Bocaue, officially the Municipality of Bocaue (Tagalog: Bayan ng Bocaue), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 141,412 people. 
|Municipality of Bocaue|
Fireworks Capital of the Philippines
(as a barrio of Meycauayan)
|Chartered||April 11, 1606|
(as an independent town)
|Barangays||19 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Eduardo J. Villanueva Jr.|
|• Vice Mayor||Sherwin N. Tugna|
|• Representative||Ambrosio C. Cruz Jr.|
|• Municipal Council|
|• Electorate||68,510 voters (2019)|
|• Total||31.87 km2 (12.31 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9.0 m (29.5 ft)|
|Highest elevation||40 m (130 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||−4 m (−13 ft)|
(2020 census) 
|• Density||4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||7.52% (2018)|
|• Revenue||₱461,724,328.80 (2020)|
|• Assets||₱542,484,863.58 (2020)|
|• Expenditure||₱453,466,337.22 (2020)|
|• Liabilities||₱210,212,560.19 (2020)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)44|
With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now part of Manila's built-up area which reaches San Ildefonso in its northernmost part. The Bocaue River runs through most of the town.
Among its tourist attractions are a town museum located near the municipality's center and the town's river festival celebrated on the first Sunday of every July. The river festival is in commemoration of the Holy Cross of Wawa, believed to be miraculous by the town's predominating Roman Catholic populace.
Bocaue was first established by Franciscan missionaries as a barrio and visita of Meycauayan in 1582 and as a town on April 11, 1606, under the advocacy of San Martin de Tours. It was the first town to be granted independence from the old Meycauayan that was then a very large town comprising the present territories of Meycauayan City, Marilao, Santa Maria, San Jose del Monte City, Obando, and Valenzuela City.
After the Philippine–American War, the Philippine Commission was established, part of whose functions was the reorganization of Philippine municipalities and provinces. In 1903, Bulacan province reduced the number of towns from 26 to 19. The town of Balagtas was annexed to Bocaue, which later regained its independence and was reestablished as a town in 1911.
During the Bocaue River Festival of July 2, 1993, around 500 people rode the "floating pagoda" for the Holy Cross of Wawa way beyond the boat's capacity and caused the boat to sink, killing more than two hundred people. Despite the lives lost, no one has been made accountable for the tragedy. This incident became known as the Bocaue Pagoda Tragedy.
The town is bounded on the north by the municipality of Balagtas and a portion of the municipality of Santa Maria; by the municipalities of Marilao and Obando on the south; a larger portion of Santa Maria on the east; a portion of the municipality of Bulakan on the extreme southwestern side; and a portion of Balagtas on the western side.
Bocaue is traversed by the Bocaue River, a continuation of the confluence of Santa Maria River and San Jose River and a few other minor rivers and creeks, all of which are distributaries of the Angat drainage basin. The main source of Angat River and the Angat drainage basin, as well as their distributaries, is the Sierra Madre mountain range. Along these rivers are many man-made fish ponds used for raising and farming fish like bangus and tilapia.
Bocaue was once part of the 2nd district of Bulacan along with Balagtas, Guiguinto, and Pandi. It was moved to the 5th district along with Balagtas, Guiguinto, and Pandi.
Bocaue is politically subdivided into 19 barangays.
|2020 ||2010 |
|Climate data for Bocaue, Bulacan|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||20
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7
|Average rainy days||3.3||3.5||11.1||8.1||18.9||23.5||26.4||25.5||24.5||19.6||10.4||6.4||181.2|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2020 census, the population of Bocaue, Bulacan, was 141,412 people,  with a density of 4,400 inhabitants per square kilometre or 11,000 inhabitants per square mile.
The St. Martin of Tours Church of Bocaue, otherwise known as The Diocesan Shrine of Bocaue, is one of the oldest churches in the province of Bulacan. The reputed Mahal na Krus ng Wawa (Beloved Holy Cross of Wawa) is kept here.
The Feast of the Holy Cross of Wawa is a festival held on the first Sunday of July, observed in honor of the Holy Cross of Wawa (Mahal na Krus sa Wawa), a relic believed to have saved the life of an old woman drowning in the Bocaue River. The main feature of this fiesta is what is called The Pagoda, a gaily-decorated structure riding on a huge bangka, which glides along the town river carrying people from all walks of life who would enjoy the ride while religious music is played and while feasting on sumptuous food.
Other religious populations in the town include those belonging to the Iglesia ni Cristo, Jehovah's Witness, Methodist, Aglipayan, Adventist, Baptist, and Mormons Christian sects. There are also a number of Evangelical, Pentecostal, Members Church of God International and Charismatic churches, ministries, fellowships, and groups in the municipality. The practice of Islam could also be found in the municipality.
Bocaue's town center is 27 kilometers north of Manila if reached via the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) and the Bocaue Exit (in Barangay Turo). NLEX provides fast transport to Metro Manila from where it begins at Mabalacat, Pampanga, and Bocaue is the highway's middle route.
The town's major industry is fireworks-making, which has earned it the tag "Fireworks Capital of the Philippines". Among the prominent firecracker stores in Bocaue is Eat Bulaga Fireworks, owned by fireworks maker Rommel Eustaquio and named after the longest-running noontime variety program in the country.
Culture and artsEdit
Nationally known Bocaueños in the arts include choreographer Francisca Reyes Aquino, TV actress Jewel Mische, and contemporary painter Noli Principe Manalang. Lauro Delgado, a former veteran character actor of Premiere Productions from the early 1950s to the late 1970s, is also a Bocaue native born in Barangay Bunducan.
Bocaue is also famous for its Bocaue liempo, crispy pata, sinuso (pork breast), chicharon (deep fried pork chips), rellenong bangus (stuffed milkfish) and various sorts of rice cakes, as well as embroidered barong Tagalog and Filipiniana outfits.
The Francisca Reyes Aquino Shrine, under the management of the National Historical Institute, is a shrine erected on the compound of Lolomboy Elementary School in Barangay Lolomboy in honor of Francisca Reyes Aquino. Aquino was a recipient of a National Artist Award for her significant contributions to the development of Philippine dance.
Sports and recreationEdit
The Philippine Stadium, also known as the New Era University Stadium, is a sports stadium located inside the Ciudad de Victoria, a 75-hectare tourism enterprise zone located in the towns of Bocaue and Santa Maria, Bulacan. With a capacity of up to 25,000, it became the biggest stadium in the Philippines upon its completion.
The Philippine Arena, an indoor multi-purpose arena and the centerpiece of Ciudad de Victoria, is located just adjacent to the Philippine Stadium. With a seating capacity of 55,000 it became the largest indoor arena in the world upon its completion in 2014.
Bocaue is also an education center for the Meycauayan, Marilao, Santa Maria, and Balagtas municipalities area. The state-owned Bulacan Polytechnic College has a campus in Bocaue. Private colleges and universities include the Dr. Yanga's Colleges and Jesus Is Lord Colleges Foundation Inc. New Era University and St. Paul University Quezon City also established branch campuses in the municipality. The municipality also has several elementary and secondary schools, both public and private.
Sangguniang Bayan (2022–present)Edit
|Eduardo J. Villanueva, Jr.||NUP|
|Sherwin N. Tugna||NUP|
|Alvin Paul S. Cotaco||NUP|
|Mirasol B. Bautista||NUP|
|Yboyh G. Del Rosario Sr.||NUP|
|Norielito E. German||NUP|
|Francis Jerome G. Reyes||NUP|
|Donnabel M. Celestino||PDP–Laban|
|Aristotle L. Nieto||NUP|
|Jerome P. Dela Cruz||PDP–Laban|
Mayors of BocaueEdit
- Mariano Ramirez (1900)
- Gregorio de la Cruz (1901-1902)
- Vicente L. Enriquez (1902-1904)
- Victor Pascual (1904-1905)
- Lorenzo Galvez (1905-1907)
- Mariano Reyes (1908-1909)
- Dionisio Morales (1910-1912)
- Victor Pascual (1913-1916)
- Honorato Ramirez (1916-1919)
- Emiliano Eusebio (1919-1922)
- Guillermo Mendoza (1922-1928)
- Dominador L. Santos (1928-1933)
- Gregorio de Guzman (1934-1935)
- Emiliano Eusebio (1935-1937)
- Dominador L. Santos (1938-1940)
- Dioscoro M. Juan, Sr. (1940-1941)
- Manolito Vistan (1942-1944)
- Joaquin San Juan (1944)
- Dioscoro M. Juan, Sr. (1945-1948)
- Moises E. Nicolas (1948-1952)
- Evangelino Mendoza (1952-1956)
- Dioscoro M. Juan, Sr. (1956-1960)
- Moises E. Nicolas (1960-1965)
- Simeon Mauricio (1965-1972)
- Matias B. Ramirez (1972-1979)
- Zacarias G. del Rosario (1979-1986)
- Ranulfo David (1986)
- Cesar N. Nicolas (1987-1988)
- Lorenzo P. Gonzales (1988-1992)
- Serafin M. de la Cruz (1992-1999)
- Jose D.G. Santiago, Sr. (1999-2001)
- Eduardo J. Villanueva, Jr. (2001-2004)
- Serafin M. de la Cruz (2004-2007)
- Eduardo J. Villanueva, Jr. (2007-2016)
- Eleanor J. Villanueva-Tugna (June 30, 2016 – May 28, 2020)
- Jose C. Santiago, Jr. (Acting mayor May 28, 2020-June 01, 2020, June 1, 2020 – June 30, 2022)
- Eduardo J. Villanueva, Jr. (2022–present)
Vice Mayors of BocaueEdit
- Moises E. Nicolas (1956–1958)
- Cesar N. Nicolas (1986–1988)
- Serafin M. de la Cruz (1988-1992)
- Mario Mendoza (1992-1995)
- Antonio Mendoza (1995–1998)
- Rogelio Ramos (1998–2001)
- Peter Christopher Gonzales (2001–2004)
- Kennedy Valdez (2004–2007)
- Jose C. Santiago, Jr. (2007–2013)
- Dioscoro Juan, Jr. (2013–2016)
- Aldrin B. Sta. Ana (2016–2019)
- Jose C. Santiago, Jr. (2019–2020)
- Alvin Paul S.P. Cotaco (2020–2022)
- Sherwin N. Tugna (2022–present)
- Francisca Reyes Aquino - choreographer and National Artist of the Philippines for Dance
- Lauro Delgado - actor
- Emmanuel "Joel" Villanueva - incumbent Philippine senator
- Eddie Villanueva - evangelist and president-founder of Jesus Is Lord Church Worldwide; CIBAC party-list representative; and father of incumbent Philippine senator Emmanuel ("Joel"), incumbent Bocaue mayor Eduardo Jr. ("Jon-Jon") and former Bocaue mayor Eleanor ("Joni")
- Sahjid S. Bulig - 13-year-old hero who died saving four children in the Bocaue Pagoda tragedy
- Billy Mamaril - basketball player
- Jonjon Mendoza - 32nd Governor of Bulacan and former Bulacan 3rd district representative
- Edselu Teatro - Founder of EDukasyong Totoo Movement Nationwide
The Bocaue Toll Barrier of the NLEX.
A fragment of the Bocaue fireworks shopping strip along MacArthur Highway.
A part of the MacArthur Highway cutting across Barangay Lolomboy, Bocaue leading to Marilao.
View from MacArthur Highway's Bocaue flyover.
The Meralco Duhat Substation at Duhat, Bocaue.
From the town's poblacion, Halili Road leads to Barangay Turo (where the town's main fireworks shopping strip is located) and the old Bocaue exit to the NLEX.
The Philippine Arena.
- "Proclamation No. 1268, s. 2007". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2019-10-11.
- "Bocaue plans theme park, pyro village". The Philippine Star.
- Municipality of Bocaue | (DILG)
- "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
- Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
- "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
- "Bulacan, Philippines: Bocaue, Bulacan: History". www.bulacan.gov.ph. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- Limos, Mario Alvaro (December 27, 2019). "The History of How Bulacan Became the Country's Fireworks Mecca". Esquiremag.ph. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- "Bocaue remembers 1993 pagoda tragedy". Rappler. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Bocaue: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
- https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
- https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
- https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
- https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
- https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
- "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
- "Aldub helps sales of firecrackers sour". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- "March 9, 1899, Francisca Reyes-Aquino was born in Lolomboy, Bocaue, Bulacan". The Kahimyang Project. 2013-11-12. Retrieved 2021-08-09.
- "Bocaue, Bulacan Mayor Joni Villanueva dies". GMA News. 2020-05-28. Retrieved 2020-05-28.
- "Bocaue, Bulacan Mayor Joni Villanueva dies". GMA News.
- "Happening today is the oath taking of Jose C. Santiago, Jr. as the new Municipal Mayor of Bocaue, Bulacan. This is to fill-up the vacancy left by the late Mayor Eleanor J. Villanueva-Tugna. | DILG-Bulacan". facebook.com. 2020-06-01. Retrieved 2020-06-01.
- "Happening today is the oath taking of Jose C. Santiago, Jr. as the new Municipal Mayor of Bocaue, Bulacan. This is to fill-up the vacancy left by the late Mayor Eleanor J. Villanueva-Tugna". facebook.com.