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The Ramayana was adopted by several Asian cultures. This Thai artwork shows the battle of Rama and Ravana.

Suryavansha (Suryavam(n)sham or Solar Dynasty) is a mythological dynasty of ancient India. The term Suryavanshi refers to a person belonging to Suryvansha dynasty. Raghuvanshi is a offshoot dynasty borne out of Suryavanshi clan.

Contents

Sources

The Puranas, particularly the Vishnu Purana, the Ramayana of Valmiki and the Mahabharata of Vyasa all contain accounts of this dynasty.

The Raghuvansha of Kalidasa also mentions the names of some of the kings of this dynasty.[1][2][3]

Rulers

 
Frieze of King Sagar's great-great-grandson, Bhagiratha in penance, depicted in the monument of Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu.

The following is a list, in chronological order, of some of the prominent monarchs of the dynasty;[citation needed]

  1. Manu or Vaivasvata Manu: the king of all mankind and the first human being on Earth. (According to Hindu belief there are 14 Manvantaras; in each, Manu rules.) Vaivasvata Manu was the seventh Manu.[4] Manu is referred to as a Rajan (King) in the Shatapatha Brahmana scripture. He had nine sons, Vena, Dhrishnu, Narishyan, Nabhaga, Ikshvaku, Karusha, Saryati, Prishadhru, Nabhagarishta and one daughter, Ila, who was married to Budha of the Lunar Dynasty. He left the kingdom to the eldest male of the next generation, Ikshvaku, who was actually the son of Manu's brother Shraaddev.
  2. Ikshvaku: the first prominent monarch of this dynasty, giving the dynasty its another name the Ikshvaku dynasty.
  3. Harishchandra: another very prominent monarch of this dynasty, known for his truthfulness, principles and sacrifices.
  4. Bhagiratha: Sagara's great-grandson, after strenuous penances, at last succeeded in bringing Ganges down from Heaven. When she flowed over the remains of his ancestors, their souls were redeemed, and the ocean was refilled. Ganges bears the name "Bhagirathi", in honour of his deed.
  5. Dilipa: Dilipa was a powerful king and a religious man. He got a brave and powerful son, Raghu for his good deeds. He loved his wife Sudakshidna.
  6. Raghu: Raghu was a brave warrior and powerful king. He defeated Indra. During his reign the kingdom prospered very much.
  7. Aja: Aja was the son of Raghu. He was brave and powerful like his father. He killed an elephant by himself when he was a teenager. During his reign no king revolted.
  8. Dasharatha: Born as Nemi, he acquired the name Dasratha, because his chariot could go in all 8 directions, and also go up and come down on his wish.
  9. Rama: He is considered the seventh Avatar of the god Vishnu. Many Hindus include his name in either their first or last name. Rama's story before he became king of Ayodhya is recounted in the Ramayana. After he ascended the throne, he performed the Ashwamedha Yajna, or horse sacrifice. Bharata, his younger brother, won the country of Gandhara and settled there.
  10. Lava and Kusha: They were the twin sons of Rama and his wife Sita. Lava ruled south Kosala while Kusha ruled north Kosala, including Ayodhya. Kusha married "Nagkanya" "Kumuddhati", sister of Kumuda.
  11. Śuddhodana, leader of the Shakya Ganarajya at Kapilavastu. His son was Siddhartha Shakya, founder of Buddhism and came to be known as Gautam Buddha.
  12. Prasenjit II (Pasenadi)
  13. Sumitra: He was the last king of Ayodhya from solar dynasty. In the fourth century BC, emperor Mahapadma Nanda of the Nanda Dynasty forced Sumitra to leave Ayodhya and ended the dynasty's rule.

Genealogy of Rama

The Genealogy of Rama (ancestors as well as descendants) is found in Book IV of Vishnu Purana, the Shrimad Bhagavatam and the Brahma Purana.

Descendants Of Ikshvaku

Chapter 1 of Vishnupurana mentions that Brahma created Daksha out of his thumb. Daksha had a daughter Aditi, who was mother of Sun. From the Sun was born Manu. Since the Sun-god was Manu's father, his lineage came to be known as the Suryavansha(the descendants of Sun). They then happened to settle down in south of India in a small town called Chintamani and their family then came to be popularly called as Kataris.

Manu had 60 sons of whom 50 perished quarreling with one another. Ten sons survived, one of whom was Ikshvaku. The Brahma Purana (Chapters 7 and 8) provides details on Manu's 10 sons and their descendants as follows:

  • Ikshvaku
  • Nriga
  • Dhrishta - also called Rishta. He ruled over Dharstika. His son was first a Kshatriya and then became a Vaishya. Subsequently, he became a Brahmin.
  • Saryati - He had twins, Anarta and Sukanya. Anarta's country was Anarta with Kushasthali as its capital. Anarta's son was Raiva and grandson was Raivata. Raivata's son was Kakudmin. Kakudmin returned after a few Yugas to Kushasthali and found it changed to Dvaravati, ruled by Yadavas. He gave his daughter Revati(aka Samudra) in marriage to Baladeva and retired to asceticm.
  • Narishyanta - Narishyanta had a son named Yama and grandson named Dhandhara. Narishyanta's sons were the Sakas.
  • Pransu - Pransu's son was Prajapai.
  • Nabhaga - He had a son named Ambirasa who was first Kshatriya and then became Vaishya. Subsequently, he became Brahmin.
  • Nideshta
  • Karusha - His sons Karushas became Kshatriyas.
  • Prishadhra - He hurt his teacher's cow and hence was cursed to become a Shudra.

Manu also had a child named Ila(aka Sudyumna) who gave birth to Pururavas after intercourse with Budha, the son of Soma. Pururavas was the first king of Aila dynasty or the Somavamsha/Chandravansha.

Rama was born in Ikshvaku's line. The lineage from Ikshvaku to Rama is as follows:

  • Ikshwaku - Manu's successor was the founder of the Ikshvaku dynasty. Ikshwaku fathered 101 children of whom most illustrious were Vikukshi, Nimi and Danda. Ikshvaku's 50 children were protector of northern countries while 48 were prince of southern countries. Nimi was ruler of Mithila region and started the kingdom of Janaka. After death of Ikshwaku, his son Sasada succeeded him. According to Jain sources, Ikshvaku was Rushabdev.
  • Sasada - Named Vikuksi at birth, he was called Sasada after eating Hare-meat meant for a rite himself(Sasada means Hare-eater). Though abandoned by Ikshvaku, he became the successor due to Vasistha. Vikuksi had 500 sons who guarded northern regions led by Shakuni and 58 sons who guarded southern regions led by Visati. The Brahma Purana says Sasada's son was Kakutstha and Kakutstha's son was Prithu. However, Vishnu Purana says Sasada's son was Puranjaya(Paranjaya in Shrimad Bhagavatham) and Puranjaya's son was Prithu. From Puranjaya / Kakutstha and Prithu the lineage is as follows:
  • Puranjaya(Vishnu Purana) and Shrimad Bhagavatham / Kakutstha(Brahma Purana)
  • Prithu
  • Andra
  • Yuvanasva
  • Srasvata - He founded the city of Srasvati.
  • Brihadasva(also spelled Brihad-Ashwa).
  • Kuvalaysva - He defeated demon Asura Dhundu. His sons(21000 in number) perished except three - Dridhasva, Chadrasva and Kaplisva. Haryasva, the eldest son of these three succeeded to the throne.
  • Dridhasva
  • Haryasva
  • Nikumbha
  • Samhatasva - rendered Samhatasva in Brahma Purana. He had 2 sons, Akrasava and Krisasva and a daughter Haimavati whose son was Prasenajit. The Brahma Purana proceeds with the genealogy tables from Prasenajit with the same names as in Vishnu Purana and Shrimad Bhagavatam below. However, since Prasenajit is the son of Haimavati in Brahma Purana, this would make the line to have descended from Haimavati(a female) as per Brahma Purana.
  • Krisasva - The Vishnu Purana and Shrimad Bhagavatam says Prasenajit was Krisasva's son.
  • Prasenajit married Gauri. As per Brahmapurana, he had two sons, Yuvanaswa and Mandhata. However, as per Shrimad Bhagavatam and Vishnu Purana, Mandhata was Yuvanasva's son.
  • Yuvanasva(2) - According to Vishnu Puarana, Yuvanasva had no children, so the sages, took pity on Yuvanaswa and instituted a Yajna to help him procure progeny. One night, Yuvanaswa feeling thirsty and not wanting to disturb anybody, went in search of water. In darkness, he accidentally drank the consecrated water. In the morning the sages found the vessel containing the consecrated water to be empty and pronounced that a mighty son will be born to the queen who has drunk this water. Then Yuvanasva told the sages about he having drunk the water. Accordingly, Yuvanasva conceived a child in his belly. Upon birth of a male child, he was worried as to who would nurse the child. Lord Indra appeared and said - Mam Dhyasti i.e. I would be his nurse, and hence the boy was named Mandhata.
  • King Mandhata - He married Chaitarathi / Bindumati, daughter of Sasabindu. He is supposed to be a mighty monarch who conquered seven continents and bought them under his dominion. A verse in Vishnu Purna is translated as "From the rising to the going down of the sun, all that is irradiated by his light, is the land of Mandhata* As per Brahmapurana he had 2 sons, Purukutsa and Mukunda; and Trasdasya was the son of Purukutsa. From Purukuta the line follows in the same manner as SB and Vishnu Purana. However, SB and Vishnu Purana provide additional names between Mandhatra and Purukutsa as below:
  • Ambarisha(son of Yuvanasva)
  • Purukutsa
  • Trasadasya(Son of Purukutsa and Narmada). According to Brahmapurana Narmada was Trasadasyu's wife. One Kurusravana is described as the son of Trasadasyu in Rigveda 10.33 and hence Keith supposes that the Kurus existed in the Rg-Veda. It remains a controversy as to whether Vedic literature knows of an enmity between the Kurus and the Pancalas, which we know of in the Mahabharata. Trasadasyu's son was Sambhuti.
  • Sambhuti
  • Anaranya - He was supposedly slain by Ravana.
  • Haryasva
  • Sumati
  • Tridhanwan. In Brahmapurana, Tridhanwan is posited as the son of Sambuta and the names in between Sambhuta and Tridhanwan as provided by SB and Vishnupurana are absent.
  • Thrayaruni
  • Satyavarta(also known as Trishanku). He was banished by his father Thrayaruni and went to live with Svapakas. He killed Vasistha's cow. Brahmpurana says Vishwamitra made him ascend to heaven with his physical body.
  • Harishchandra. Also called Traishankava as the son of Trisanku and Satyavadi Harishchandra s he spoke only truth for his entire lifetime.
  • Rohitaswa, also called Rohita.
  • Harita
  • Chunchu, also spelled Chanchu, Cancu, Chamchu, Campa. Manusmrithi mentions Chenchu who have been explored for their links with the tribe Andhras.
  • Vinaya
  • Ruruka
  • Vrika
  • Bahu(also known as Bathuka) - His kingdom was overrun by neighbouring tribe of Haihayas and Talajangha. He was expelled to the jungle with his queens where Sage Bhargava gave them shelter. As per Brahmapurana, Bahu was not very righteous. One of his queens, Yadavi, gave birth to Sagara together with poison(gara).
  • Sagara - Also known as Sagar Chakravarti, he had 60001 sons. Sagara recaptured his father's kingdom and defeated the tribes of Heheya Kingdom, Talajhanghas, Sakas, Pahlavas and Paradas. He shaved off the hair of Sakas halfway, that of Yavanas and Kambojas totally, the Paradas had to wear their hair loose, and the Pahlavas had to wear moustaches. All of the following had to give up recitation; and were deprieved of their Kshatriya-hood and their dharma: Sakas, Kambhojas, Yavanas, Paradas, Konisarpas (Kalasarpas), Mahishakas, Cholas and Keralas. Sagara performed Ashvamedha and the horse disappeared near the coast of the South-eastern ocean. There they found Sage Kapila resting. According to the Vishnu Purana, Sagara's sons killed Kapila. According to the Brahma Purana, Kapila is an avatar of Vishnu and burnt up Sagara's sons and spared 4 of them—Barhiketu, Suketu, Dharmaratha, Panchananda. Then Kapila blessed Sagara, who went on to perform 100 Asvamedhas and begot 60,000 sons. One of the sons, named Panchajana entered the brilliance of Narayana and became King. His son Asmanjasa succeeded him.
  • Amsumantha - Grandson of Sagara and son of Asmanjasa/Panchajana.
  • Dilipa
  • Bhagiratha - Bhagiratha bought the river Ganges to earth from Heaven.
  • Sruta
  • Nabhaga
  • Ambarisha(2)
  • Sindhudwipa
  • Ayutayu
  • Rituparna, a friend of Nala.
  • Sarvakama
  • Sudama, supposedly a friend of Indra.
  • Saudasa(also known as Mitrasaha, Kalmshapada and Kamlasapada Saudasa).

After Saudasa, the Brahmapurana gives the descent until Raghu as follows:

  • Saudasa
  • Sarvakarman
  • Anaranya
  • Nighna
  • Anamitra and Raghu
  • Dulidaha, the son of Anamitra
  • Dilipa
  • Raghu

After Saudasa, the Vishnupurana gives the descent until Raghu as follows:

  • Saudasa
  • Asmaka
  • Mulaka - (also derogatorily called Narikavacha(one who uses ladies for armour) since he was surrounded and concealed by women when his enemies came searching for him). In present times Mulaka is (1) name of a jangam tribe in Andhra Pradesh that claims to be Kapus/Balijas; and (2) alternate name used by Mulukanadu Brahmins[citation needed]
  • Satharatha
  • Ldabida (or) Viswasaha
  • Dilipa(2) (or) Khatvanga
  • Deerghabahu
  • Raghu

After Raghu, all the puranas give the descent as follows:

Valmiki Ramayana

The Genealogy of Rama is provided in the Ayodhya Kanda of Valmiki Ramayana as follows:

After Trishanku the Valmiki Ramayan continues with Yuvanasva as below:

  • Yuvanasva
  • Mandhata
  • Susandhi. He had 2 sons Dhruvasandhi and Prasenajit.
  • Bharata, born to Dhruvasandhi
  • Asita - Haihayas, Talajanghas and Shashibindavas became his enemies and drove him away. Asita became a Sage and took asylum in the Ashrama of Rishi Chyavana(a Bhrigu descendent). Asita's wife Kalindi gave birth to Sagara together with the poison that she was given to destroy her foetus.
  • Sagara - excavated the ocean
  • Asamanjasa - banished by his father Sagara for wrongdoings. Asamanjasa's son Amshuman succeeded him.
  • Amshuman
  • Dilipa
  • Bhagiratha
  • Kakutstha - his sons were called Kakutsthas. In the line of Kakutsthas was born a son called Raghu, from whence sprang the Raghavas.
  • Raghu
  • Kalmashapada - he is also known as Purushadaka, Pravriddha and Soudasa.
  • Shankhana
  • Sudarshana
  • Agnivarna
  • Shighraga
  • Maru
  • Prashushruva
  • Ambarisha
  • Nahusha
  • Yayati
  • Nabhaga - had 2 sons Aja and Suvrata.
  • Dasharatha, son of Aja
  • Rama

Kings of Ayodhya

The lists of kings of Ikṣvāku or Aikṣvāka dynasty are found in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the Harivamsha and the Puranas. The Raghuvamsha of Kalidasa also mentions the names of the kings of this dynasty.The genealogy of the Ikshvaku dynasty to Rama is mentioned in the Ramayana in two lists . The only difference between the two lists is that, Kukshi is mentioned only in the second list . In the first list, Vikukshi is mentioned as the son of Ikshvaku.

The Krita or Satya Yuga Kings

  1. Ikshvaku
  2. Bharatha or Kukshi was the founder of Suryavansha. But He died at an early age. So, Vikukshi became the king of Ayodhya.
  3. Puranjaya
  4. Kakusta(1) ruled 10900 years.
  5. Anenas
  6. Prithu

The Treta Yuga Kings

  1. Vishwagashva
  2. Ardra
  3. Yuvanashva(1) (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Kanyakbuja who was the founder of Kannauj)
  4. Sravasta (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Kusha)
  5. Vrihadashva
  6. Kuvalayashva
  7. Haryashva(1) (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Kushanabha)
  8. Nikumbha (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Gaadhi)
  9. Sanhatashva (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Vishvaratha who was popularly known as the Great Vishwamitra)
  10. Krisashva
  11. Prasenajit
  12. Yuvanashva(2)
  13. Mandhatri (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Kartavirya Arjuna, Sage Parashurama, and Ravana)
  14. Purukutsa became the king of Ayodhya and married with Narmada after Mandhata's death and Muchukunda went to Swargaloka or Indraloka to fight against the asuras in Deva-Asura War. (Contemporary to Chandravanshi Kings Surasena , the son of Kartavirya Arjuna who was the founder of Surasena Kingdom on the banks of Yamuna and Gandhara who was the founder of Gandhara Kingdom).
  15. Trayadasu
  16. Sambruhuta
  17. Anaranya (Contemporary to Chandravanshi King Shibi who offered his own flesh for a pigeon)
  18. Prishadashva (Contemporary to Chandravanshi Kings, Madra and Kekaya Who were the founders of Madra Kingdom and Kekaya Kingdom)
  19. Haryashva(2)
  20. Sumanas
  21. Thridhanwan
  22. Trayarunya
  23. Trishanku
  24. Harischandra
  25. Rohitashva
  26. Haritashva
  27. Chunchu
  28. Vijaya = Ramayana was written by Sage Valmiki during the reign of this King.
  29. Ruruka
  30. Vrika
  31. Bahuka
  32. King Sagara ruled 30000 Years
  33. Asamanja
  34. Amshuman made penance for 32000 Years and attained Swarga.
  35. Dilipa(1) made penance for 32000 Years and attained Swarga.
  36. Bhagiratha
  37. Srutha
  38. Nabhaga
  39. Ambarisha
  40. Sindhudwipa
  41. Ayutashva
  42. Rituparna
  43. Sarvakarma
  44. Sudasa
  45. Saudasa or Mitrasaha or Kalmashapada
  46. Asmaka
  47. Mulaka (Contemporary to Chandravanshi king Prachinavan)
  48. Dasharatha(1)
  49. Illavila
  50. Vishwasaha
  51. Khatvangha
  52. Dilipa(2)
  53. Raghu(2)
  54. Aja
  55. Dasharatha(2) (Contemporary to Videha King Janaka(2) or Seeradwaja)
  56. Rama (Contemporary to Yadava King Kunti who was the ancestor of Kuntibhoja)
  57. Kusha (Contemporary to Yadava King Kunti)
  58. Atithi (Contemporary to Yadava King Turvasu -2)
  59. Nishadha was the founder of Nishada Kingddom.
  60. Nala
  61. Nabhas
  62. Pundarika
  63. Kshemadhanvan
  64. Devanika
  65. Ahinagu
  66. Roop
  67. Rudra
  68. Paripatra
  69. Dala (or Balashala)
  70. Chhal (or Anal)
  71. Ukya
  72. Vajranabha
  73. Khagan (or Shankhanaad)
  74. Vighruti (or Vyushitashva)
  75. Vishvasaha-2

The Dvapara Yuga Kings

  1. Hiranyanabha (He was student of Sage Jaimini, Yagnyavalkya has accepted him as his teacher)
  2. Pushya
  3. Dhruvasandhi
  4. Sudarshana-2
  5. Agnivatna-2
  6. Shighra
  7. Maru-2
  8. Prasushruta
  9. Susandhi (or Sugandhi)
  10. Amarshana and Sahasvanta, the sons of Susandhi
  11. Mahasvan
  12. Vishwasahav
  13. Prasenjit-1
  14. Takshaka
  15. Brihadbala was killed by Abhimanyu in Mahabharatha War.

The Kali Yuga Kings

  1. Brihatkshaya (or Bruhadrunam)
  2. Urukriya (or Gurukshep)
  3. Vatsavyuha
  4. Prativyoma
  5. Bhaanu
  6. Divakara (or Divak)
  7. Sahadeva
  8. Brihadashva-2
  9. Bhanuratha (or Bhanumaan)
  10. Pratitashva
  11. Supratika
  12. Marudeva
  13. Sunakshatra
  14. Pushkara (or Kinnara)
  15. Suvarna (or Sutapaa)
  16. Sumitra (or Amitrajt)
  17. Bruhadaraaj (Okkaka)
  18. Barhi (Okkamukha)
  19. Kritanjaya (Sivisamjaya)
  20. Ranajjaya (Sihassara)
  21. Sanjaya (Mahakoshala or Jayasena)
  22. Shakya (Sihahanu)
  23. Śuddhodana (ruler of Shakya Republic of Kapilavastu)
  24. Siddhartha (or Gautama Buddha) (B.C.E. 1887-B.C.E. 1807)
  25. Rāhula, the only son of Gautam Buddha
  26. Prasenajit (Born in B.C.E. 1860: when Siddhartha was of age 27 years)
  27. Kshudraka (or Kuntala)
  28. Ranaka (or Kulaka)
  29. Suratha
  30. Sumitra was Last ruler of Ikshvakuvansh/Suryavansha. He was defeated and driven out from Ayodhya by Mahapadma Nanda.

Descendants Of Rama

The lineage of Rama starting from him is as under:

  • Rama and Sita had two sons, Kusha and Luv
  • Kusha married a Naga princess and held sway over Dakshina Kosala that roughly corresponds to present day Chhattisgarh.
  • Atithi
  • Nishadha
  • Nala
  • Nabhas, also known as Nabha
  • Pundarika
  • Kshemadhanwan, also spelled Kshemadanvan
  • Devanika
  • Ahinagu or Ahinaga, which the Shrimad Bhagavatam renders as Ahina Alternate Pali sources mention that Ahinaga, te King of Ayodhya was one of the Naga Kings ruling with great power and majesty who was converted to Buddha's faith. Ahinaga is also portrayed in Buddhist literature as an initial adversary of Buddha and sometimes as Vritra or as a descendent of the Vedic Ahi-Vritra. However, this version does not coroborrate with the version given by Bhavishya Purana where Gautama Buddha is born in the line of Brihadbala as mentioned in the tables below. Bhandarkar mentions pre-Buddhist literature which tells that there were four families of the Ahi(Naga) kings around the regions of Kampilya, while making mention that in the Mahabharat, Bhishma and Krishna stayed with the Sarpa and Naga families for sometime. Ahinaga's son was Pariyatra.

The Brahma Purana gives the descent from Ahinaga to Vajranabha as follows:

  • Ahinaga
  • Sala
  • Ukhya, also known as Uktha
  • Vajranabha - had a son named Nala.

The Vishnu Purana gives the descent from Ahinaga to Vajranabha as follows:

  • Ahinaga
  • Paripatra, also rendered as Pariyatra.
  • Dala
  • Chhala, also rendered as Bala and Vacchala. The Shrimad-Bhagavatam calls him Balasthala.
  • Uktha, also known as Ukhya
  • Vajranabha-In The Shrimad Bhagavatam, Vajranabha is listed as the son of Balasthala.

From Vajranabha to Brihadbala the genealogy given by the Vishnu Purana differs from the one given in the Shrimad-Bhagavatam. Vishnu Purana provides the genealogy as follows:

  • Vajranabha
  • Sankhanabha
  • Abhyutthitaswa
  • Viswasaha
  • Hiranyanabha - He was pupil of Sage Jaimini and is considered to be a Sage King. He communicated the knowledge of spiritual exercises to Yajnavalkya.
  • Pushya, also known as Pushpa.
  • Dhruvasandhi
  • Maru
  • Prasusruta
  • Susandhi
  • Amarsha
  • Mahaswat
  • Visrutavat
  • Vrihadbala - Brihadbala was the last king in this dynasty. He was killed in battle by Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna.

The Shrimad-Bhagavatam gives the genealogy from Vajranabha to Brihadbala as follows:

  • Vajranabha - said to have been born from the effulgence of the sun-god.
  • Sagana
  • Vidhriti.
  • Hiranyanabha, who became a disciple of Jaimini and became a great acarya of mystic yoga. It is from Hiranyanabha that the great saint Yajnavalkya learned the highly elevated system of mystic yoga known as adhyatma-yoga. His son was Puspa.
  • Pushya, also known as Pushpa.
  • Dhruvasandhi
  • Sudarsana
  • Agnivarna
  • Sighra
  • Maru
  • Prasusruta
  • Sandhi, also known as Susandhi
  • Amarsha, also known as Amarshana
  • Mahaswat, also known as Mahasvan
  • Visvabahu
  • Prasenajit
  • Takshaka - a Naga king banished by the Pandava, Arjuna, from the Khandava forest.
  • Vrihadbala - Brihadbala was the last king in this dynasty. He was killed in battle by Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna.

Descendents of Brihadbala

The descendents of Brihadbala is given by the Shrimad Bhagavatam, Canto 9 as follows.[5] Their alternate names as mentioned in the Bhavishya Purana are provided in brackets:[6]

  • Vrihadbala / Brihadbala. At the beginning of Kali-Yuga Brihadbala was ruling Kosala. He was killed by the Pandava, Abhimanyu.
  • Brihadrana (Brihatshaya)
  • Urukriya (Urukshaya)
  • VatsaVriddha (Vatsavyooha)
  • Prativyoma (Prativyom)
  • Bhanu
  • Divaka. The Bhavishya Purana states Divakara as the son of Prativyoma.
  • Sahadeva
  • Brihadasva
  • Bhanuman (Bhanuratha)
  • Pratikasva (Pratitashva)
  • Supratika
  • Marudeva (Merudeva)
  • Sunakshatra
  • Pushkara
  • Antariksha. There is a variation in the Bhavishya Purana as Antariksha is stated to be descended from Sunakshatra as follows: Sunakshatra -> Kinnarashva -> Antariksha.
  • Sutapa (Suparna)
  • Amitrajit (Amitarajit)
  • Brihadraja (Brihadbhrija)
  • Barhi (Dharmin)
  • Kritanjaya
  • Rananjaya
  • Sanjaya
  • Sakya (Shakya)
  • Suddhoda Shakya. The Bhavishya Purana states that he was Suddodhana, the father of Gautama Buddha and since Buddha abdicated the throne the lineage continued with his son Rahula.[7]
  • Langala (Rahula) Shakya
  • Prasenajit (Prasenjit)
  • Kshudraka (Kshudvaka)
  • Ranaka (Kulaka)
  • Suratha
  • Sumitra.

The Ikshvakus were a coveted line. After Sumitra there were no more sons in the dynasty of the sun-god, and thus the dynasty is said to end. [became matrilineal?, note line starts from female Aditi-Kashyapa]. The following excerpts are mentioned by KR Subramanian in the book "Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D." from page 82-87:

Many south Indian dynasties chose to be associated with them in some form or the other. The Cholas and Gangas claimed descent from them. The Pallava chief of Kanchipuram, Tondaman Ilam Tiraiyan is given a similar pedigree of descent from the Ikshvakus in the Perumbanarruppatai. The Kekeyas of the deccan were proud of their marriage alliance with the Iksvakus. By a Nagarjunakonda inscription, an Ikshvaku princess is said to have married the King of Banavasi, before Banavasi came to be ruled by the Kadambas, and hence the wedding is taken to be with a Bana king. The Satavahanas were linked to Ikshvakus. The Ikshvakus were the most famous family of Andhra-desa, north of Krishna, in the 3rd century CE, and were great patrons of Buddhism.

It has been suggested that the following dynasties were historically Jain Clans: Rashtrakuta Dynasty, Western Ganga Dynasty, Magadha Kingdom, Solankis, Ikshvaku Dynasty, Andhra Ikshvakus and Nanda Dynasty.

Raghuvaṃśa dynasty

 
Dasaratha's court celebrates the announcement of the birth and the naming of the four princes

Raghuwamsa or Raghu race is a legendary lineage of warrior kings tracing its ancestry to the Hindu solar deity Surya. Kalidasa's famous work, Raghuvaṃśa depicts the legend of this race. The progenitor of the lineage was Raghu, son of the emperor Dileepa. Raghu was father of Aja, and thus grandfather of Dasaratha, and great-grandfather of Rama. They are thus of the Raghuvamsa ("dynasty of Raghu") lineage.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pargiter, F. E. (1922). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition. Oxford University Press. pp. 90–91. 
  2. ^ Bhagawan, Sathya Sai Baba (2002). Ramakatha Rasavahini. Prasanthi Nilayam: Sri Sathya Sai Books and Publications Trust. ISBN 81-7208-132-4. 
  3. ^ Valmiki, translated by Arshia Sattar (1996). The Ramayana. New Delhi: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-029866-5. 
  4. ^ List of Manus
  5. ^ "Shimad Bhagavatam, Canto 9.12.2". vedabase.net. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-06. 
  6. ^ Bhavishya Purana, by B.K. Chaturvedi, p.63-64
  7. ^ Bhavishya Purana, by B.K. Chaturvedi, p.64

External links