia Basket 1st   Reyer Venezia 2021–22
SuperCup Women 2019   UMMC Ekaterinburg 4th   Nadezhda Orenburg 2021
  1. ^ The top-tier European professional basketball club competitions is complexe. The EuroLeague run by Euroleague Basketball and its EuroCup are competing with the FIBA Europe organized competitions. The best European clubs have joined the close league EuroLeague.

3x3 world championsEdit

Tournament FIBA 3x3 World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men   Serbia (5) 2022   Latvia (1) 2020
Women   France (1) 2022   United States (1) 2020
U-23 Men   Russia (1) 2019 N/A
U-23 Women   Japan (1) 2019
U-18 Men   United States (1) 2021
U-18 Women   United States (4) 2021

AwardsEdit

Most Valuable PlayerEdit

Tournament Most Recent Awardee Team Year
Men Ricky Rubio   Spain 2019
Women Breanna Stewart   United States 2018
U-19 Men Reginald Perry   United States 2019
U-19 Women Paige Bueckers   United States 2019
U-17 Men Jalen Green   United States 2018
U-17 Women Jordan Horston   United States 2018

FIBA World RankingsEdit

Men'sEdit

The following table has the Top 32 men's basketball countries in the world.[9] The Top 32 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in men's basketball, anticipating to have 32 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Men's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[10]

Top 20 Rankings as of 1 March 2022[11]
Rank Change Team Points
1     United States 763.4
2     Spain 724
3     Australia 691.9
4   1   France 673.4
5   1   Slovenia 671.2
6     Serbia 664.8
7     Argentina 654.1
8     Lithuania 651.4
9   1   Greece 650.9
10   1   Italy 645.1
11     Germany 603.9
12     Czech Republic 577.3
13     Poland 560.6
14   1   Brazil 553.6
15   1   Russia 551.7
16     Turkey 504.6
17     Venezuela 504.5
18     Canada 501.5
19     Puerto Rico 476.2
20     Dominican Republic 474.8
21     Croatia 469.8
22     Nigeria 458.7
23     Iran 448.8
24     Mexico 402.9
25     Montenegro 399.6
26     Latvia 391.3
27     New Zealand 383.9
28     Tunisia 377.2
29     China 359.2
30     South Korea 342
31     Angola 334.1
32     Ukraine 331.4
*Change from 9 August 2021

Women'sEdit

The following table has the Top 16 women's basketball countries in the world.[12] The Top 16 is here due to the next iteration of the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, the world's major tournament in women's basketball, anticipating to have 16 countries compete. As such, this table shows the projected teams in the next FIBA Women's WC based on the ranking's algorithm. This list does not consider berths given to countries based on hosting or region status.[13]

Top 20 Rankings as of 15 February 2022[14]
Rank Change Team Points
1     United States 823.9
2     Spain 685.7
3     Australia 678
4     Canada 661.6
5   1   Belgium 651.2
6   1   France 637.7
7     China 631.8
8     Japan 606.1
9     Turkey 591.4
10     Serbia 589.5
11     Belarus 493.7
12     Russia 476.6
13   1   South Korea 431.3
14   1   Nigeria 421.4
15   2   Italy 397.5
16   1   Brazil 395.1
*Change from 9 August 2021

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1
  2. ^ "FIBA Central Board appoints Andreas Zagklis as Secretary General". FIBA.basketball.
  3. ^ a b Perelman, Rich (24 May 2020). "Who's in the money? EXCLUSIVE analysis of our survey of International Federation finances". The Sports Examiner. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  4. ^ a b "History". FIBA. Archived from the original on 4 May 2020. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Presentation". FIBA.basketball.
  6. ^ "FIBA suspends Russian teams, officials from international basketball competitions until further notice".
  7. ^ a b "FIBA bans Russia, Belarus from Upcoming National Basketball Team Competitions - KyivPost - Ukraine's Global Voice". KyivPost. 18 May 2022.
  8. ^ "President of FIBA". fiba.basketball. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  9. ^ "FIBA Rankings – Men's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  10. ^ "How to Qualify for the 2023 FIBA World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  11. ^ "FIBA Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 1 March 2022. Retrieved 1 March 2022.
  12. ^ "FIBA Rankings – Women's basketball". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  13. ^ "How to Qualify for the 2022 FIBA Women's World Cup". International Basketball Federation. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  14. ^ "FIBA Women's Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 15 February 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2022.

External linksEdit