Sevenoaks (UK Parliament constituency)
Sevenoaks is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Sir Michael Fallon, a Conservative, who served as Secretary of State for Defence until 1 November 2017. It is considered a safe Conservative seat.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Sevenoaks in Kent for the 2010 general election.
Location of Kent within England.
|Electorate||69,925 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Sir Michael Fallon (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||West Kent|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
This constituency has existed since the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
Sir Thomas Jewell Bennett before entering Parliament was a leader writer at The Standard and lived in India for many years, working at the Bombay Gazette before becoming both editor and principal proprietor of the Times of India. Bennett returned to England in 1901 and in 1910 unsuccessfully contested his first Parliamentary election, losing to Alfred Gelder at the time of David Lloyd George and H. H. Asquith's celebrated "People's Budget". He represented the seat for five years from 1918.
Higher in government in this period was Hilton Young, the Health Secretary between 1931 and 1935. The health portfolio at the time included responsibility for housing, including slum clearance and rehousing. Key items of legislation to which he contributed in this period were: the Town and Country Planning Act (1932) (which applied to all 'developable' land), the Housing Act (1935) (which laid down standards of accommodation) and the Restriction of Ribbon Development Act (1935) (which sought to consolidate urban development and restrict ribbon sprawl along major highways).
Since 1950 the highest government position has been that of Michael Fallon, who was the Secretary of State for Defence from 2014 until resigning on 1 November 2017, in the light of allegations of inappropriate behaviour of a sexual nature.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Sevenoaks and Wrotham, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.
1950–1974: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, and the Rural Districts of Malling and Sevenoaks.
1974–1983: The Urban District of Sevenoaks, the Rural District of Sevenoaks as altered by the Greater London Kent and Surrey Order 1968, and in the Rural District of Dartford the civil parishes of Ash-cum-Ridley, Eynsford, Farningham, Fawkham, Hartley, Horton Kirby, Longfield, Swanley, and West Kingsdown.
1983–1997: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Leigh, Otford, Penshurst and Fordcombe, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Somerdon, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.
1997–2010: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash-cum-Ridley, Brasted, Chevening, Crockenhill and Lullingstone, Dunton Green, Eynsford, Farningham, Halstead Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable and Swanley Village, Kemsing, Otford, Riverhead, Seal, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John's, Sevenoaks Weald and Underriver, Sevenoaks Wildernesse, Shoreham, Sundridge and Ide Hill, Swanley Christchurch, Swanley St Mary's, Swanley White Oak, Westerham and Crockham, and West Kingsdown.
2010–present: The District of Sevenoaks wards of Ash, Brasted, Chevening and Sundridge, Crockenhill and Well Hill, Dunton Green and Riverhead, Eynsford, Farningham, Horton Kirby and South Darenth, Fawkham and West Kingsdown, Halstead, Knockholt and Badgers Mount, Hextable, Kemsing, Otford and Shoreham, Seal and Weald, Sevenoaks Eastern, Sevenoaks Kippington, Sevenoaks Northern, Sevenoaks Town and St John’s, Swanley Christchurch and Swanley Village, Swanley St Mary’s, Swanley White Oak, and Westerham and Crockham Hill.
The seat is in mainstay City commuter belt territory, which supports a relatively high-income local economy with retail and self-employed trades principally benefiting. Sevenoaks constituency covers the towns of Sevenoaks and Swanley in Kent and some of the surrounding area. Most wards are most often Conservative councillor represented with the exceptions being part-Labour councillor represented Swanley and Crockenhill (5 of the 11 councillors who serve Swanley wards in 2013 for example) and two of three Sevenoaks Eastern councillors are Liberal Democrats based on local election results. Despite an unprecedented number of parties standing in 2010 no other parties have local councillors.
- In statistics
The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of one local government districts with a working population whose income is higher than the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 1.7% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4%. The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a low 13.1% of its population without a car, 19.2% of the population without qualifications and a high 32.0% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure 72.7% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Bullion||4,280||8.4||0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Bullion||3,937||7.9||−13.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Bullion||10,561||21.4||−0.5|
|English Democrat||Louise Uncles||806||1.6||−0.1|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Ben Abbotts||9,467||21.9||+0.3|
|English Democrat||John Marshall||751||1.7||N/A|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||233||0.5||−0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Clive Gray||9,214||21.6||-2.5|
|United Kingdom Pathfinders||Mark Ellis||295||0.7||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Walshe||12,086||24.1|
|Natural Law||Alex Hankey||147||0.29|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Walshe||14,091||24.4||−3.5|
|Natural Law||P. Wakeling||210||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|National Front||G. L. Burnett||416||0.79|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Labour||R. H. Redden||14,583||22.81|
|National Front||Michael Easter||821||1.28||n/a|
|Independent||D. J. Woolard||754||1.22||n/a|
|Liberal||Robert F. Webster||12,290||20.37||+3.2|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Peter B. Pearce||18,338||32.32|
|Liberal||A. Noel H. Blackburn||9,746||17.18|
|Labour||Peter B. Pearce||14,958||27.14|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||John N. Powrie||17,858||38.16|
|Labour||John N. Powrie||18,823||39.63|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
Elections in the 1930sEdit
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Edgar Stratton Liddiard||7,844||25.1||-13.0|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+13.5|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||9,987||48.4||−15.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||12,045||63.8||−12.4|
|Labour||L. A. Goldie||6,849||36.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Unionist||Thomas Jewell Bennett||10,650||76.2||N/A|
|Independent Labour||John Ephraim Skinner||3,323||23.8||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election results 1885–1918Edit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal||Murray Spencer Richardson||1,792||21.3||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||Murray Spencer Richardson||44||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Young, W. (1971), p.1089.
- Sheail, J. (1979), The Restriction of Ribbon Development Act: The character and perception of land-use control in inter-war Britain, Regional Studies, 13: 6, 501–12.
- "Your Councillors". sevenoaks.gov.uk. 20 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2011 census interactive maps Archived 29 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)
- "Statement of persons nominated, notice of poll and situation of polling stations" (PDF). Sevenoaks District Council. 11 May 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 May 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "UK Polling Report". ukpollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2010.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Sevenoaks [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1987 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results: June 1983 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "UK General Election results: May 1979 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- "UK General Election results: February 1974 [Archive]". www.politicsresources.net. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
- British parliamentary election results 1950–1973, Craig, F. W. S.
- British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1969). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 390. ISBN 0-900178-01-9.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 308. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- "Election intelligence". The Times (36854). London. 23 August 1902. p. 4.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Kent & Sussex Courier 13 Mar 1914