Puru and Yadu Dynasties

In Hindu texts, the Puru and Yadu Dynasties are the descendants of legendary King Pururavas who famous Hindu ruler in the Treta Yuga. Pururavas was the son of Ila and Budha. Some of the dynasties' important members were Yayati, Yadu, King Puru , Turvasu, Druhyu, Nishant Chandravanshi and Anu. According to Hindu religious books, Yayāti was one of the ancestors of Pandavas and Yaduvanshis.

Lunar DynastyEdit

Pururavas was the Hindu kshatriya ruler of Treta Yuga. According to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, King Pururavas was the son of Ila and Budha. Some important members were Yayati, Yadu, King Puru , Turvasu, Druhyu and Anu. According to Mahabharata, Pandavas and Kauravas were from the lineage of King Puru. Kartavirya Arjuna, Shree Krishna and Balarama were from the lineage of King Yadu. Yadu Vamsa known as Yadavas. Turvasu's descendants were Mleccha of Balochistan and Dravidas of South India. Druhyu's descendants were Gandhara, Shakuni etc., Anu's descendants were Madras, Kekayas, King Ushinara and Shibi Chakravarthi, etc.

1. Lord Brahma

2. Brahmarshi Atri

3. Chandra Deva

4. Budha (Mercury)

The Lunar Dynasty DescendantsEdit

The Lunar Dynasty was started in Treta Yuga. Yaduvanshi is subdivison of Lunar Dynasty. Ancestors of Yaduvanshi was Chandravanshi.

  1. Pururavas (Contemporary to Ravana of Lanka and Suryavanshi King Vishwagashva)
  2. Aayu, Shrutayu, Satyayu, Raya, Jaya and Vijaya were the sons of King Pururavas
  3. Nahusha, Kshatravrdhdha, Raji, Rabha and Anena were the sons of Aayu
  4. Yati, king Yayati, Samyati, Ayati, Viyati, Nishant Chandravanshi and Kriti were the sons of Nahusha.

Yayati (Contemporary to Demon King Vrishparva) had 2 wives and 5 sons.Yadu, Turvasu, Druhyu, Anu and King Puru were the 5 sons of Yayati.Devayani and Sharmishtha were the two wives of Yayati. Yayati, later, Become most powerful ruler in his era.

GenealogyEdit

Brahma
God of Creation
Atri
Brahmarshi
Anasuya
Wife of Atri
Kandali
Wife of Durvasa
Durvasa
Maharshi
Tara
Illegitimate Wife of Chandra
Chandra
Deva
Rohini
Wife of Chandra
Lord Dattatreya
Rshi
Anagha
Wife of Dattatreya
Budha
Mercury
Varchas
Son of Chandra

Emperor Puru DynastyEdit

Puru DynastyEdit

The Puru Dynasty Kings such as King Puru and Janamejaya were once defeated by Ravana of Lanka.

  1. King Puru (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Mandhatri)
  2. Janamejaya I
  3. Prachinwan (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Mulaka)
  4. Pravira
  5. Manasyu
  6. Risheyu
  7. Matinara I
  8. Charupada
  9. Suduyu
  10. Bahugava
  11. Sanyati
  12. Ahamyati
  13. Sarvabhauma I
  14. Jayatsena
  15. Arachina
  16. Arihana I
  17. Mahabhauma (Contemporary to Lord Rama)
  18. Ayutanayin
  19. Akrodhana I
  20. Devaththi I
  21. Arihana II
  22. Riksha II
  23. Matinara II
  24. Rantinava
  25. Tansu
  26. Illina
  27. Dushyanta
  28. Emperor Bharata

Emperor Bharata DynastyEdit

Emperor Bharata conquered whole world from Kashmir(Pole) to Kumari(Coast) and established the great Lunar Dynasty and by the glory, zenieth and name of this king India was called as Bharatavarsha or Bharatakhanda or Bharatadesha or Bharata. He was named so because he was having the blessings of Goddess Saraswati and Lord Hayagriva. So, India developed Vedic Studies (Sanatana Dharma) since Vedic era.

  1. Bhumanyu
  2. Suhotra
  3. Ajamida I
  4. Riksha II
  5. Samvarana I
  6. Kuru I
  7. Anasawan I
  8. Parikshit I
  9. Janamejaya II
  10. Dhirtarashtra I
  11. Brihadkshatra
  12. Hasthi was the founder of Hastinapur
  13. Vikuntana
  14. Ajamida II
  15. Rishin was a Saintly King (Rajarishi)
  16. Samvarana II
  17. Kuru II (By the name and glory of this king, the dynasty was called Kuru dynasty and was the founder of Magadha Kingdom.)

Ajamida DynastyEdit

Once in Treta Yuga , there lived a sage called Chuli. He was named so because he worships the lord Shiva always with a Shulam (Trident). Apsara Somada who was the daughter of Apsaras Urmila came to him. Then Sage asked what she wanted. Somada asked him to marry her and to give a brave and a valiant son. Soon they were married and in short time a son was born to them. He was Brahmadatta I who married 100 daughters of Kushanabha who was the grandfather of Sage Vishwamitra and this king formed his kingdom's capital named Kampilya long before the 5 Panchala brothers. But his dynasty's reign were very short.

After his descendants' reign, it came under the control of the Paurava, Ajamida II, who was a descendant of Puru.

Panchala DynastyEdit

Ajamida II had a son named Rishin (a saintly king). Rishin had 2 sons namely Samvarana II whose son was Kuru and Brihadvasu whose descendants were Panchalas.

  1. Rishin
  2. Samvarana II and Brihadvasu
  3. Brihadbhanu was the son of Brihadvasu.
  4. Brihatkaya
  5. Puranjaya
  6. Riksha
  7. Bramhyaswa
  8. Aramyaswa
  9. Mudgala, Yavinara, Pratiswa, Kampilya (Founder of Kampilya - Capital of Panchala Kingdom) and Srnjaya were the sons of Aramyaswa and were the founders of Panchala Kingdom and were called as Panchalas.
  10. Dritimana was the son of Mudgala
  11. Drdhanemi
  12. Sarvasena was the founder of Ujjain Kingdom
  13. Mitra
  14. Rukmaratha
  15. Suparswa
  16. Sumathi
  17. Sannatimana
  18. Krta
  19. Pijavana
  20. Somadutta
  21. Jantuvahana
  22. Badhrayaswa
  23. Brihadhishu
  24. Brihadhanu
  25. Brihadkarma
  26. Jayaratha
  27. Visvajit
  28. Seinyajit
  29. Nepavirya (after this King's name the country was named Nepal)
  30. Samara
  31. Sadashva
  32. Ruchiraswa
  33. Pruthusena
  34. Prapti
  35. Prthaswa
  36. Sukrthi
  37. Vibhiraja
  38. Anuha
  39. Bramhadatta II was a Saintly King (Rajarishi)
  40. Vishwaksena was a Devotee of Lord Vishnu
  41. Dandasena
  42. Durmukha
  43. Durbuddhi
  44. Dharbhya
  45. Divodasa
  46. Sivana I
  47. Mitrayu
  48. Maitrayana
  49. Soma
  50. Sivana II
  51. Sadasana
  52. Sahadeva
  53. Somaka
  54. 100 sons eldest was Sugandakrthu and youngest was Prishata. But in a war 99 sons died and Prishata Survived and became the king of Panchala.
  55. Drupada was the son of Prishata
  56. Dhrishtadyumna was the son of Drupada, Draupadi and Shikhandi were the daughters of Drupada.

Kuru DynastyEdit

Kuru II, a king of Puru dynasty after whom the dynasty was named 'Kuruvansha' or 'Kaurava'. After his name, the district in Haryana was called as Kurukshetra. This battlefield before the birth of Bhishma, Shantanu and Pratipa was the Yagnabhumi (sacred place or sacrificial place or capital city of Kuru Kingdom) of this King in Dvapara Yuga. By the glory, zenith and name of this king the dynasty was hence called as Kuruvansh or Kuru Dynasty and the kingdom was renamed from Paurava Kingdom to Kuru Kingdom. After these Kings several kings of this dynasty established several kingdoms. He had 3 sons namely Vidhuratha I who became the ruler of Pratisthana, Vyushitaswa who died at very young and Sudhanva became the ruler of Magadha. So Vidhuratha became the king of Hastinapura.

Hastinapur DynastyEdit

Vidhuratha I became king of Hastinapur.

  1. Vidhuratha I
  2. Jahnu
  3. Suratha
  4. Vidhuratha II
  5. Sarvabhauma II
  6. Jayasena
  7. Radhika
  8. Ayutayu
  9. Akrodhana II
  10. Devaththi II
  11. Riksha III
  12. Dilipa
  13. Anaswan II
  14. Parikshit II
  15. Janamejaya III
  16. Bheemasena
  17. Prathishravas
  18. Pratipa
  19. Shantanu
  20. Bhishma was the youngest son of Shantanu and River Ganga. Chitrāngada and Vichitravirya were the sons of Shantanu and Satyavati.
  21. Dhritarashtra II, Pandu and Vidura were the sons of Vichitravirya
  22. The Pandavs were the five sons of Pandu and the Kauravas were the 100 sons of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari. Dushala was the daughter of Dhritarashtra and Gandhari and Yuyutsu was the son of Dhritarashtra and Sughada.
  23. Yaudheya was the son of Yudhishthira and Devika. Ghatotkacha was the son of Bhima and Hidimbi, Abhimanyu was the son of Arjuna and Subadra. Babruvahana was the son of Arjuna and Chitrāngadā. Iravan was the son of Arjuna and Ulupi. Niramitra was the son of Nakula and Karenumati. Suhotra was the son of Sahadeva and Queen Vijaya. Upapandavas were the 5 sons of Pandava and Draupadi
  24. Parikshit(3) was the son of Abhimanyu
  25. Janamejaya(3)
  26. Satanika
  27. Ashwamedhatta

Magadha DynastyEdit

Sudhanva, son of Kuru II became the king of Magadha after his maternal uncle, King Magadha.

  1. King Magadha founded Magadha Kingdom.
  2. Sudhanva was the nephew of King Magadha
  3. Sudhanu
  4. Suhotra
  5. Chyavana
  6. Chavana
  7. Krtri
  8. Kriti
  9. Krta
  10. Krtyagya
  11. Krtavirya
  12. Krtasena
  13. Krtaka
  14. Uparichara Vasu (Devotee of Lord Vishnu and a friend of Devaraja Indra) conquered Chedi Kingdom.
  15. Brihadratha (became the King of Magadha), Pratyagraha became the King of Chedi whose Great-Grandson was Shishupala, Kusambhi (Vatsa), Mavella, Yadu and Matsya (founder of Matsya Kingdom whose Great-Grandson was Virata who was the founder of Viratanagara) were the sons of Vasu and Satyavati who later married Shantanu was the daughter of Vasu.

Barhadratha DynastyEdit

Brihadratha, king of Magadha, started the Barhadratha Dynasty.

  • Brihadratha
  • Kusaagra
  • Rishabha
  • Satyahita
  • Pushpa
  • Satershita
  • Sudhanva
  • Sarva
  • Bhuvan
  • Jarasanda
  • Sahadeva
  • Marjari
  • Srutasrava
  • Apratipa
  • Niramitra
  • Sukshatra
  • Brihatkarma
  • Syenajit
  • Srutamja
  • Mahabala
  • Succhi
  • Kshemya
  • Anhvrata
  • Dharmanetra
  • Nirvrutti
  • Suvrata
  • Mahasena
  • Sumita
  • Subala
  • Sunetra
  • Satyajita
  • Viswajit
  • Ripunjya

Yadu DynastyEdit

Once Yadu Dynasty King Yayati was suffering from a curse, he requested his five sons to help relieve him from that curse. All the four sons disagreed to help except the youngest. Yayati cursed his eldest son Yadu that his descendants are not worth to be a royal one. Yadu apologized for the mistake he committed. Yayati gave him a boon that Lord Narayana himself will born in his dynasty. The descendants of Yadu were Sahasrabahu Kartavirya Arjuna, Krishna etc.

Heheya DynastyEdit

Sahasrajit was the eldest son of Yadu whose descendant were Haihayas. After Kartavirya Arjuna, his grandsons Talajangha and his son, Vitihotra had occupied Ayodhya which was ruled by Rama's ancestor Sagara's father Bahuka who was also known as Asita. Talajangha, his son Vitihotra were killed by King Sagara. Their descendants (Madhu and Vrshni) exiled to Kroshtas, a division of Yadava Dynasty.

  1. Sahasrajit
  2. Satajit
  3. Mahahaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya (the founder of Haihaya Kingdom). (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Mandhatri)
  4. Dharma was the son of Haihaya.
  5. Netra
  6. Kunti
  7. Sohanji
  8. Mahishman was the founder of Mahishmati on the banks of River Narmada.
  9. Bhadrasenaka (Bhadrasena) (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Trishanku)
  10. Durmada (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Harischandra)
  11. Durdama
  12. Bhima
  13. Samhata
  14. Kanaka
  15. Dhanaka (Lord Vishnu)
  16. Krtavirya, Krtagni, Krtavarma and Krtauja. (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Rohitashva)
  17. Arjuna (Sahasrabahu Kartavirya Arjuna) was the son of Krtavirya who ruled 88000 years and was finally killed by Lord Parashurama.
  18. Jayadhwaja, , Vrshabha, Madhu and Urujit were left by Parshurama and 995 others were killed by Lord Parashurama. Pajanya was adopted by Kroshta king Devamidha
  19. Talajangha (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Asita)
  20. Vithihotra (Contemporary to Suryavanshi king Sagara)
  21. Madhu
  22. Vrshni

Kroshta DynastyEdit

Yadu had a son named Kroshta whose descendant was Krishna. Once, Satvata and his son Bhima caught hold of Lord Rama's Ashwamedha Sacrifice horse and then they were defeated by Hanuman and Shatrughna and the Yadava Kingdom was given to Ikshvaku Dynasty. Rama then gave the kingdom to Shatrughna's son Subahu before his journey to Vaikunta. Then, finally Andhaka (Son of Bhima) recovered his paternal kingdom from Subahu after the journey to Vaikunta of Rama.

  1. Yadu was the Founder of Yadu Dynasty and Yadava Kingdom. (Contemporary to God Parashurama)
  2. Kroshta
  3. Vrajnivan
  4. Vrajpita
  5. Bhima I
  6. Nivriti
  7. Viduratha
  8. Vikrati
  9. Vikravan
  10. Swahi
  11. Swati
  12. Ushnaka
  13. Rasadu
  14. Chitraratha I
  15. Sashabindu (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Mandhata)
  16. Madhu I (By the name and glory of this king, Lord Krishna was called Madhava and the Yadavas were called Madhu Yadava or Madhavas)
  17. Prithushrava
  18. Vrishni I was a Yadava king whose dynasty was called as Vrshni Dynasty.

Vrishni DynastyEdit

Vrishni I was a great Yadava king. His descendants were the Vrishni Yadavas, Chedi Yadavas and Kukura Yadavas. His son was Antara.

  1. Antara
  2. Suyajna
  3. Ushna
  4. Marutta
  5. Kambhoja was a Bhoja King who founded the Kamboja Kingdom and his descendants were Kambhojas
  6. Shineyu
  7. Ruchaka
  8. Rukmakavacha
  9. Jayamadha
  10. Vidarbha was the Founder of Vidarbha Kingdom (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Bahuka)
  11. Kratha (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Sagara)
  12. Raivata
  13. Vishwagarbha
  14. Padmavarna
  15. Sarasa
  16. Harita
  17. Madhu II
  18. Madhava
  19. Puruvasa
  20. Purudvan
  21. Jantu
  22. Satvata was a Yadava King whose descendants were called Satvatas. (Contemporary to Lord Rama)
  23. Bhima II (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Kusha)
  24. Andhaka was another Yadava King whose descendants were called Andhakas.
  25. Mahabhoja was a Yadava King who married Kanakamalika who was the granddaughter of Lord Rama and Sita. She was the Daughter of King Kusha (Ramayana).
  26. Raivata (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Athithi)
  27. Vishwagarbha
  28. Vasu
  29. Kriti
  30. Kunti
  31. Dhrishti
  32. Turvasu
  33. Darsha
  34. Vyoma
  35. Jimuta
  36. Vikruthi
  37. Bhimaratha
  38. Rathvara
  39. Navratha
  40. Dashratha
  41. Ekadasharatha
  42. Shakuni
  43. Karibhi
  44. Devarata
  45. Devakshetra
  46. Devala
  47. Madhu
  48. Bhajmana
  49. Puruvasha
  50. Puruhotra
  51. Kumaravansha
  52. Kumbalabarhi
  53. Rukamatwacha
  54. Kuruvasha
  55. Anu
  56. Pravarta
  57. Purumitra
  58. Shrikara was a Yadava King who was the disciple of lord Hanuman. After completing education from lord Hanuman, he got a boon from lord Hanuman was that lord Narayana will take birth in Yadu's dynasty.
  59. Chitraratha II
  60. Viduratha
  61. Shoora
  62. Sharma
  63. Prathikshara
  64. Swayambhoja
  65. Hridhika
  66. Vrishni II
  67. Devamidha
  68. Surasena was the son of Madisha and Parjanya was the son of Vesparna(2nd wife of Devamidha).
  69. Vasudeva and others were the son of Surasena and Nanda Baba was the son of Parjanya
  70. Balarama, Krishna and others were the sons of Vasudeva.

Yogmaya was daughter of Nanda Baba.

  1. Pradyumna was the son of Krishna.
  2. Aniruddha
  3. Vajranabha
  4. Pratibahu
  5. Subahu
  6. Shantasena
  7. Shatasena

Chedi DynastyEdit

Yadu's descendant Vidarbha who was the founder of Vidarbha Kingdom has three sons Kusha, Kratha and Romapada. Kusha was the founder of Dwaraka. Romapada was given central India Madhya Pradesh. King Romapada's descendants were the Chedis. During the reign of Lord Rama, Tamana and his father Subahu II fought against Rama while doing Ashvamedha Sacrifice and were defeated by Lord Hanuman. Later, Uparichara Vasu conquered Chedi.

  1. Romapada
  2. Babhru
  3. Krti
  4. Ushika
  5. Chedi was the founder of Chedi Kingdom
  6. Subahu I (Contemporary to Suryavanshi King Rituparna and Nala and Damayanti)
  7. Virabahu
  8. Subahu II
  9. Tamana (Contemporary to Lord Rama)

Kukura DynastyEdit

Vishwagarbha, a descendant of Vrishni had a son named Vasu. Vasu had two sons, Kriti and Kukura. Kriti's descendants were Shurasena, Vasudeva, Kunti, etc. Kukura's descendants were Ugrasena, Kamsa and Devaki, adopted daughter of Ugrasena. After Devaka, his younger brother Ugrasena reigned at Mathura.

  1. Kukura
  2. Vrshni
  3. Riksha
  4. Kapotarma
  5. Tittiri
  6. Punarvasu
  7. Abhijit
  8. Dhrshnu
  9. Ahuka
  10. Devaka and Ugrasena
  11. Kamsa and 10 others were the children of Ugrasena while Devaki, the daughter of Devaka, was the adoptive daughter of Ugrasena.

ReferencesEdit

  • The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa Translated into English Prose, Bharata Press, Calcutta (1883–1896)

External linksEdit

  1. Mahabharata