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Tiswadi (IPA: [/'t̪ɪsʋaːɖiː/]Goan Konkaniतिस्वाड़ी, Tisvāḍī ?; Portuguese: Ilhas de Goa, lit. 'Islands of Goa'), also known as Ilhas, is a taluka of the district of North Goa, Goa state, India.


Ilhas (Ilhas de Goa)
Taluka (sub-district)
Location of Ilhas in North Goa, Goa
Location of Ilhas in North Goa, Goa
Coordinates: 15°29′55″N 73°49′46″E / 15.498598°N 73.829341°E / 15.498598; 73.829341Coordinates: 15°29′55″N 73°49′46″E / 15.498598°N 73.829341°E / 15.498598; 73.829341
Country India
DistrictNorth Goa
Settlements1 City
9 Towns
22 Villages
 • Tehsildarna
 • Lok Sabha constituencyna
 • Assembly constituencyna
 • MLAna
 • Taluka (sub-district)1,67,197
 • Urban
 • Literacy ratena
 • Sex rationa

The Konkani word 'Tiswadi' itself means "thirty settlements". It refers to the thirty settlements in which the Saraswat Brahmins settled when they migrated to Goa.

It is geographically an island with the Mandovi River forming its northern boundary. The sub-district of Tiswadi includes the smaller islands of Chorão, Divar, St Estevam, Cumbarjua, and Vanxim. The present capital of Goa, Panaji (Panjim), lies on this island. The historical city of Old Goa (Velha Goa), a World Heritage Site is located here.


Tiswadi with the rest of Goa was part of the Vijaynagara Kingdom of South India in the 14th century. In the 15th century the Adil shahi sultanate conquered Goa and it came under Muslim rule. Hindus were persecuted and Hindu temples were destroyed. This included the famous temple of Ganesh on the Island of Divar which has been recently rebuilt. The Portuguese conquered Tiswadi under Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510. While this brought some relief, the aggressive Portuguese began forced conversions to Christianity in the 16th century. All the Hindu temples in Tiswadi were destroyed and Churches built. The populace was made to accept Christianity or leave the Island. There was a mass exodus of Konkani Hindus who left Goa for the safe havens of Ponda and the Canara, Malabar Coast Chandgad and Joida. The first Hindu temple to be rebuilt in Panjim was the Shree Mahalakshmi temple by the Mhamai Kamats who petitioned the Portuguese authorities for permission to build their place of worship. The Portuguese granted their request, as by then Portugal was secularized.

The evangelization of Tiswadi was spearheaded by the Dominicans, who were assigned 15 villages, and the Jesuits, who were assigned the remaining part along with the smaller islands of Chorão and Divar, by the Portuguese authorities.[1]

In 1552, the island of Chorão had a population of 300 Christians out of 3,000 and, by this time, also had a small church which was visited by a Jesuit from St. Paul's every Sunday. In 1557, a marriage ceremony among the Chaudaris (landlords) was defiled by the presence of a Christian in disguise. After two years, this fact became known to the affected party. This time the ceremony was repeated in secret, as by now such rites had been forbidden. The event was unfortunately discovered and the guilty arrested. A village elder among them knowing very well the futility of resistance, told the magistrate: "Take whoever you want. Make all the people Christians". By the end of 1559, over 1,200 had accepted baptism. The following year, the first bishop from the Jesuit order, Dom João Nunes de Barreto, set up residence in Chorão, which eventually became a Noviciate.[1]

Most of Chorão's population converted en masse to Roman Catholicism in mid-1560 as a result of an incident which occurred in neighboring Divar. In July of that year, twenty young men were intercepted, as they were headed for the mainland to illegally participate in a Ganesh puja. After spending a few days in prison, they decided to embrace Christianity. This culminated in a general baptism by August 15 and by November, the number of converts had crossed 1,500. In Chorão, the figure for the year reached 1,207 covering almost the entire population.[1]

By January 1563, the Jesuit provincial claimed that Tiswadi had become completely Christian with a population of 70,000, the great majority of which had converted in the last six years, corresponding to the terms of Viceroys Francisco Barreto and Constantino of Braganza, whose ​2 12-year term saw between 25,000 and 30,000 conversions.[1]


Panjim, Velha Goa and its monuments, Divar, Chorão



# City State Population
1 Panjim Municipal Corporation Goa 40000


# Town State Population
1 Chimbel Census Town Goa 15,289
2 Calapor or Santa Cruz, Goa Census Town Goa 14,077
3 Murda, Census Town Goa 7,517
4 Bambolim Census Town Goa 6,885
5 Corlim Census Town Goa 6,568
6 Mercurim Census Town Goa 4,970
7 Cumbarjua Census Town Goa 4,917
8 Goa Velha Census Town Goa 4,322
9 Jua Census Town Goa 4,134
10 Old Goa (Velha Goa) Census Town Goa 2,550
11 Ribandar Census Town Goa 2,450
12 Tiswadi Census Town Goa 2,300


# Villages Administrative Division Population
1 Ambarim Tiswadi 93
2 Azossim Tiswadi 1,142
3 Bainguinim Tiswadi 1,501
4 Batim Tiswadi 1,489
5 Capão Tiswadi 135
6 Caraim Tiswadi 202
7 Carambolim Tiswadi 5,179
8 Chorão Tiswadi 5,268
9 Curca Tiswadi 2,518
10 Ella Tiswadi 5,372
11 Gancim Tiswadi 519
12 Gandaulim Tiswadi 301
13 Goalim Moula Tiswadi 441
14 Goltim Tiswadi 1,634
15 Malar Tiswadi 1,630
16 Mandur Tiswadi 3,113
17 Naroa Tiswadi 487
18 Navelim Tiswadi 1,133
19 Neura-O-Grande Tiswadi 1,440
20 Neura-O-Pequeno Tiswadi 563
21 Siridão Tiswadi 2,417[2]
22 Talaulim Tiswadi 972

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d Sarasvati's Children: A History of the Mangalorean Christians, Alan Machado Prabhu, I.J.A. Publications, 1999, pp. 100 – 101
  2. ^ "Siridao Village Population - Tiswadi - North Goa, Goa". Census 2011 India. May 29, 1980. Retrieved November 17, 2016.