Meycauayan

Meycauayan, officially the City of Meycauayan (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Meycauayan), is a 3rd class city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 209,083 people. [3] It is one of the oldest towns in the province.

Meycauayan

Mecabayan
City of Meycauayan
JfCamaligCityHallMeycauayanBulacanfvf 02.JPG
Meycauayan Church and bell tower.jpg
Rivermeycjf.JPG
NLEX Meycauayan Exitjf.jpg
327Malhacan MacArthur Meycauayan City, Bulacan 33.jpg
JfMeycauayanWetDryPublicMarket20fvf.JPG
(From top, left to right: Meycauayan City Hall • St. Francis of Assisi Parish Church • Meycauayan River • NLEX tollgate • Malhacan • People's Market)
Flag of Meycauayan
Flag
Official seal of Meycauayan
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Hub of Jewelry in Bulacan
Motto(s): 
"May Magandang Buhay sa Meycauayan"
English: "There is a Beautiful Life in Meycauayan"
Anthem: Awit ng Meycauayan
(English: Song of Meycauayan)
Map of Bulacan with Meycauayan highlighted
Map of Bulacan with Meycauayan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Meycauayan is located in Luzon
Meycauayan
Meycauayan
Location within the Philippines
Meycauayan is located in Philippines
Meycauayan
Meycauayan
Meycauayan (Philippines)
Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.73°N 120.95°E / 14.73; 120.95Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°57′E / 14.73°N 120.95°E / 14.73; 120.95
Country Philippines
RegionCentral Luzon (Region III)
ProvinceBulacan
District4th District
FoundedOctober 4, 1578
CityhoodDecember 10, 2006
Barangays26 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLinabelle Villarica (PDP–Laban)
 • Vice MayorJosefina O. Violago (PDP–Laban)
 • CongressmanHenry R. Villarica (PDP–Laban)
 • Electorate127,978 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total32.10 km2 (12.39 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Highest elevation
45 m (148 ft)
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total209,083
 • Density6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
 • Households
49,919
Economy
 • Income class3rd city income class
 • Poverty incidence5.84% (2015)[4]
 • RevenueIncrease PHP 1.334 billion (2018)[5]
 • AssetsIncrease PHP 3.498 billion (2018)
 • ExpenditureIncrease PHP 0.916 billion (2018)
Utilities
 • ElectricityMERALCO
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
3020
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)44
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog
Websitewww.meycauayan.gov.ph

The city is located 19 kilometers (12 mi) north of Manila and 26 kilometers (16 mi) south of Malolos City, the provincial capital city. It is bounded by the town of Marilao to the north, the two Metro Manila cities of Valenzuela to the south and Caloocan (North) to the east, and the town of Obando to the west. It encompasses an aggregate area of 22.1 square kilometers (8.5 sq mi), representing 1.17% of the total land area of the province of Bulacan.

EtymologyEdit

Meycauayan got its name came from the words "may kawayan", translated to English as "with bamboo". It is formerly called as Mecabayan.

HistoryEdit

During the Spanish colonization of the country, the town of Meycauayan was established as a settlement by a group of Spanish priests belonging to the Franciscan Order. In 1578, its early inhabitants came into contact with Christianity. In that same year, Father Juan de Placencia and Diego Oropesa built the first church structure, which was believed to be made of nipa and bamboo. Common to all Spanish settlements in that period was the adoption of a patron saint for the newly opened town. Meycauayan has St. Francis of Assisi as the Patron Saint. It was only in 1668, however, that a concrete church structure was erected.

Meycauayan was then one of the largest towns in the province of Bulacan. The towns, which fell under its political jurisdiction, were San Jose del Monte, Bocaue, Valenzuela (formerly Polo), Obando, Marilao, Santa Maria and Pandi. It was also regarded as the unofficial capital of the province, being the hub of activities brought about by the establishment of the market center and the presence of the Spanish military detachment. During the revolution, which was set off by the execution of Dr. Jose Rizal in 1896, Meycauayan contributed its share in the fight against the Spanish conquistadores. Among her sons who figured prominently in the revolution were: Andres Pacheco, Ciriaco Contreras, Guillermo Contreras, Guillermo Bonque, and Liberato Exaltacion. There were many others who had joined the revolution and had displayed their exceptional heroism until 1898, when the country gained its independence from Spain.

In 1949, a big fire razed the market center and several business establishments in the town, causing setbacks to the development of the municipality. It took several years to recover from the destruction and property losses. However, in the 1960s and early part of 1970s, new hope for the development was ushered in. Reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure facilities were made possible through the assistance of the provincial and national governments. A more sound economic base was established and crop production more than doubled.

Cityhood and presentEdit

On March 5, 2001, Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed Republic Act 9021 converting the municipality of Meycauayan into a component city. The plebiscite was held on March 30, 2001, along with the then-municipality of Cauayan in Isabela. However, the cityhood bid was rejected by voters and Meycauayan remains a municipality. Only the "Yes" votes won in the separate plebiscite for cityhood in Cauayan.

Five years later, on October 2, 2006, Arroyo signed Republic Act 9356, filed by Congresswoman Reylina Nicolas on July 24 of this year as House Bill 4397, converting Meycauayan into a city once again for the second time. Its second cityhood bid was endorsed by Mayor of this then-municipality, Eduardo Alarilla, who also endorsed the first cityhood bid in 2001. Meycauayan was successfully became a city (third city in Bulacan) on December 10, 2006, after their voters ratified the law in the plebiscite.[6] Alarilla who have seven months left on his third and final term, became the city's first mayor. His wife, Joan succeeded him in the 2007 elections. The incumbent mayor is Linabelle Ruth R. Villarica, wife of her predecessor and current congressman, Henry R. Villarica.

Today, the city of Meycauayan has transformed into a major economic and industrial hub in the Province of Bulacan and the rest of Region III.[7]

GeographyEdit

The City of Meycauayan is generally surrounded with plain land and gentle rolling hills. Meycauayan is named to Filipino phrase may kawayan that means "with bamboo". Comfortably above sea level, this terrain is an interweaving of greenery and concrete road network. The slope of the land dips towards a west to north westerly direction. River, natural lake and drainage waterways envelope and criss-cross the area.

Today it is bordered by the town of Marilao to the north, towns of Bocaue and Bulakan, Bulacan to the northwest, Valenzuela to the south, Northern part of Caloocan to the east, and the town of Obando to the west.

BarangaysEdit

The City of Meycauayan is administratively subdivided into 26 urban barangays.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[8]
031412001 Bagbaguin 3.7% 7,760 6,908 2.24%
031412002 Bahay Pare 5.5% 11,568 10,221 2.39%
031412003 Bancal 6.0% 12,589 14,242 −2.32%
031412004 Banga 1.4% 2,913 2,911 0.01%
031412005 Bayugo 8.9% 18,560 17,982 0.60%
031417026 Caingin 2.6% 5,443 4,763 2.57%
031412006 Calvario 2.5% 5,317 5,009 1.14%
031412007 Camalig 4.3% 8,972 8,042 2.11%
031412008 Hulo 0.8% 1,675 1,636 0.45%
031412009 Iba 3.8% 8,032 7,450 1.44%
031412010 Langka 1.9% 3,871 3,179 3.82%
031412011 Lawa 6.1% 12,854 13,392 −0.78%
031412012 Libtong 5.0% 10,552 10,190 0.67%
031412013 Liputan 0.8% 1,584 1,546 0.46%
031412014 Longos 1.6% 3,412 3,300 0.64%
031412015 Malhacan 10.6% 22,205 20,914 1.15%
031412016 Pajo 2.9% 6,166 5,168 3.42%
031412017 Pandayan 7.3% 15,264 14,703 0.72%
031412018 Pantoc 5.6% 11,804 10,554 2.15%
031412019 Perez 8.3% 17,251 15,779 1.71%
031412020 Poblacion 0.2% 348 239 7.42%
031412021 Saluysoy 4.9% 10,347 10,603 −0.46%
031412022 Saint Francis (Gasak) 0.6% 1,288 1,286 0.03%
031412023 Tugatog 2.1% 4,407 4,288 0.52%
031412024 Ubihan 1.1% 2,225 2,279 −0.46%
031412025 Zamora 2.6% 5,443 2,570 15.36%
Total 209,083 199,154 0.93%

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Meycauayan City, Bulacan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue[9]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Meycauayan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,742—    
1918 11,285+0.99%
1939 16,082+1.70%
1948 21,695+3.38%
1960 32,234+3.35%
1970 50,977+4.68%
1975 60,225+3.40%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 83,579+6.77%
1990 123,982+4.02%
1995 137,081+1.90%
2000 163,037+3.79%
2007 196,569+2.61%
2010 199,154+0.48%
2015 209,083+0.93%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][8][10][11]

In the 2015 census, the population of Meycauayan was 209,083 people, [3] with a density of 6,500 inhabitants per square kilometre or 17,000 inhabitants per square mile.

50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
1990
3,860/km2
1995
4,270/km2
2000
5,100/km2
2007
6,100/km2
2010
6,200/km2
2015
6,500/km2

GovernmentEdit

The Sangguniang Panlungsod is the legislature of the government of Meycauayan. As defined by the Local Government Code of 1991, the legislatures have legislative and quasi-judicial powers and functions. The members of the Sangguniang Panlungsod, often referred to as councilors are either elected or ex-officio and includes a city's vice mayor who serves as the presiding officer.

2019-2022 Meycauayan City Officials[12]
Position Name Party
Mayor Linabelle Ruth R. Villarica PDP–Laban
Vice Mayor Josefina O. Violago PDP–Laban
Councilors Anna Kathrina M. Hernandez PDP–Laban
Catherine C. Abacan PDP–Laban
Jerimeco S. Dulalia PDP–Laban
Mario A. Aguirre PDP–Laban
Mary Christine Z. Paguio PDP–Laban
Arnaldo R. Velasco PDP–Laban
Mario T. Berboso PDP–Laban
Dhon M. Bañez Independent
Larissa DS. Abracero PDP–Laban
Wilfredo DS. Macatulad Independent
Ex Officio Municipal Council Members
ABC President Salvador "Bogs" Violago, Sr. (Camalig) Nonpartisan
SK Federation President Crisanto Niño D. Caparas (Pantoc) Nonpartisan

Past officialsEdit

List of Mayors of Meycauayan[13]
No. Presidente Municipal Took office Left office
1 Tomas Testa 1902 1903
2 Aquedo Noriega 1903 1905
3 Dalmacio Ferrer 1906 1907
4 Aquedo Noriega 1907 1909
5 Cedistino Juson 1910 1916
6 Liberato Exaltacion 1917 1921
7 Jose Peñas 1921 1922
8 Hermogenes Lim 1922 1925
9 Maximo Albaño 1925 1928
10 Moises Buñing 1928 1931
11 Hermogenes Lim 1931 1934
12 Perfecto Reyes Lim 1934 1937
No. Alcalde Took office Left office
1 Enrique Legaspi 1938 1942
2 Dr. Restituto Calaguas 1942 1945
3 Patricio Alcaraz 1945 1945
4 Marcelo Lucero 1945 1945
5 Jacinto Legaspi 1945 1945
No. Municipal Mayors Took office Left office
1 Dr. Lope Daez 1946 1951
2 Dr. Lope Daez 1956 1959
3 Pedro Carreon 1960 1963
4 Celso Legaspi 1964 1978
5 Jose Catajan 1980 1982
6 Adriano Daez 1982 1986
7 Ernesto Cabigas 1986 1987
8 Oscar Legaspi 1987 1987
9 Rolando Liwanag 1987 1988
10 Florentino Blanco 1988 1992
11 Edgardo Nolasco 1995 1998
12 Edgardo Alarilla 1998 2006
No. City Mayors Took office Left office
1 Edgardo Alarilla 2006 2007
2 Joan Alarilla 2007 2016
3 Henry Villarica 2016 2019
4 Linabelle Villarica 2019 incumbent

City symbolsEdit

FlagEdit

The flag of Meycauayan is colored green, and is superimposed by its seal.

SealEdit

 
The former seal of Meycauayan during the New Society regime
 
Former seal of Meycauayan, during its time as a municipality. It resembles its current version after its cityhood in 2006.

The seal of Meycauayan is in circular form and it has four major products placed against the Philippine flag on it. There are four major products here in Meycauayan.

RING-for jewellery making

HIDE-for tanning

WOODEN SHOE-for shoe manufacturing and

BOLO-for blacksmith

The year inside the hide is "1578", signifying the establishment of Meycauayan as a municipality (now a city), and between the words "Meycauayan" and "Bulacan" is 2006, the year of cityhood of Meycauayan.

HymnEdit

The city hymn, titled "Awit ng Meycauayan" was composed by Araceli M. Samson. It was adopted in 1978, under the mayorship of Celso Legaspi. The hymn has slight modifications in 2006, after Meycauayan became a city. The hymn is played after the Philippine national anthem, Lupang Hinirang.

EconomyEdit

The City of Meycauayan is the economic, industrial, commercial, financial and educational center of southern Bulacan.

The city is known for its jewelry and leather industries. For years, Meycauayan has been the hub of jewelry production in the Philippines and in Asia. It is known for its low-priced jewelries.

The locality also produces leather goods. Shoes, bags and every kind of leather product has been traditionally manufactured here. A number of leather tanneries still operate in Meycauayan, which over the years have converted the city into a hub for leather goods.

In 2016, the total net income for Meycauayan is worth Php 6.875 Billion, making it the richest in the province of Bulacan and 18th-highest-income city in the whole Philippines.

Industrial compounds and parksEdit

The City of Meycauayan is also home to many industrial parks and compounds.

  • Meycauayan Industrial Subd. I, II, III & IV
  • Meridian Industrial Compound
  • Muralla Industrial Park
  • First Valenzuela Industrial Compound
  • Sterling Industrial Park Phase I, II, III & IV

EducationEdit

 
Meycauayan College building

Meycauayan City has its own division of schools since January 2013. The City Schools Division of Meycauayan has two districts, Meycauayan West District and Meycauayan East District.

There are 24 public elementary schools and 4 public high schools as well as 11 private schools in the city. There is also a tertiary school in Meycauayan. Meycauayan College is a private educational institution in Barangay Calvario and Malhacan. It was established in 1925 as Meycauayan Institute. Other than tertiary education, it also offers primary and secondary education.

ReligionEdit

 
St. Francis of Assisi Parish Church

The Saint Francis of Assisi Parish Church, commonly known as the Meycauayan Church, is a Roman Catholic church located in Meycauayan, Philippines. It is one of the oldest parishes in Bulacan which even predates the Malolos Cathedral established in 1580 and the Barasoain Church established in 1630. It is also the province's largest parish with an estimated population of about 80,000 parishioners. The church is the seat of the vicariate of St. Francis of Assisi in the Diocese of Malolos.

FeastsEdit

Liputan Festival

This festival takes place every 2nd Sunday of May in Barangay Liputan. After a nine-day novena, the fiesta culminates with a colorful fluvial procession in honor of the "Mahal na Señor ng Isla Liputan", an image of the Crucified Christ venerated on the island of Liputan. The image, along with those of the Virgin and St. Joseph, are placed on a kasko, a makeshift bamboo bier constructed on boats and decorated with buntings. The images are then taken to the old church in the center of Meycauayan for a mass.

Feast of St. Francis of Assisi

It is a celebration held in the oldest church in Meycauayan, the St. Francis of Assisi Parish Church in Barangay Poblacion, which commemorates the foundation of the city in 1578 by the Franciscans. Before, it has come to be known as the "Kawayanan Festival", and includes an animal parade, street dancing and other related cultural activities. It is held every fourth of October.[14]

Issues and controversiesEdit

Mayoralty dispute (1995–2008)Edit

The succession of the city's administration was put into question by a series of legal cases between two then-Mayors.[15] Florentino Blanco, town mayor from 1987 to 1992, ran in 1995 but was disqualified by the Supreme Court for vote buying on July 21, 1997. Blanco was replaced by Vice Mayor Eduardo Nolasco in an acting capacity, serving out the remainder of his term.

Blanco ran again in 1998 but lost to Eduardo Alarilla; Blanco attempted to file an election protest against Alarilla but the COMELEC dismissed the case. He attempted to run again in 2004 but later withdrew his candidacy. In 2007, he ran once more but lost to Eduardo Alarilla's wife, Joan Alarilla (Mr. Alarilla has then reached the three-term limit imposed by law). The then Mayor Alarilla then attempted to disqualify Blanco; the COMELEC ruled in favor of Alarilla, but the Supreme Court reversed this decision, stating that Blanco is still eligible to run for public office.

Heirs of Anacleto Nieto vs. Meycauayan, BulacanEdit

On December 13, 2007, the Supreme Court of the Philippines ordered Meycauayan, Bulacan to surrender peaceful possession to the Heirs of Anacleto Nieto, and vacate the 3,882 square meters lot, at Poblacion, Meycauayan, TCT No. T-24.055 (M) which it used and even constructed an extension of the public market therein. Meycauayan was also ordered to pay the reasonable value of the property and P 1,716,000.00 as reasonable compensation for the use of the property from 1966 until the filing of the complaint on December 28, 1994.[16]

PollutionEdit

In 2007, The Meycauayan and the neighboring town of Marilao in Bulacan province shared a slot in the list of the world’s 30 most polluted places in the developing world drawn up by the private New York-based institute Pure Earth. In its report, “The World’s Worst Polluted Places” for 2007, Pure Earth said: “Industrial waste is haphazardly dumped into the Meycauayan, Marilao and Obando River system, a source of drinking and agricultural water supplies for the 250,000 people living in and around”[17][18] the Meycauayan-Marilao area. Meycauayan also shares border with Caloocan.

ImagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ City of Meycauayan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "Province: Bulacan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Commission on Audit 2018 Report-Meycauayan City". Quezon City, Philippines: Commission on Audit (COA). Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  6. ^ "Meycauayan bids for cityhood". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 10 December 2006.
  7. ^ "Everything about City of Meycauayan (History)". City of Meycauayan, Bulacan: City of Meycauayan Official Website. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  8. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Meycauayan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  10. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  11. ^ "Province of Bulacan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  12. ^ ""Meycauayan City Officials"". City of Malolos,Bulacan: Provincial Government of Bulacan Official Website. Retrieved 29 June 2018.
  13. ^ "Mayors of Meycauayan". Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  14. ^ "Everything about the city of Meycauayan (Festivals)". City of Meycauayan Official Website. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  15. ^ supremecourt.gov.ph, Blanco v. Comelec and Alarilla, G.R. No. 180164, June 17, 2008 Archived July 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ supremecourt.gov.ph, HEIRS OF ANACLETO B. NIETO vs. MUNICIPALITY OF MEYCAUAYAN, BULACAN, 3rd Div., G.R. No. 150654 Archived 2007-12-20 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ Inquirer.net, Meycauayan, Marilao in world’s ‘Dirty 30’-- report Archived 2009-06-07 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "The World's Most Polluted Places" (PDF). The Blacksmith Institute. September 2007. p. 8.

External linksEdit