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United States women's national 3x3 team

The USA Women's 3x3 Teams are two of the teams under the auspices of the USA Basketball organization. In 2007, FIBA decided to start championships for the 3x3 event (also called three-on-three),[1] starting in 2010. Two events are held, one for athletes under 18 years of age and one open event. The under 18 event (U18) is held every year, although in every fourth year, starting with 2010, the event is part of the Youth Olympic Games. The open events are held every other year, in even-numbered years, starting in 2012.[2]

United States
Usa basketball 2012.png
FIBA ranking20
FIBA zoneFIBA Americas
National federationUSA Basketball
World Championships
MedalsGold medal with cup.svg Gold: 2012, 2014
Bronze medal with cup.svg Bronze: 2016
Youth Olympic Games
MedalsGold medal with cup.svg Gold: 2014, 2018
Bronze medal with cup.svg Bronze: 2010



The game includes many elements of the traditional five on five game with some exceptions: The rules listed below are the current 3x3 rules, which have changed several times since the creation of the game.[3]

  • Half-court—The game is played at a single basket, or one end of a two basket court. The game is typically played outdoors, except when weather conditions require the game to move indoors.
  • Team size—a team consists of four players, only three of which are on the playing court at one time. A team can play with two players, but must start a game with three players able to play.
  • Initial possession—coin flip; winner of the flip can choose to take possession at the start of the game, or at the start of a potential overtime
  • Time—10 minutes. The clock runs continuously, except for timeouts.
  • End of game—a game is over if one team scores 21 (or more) points, or at the end of regulation time if not tied
    • In the original rules, when the scoring was different (see "Scoring" entry), the game ended at 33 points. This was reflected in the original name of 3x3, "FIBA 33".
  • Overtime—first team to score two points wins.
  • Timeouts—One 30-second timeout
  • Shot clock—12 seconds
  • Scoring—baskets count for one point, except those beyond the arc which are worth two points. Foul shots are worth a single point.
    • In the original rules, scoring was identical to that of the full-court game.
  • Possession change—after a score, a steal or defensive rebound, team must dribble or pass the ball outside the arc.
  • Held ball—no alternating possession rule or jump ball; the defensive team is always awarded possession.
  • Free throws—One free throw on all personal fouls, except two free throws in the following situations:
    • If fouled during an unsuccessful shot attempt from behind the arc.
    • Opponent has committed 7 or more team fouls in the game. Team fouls 10 and greater are treated as technical fouls (see immediately below).
    • Technical or unsportsmanlike fouls, after which the non-fouling team receives possession of the ball.
  • Foul limit—no limit on personal fouls per player, seven per team. A player who commits two unsportsmanlike fouls is disqualified.
  • Substitution procedure—player leaves the court, crossing the end line opposite the basket, and makes physical contact with the substitute. No action by table officials is required.

For rules not specifically covered in the 3x3 rule list, the FIBA rules for five on five apply.[4]

U18 RecordEdit

  • 2010 6-1 3rd  [5]
  • 2011 7–2 4th (honorary bronze)[6]
  • 2012 7–1 1st  [7]
  • 2013 8–1 1st  [8]
  • 2014 9–0 1st  [9]
  • 2015 7–1 2nd  
  • 2016 5–2 2nd  
  • 2017 7–0 1st  

Open RecordEdit

2010 U18Edit

Kathy Richey-Walton was named to coach the U18 team selected to compete in the first ever Youth Olympic Games which was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010. The players selected for the team were:[5]

Stokes led the team in scoring in the first game against Angola. She scored 12 points, to help the team win 20–8. She went on to score 19 points in the game against the host country Singapore, helping the team to win 34–11. Henson took over the scoring leadership ant he third game, with 14 points in a 33–6 win over Germany. The USA team then went on to beat Belarus and Korea, but was challenged in the next game against Australia. The USA had a 15–7 lead, but Australia tied the game in regulation and went on to win in overtime. The final game was against Canada for the bronze medal. Canty was the scoring leader with 15 points, and the USA won 34–16 to secure the bronze medal finish.[5]

2011 U18Edit

Following the inaugural 3x3 event at the Youth Olympics, in 2011, FIBA held the first 3x3 U18 (Youth) World Championship For Women. The event was held in Rimini, Italy, 9–11 September 2011. The teams no longer had coaches,[12] but did have USA Basketball representative as a team leader. Jamie Carey served as the team leader in 2011.[6] The players selected for the team were:

The USA team won their first three games easily, reaching 21 points before the opposition reached double-digits. However, in the third game, against Guam, Reimer injured her right ankle and was unable to play in any further contests. With only four players, this meant the remaining three players had to play all minutes without a substitution. The next game was against Italy, and the USA team won, but by a much closer score than in previous contests, 16–13. The three-player team then took on and defeated Sweden and India. This qualified them for the medal rounds. In the quarterfinals against the Czech Republic, the game went to double-overtime, but the USA team emerged victorious with a 25–23 win.[6]

The win sent the team to the semi-finals against Italy, a team the USA had defeated in a close match earlier. However, less than two minutes into the game, Greenwell suffered a knee injury. The game was delayed for 90 minutes, but Greenwell was unable to continue. The game was restarted, with the USA team fielding only two players against Italy's three players. Despite the handicap, the USA team took the game to overtime, but lost in the sudden death period.[6] The team was scheduled to play against Japan for the bronze medal, but forfeited due to the injuries and finished in fourth place. A team can finish with two players, but must have three players to start a game.[13] FIBA decided to award the team honorary bronze medals to recognize the effort.[6]

2012 OpenEdit

The first FIBA 3x3 World Championship For Women was held in Athens, Greece, 23–26 August 2012. The original team chosen to represent the USA included:

However, Thomas was unable to compete, so she was replaced by Ann Strother[14] Strother was in nursing school. but had participated in the 3x3 tournament on a different team. She had planned a vacation for the time period of the world tournament, so was able to accept the request to play as a replacement player.[15]

The USA won their first five games easily to advance to the knockout round. They then defeated Estonia to move into the quarterfinals with Hungary. They defeated Hungary easily and faced Australia in the semifinal. The Aussies gave them their toughest challenge to date, but the USA team held on to win 19–18. They faced France in the goal medal game and fell behind, but came back to win a close game 17–16 to win the first ever gold medal in the 3x3 open event.[10]

2012 U18Edit

After the first event, FIBA decided that the U18 event would be held on an annual basis. The second FIBA 3x3 U18 (Youth) World Championship For Women was held in Alcobendas, Spain, 28–30 September 2012. The team which qualified for the event had the following players:[7]

Davis was the only player with prior experience in international competition. The games are intended to be played outdoors, but rain forced the games indoors for the first two days. The USA team won their first four games easily. In the second match of the second day, the USA faced China. Both DeShields and Davis fouled out, leaving McCall and Turner to play two on three. They took the game to overtime, but fell to China 13–12. Despite the loss, the team was still the number one seed for the medal rounds.[7]

The USA faced Estonia in the quarterfinals, and won 21–15. This set up a semifinal game against Australia, which the USA team won 21–13. The gold medal game was against the host team, Spain. Although Spain scored first, the USA team took a lead and never relinquished it, winning the game 21–13 to win the first ever gold medal for the USA in U18 3x3 event.[7]

2013 U18Edit

The third FIBA 3x3 U18 (Youth) World Championship For Women was held in Jakarta, Indonesia, 26–29 September 2013. The team which qualified for the event had the following players:[8]

Turner was a repeat team member from the 2012 team. The USA team started strong, giving up only two points each to Guam and Puerto Rico, winning each game 21–2. The third game was against China, who proved a stronger opponent. China was hitting outside shots, worth two points, and late in the game the score was tied at 15 points each. Then Ogunbowale scored three points on a basket a foul shot and a basket to give the USA team the lead. She then passed to Turner inside to push the score to the final score 19–16. In their next game the USA team lost to Lithuania 11–9. The team bounced back with a win over Spain. In the first knock-out round, the USA team beat Thailand 21–14 to reach the quarterfinals. France was the opponent in the quarterfinals, and proved a tough competitor. The USA won by only two points, 17–15. That set up a semifinal match against Spain, which the USA team won 15–10. The gold medal game was against Estonia, who came into the game with the same record as the USA 7–1. The USA won 21–12 to win the gold medal.[8]

2014 OpenEdit

The second FIBA 3x3 World Championship For Women was held in Moscow, Russia, 5–8 June 2015. The players for the USA team were:[16]

The USA team started pool play strong, winning each of the first five games by at least a 10-point margin. Only Argentina and Spain were within ten points. The USA then defeated Uruguay 19-6 to earn a place in the medal rounds. France proved to be a tough opponent, but the USA team prevailed 12-9. In the semifinal game, USA faced Belgium and came away with the win, 18-14. The gold medal game was against the host team, Russia, and the USA won 15-8 to finish undefeated and take home the gold medal.[17]

2014 U18Edit

USA U18 3x3 team 2014. De'janae Boykin, Arike Ogunbowale, Napheesa Collier, Katie Lou Samuelson

The U18 event in 2014 was held as part of the Youth Olympic Games held in Nanjing, China, 16–28 August 2014.

The players for the USA team were:[18]

Samuelson turned an ankle prior to the event, so was unable to play in some games, and had limited minutes in others.[19] This mean the remaining three player had to play without substitution in some matches. Despite that, the team started out well. The USA team started with a 21–3 win over Romania, followed by victories over Indonesia, Egypt, and Thailand. Samuelson was able to play in the game against Belgium hitting five of six field goal attempts.[11]

On Thursday, 21 August, a shoot-out contest was held. Samuelson placed third out of 158 contestants, winning a bronze medal.[20][21]

After the individual events, the USA team continued to win. Samuelson was able to play, though with limited court time in some of the remaining games. The USA team beat Estonia in the quarterfinal 21–12, then Hungary in the semifinal 21–14. This set up the gold medal match against the undefeated Netherlands team, which the USA team won 19–10, to end the event with a perfect 9–0 record.[22]

2015 U18Edit

The U18 event in 2015 was held in Debrecen, Hungary, 4–7 June 2015.[23]

The players for the USA team were:[24]

Asia Durr played on the Defend team, which won 2015 USA Basketball 3×3 U18 National Tournament along with the right to represent the USA at the World Championships, but she suffered a muscle injury, and had to withdraw. She was replaced by Erin Boley, a player on the Southern Starz team, and the winner of the qualifying tournament MVP award.[25][26]

After winning their opening game against Switzerland in overtime, the USA team went on to win their next six games. They were undefeated entering the gold medal game against France. The USA team had a 12–9 lead halfway through the game, but France responded with a 9–3. The USA team tied the game twice, but France hit a free throw with 17 seconds left in the game to win 20–19, and earn the gold medal. The USA finished second, earning the silver medal.[27]

2016 OpenEdit

The third FIBA 3x3 World Championship For Women was held in Guanzhou, China, 5–8 June 2015. Team USA won Group C and their quarterfinal game. They would lose in the semifinals to the Czech Republic, but rebound to win the bronze medal. The roster for 2016 was:

2016 U18Edit

The U18 event in 2016 was held in Astana, Kazakhstan, 5–8 June 2016.[28]

The players for the USA team were:

  • Jaelyn Brown
  • Sidney Cooks
  • Amber Ramirez
  • Megan Walker[29]

In the opening game against the Netherlands, the USA team led early and held an 8–5 lead after four minutes. The Netherlands then began to hit baskets and outscored the USA 8–1 to take a four-point lead with under four minutes to go and continued on to the 21–13 win. The USA played later in the day against Poland and won 21–15. The USA then won their next four games which qualified them for the championship game against France, who led most of the way, with as much as a nine-point lead at one time. The USA cut the lead to six but France scored three more points to win the game 21–12. France won the gold medal while the USA earned a silver medal for the second year in a row.[30][31]

2017 U18Edit

The U18 event in 2017 was held in Chengdu, China from June 28 to July 2, 2017.

The players for the USA team were:

  • Aquira DeCosta
  • Destiny Littleton
  • Christyn Williams
  • Janelle Bailey

Team USA defeated the Czech Republic to win the gold medal.[32]

2018 OpenEdit

The 2018 World Cup is being held in Bocaue, Philippines from June 8–12, 2018.

For this event, Team USA consists of four University of Oregon players who had won the 2018 US open women's championship that April:[33]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Could three-on-three join the Olympic lineup?". USA Today. August 12, 2012. Retrieved September 19, 2014.
  2. ^ "FIBA 3x3 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIPS". FIBA. Retrieved 19 September 2014.
  3. ^ "3x3 Rules of the Game" (PDF). FIBA. Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  4. ^ "Official Basketball Rules 2014" (PDF). FIBA. Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "FIRST YOUTH OLYMPIC GAMES -- 2010". USA Basketball. Retrieved 23 Aug 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e "FIRST FIBA 3x3 U18 (YOUTH) WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN – 2011". USA Basketball. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  7. ^ a b c d "SECOND FIBA 3x3 U18 (YOUTH) WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN – 2012". USA Basketball. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "THIRD FIBA 3x3 U18 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN – 2013". USA Basketball. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  9. ^ "2014 Youth Olympic Games Women's Basketball Schedule". USA Basketball. Retrieved 19 Sep 2014.
  10. ^ a b "FIRST FIBA 3x3 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP FOR WOMEN -- 2012". USA Basketball. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  11. ^ a b "2014 FIBA 3x3 World Championship for Women Schedule & Results". USA Basketball. Retrieved 19 Sep 2014.
  12. ^ a b Wang, Gene (July 18, 2012). "Maryland's Alyssa Thomas will gain international experience in 3X3 basketball". The Washington Post. Katharine Weymouth. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  13. ^ "Rules of the Game Presented By State Farm Auto Insurance". USA Basketball. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  14. ^ Fuller, Jim (August 19, 2012). "Ann Strother named the U.S. 3x3 squad". New Haven Register. Journal Register CT. Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  15. ^ Siegel, David (August 23, 2012). "A Look at USA Basketball's Entry Into the 3x3 World Championships with the Team and Program Director". Retrieved 24 Aug 2014.
  16. ^ "Roster". USA Basketball. Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  17. ^ "Full Schedule". Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  18. ^ "2014 U.S. Youth Olympic Women's Basketball Team Roster". USA Basketball. Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  19. ^ "Shooting star Samuelson shrugs off injury to shine in Nanjing". 2014-08-22. Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  20. ^ DAVIS, BRITTANY (Aug 21, 2014). "Katie Lou Samuelson Shoots To Basketball Bronze". Retrieved 25 Aug 2014.
  21. ^ "Results - Women's Shoot-out Contest Final". 18 August 2014. Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  22. ^ "Summary - Women's 3x3 Basketball". Youth Olympics. Retrieved 30 Aug 2014.
  23. ^ "Final standings of the 2015 3x3 U18 World Championship". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  24. ^ "Erin Boley, Jalek Felton earn MVPs at USA Basketball 3x3 U18 Nationals; winners off to Hungary - Bluestar Media". Bluestar Media. 2015-05-03. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  25. ^ Lawlor, Christopher. "KENTUCKY KID: USA Basketball 3x3 Team adds Notre Dame-bound Erin Boley for U18 World Championships - Blue Star Media". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  26. ^ "U of L signee Durr to play in 3x3 Worlds". The Courier-Journal. Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  27. ^ "2015 3x3 U18 Worlds". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  28. ^ "2016 FIBA Women's 3x3 U18 World Championship Results". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  29. ^ "Megan Walker Feature". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  30. ^ "USA Women Split Opening Games At FIBA 3x3 U18 World Championship". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  31. ^ "USA Women Claim Silver At FIBA 3x3 U18 World Championship". Retrieved 2016-06-06.
  32. ^ "USA U18 Women Capture FIBA 3x3 U18 World Cup Gold". Retrieved 2017-07-10.
  33. ^ "2018 USA Basketball Women's 3x3 World Cup Team Announced" (Press release). USA Basketball. May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 18, 2018.

External linksEdit