Munisuvrata Swami (Munisuvratanātha) was the twentieth Tirthankara of the present half time cycle (avasarpini) in Jain cosmology. He became a siddha, a liberated soul which has destroyed all of his karma. Events of the Jaina version of Ramayana are placed at the time of Munisuvratanatha. His chief apostle (gaṇadhara) was sage Malli Svāmi.
Twentieth Jain Tirthankara
Shri 1008 Munisuvratnath Bhagwan Statue
According to Jain texts, Munisuvratanātha was born as 34 lakh plus 25,000 years passed after the birth of the nineteenth Tirthankara, Mallinātha. According to Jain beliefs, Munisuvratanātha descended from the heaven called Ānata kalpa on the twelfth day of the bright half of the month of Āśvina – āśvina śukla dvādaśi– to Queen Padmā and King Sumitra.
In his previous incarnation, Munisuvrata was born as Surshreshta, the king of Champa, Mahavideh.
On the third day of Shraavana (month) Krishna (dark fortnight) according to Hindu calendar, Queen Padmavati of Rajgir saw sixteen auspicious dreams. When she shared her dreams with her husband, King Sumitra of the Harivamsa clan, he explained that a Tirthankara will be born to them soon. Then, Munisuvrata was born to them on the fifteenth day of the Shraavana Shukla (bright fortnight) in 1,184,980 BC.
According to Jain texts, after spending 7,500 years as youth (kumārakāla), Munisuvratanātha ruled His kingdom for 15,000 years (rājyakāla). He then renounced all worldly pursuits and became a monk. According to Jain beliefs, Munisuvratanātha spent 11 months (chadmasthakāla) performing karma-destroying austerities and then attained the all-embracing knowledge – Omniscience (kevala jñāna).
His height was 20 bows (60 metres).
Munisuvratanātha is said to have lived for over 30,000 years and attained liberation (nirvāña) from Sammeda śikhara on the twelfth day of the dark half of the month of Phālguna – phālguna kṛṣna dvādaśi.
O Lord Munisuvratanātha! You had attained the excellent observance of the vows of the sages; you are the ascetic supreme, and utterly pristine (having destroyed the inimical karmas). You stood out in the assembly of the sages like the moon in the midst of the constellations of stars.— Svayambhūstotra (20-1-111)
- Chaturmukha Basadi is a famous Jain temple located at Karkala in the Indian state of Karnataka. The temple is dedicated to Tirthankara Aranatha, Māllīnātha and Munisuvrata.
- Shri Munisuvrata-Nemi-Parshva Jinalaya located at Santhu, Rajasthan
- Paithan Jain Tirth
Gupti Dham Ganaur
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- Tandon 2002, p. 45.
- Tukol 1980, p. 31.
- Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 203.
- Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 203-204.
- "Lord Munisuvrata - Main Events of Life", e-jainism
- Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 204.
- Sarasvati 1970, p. 444.
- Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 138-142.
- Vijay K. Jain 2015, p. 138.
- Zvelebil 1992, p. 65.
- Sandhya, C D’Souza (19 November 2010), "Chaturmukha Basadi: Four doors to divinity Last updated", Deccan Herald
- Johnson, Helen M. (1931), Munisuvratanathacaritra (Book 6.7 of the Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra), Baroda Oriental Institute
- Jain, Vijay K. (2015), Acarya Samantabhadra's Svayambhustotra: Adoration of The Twenty-four Tirthankara, Vikalp Printers, ISBN 978-81-903639-7-6, archived from the original on 16 September 2015,
This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Sarasvati, Swami Dayananda (1970), An English translation of the Satyarth Prakash, Swami Dayananda Sarasvati
- Tukol, T. K. (1980), Compendium of Jainism, Dharwad: University of Karnataka
- Zvelebil, Kamil (1992), Companion Studies to the History of Tamil Literature, Netherlands, ISBN 90-04-09365-6
- Tandon, Om Prakash (2002) , Jaina Shrines in India (1 ed.), New Delhi: Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, ISBN 81-230-1013-3