EuroBasket, also commonly referred to as the European Basketball Championship, is the main international basketball competition contested biannually by the men's national teams governed by FIBA Europe, the European zone within the International Basketball Federation.
|Current season, competition or edition:
|No. of teams||24|
|Countries||FIBA Europe member associations|
|Continent||FIBA Europe (Europe)|
|Slovenia (1st title)|
|Most titles||Soviet Union (14 titles)|
|FIBA European Championship for Small Countries
The first championships was held three years after the establishment of FIBA, in 1935. Switzerland was chosen as the host country, and ten countries joined. Only one qualifying match was played between Portugal and Spain. With a complicated formula, the final would see Latvia as champions. According to the rule at the time, the winner had to hold the following games. The following two tournaments would be won by Lithuania and would see the introduction of Egypt which would compete in EuroBasket until 1953 winning one championship at home in 1949 along the way.
After the 1946 edition saw the first jump shot performed by Italian player Giuseppe Stefanini, the following edition would see the Soviet Union compete in their first edition in the 1947 edition and would see the Soviets win the first of eleven out of the next thirteen European championships.  During the 50s, the Soviet Union won four of the five competitions held during the decade with only tournament that they didn't win being the 1955 edition. This was won by Hungary as they finished top while the Soviets finished in third place. It was also during that edition that the thirty-second shot clock was introduced, which changed the style of basketball.
The Soviets would take out all of the championships during the 60s with them having a fifty-five game winning streak which would be broken by Yugoslavia in 1969. For Yugoslavia, they were starting to come to challenge the Soviets with the main player in Radivoj Korac aiding the team to two silvers and a bronze medal in his career which stopped in 1967. The 1960s would see also a change in how the competition was viewed and run with FIBA putting a limit on the amount of countries that entered to 16 with qualifiers being the way to bring them down to that number as it first appeared in 1963. The following edition would see the competition not be held in one city with Tbilisi joining Moscow in hosting games and in 1967 the first modern games was held, because the games were televised and international media were present. 
Rise of YugoslaviaEdit
The 1970s were the competition between Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. During the decade Yugoslavia won three gold medals and the Soviet Union taking out the remaining two. After the Soviets took out 1971, the 1973 edition would finally see Yugoslavia take out their first championship after Spain defeated the Soviets in the semi-finals to qualify for their first final since the first edition way back in 1935. Yugoslavia would finally have a chance to defeat the Soviets as at home, they would get the chance to defeat them and they did as they won by six points to take home 1975 edition. After following that up in 1977, the Soviets would get their revenge in the final round at EuroBasket 1979 when they defeated them 96-77 to qualify through to the final where they would defeat Israel who shocked the basketball world as they defeated Yugoslavia in the opening round by a point.
Brewing under the Soviets and Yugoslavs, the west was starting to appear with the 1980s seeing the change happen. In 1983, the western side of Europe tasted success with Italy defeating Spain in the final to record their first of two titles. Two things happened in the following edition which was held in Germany. The first was that the NBA scouts had appeared in masses to see the best players. Dražen Petrović, Arvydas Sabonis, Nikos Galis, Detlef Schrempf and Fernando Martin all would head over to the United States to play in the NBA. That same edition also saw the first three-point arc being used. Greece would win the next edition in 1987 at home and followed that with a silver medal at the 1989 edition in Yugoslavia.
New winners emergeEdit
EuroBasket 1991 was the first EuroBasket tournament in which currently active NBA players, that had also already played in an official NBA regular season game were allowed to participate. It would also be the first edition where the Soviets weren't entered into the competition, as the USSR collapsed and it didn't qualify for the main tournament. Yugoslavia would take the title, but afterwards war would split the country up with Juri Zdovc being a casualty after Slovenia declared independence, two days into the tournament. 1993 saw a shock winner, with Germany taking the championship at home with a one-point victory over Russia. After being suspended in 1993, FR Yugoslavia came back and took the trophy after defeating Lithuania, which was making its first appearance, since it had been a country of the Soviet Union. But politics came into play with the crowd protesting “Lithuania is the champions”, while the Croatian team who had defeated Greece for bronze step down from the podium in protest of the war that was happening at the time.
24 European teams take part in the final competition. The qualification format that existed until EuroBasket 2011 permitted 16 teams to compete. Eight spots were determined by the host nation and the top seven finishers of the previous EuroBasket. The remaining Division A teams compete in a qualification tournament. There, they were divided into four groups. Each group played a double round-robin. The top team in each group qualified for EuroBasket. The best three of the four runners-up also qualified.
Of the ten teams that did not qualify in the qualification tournament, the six best got another chance in the additional qualification round. The remaining four competed in a relegation round, with two being sent to Division B for the next qualification cycle (and replaced by the two best teams from Division B).
The final spot was determined by the additional qualifying round. The six teams were divided into two groups of three, with each group playing a double round-robin. The top team in each group played in the final against the other group's top team; the winner of that game received the final EuroBasket qualification spot.
EuroBasket has used a number of different formats, ranging from the simple round-robin used in 1939, to a three-stage tournament, and now a two-stage tournament that is currently in use.
The current format begins with a preliminary round. The twenty-four qualified teams are placed into four groups of six, and each group plays a round-robin tournament. The top four teams in each group (16 overall) advance to the knockout stage. The knockout stage is a 16-team single-elimination tournament, with a bronze medal game for semifinal losers and classification games for the quarterfinal losers to determine fifth to eighth places.
The medal table below lists the national teams according to the respective table published by FIBA.
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Part of Yugoslavia|
|Croatia||Part of Yugoslavia|
|Czech Republic||Part of Czechoslovakia|
|Estonia||-||5th||5th||Part of Soviet Union|
|Macedonia||Part of Yugoslavia|
|Georgia||Part of Soviet Union|
|Latvia||1st||6th||2nd||Part of Soviet Union|
|Lithuania||-||1st||1st||Part of Soviet Union|
|Montenegro||Part of Yugoslavia|
|Russia||Part of Soviet Union|
|Part of Yugoslavia|
|Slovenia||Part of Yugoslavia|
|Ukraine||Part of Soviet Union|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Part of Yugoslavia||8th||-||15th||15th||13th||15th||13th||-||-||17th||13th||23rd||-||9|
|Croatia||Part of Yugoslavia||3rd||3rd||11th||11th||7th||11th||7th||6th||6th||13th||4th||9th||10th||13|
|Czech Republic||Part of Czechoslovakia||-||-||-||12th||-||-||-||13th||-||-||13th||7th||20th||5|
|Estonia||Part of Soviet Union||6th||-||-||-||14th||-||-||-||-||-||-||20th||-||5|
|Macedonia||Part of Yugoslavia||-||-||-||13th||-||-||-||-||9th||4th||21st||19th||-||5|
|Georgia||Part of Soviet Union||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||11th||17th||15th||17th||4|
|Latvia||Part of Soviet Union||10th||-||16th||-||8th||13th||13th||13th||13th||21st||10th||8th||5th||14|
|Lithuania||Part of Soviet Union||-||2nd||6th||5th||12th||1st||5th||3rd||11th||5th||2nd||2nd||9th||14|
|Montenegro||Part of Yugoslavia||Part of Yugoslavia||-||-||21st||17th||-||13th||3|
|Russia||Part of Soviet Union||2nd||7th||3rd||6th||5th||8th||8th||1st||7th||3rd||21st||17th||4th||13|
|Part of Yugoslavia||X||1st||1st||3rd||1st||6th||9th||13th||2nd||8th||7th||4th||2nd||12|
|Slovenia||Part of Yugoslavia||14th||12th||14th||10th||15th||10th||6th||7th||4th||7th||5th||12th||1st||13|
|Ukraine||Part of Soviet Union||-||-||13th||-||16th||14th||13th||-||-||17th||6th||22nd||16th||8|
Below are the lists of all players voted as the MVPs and the Top Scorers of each EuroBasket edition. Krešimir Ćosić and Pau Gasol are the only players to win the MVP award twice. Nikos Galis was the Top Scorer 4 times.
|Bronze||Member of the FIBA Hall of Fame.|
|Silver||Member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.|
|Gold||Member of both the FIBA Hall of Fame and the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.|
|Player (X)||Denotes the number of times the player was selected the MVP or was the Top Scorer.|
MVP and Top scorer by countryEdit
|Country||Times MVP||Years||Country||Times Top Scorer||Years|
||1947, 1953, 1959, 1965, 1969, 1981, 1985||Greece||
||1967, 1969, 1983, 1987, 1989, 1991|
||1935, 1963, 1973, 1983, 2009, 2011, 2015||Spain||
||1965, 1999, 2003, 2009, 2015|
||1961, 1971, 1975, 1977, 1989, 1991||Poland||
||1946, 1971, 1979, 1981|
||1937, 1939, 1995, 2003||France||
||1947, 2011, 2013|
||1951, 1957, 1967||Yugoslavia||
||1959, 1691, 1963|
||2001, 2005, 2007|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||
Most times MVP and Top scorer by PlayersEdit
|Player||Times MVP||Years||Player||Times Top Scorer||Years|
||1971, 1975||Nikos Galis||
||1983, 1987, 1989, 1991|
||2009, 2015||Radivoj Korać||
||1959, 1961, 1963|
|One time MVP, earned by 36 players||Dirk Nowitzki||
||2001, 2005, 2007|
||2003, 2009, 2015|
All-time leading scorers in total points scoredEdit
- Counting all games played through the end of EuroBasket 2017 not counting qualification games.
|Player||Points Scored||Games Played||Scoring Average|
All-time leading scorers in points per game averageEdit
- Counting all games played through the end of EuroBasket 2015 not counting qualification games.
|Player||Points Scored||Games Played||Scoring Average|
|/ Radivoj Korać||844||34||24.8|
|/ Sabahudin "Dino" Bilalović||217||9||24.1|
|/ Dražen Petrović||604||28||21.6|
- Basketball at the Summer Olympic Games
- FIBA EuroBasket Records
- FIBA EuroBasket MVP
- FIBA EuroBasket Top Scorer
- FIBA EuroBasket All-Tournament Team
- FIBA World Cup
- FIBA World Cup Records
- FIBA's 50 Greatest Players (1991)
- FIBA EuroBasket Division B (defunct)
- FIBA European Championship for Small Countries
- FIBA EuroBasket Women
- List of FIBA EuroBasket winning coaches
- "EuroBasket History - The 30s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 40s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 50s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 60s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 70s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 80s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "BASKETBALL; Politics Take Center Court as Yugoslavs Win Title". New York Times. July 3, 1995. Retrieved December 6, 2017.
- "EuroBasket History - The 90s". FIBA Europe. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
- "FIBA Archive". FIBA. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- The country is a FIBA member under the name of the former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia due to the Macedonia naming dispute.
- Baloncesto/Eurobasket.- Gasol, Parker y Papaloukas, en busca del título de MVP de Nowitzki
- Basketball / European Championships
- Top scorer of each EuroBasket (Top 3)
- Latvia Workouts Underway 01 July 2010.
- STATISTICAL LEADERS - PLAYERS Points Per Game.
- All time highest scoring average (Top 10).