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In Hindu texts, the Puru and Yadu Dynasties are the descendants of legendary King Pururavas who was a famous Hindu ruler in the Treta Yuga. Pururavas was the son of Ila and Budha. Some of the dynasties' important members were Yayati, Yadu, King Puru, Turvasu, Druhyu and Anu. According to Hindu mythology, Yayāti was one of the ancestors of Pandavas and the Yaduvamsha.
Chandravamsha clan Edit
Pururavas was the Hindu kshatriya ruler of Treta Yuga. According to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, King Pururavas was the son of Ila and Budha. Some important members were Yayati, Yadu, King Puru, Turvasu, Druhyu and Anu. According to Mahabharata, Pandavas and Kauravas were from the lineage of King Puru. Kartavirya Arjuna, Shree Krishna and Balarama were from the lineage of King Yadu. Yadu Vamsa known as Yadavas. Turvasu's descendants were Mleccha of Balochistan and Dravidas of South India. Druhyu's descendants included Gandhara and Shakuni. Anu's descendants included Madras, Kekayas, King Ushinara and Shibi Chakravarthi.
The Lunar Dynasty descendants Edit
The Lunar Dynasty was started in Treta Yuga. Yaduvamsha is a subdivision of Lunar Dynasty. Ancestors of Yaduvamsha was Chandravamsha.
- Aayu, Shrutayu, Satyayu, Raya, Jaya and Vijaya were the sons of King Pururavas
- Nahusha, Kshatravrdhdha, Raji, Rabha and Anena were the sons of Aayu
- Yati, king Yayati, Samyati, Ayati, Viyati, Nishant Chandravamsha and Kriti were the sons of Nahusha.
Yayati (Contemporary to Demon King Vrishparva) had two wives and five sons. Yadu, Turvasu, Druhyu, Anu and King Puru were the five sons of Yayati. Devayani and Sharmishtha were the two wives of Yayati. Yayati, later, became the most powerful ruler of his era.
God of Creation
Wife of Atri
Wife of Durvasa
illegitimate Wife of Chandra
Wife of Chandra
Wife of Dattatreya
illegitimate son of Chandra
legitimate son of Chandra
(According to Shanti Parva)
Emperor Puru dynasty Edit
- Puru (contemporary to Suryavanshi Emperor Mandhatri)
- Janamejaya I
- Prachinwan (contemporary to Suryavanshi king Mulaka)
- Matinara I
- Sarvabhauma I
- Arihana I
- Akrodhana I
- Devaththi I
- Arihana II
- Riksha II
- Matinara II
- Emperor Bharata
Emperor Bharata dynasty Edit
Bharata (Mahabharata) conquered the whole world from Kashmir (pole) to Kumari (coast) and established the great Lunar dynasty and by the glory, zenith and name of this king, India was called as Bharatavarsha or Bharatakhanda or Bharatadesha or Bharata. He was named so because he had the blessings of Goddess Saraswati and Lord Hayagriva. India developed Vedic studies (Sanatana Dharma) in the Vedic Period.
- Ajamida I
- Riksha II
- Samvarana I
- Kuru I
- Anasawan I
- Parikshit I
- Janamejaya II
- Dhirtarashtra I
- Hasthi (founder of Hastinapur)
- Ajamida II
- Rishin (became a Rajarshi)
- Samvarna II
- Kuru II (By the name and glory of this king, the dynasty was called Kuru Kingdom and was the founder of Magadha Kingdom.)
Ajamida dynasty Edit
Once in Treta Yuga, there lived a sage called Chuli. He was named so because he worships the lord Shiva always with a Shulam (Trident). Apsara Somada who was the daughter of Apsaras Urmila came to him. Then Sage asked what she wanted. Somada asked him to marry her and to give a brave and a valiant son. Soon they were married and in short time a son was born to them. He was Brahmadatta I who married 100 daughters of Kushanabha who was the grandfather of Sage Vishwamitra and this king formed his kingdom's capital named Kampilya long before the 5 Panchala brothers. But his dynasty's reign were very short.
After his descendants' reign, it came under the control of the Paurava, Ajamida II, who was a descendant of Puru.
Panchala dynasty Edit
Ajamida II had a son named Rishin (a saintly king). Rishin had 2 sons namely Samvarana II whose son was Kuru and Brihadvasu whose descendants were Panchalas.
- Samvarana II and Brihadvasu
- Brihadbhanu was the son of Brihadvasu.
- Aramyaswa (Contemporary of Nala, Damyanti, and Rituparna)
- Mudgala (Rajrshi who married Nala and Damayanti's daughter)
- Pratiswa, Kampilya (Founder of Kampilya - Capital of Panchala Kingdom) and Srnjaya were the sons of Aramyaswa and were the founders of Panchala Kingdom and were called as Panchalas.
- Dritimana was the son of Mudgala
- Sarvasena was the founder of Ujjain Kingdom
- Brihadkarma (Possibly Pravahana Jaivali)
- Jayaratha (Possible Contemporary of Suryavanshi Emperor Ramachandra)
- Nepavirya (after this King's name the country was named Nepal)
- Bramhadatta II was a Saintly King (Rajarishi)
- Vishwaksena was a Devotee of Lord Vishnu
- Sivana I
- Sivana II
- Sugandakrthu and Prihasta ( Somaka had 100 sons; whom the eldest was Sugandakrthu and youngest was Prishata. However, in a war the 99 elder sons died and Prishata Survived and became the king of Panchala)
- Drupada (son of Prishata and rival of Drona)
- Dhrishtadyumna, Draupadi and Shikhandi (Who played major roles in the Mahabharata)
Kuru dynasty Edit
Kuru II, a king of Puru dynasty after whom the dynasty was named 'Kuruvansha' or 'Kaurava'. After his name, the district in Haryana was called as Kurukshetra. This battlefield before the birth of Bhishma, Shantanu and Pratipa was the Yagnabhumi (sacred place or sacrificial place or capital city of Kuru Kingdom) of this King in Dvapara Yuga. By the glory, zenith and name of this king the dynasty was hence the Kuru Dynasty and the kingdom was renamed from Paurava Kingdom to Kuru Kingdom. After these Kings several kings of this dynasty established several kingdoms. He had three sons, namely Vidhuratha I who became the ruler of Pratisthana, Vyushitaswa who died at a very young age, and Sudhanva, who became the ruler of Magadha. Henceforth, Vidhuratha became the king of Hastinapura.
- Vidhuratha I
- Vidhuratha II
- Sarvabhauma II
- Akrodhana II
- Devaththi II
- Riksha III
- Anaswan II
- Parikshit II
- Janamejaya III
- Chitrāngada (Son of Shantanu, who was killed prematurely). Bhishma, who was the eldest son of the Shantanu and Ganga; had functioned as the regent of the Kurus, under Chitrāngada, Vichitravirya, Pandu and Dhritarashtra II
- Vichitravirya (Younger brother of Chitrāngada, who died prematurely).
- Pandu ( Son of Vichitravirya and Ambalika). Vidura, who was his half brother, served as his, and his elder brother's Prime Minister.
- Dhritarashtra II (Older half-brother of Pandu, and son of Ambika who didn't succeed Vichitravirya directly due to his blindness).
- The Kauravas, led by Duryodhana (Sons of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari, who were slain in the Kurukshetra War). They
- The Pandavas, led by Chakravarti Samrat Yudhishtira (Who were the main protagonists of the Mahabharata).
Yaudheya was the son of Yudhishthira and Devika. Ghatotkacha was the son of Bhima and Hidimbi, Abhimanyu was the son of Arjuna and Subhadra. Babruvahana was the son of Arjuna and Chitrāngadā. Iravan was the son of Arjuna and Ulupi. Niramitra was the son of Nakula and Karenumati. Suhotra was the son of Sahadeva and Queen Vijaya. Upapandavas were the 5 sons of Pandava and Draupadi (Daughter of King Drupada of Panchala).
The following, are monarchs who reigned after Emperor Yudhishtira, according to the Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam;
- Parikshit III was the son of Abhimanyu; and grandson of the Pandava Arjuna
- Janamejaya IV
- Ashwamedhatta (Ashwamedhaja)
Magadha dynasty Edit
Sudhanva, son of Kuru II, became the king of Magadha.
- Uparichara Vasu (Devotee of Lord Vishnu and a friend of Devaraja Indra) conquered Chedi Kingdom.
- Brihadratha (father of Jarasandha and the King of Magadha), Pratyagraha became the King of Chedi whose Great-Grandson was Shishupala, Kusambhi (Vatsa), Mavella, Yadu and Matsya (founder of Matsya Kingdom whose Great-Grandson was Virata who was the founder of Viratanagara) were the sons of Vasu and Satyavati who later married Shantanu.)
- Jayatsena and Sahadeva (the sons of Jarasandha and allies of Pandavas.)
Brihadratha dynasty Edit
Emperor Yadu dynasty Edit
Once Yadu dynasty King Yayati was suffering from a curse, he requested his five sons to help relieve him from that curse. All the four sons disagreed to help except the youngest. Yayati cursed his eldest son Yadu that his descendants are not worth to be a royal one. Yadu apologized for the mistake he committed. Yayati gave him a boon that Lord Narayana himself will born in his dynasty. The descendants of Yadu were Sahasrabahu Kartavirya Arjuna, Krishna etc.
Heheya Kingdom Edit
Sahasrajit was the eldest son of Yadu whose descendant were Haihayas. After Kartavirya Arjuna, his grandsons Talajangha and his son, Vitihotra had occupied Ayodhya which was ruled by Rama's ancestor Sagara's father Bahuka who was also known as Asita. Talajangha, his son Vitihotra were killed by King Sagara. Their descendants (Madhu and Vrshni) exiled to Kroshtas, a division of Yadava Dynasty.
- Mahahaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya (the founder of Haihaya Kingdom). (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Mandhatri)
- Dharma was the son of Haihaya.
- Mahishman was the founder of Mahishmati on the banks of River Narmada.
- Bhadrasenaka (Bhadrasena) (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Trishanku)
- Durmada (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Harischandra)
- Dhanaka (Lord Vishnu)
- Krtavirya, Krtagni, Krtavarma and Krtauja. (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Rohitashva)
- Sahasrabahu Kartavirya Arjuna was the son of Krtavirya who ruled 88 years and was finally killed by Lord Parashurama.
- Jayadhwaja, Vrshabha, Madhu and Urujit were left by Parshurama and 995 others were killed by Lord Parashurama. Pajanya was adopted by Kroshta king Devamidha
- Talajangha (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Asita)
- Vithihotra (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Sagara)
Kroshta dynasty Edit
Yadu had a son named Kroshta whose descendant was Krishna. Once, Satvata and his son Bhima caught hold of Lord Rama's Ashwamedha sacrifice horse and then they were defeated by Hanuman and Shatrughna and the Yadava Kingdom was given to Ikshvaku Dynasty. Rama then gave the kingdom to Shatrughna's son Subahu before his journey to Vaikunta. Then, finally Andhaka (Son of Bhima) recovered his paternal kingdom from Subahu after the journey to Vaikunta of Rama.
- Yadu was the Founder of Yadu Dynasty and Yadava Kingdom (contemporary of God Parashurama)
- Bhima I
- Chitraratha I
- Sashabindu (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Mandhata)
- Madhu I (By the name and glory of this king, Lord Krishna was called Madhava and the Yadavas were called Madhu Yadava or Madhavas)
- Vrishni I was a Yadava king whose dynasty was called as Vrshni Dynasty.
Vrishni dynasty Edit
Vrishni I was a great Yadava king. His descendants were the Vrishni Yadavas, Chedi Yadavas and Kukura Yadavas. His son was Antara.
- Kambhoja was a Bhoja King who founded the Kamboja Kingdom and his descendants were Kambhojas
- Vidarbha was the Founder of Vidarbha Kingdom (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Bahuka)
- Kratha (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Sagara)
- Madhu II
- Satvata was a Yadava King whose descendants were called Satvatas. (Contemporary to Lord Rama)
- Bhima II (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Kusha)
- Andhaka was another Yadava King whose descendants were called Andhakas.
- Raivata (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Athithi)
- Shrikara was a Yadava King who was the disciple of lord Hanuman. After completing education from lord Hanuman, he got a boon from lord Hanuman was that lord Narayana will take birth in Yadu's dynasty.
- Chitraratha II
- Vrishni II
- Surasena was the son of Madisha and Parjanya was the son of Vesparna(2nd wife of Devamidha).
- Vasudeva and others were the son of Surasena and Nanda Baba was the son of Parjanya
- Balarama, Krishna and others were the sons of Vasudeva.
Yogmaya was daughter of Nanda Baba.
Chedi dynasty Edit
Yadu's descendant Vidarbha, who was the founder of the Vidarbha Kingdom, has three sons: Kusha, Kratha and Romapada. Kusha was the founder of Dwaraka. Romapada was given central India Madhya Pradesh. King Romapada's descendants were the Chedis. During the reign of Lord Rama, Tamana and his father Subahu II fought against Rama while doing Ashvamedha sacrifice and were defeated by Lord Hanuman. Later, Uparichara Vasu conquered Chedi.
- Chedi was the founder of the Chedi Kingdom
- Subahu I (contemporary of Suryavanshi King Rituparna and Nala and Damayanti)
- Subahu II
- Tamana (contemporary of Lord Rama)
Kukura dynasty Edit
Vishwagarbha, a descendant of Vrishni had a son named Vasu. Vasu had two sons, Kriti and Kukura. Kriti's descendants were Shurasena, Vasudeva, Kunti, etc. Kukura's descendants were Ugrasena, Kamsa and Devaki, adopted daughter of Ugrasena. After Devaka, his younger brother Ugrasena reigned at Mathura.
- Devaka and Ugrasena
- Kamsa and 10 others were the children of Ugrasena while Devaki, the daughter of Devaka, was the adoptive daughter of Ugrasena.
See also Edit
- The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa Translated into English Prose, Bharata Press, Calcutta (1883–1896)