(Redirected from Holland, Surrey)

Oxted is a town and civil parish in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England, at the foot of the North Downs. It is 9 miles (14 km) south south-east of Croydon in Greater London, 8.5 miles (13.7 km) west of Sevenoaks in Kent, and 9 miles (14 km) north of East Grinstead in West Sussex.

North side of Station Road, Oxted - geograph.org.uk - 272492.jpg
The timber-framed stucco façades of buildings in Oxted
Oxted is located in Surrey
Location within Surrey
Area15.15 km2 (5.85 sq mi)
Population11,314 (Civil Parish 2011)[1] or 13,452 as to Built-up Area [2]
• Density747/km2 (1,930/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ3953
• London17.9 mi (28.8 km)
Civil parish
  • Oxted
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOXTED
Postcode districtRH8
Dialling code01883
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
51°15′25″N 0°00′22″W / 51.257°N 0.006°W / 51.257; -0.006Coordinates: 51°15′25″N 0°00′22″W / 51.257°N 0.006°W / 51.257; -0.006

Oxted is a commuter town with a railway station, with direct train services to London and has the district council offices. Its main developed area is contiguous with the village of Limpsfield. Six intermittent headwaters of the River Eden unite in the occasional market town including its furthest source, east of Titsey Place. The Eden feeds into Kent's longest river, the Medway. Only the southern slope of the North Downs is steep and its towns and farmland form the Vale of Holmesdale, a series of headwaters across Surrey and Kent to separate rivers.

The settlements of Hurst Green and Holland within the civil parish to the south, including a public house named after Oxted, are continuous but almost wholly residential areas (contiguous neighbourhoods).


Mills and manorsEdit

The town lay within the Anglo-Saxon Tandridge hundred. Oxted appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Acstede, meaning 'Place where oaks grew'. It was held by Eustace II of Boulogne. Its Domesday assets were: 5 hides; 1 church, 2 mills worth 12s 6d, 20 ploughs, 4 acres (1.6 ha) of meadow, pannage worth 100 hogs. It rendered £14 and 2d from a house in Southwark to its feudal overlords per year.[3]

Three mills are mentioned in the inquisition on Roland of Oxted, 1291–2. To a greater or lesser extent these were alienated from the main manor, which had become one of four, before 1689, when they were in the possession of Thomas Causton. In 1712 only one is mentioned as appertaining to the manor. The five manors were: Oxted, Barrow Green, Bursted/Bearsted, Broadham, Stocketts and Foyle.

The history of the first suggests wealthy tranche of the parish and is instructive as to social history; by marriage it became by agreed settlement a manor of Ralph Earl of Westmorland, with remainder to Thomas Cobham, his wife's uncle. Margaret died in 1460, leaving no children and her husband held the manor until his death in 1485, when it passed to Anne, only child and heir of Thomas Cobham, who had married Sir Edward Burgh. She died in 1526, and her husband, who 'became distracted of memorie,' died two years later, leaving a son and heir Thomas, afterwards created the Lord Burgh.[4]

Civil development and expansion from village into a commuter townEdit

The original village of Oxted (now Old Oxted) is a small village centred on a short high street with four pubs (The Old Bell, The George Inn, The Crown Inn and The Wheatsheaf) just off the A25. Oxted's oldest church which still provides services, St Mary's, was built in a field, upstream from and north-east of the medieval heart of Oxted, near Master Park and the railway station. The Grade I listed church dates from at least Norman times and stands on a conspicuous mound.[5]

With the arrival of the railway in 1884 (after many years' delay caused by lack of funds) Oxted boomed in line with London's trade growth around its station, north-east of Old Oxted, and new buildings created "New Oxted". These new buildings were built in the Tudor style, particularly with stucco frontages. All Saints Catholic Church was built in 1913–1928 designed by Arts & Crafts architect James L. Williams (died 1926, his other work includes Royal School of Needlework, St George's in Sudbury, London (1926–27) and The Pound House in Totteridge (1907)).[6] The United Reformed Church's building followed in 1935, which is listed for its coloured glass and Byzantine design by architect Frederick Lawrence.[7]

In 2011 The Daily Telegraph listed Oxted as the twentieth richest town in Britain.[8]


There is one representative on Surrey County Council, Conservative Cameron McIntosh.[9] There are six representatives on Tandridge District Council with much of Oxted South being Hurst Green :

Member Since Member[10]


2018 Catherine Sayer Oxted North & Tandridge
2016 Jackie Wren Oxted North & Tandridge
2019 David Stamp Oxted North & Tandridge
2019 Chris Langton Oxted South
2018 Lynn Mills Oxted South
2021 Deb Shiner Oxted South

There is also a parish council with 11 members.[11]


The Greenwich Meridian runs through Oxted, passing through Oxted School. The parish encompasses a long divide between two ranges of hills, reaching up to the escarpments of the North Downs and the Greensand Ridge which is itself almost completely eroded at Hurst Green within the parish due to the action of the multiple headwaters of the River Eden, Kent.

The north of the parish is within the Vale of Holmesdale, which is drained by four, unconnected rivers. A nearby village is Tandridge, to the southwest, which sits on an edge of the Greensand Ridge.[4] Limpsfield, to the east, is contiguous with Oxted; both have a clustered community with the remainder of the land largely wooded or agricultural. Godstone is to the west and Crowhurst, Surrey to the south. Woldingham on the North Downs is to the north.

Demography and housingEdit

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,427 1,282 911 799 3 1

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 11,314 4,423 36.6% 36.5% 1,515

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Culture and communityEdit

Band and civic centreEdit

Oxted is one of the few Surrey towns to retain a town brass band, Oxted Band, which has been a fixture within the town since 1901. The town became the administrative town of the Tandridge District when it was established in 1974.[12][13]

Pram raceEdit

Oxted is host to a charity pram race held annually. It was started in 1977 by Eric and Elsie Hallson, who ran it for nearly 20 years before retiring. Entrants wear fancy dress and must push a pram around the two-thirds of a mile course, stopping at each of the seven licensed premises on the way to quaff a drink as quickly as they can. The race ends in Old Oxted high street where the road is closed for the evening and a street party is held.[14]

Events in Master ParkEdit

The park hosts annual events such as that run by the local football/cricket club. Every year there is also the Oxted Beer Festival.[15]


Oxted since 1924 has a 240-seat theatre called "The Barn" which often hosts students and local talent productions.[16]


Southdown PSV route 410 in Oxted Town Centre

Oxted is served by Oxted railway station and Hurst Green railway station on the Oxted Line. These stations provide services northbound into London (serving both London Victoria and London Bridge) and southbound to East Grinstead, Edenbridge, Crowborough and Uckfield.[17]

Oxted is also served by a total of four bus routes, operated by Southdown PSV (routes 236, 410, 594, 595).[18] These services provide connections to Westerham, Redhill, Godstone, Edenbridge and East Grinstead.[19]


Oxted's main state secondary school is Oxted School (Oxted County School until 2000). Opened in 1929, it has over 2000 pupils and is one of the largest in the country. There is one other state school in Oxted, St Mary's C of E Primary School. It was recently formed from Downs Way primary school and St Mary's C of E junior school.

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density Archived 11 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/reports/localarea?compare=1119883576
  3. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 15 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b H.E. Malden (editor) (1912). "Parishes: Oxted". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 1 December 2013.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1189608)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  6. ^ All Saints Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1245423)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  7. ^ The United Reformed Church, Oxted Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1388287)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  8. ^ "Britain's richest towns: 20 – 11". The Daily Telegraph. London. 18 April 2008. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  9. ^ "List of Surrey CC Councillors". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Council Members". Tandridge District Council. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Parish Council Members". Oxted Parish Council. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  12. ^ "OxtedBand.co.uk". Archived from the original on 24 September 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
  13. ^ "Tandridge District Council". Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  14. ^ "Oxtedpramrace.co.uk". Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2009.
  15. ^ oxtedandlimpsfieldbeerfestival.co.uk
  16. ^ Richardson, Melissa. "Barn Theatre, Oxted - Theatre Info". www.barntheatreoxted.co.uk. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
  17. ^ "Timetable 29: East Grinstead and Uckfield to London" (PDF). Southern, December 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 October 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Route Information". Southdown Buses, July 2020. Archived from the original on 15 August 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  19. ^ "Oxted and Limpsfield Bus Services Map" (PDF). Surrey County Council, September 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  20. ^ Bower, Tom (1998). Fayed: The Unauthorized Biography. Macmillan. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-333-74554-0.
  21. ^ Source: Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  22. ^ Seatter, Robert. "The cello and the nightingale". BBC News Magazine. BBC. Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939–1945 – I". Unit Histories. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  24. ^ "An Irishman's Diary on a nationalist MP whose antics made him a celebrity". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  25. ^ "Oxted Place history". Archived from the original on 5 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  26. ^ Ellie Soutter: British snowboarder dies on 18th birthday. BBC SPORT. Published 27 July 2018. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
  27. ^ Stephen Moss (9 April 2016). "Labour's Keir Starmer: 'If we don't capture the ambitions of a generation, it doesn't matter who is leading the party'". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 February 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  28. ^ "Sir Keir Starmer: 'My mum's health battles have inspired me'". Ham & High. 27 March 2015. Archived from the original on 8 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  29. ^ "Keir Starmer: The sensible radical". New Statesman. 31 March 2020. Archived from the original on 5 April 2020. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  30. ^ Tippett, Michael. Those Twentieth Century Blues: an Autobiography (London: Hutchinson, 1991), p. 25.:ISBN 9780091753078
  31. ^ Smith, Alan (17 November 2019). "General Election 2019: Conservative Laura Trott looks safe in Sevenoaks". Kent Online. Archived from the original on 17 November 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  32. ^ Torode, John (29 June 1993). "BOOK REVIEW / The art of collective irresponsibility: Harold Laski – Isaac Kramnick and Barry Sheerman: Hamish Hamilton, pounds 25". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 7 May 2013.