In ancient India, Ikshvaku (Sanskrit; ikṣvāku,) ; one of the ten sons of Shraddhadeva Manu, was the first king of the Ikshvaku dynasty, known as the "Suryavansha", and the kingdom of Kosala in ancient India.[1] According to the Vishnu Purana, he had a hundred sons,[2] among whom the eldest was Vikukshi. Another son of Ikshvaku's, named Nimi, founded the Kingdom of the Videhas.[3]Lord Rama and the sage Buddha belonged to the Suryavansha or Ikshvaku dynasty.[4]

Chanting Brahmins and King Ikshwaku proceed to heaven.jpg
Chanting Brahmins and King Ikshvaku proceed to heaven
Father Vaivaswata Manu


From Kashyapa, through Aditi, Vivaswan was generated, and from Vivaswan came Shraddhadeva Manu, who was born from the womb of Sanjna. Shraddhadev's wife, Shraddha, gave birth to 10 sons, such as Ikshvaku and Nriga. According to the Vedas, Ikshvaku was the protector of the five territories of Panchajanah who were non-sacrificing pre-Aryan and non-Aryan people. The Atharvaveda and Brahmanas associate the Ikshvakus with the non-Aryan people, that is they are different from the Vedic Aryans who composed hymns of the four Vedas.[5][6] F. E. Pargiter has equated the Ikshvakus with the Dravidian peoples.[7]

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  1. ^ Thapar 2013, p. 308-309.
  2. ^ John Garrett (1975). A Classical Dictionary of India. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distri. p. 259. GGKEY:YTLNG1DG7JN. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  3. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2004). A Dictionary of Hinduism: Including Its Mythology, Religion, History, Literature, and Pantheon. New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 171. ISBN 978-81-7755-874-6. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  4. ^ Peter Scharf. Ramopakhyana - The Story of Rama in the Mahabharata: A Sanskrit Independent-Study Reader. Routledge, 2014. p. 559.
  5. ^ Indian History Congress. Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, Parts 1-2. pp. 32–33.
  6. ^ Ram Chandra Jain. Ethnology of Ancient Bhārata. Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, 1970. p. 18.
  7. ^ Ram Chandra Jain. Ethnology of Ancient Bhārata. Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office, 1970. p. 21.


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