FIBA Men's World Ranking

Top 20 Rankings as of 27 February 2024[1]
Rank Change Team Points
1 Steady  United States 784.8
2 Steady  Spain 773.9
3 Steady  Germany 759
4 Increase 1  Serbia 757.9
5 Decrease 1  Australia 756.3
6 Increase 2  Latvia 750.6
7 Decrease 1  Canada 746.2
8 Decrease 1  Argentina 743.2
9 Steady  France 737.1
10 Steady  Lithuania 713.1
11 Steady  Slovenia 703.6
12 Steady  Brazil 660.4
13 Steady  Italy 655.7
14 Steady  Greece 641.6
15 Steady  Poland 611.7
16 Steady  Puerto Rico 608.4
17 Steady  Montenegro 607.7
18 Increase 1  Czech Republic 560.5
19 Decrease 1  Dominican Republic 556.3
20 Steady  Finland 537.4
*Change from 10 September 2023
Complete rankings at FIBA.com

The FIBA Men's World Ranking are FIBA's rankings of national basketball teams. FIBA ranks both men's and women's national teams for both senior and junior competitions. It also publishes combined rankings for all mixed-sex competitions. Not included are the rankings for three-on-three competitions, which are tabulated for individual players.

The ranking system compares teams based on the weighted average rating points they earn in games over the last eight years. Teams earn a certain amount of rating points for each game based on the margin of victory/defeat, site of game and strength of opponent. Each game's rating points are then weighted by factors including the time of game, competition/region, competition stage and round reached.

The ranking is currently sponsored by Nike; as such, the name Nike FIBA World Ranking is also used.[2]

History

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In its previous ranking system before October 2017, FIBA used a competition-based system which awarded points based on the final standings of FIBA final tournaments.[3] The system weighted all results within the eight-year period equally and did not consider the results of qualifiers for tournaments.[4][5]

Until the 2016 Olympic Games, the Olympics and the men's world championship gave 5 points each toward the ranking. Since the new FIBA ranking system was launched, these two tournaments had their score devalued to 2.5 points for playing in a World championship, and 2 points for playing in an Olympic game since 2017.

Calculation

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Only FIBA tournaments consisting of full five-a-side teams are used in calculations for the rankings. Other tournaments, such as regional championships, invitationals, three-on-three half-court basketball, and friendlies are not included.

On October 11, 2017, FIBA radically changed its ranking system for men's national teams when Nike became FIBA's strategic partner. The changes saw the ranking system switching from the previous competition-based system to a game-based system.[5][6] Every game played by a national team within the last eight years in the World Cup, Olympics, continental championships, and qualifiers for these events is included in the calculations.[7]

FIBA uses a weighted arithmetic mean to determine the average rating points a team has earned in games in the last eight years.[8] The weighted average rating points are then compared to determine the rankings.

Rating points per game

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A team's final rating points for a particular game is the sum of basis, home/away, and opposition ranking points as follows.[7]

Basis points

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Each game in a ranking tournament is initially valued at 1,000 "basis points", divided between the two teams as follows:[7]

Victory margin Points to winner Points to loser
Less than 10 points 700 300
10–19 points 750 250
20 or more points 800 200
Forfeit 800 0

Home or away points

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The basis points are adjusted based on the site of the game, with FIBA calling this adjustment "home or away" points. During the finals of ranking tournaments, only games played by a host team in its own country count as "home" games; all others are treated as neutral-site games. Adjustments are:[7]

Site of game Adjustment
Home game −70 points
Neutral venue No adjustment
Away game +70 points

Opposition ranking points

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The basis points are also adjusted to reflect the strength of the opponent. FIBA determines what it calls "opposition ranking points" by the following formula:[7]

  • Opposition ranking points = 1.5 × (average pre-game ranking for all national teams − opponent's pre-game ranking)

Weighting

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The new calculations continue to account for the specific tournament and region, as in the former procedure, but no longer explicitly consider a team's final tournament placement.[7]

The rating points of each game (above) are weighted by the game's weight (W), which is the product of the time decay, competition/region, competition stage, and round weights, as follows.[7]

Time decay

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In a new feature, a "time decay" factor has been introduced into the calculations. More-recent games carry the greatest weight, steadily declining until falling out of the calculations after 8 years:[7]

Time of game Weighting
Current year (Y) and immediately previous year (Y−1) 1.0
Y−2 and Y−3 0.75
Y−4 and Y−5 0.5
Y−6 and Y−7 0.25

Competition and region weights

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Each game has a specific "competition and region weight", with continental competition and FIBA World Cup qualification games assigned the weight of the respective region. FIBA World Ranking weights for men's events:[7]

Competition Region Weight
FIBA Basketball World Cup 2.5
Olympic basketball tournament 2.0
EuroBasket Europe 1.0
Olympic Qualifying Tournament 1.0
FIBA AmeriCup Americas 0.8
FIBA Oceania Championship (defunct) Oceania (before 2017) 0.7
FIBA Asia Cup Asia and Oceania 0.45
AfroBasket Africa 0.35

From 2017 forward, FIBA Asia and FIBA Oceania members compete for a single regional championship under the FIBA Asia banner.[9] Results from before 2017, during which FIBA Asia and FIBA Oceania held separate championships, will continue to figure into the rankings (until 2025 via "time decay").[7]

Competition stage weight

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In a new feature, FIBA also weights game results by the "competition stage weight".[7]

Stage Weight
European Championship for Small Countries 0.15
Pre-qualifier 0.25
Qualifier 0.5
Final tournament 1.0

Round weight

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Additionally, FIBA has added a "round weight" (R) to the system, giving each victory in a final tournament (World Cup, Olympics, or continental championship) a weighting based on the round in which it takes place, with later round wins weighted more greatly. Games in pre-qualifiers, qualifiers and results of the losing team in final tournaments all carry a round weight of R=1.[7]

Round Weight
1 1.0
2 2.0
3 4.0
4 6.0
5 6.0

While different tournaments have different formats, the semi-finals are usually round 3 or 4, while the final is usually round 4 or 5.

Cycle and updates

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Rankings are now updated after every individual game in a ranking tournament (including qualifiers for such tournaments).

Women's rankings

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In November 2019, FIBA introduced a game-based ranking procedure similar to that currently used for men's rankings for women's teams, replacing the former competition-based ranking.[4]

Notes and references

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  1. ^ "FIBA Ranking Presented by Nike". FIBA. 27 February 2024. Retrieved 27 February 2024.
  2. ^ "FIBA signs 11-year strategic partnership with iconic basketball brand Nike". FIBA. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 27 November 2023.
  3. ^ "FIBA World Rankings: How it works". FIBA. Archived from the original on 25 May 2007.
  4. ^ a b "FIBA World Ranking Men, presented by Nike – Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)" (PDF). FIBA. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  5. ^ a b Hall, Andy (27 August 2023). "What's the current FIBA ranking and how often is it updated?". Diario AS. Retrieved 12 November 2023.
  6. ^ "New FIBA World Ranking Men presented by Nike launched". FIBA. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "FIBA World Ranking Men, presented by Nike — How it works". FIBA. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  8. ^ "Detailed Examples" (PDF). FIBA.
  9. ^ "How does it work? FIBA National Team Competitions System & Calendar". FIBA. Retrieved 18 December 2023.
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