HMD Global Oy, branded as HMD, is a Finnish company affiliated with Nokia. Operating since December 2016, the firm develops and markets smartphones and feature phones under the "Nokia" brand name. The company has exclusive rights to the brand for mobile phones through a licensing agreement. It was created by inheriting Microsoft Mobile's feature phone business, which was sold by Nokia in 2014. They are in a "close partnership" with Google and use the Android software on their smartphones, whereas on their feature phones the Series 30+ platform is mainly used. The HMD brand is only used for corporate purposes and does not appear in advertising, whereas the name Nokia Mobile is used on social media.
|Founded||1 December 2016|
|Headquarters||Building 2, Nokia Campus, Karaportti, 02610 Espoo, Finland|
(CFO and CCO)
|Products||Mobile phones, smartphones|
|Revenue||€13.5 million (2016)|
Number of employees
HMD is headquartered in Espoo, opposite Nokia's head office, and the company is largely staffed by former Nokia executives. The CEO was Arto Nummela, a Nokia veteran for 17 years, until July 2017 when President Florian Seiche took over as CEO. Manufacturing is outsourced to Foxconn. Nokia has no investment in HMD but remains a partner, setting mandatory requirements and providing patents and technologies, in return for royalty payments. HMD use a marketing strategy advertising the Nokia phones as "pure, secure and up to date" (referring to a stock Android interface and its commitment to fast updates) as well as brand trust and nostalgia.
Nokia was for a long time the worldwide market leader in the mobile phone and smartphone market, and its brand eventually became a household name in many countries. After internal struggles—and a failed series of Windows Phone smartphones which ultimately had low global market share—the company sold its mobile phone business to Microsoft in 2014, who then formed Microsoft Mobile. The "Nokia" brand continued to be used by Microsoft until it was retired for Lumia smartphones in October 2014, but remaining for feature phones. Because of its historic success the Nokia brand was still widely recognized and trusted.
The CEO of Nokia, Rajeev Suri, confirmed in June 2015 that the Nokia brand will return to smartphones. Earlier that year Nokia Technologies released the N1 tablet running Android, and images of a Nokia C1 G smartphone were leaked several times. Under the agreements of the Microsoft sale, Nokia would not be allowed to sell phones, if they had developed, with the Nokia brand until it would expire on December 31, 2015. Suri said in February 2016 that he wanted the company to be in a position where it co-designs with another manufacturer but keeping "appropriate control measures".
On 18 May 2016, Microsoft Mobile announced the sale of its feature phone business to a new Finnish start-up called HMD Global Oy. The sale included design rights, and its rights to use "Nokia" brand on all types of mobile phones and tablets worldwide until 2024 (except in Japan, where Nokia-branded mobile phones haven't been sold since 2008). HMD also signed a licensing agreement with Nokia Corporation which included giving it use of cellular standard essential patent licenses. Nokia has said this move is "uniting one of the world's iconic mobile brands with the leading mobile operating system". Some factories of Microsoft Mobile, including one located in Vietnam, had been sold to FIH Mobile, a subsidiary of Taiwan-based Foxconn, the world's largest electronics manufacturer. It was agreed that HMD products would be manufactured in the FIH/Foxconn factories. The total sale to both HMD Global and FIH Mobile amounted to US$350 million. HMD have insisted to spend US$500 million in supporting the marketing of the new products over the next three years. In addition the company is backed by a Luxembourg-based private equity fund called Smart Connect LP, run by Jean-François Baril, who was senior vice president of Nokia from 1999 to 2012.
HMD Global started operating when the sale from Microsoft Mobile finalized on 1 December 2016. Subsequently the Nokia website once again listed mobile devices for sale for the first time since 2014. Their first devices, Nokia 150 and 150 Dual SIM basic phones, were announced on 13 December 2016, while their first Android smartphone, Nokia 6, was announced on 8 January 2017. At Mobile World Congress in February 2017, HMD announced a new version of the famous Nokia 3310 (released in May), along with two new Android devices named Nokia 3 and Nokia 5. The first smartphone release was Nokia 6 in China and a few other Asian markets starting January, whereas Western releases commenced in June starting with Finland, with a full worldwide release of all three Android devices expected by August.
On 6 July 2017 HMD partnered with Carl Zeiss AG to provide camera lens optics to Nokia smartphones. Nokia previously used Zeiss optics from 2005 to 2014 which resulted in high-quality cameras.
On 27 July 2017, HMD purchased 500 design patents from Microsoft Mobile that were originally created by Nokia. One notable patent is the Lumia Camera user interface, which had been highly praised by critics since appearing on the Nokia Lumia 1020.
On 16 August 2017, HMD introduced their first flagship Nokia smartphone, the Nokia 8. Its most distinguishing features are Dual Sight, allowing live stream of both the front and rear Zeiss cameras (referred to as "bothie", a pun on "selfie"), and OZO Audio, which contains spatial 360° audio technology derived from Nokia's high-end OZO camera.
On 11 January 2018, HMD acquired Asha brand name, the brand of Nokia feature phone.
HMD are in a strategic partnership with Google, and their Nokia-branded smartphones run Google's Android operating system. The software has minimal customizations and is almost stock (or "vanilla") Android, with some notable customizations including tweaked icons with a more general blue theme, a different camera UI, and the additions of the classic Nokia startup tone and the Nokia tune ringtone. HMD call it "pure, secure and up-to-date", claiming it does not contain bloatware or additional software and that the phones will get fast software updates compared to other OEMs. It can be seen as a spiritual successor to Google's former Nexus series, which were known for running stock Android. HMD's launch devices come preloaded with Android version 7 "Nougat", and it has been confirmed they will receive updates for the Android "Oreo" and the upcoming "P".
CEO Arto Nummela, said in a June 2017 interview that HMD is the "first tier partner with Google".
According to some analysts, HMD have stayed true to their promise of fast updates as the Nokia 6 became the first Android device to receive the July 2017 update.
Nokia and AndroidEdit
After the announcement of Google's Open Handset Alliance in November 2007, Nokia said it "considered" joining the alliance, despite its majority stake in Symbian Ltd. Nokia eventually did not join and instead created the rival Symbian Foundation in 2008 after taking control of the Symbian operating system and making it open source. In 2010 as competition stiffened, Nokia lost some partners of the Symbian Foundation who then supported Google only. By now Nokia planned to replace Symbian with the Linux-based MeeGo after the N9 flagship.
Under CEO Stephen Elop the company chose to halt the MeeGo project in favor of adopting Windows Phone, which resulted in a partnership with Microsoft in 2011, with Symbian to be relegated. Google's chief executive Eric Schmidt confirmed that the company held extensive "confidential negotiations" with Nokia to encourage using Android. Despite this, Nokia still experimented with Android that year and leaked images showed a Nokia N9 prototype running Android. In late 2013 when Microsoft announced its intention to purchase the Nokia mobile phone division, the New York Times reported that a team at Nokia were secretly testing Android on Lumia devices, but that Microsoft was aware of this. Some analysts think Microsoft bought the business because Nokia were thinking of switching to Android, which could have resulted in Microsoft losing its dominant Windows Phone OEM. In December 2013 there were leaks of a Nokia Android smartphone codenamed Normandy, which was eventually introduced as the Nokia X series in February 2014, featuring a heavily customized version of the Android Open Source Project (AOSP) and released in emerging markets. The acquisition was completed just two months later, and Microsoft discontinued the X series soon afterwards. In an interview with Forbes, former HMD CEO Arto Nummela stated that the Nokia X family surprisingly became popular with users of high end Samsung and Apple smartphone devices, despite the fact that it was a mid to low end device series.
After the sale, the Nokia Technologies division developed the N1 Android tablet featuring the Z Launcher interface, released in China in 2015. Later that year images of a N1-like phone with Android called the C1 was leaked. Nokia CEO Rajeev Suri confirmed the return of the Nokia brand to smartphones in June 2015 through a licensing strategy, and the formation of HMD Global was finally announced in May 2016. The Nokia 6 was announced in January 2017, almost six years after declining Google and partnering with Microsoft.
The design language of Nokia smartphones from HMD consist of typical Scandinavian design and aesthetics, and are considered to be reminiscent of the previous Lumia series. When HMD was formed in 2016, it claimed that it wanted to develop phones that stay loyal to Nokia's popular heritage of "design, robustness and reliability".
The Nokia 5, 6 and 8 are crafted from a single block of 6000 series aluminium, while the 7 is crafted from 7000 series aluminum. The company's heads of design are Raun Forsyth and Alasdair McPhail.
A strong point critically of HMD's Nokia smartphones has been build quality and design. TechRadar noted that the premium build of the Nokia 5 despite its low-cost, whereas GSMArena said that the Nokia 6 is "built like a tank". Juho Sarvikas, chief product officer at HMD, said "it [the devices] has the build quality that you expect from Nokia". The end result of a Nokia 6 build has been called an "aluminium unibody with the highest level of visual and structural quality". TechRadar called the Nokia 8 "one of the most – if not the most – beautiful phones we’ve ever seen with the Nokia branding emblazoned on the rear."
HMD have also been praised for its commitment of providing zero-day and monthly security patches, as well as its choice to stick with stock Android without an additional user interface. The Nokia 3310 reboot has been praised as a clever marketing strategy, with one analyst calling it a "PR stunt". The reboot got people talking about the Nokia brand again.
A common criticism in some of the Nokia smartphones have been the choices of entry-level chipsets. The Nokia 6's chipset put strain on software performance. The budget-level Nokia 3 has also been criticized for using an underpowered MediaTek processor. Analysts have also noted the new Nokia 3310 as being "overpriced", and that similarly basic phones can be bought for almost half the price.
HMD executive Juho Sarvikas said on 16 August 2017 that the company had shipped "millions of units of the 3, 5 and 6", with demand "far outstripping" supply. As of June 2017, demand of the new Nokia 3310 has been up to seven times higher than expected in the UK.
By Q2 2017, HMD captured 0.4% market share in the smartphone market, making it the 11th largest in Europe, and 5th largest in Finland. An IDC analyst called it a "great start". According to Counterpoint Research on 1 December 2017, - the first anniversary of HMD - the company was the 8th mobile phone vendor in the world (this includes both smartphones and feature phones). It was placed 5th in India, 4th in Russia, 3rd in the UK, and 1st in the Middle East. It also became the 4th vendor in Germany as of Q3 2017.
1.5 million Nokia smartphones were sold in the first half of 2017, up from virtually zero the year before.
The CEO and presidency role is fulfilled by Florian Seiche, formerly Nokia Europe's senior vice president of sales and marketing, who also had stints at Siemens, Orange and HTC. The original CEO was Arto Nummela, who joined Nokia in 1994 and served in several positions including product creation and portfolio before moving to Microsoft Mobile when it was formed 2014. On 19 July 2017 Nummela left the company by "mutual agreement", leading to the president, Seiche, to become acting CEO.
On 15 August 2016, Pekka Rantala, former CEO of Rovio Entertainment, became HMD's chief marketing officer, commenting that Nokia will "rise again". Rantala previously held several positions at Nokia from 1994 to 2011 such as leader of Nokia's European operations.
HMD are based at the Nokia Campus in Karaportti in Espoo, Finland, opposite Nokia Corporation's headquarters. HMD's other main offices are located in London, England, Noida, India and Dubai, UAE.
Consumer products developed by HMD GlobalEdit
- Nokia 105 (2017)
- Nokia 130 (2017)
- Nokia 150
- Nokia 3310 (2017)
- Nokia 3310 3G
- Nokia 2
- Nokia 3
- Nokia 5
- Nokia 6
- Nokia 6 (2018)
- Nokia 7
- Nokia 8
- Nokia 9
Other devices sold by HMD GlobalEdit
These were originally developed under Microsoft Mobile.
- "Nokia Campus Espoo - Nokia". Nokia. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "The Home of Nokia phones". HMDGlobal.com. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Nokia-puhelimilla ratsastavalta HMD:ltä karu tulos - tappiota puolet liikevaihdosta". Kauppalehti.fi. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "WhatsApp on New Nokia 3310? Will Carriers Ruin Timely Updates Promise? HMD Global CEO Arto Nummela Answers | NDTV Gadgets360.com". Gadgets.NDTV.com. 3 March 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Meet HMD Global, the Team Bringing Nokia Phones Back | NDTV Gadgets360.com". Gadgets.ndtv.com. 2 December 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Nokia's new Android phones made in "close partnership" with Google". AndroidAuthority.com. 1 December 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Mikä ihmeen HMD? Tällainen on yhtiö, joka alkaa valmistaa Nokian puhelimia". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Nokia Mobile (@nokiamobile) - Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Security Check Required". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Bogdan Petrovan (18 May 2016). "The legend lives on: Nokia-branded Android smartphones are coming". Android Authority. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "HMD Global, the company behind new Nokia phones, loses its CEO". AndroidAuthority.com. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Nokia brand to return to devices, as Microsoft confirms feature phone retreat". Mobile World Live. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "So, Nokia. What makes you think the world wants your phones?". The Register. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- "Foxconn scores big with multi-layered transaction that will bring Nokia mobile devices back to life - Blog - Intellectual Asset Management (IAM) - Maximising IP Value for Business". IAM-media.com. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "HMD global Founded to Create New Generation of Nokia-branded Mobile Phones and Tablets". PRNewswire.com. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "If HMD Does Deliver a Nokia Flagship with Stock Android and Fast Updates, They Have My Money". Xda-developers.com. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 first impressions: A healthy reboot for a nostalgia-heavy brand". Tech2. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Poll: What do you think of Nokia 8 design & build quality". Nokiapoweruser.com. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Can the new Nokia be no.1 again?". Nokiapoweruser.com. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia Brand Relives » counterpoint". CounterpointResearch.com. 1 December 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "MWC 2016: Nokia confirms plan to return to smartphones". V3.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia C1 Leaked Again With Specifications and Fresh Images". Gadgets.ndtv.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- R, Rahul (27 October 2014). "Nokia Planning New Smartphones in 2016 after License Agreement with Microsoft Ends?". Ibtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia CEO says company is in 'no rush' to return to smartphone market". Windowscentral.com. 22 February 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Oy = Osakeyhtiö, the Finnish legal term of a limited company
- "YTJ - Yritys- ja yhteisötietojärjestelmä - Yrityshaku". Tietopalvelu.ytj.fi. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Shilov, Anton. "HMD Closes Nokia Brand and Patents Deal with Microsoft, Smartphones Due in 2017". Anandtech.com. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Microsoft sells Nokia feature phones business". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Ranger, Steve (18 May 2016). "Nokia-branded smartphones and tablets are coming - and they will be running Android". ZDNet. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Microsoft sells Nokia brand use to Foxconn and HMD global". SlashGear. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- "Nokia will return to mobile with Android phones and tablets". Engadget. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "HMD Closes Nokia Brand and Patents Deal with Microsoft, Smartphones Due in 2017". Anandtech.com. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Moore, Michael. "New Nokia Android phones coming soon as phone maker relaunches online | Tech | Life & Style". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "HMD Press Release 13th Dec. 2016". HMD Global. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Carey, Bridget (2017-02-26). "Everything Nokia announced at its MWC 2017 press conference". CNET. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- [dead link]
- "Nokia 3, Nokia 5, Nokia 6 Android Phones to Reportedly Launch at 'Affordable Price' in 120 Markets Simultaneously | NDTV Gadgets360.com". Gadgets.NDTV.com. 24 March 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Warren, Tom (6 July 2017). "Nokia and Zeiss brands reunite for the Android era". The Verge. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "HMD hopes Zeiss can restore 'Nokia' phones to their former glory". Engadget. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "HMD now owns 500 Nokia design patents, including one for the Lumia Camera UI". Gsmarena.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia smartphones might soon come with Lumia Camera UI". Phonearena.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 8 OZO Audio, Dual-sight & Liquid-cooling: All that you need to know". Nokiapoweruser.com. 17 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Gibbs, Samuel (16 August 2017). "Nokia 8 hopes to beat Apple and Samsung with 'bothie', a new version of the selfie". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- Wiggins, Kaye (17 August 2017). "With a New Smartphone, Nokia-Maker Takes on Apple and Samsung". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 18 August 2017.
- Wehner, Mike (7 April 2017). "Google and Nokia might finally make the Android phone fans are dying for – BGR". Bgr.com. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Nokia phones are coming back to the US with a $229 device arriving next month". BusinessInsider.com. 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Nokia 3 review: Un-Finnished Business". GSMArena.com. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Counterclockwise: Nokia Tune, iPhone Marimba and the popularity of ringtones - GSMArena.com news". GSMArena.com. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Ashleigh Macro (1 March 2017). "Nokia 3 review | Hands-on with the cheapest Nokia Android phone". PC Advisor. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Ron Amadeo (27 February 2017). "Nokia 6 hands-on: A metal phone with stock Android?! Someone is listening! | Ars Technica UK". Arstechnica.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Richard Goodwin (27 April 2017). "Nokia Wants To Make Its Android Phones The New Nexus Phones". Know Your Mobile. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Prabhu, Abhinaya (6 June 2017). "Nokia 6, Nokia 5, Nokia 3 to get Android O and Android P; HMD assures OS update support for two years". Gizbot. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Aulakh, Gulveen (14 June 2017). "We don't want to be in megapixel race: Arto Nummela, CEO, HMD Global". The Economic Times. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Nokia 6 first to get Android July 2017 Security update. Rolling out in Taiwan & Hong Kong". Nokiapoweruser.com. 4 July 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia considering joining Google alliance". Techradar.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "New Symbian Foundation to take on Android, LiMo". BetaNews. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Symbian Foundation in anti-Android recruit drive". Theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Samsung finally admits Symbian split". Techradar.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Arthur, Charles (29 November 2010). "Nokia closes Symbian to the world: can MeeGo make up the gap?". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Google: Nokia 'made wrong choice', with Microsoft". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Mystery Nokia N9-Looking Phone Seen Running Android". Tech2. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Chan, Casey. "Nokia Was Testing Android Lumia Phones Before Microsoft Swallowed It". Gizmodo.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Analysts: Microsoft Bought Nokia Because Nokia Was Going To Stop Making Windows Phones". Businessinsider.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia's Android smartphone is 'full steam ahead' for 2014 release... but what about Windows Phone?". Extremetech.com. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia's first Android phone reportedly breaks cover". Engadget. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia confirms plans to return to mobile phone market". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 3: The best smartphone that you can buy under Rs 10,000". Newsable.asianetnews.tv. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- heart; Chips, Loves Both the Edible; Chips, The Non-Edible Silicon. "Nokia 8 Flagship with Snapdragon 835 and Zeiss Dual Camera Launched at €599". Techapp.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 8 launched: Specs, top features, expected India price and everything to know". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "HMD Global Enters the Market to Bring New Nokia Branded Phones to Consumers". PRNewswire.com. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Plummer, Libby (27 February 2017). "MWC 2017: Nokia unveils three new Android phones at very friendly prices". Mirror.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 8: Release date, specs and everything you need to know for Nokia's flagship - Pocket-lint". www.pocket-lint.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 7 launches with glass back, Snapdragon 630". GSMArena.com. Retrieved 2017-10-20.
- "HMD's Nokia 6 is now available in the U.S. for $229". Digitaltrends.com. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 Review: Is this the budget Android phone to beat? Review". Trusted Reviews. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 teardown: built like a tank". Gsmarena.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia smartphones have premium build, go beyond specs, says HMD Global's Juho Sarvikas". Indianexpress.com. 9 May 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 is official! 'First' Nokia Android Smartphone Launched in China!". My Nokia Blog. 8 January 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 8 review". Techradar.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 hands-on: A metal phone with stock Android?! Someone is listening!". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia's decision to stick with stock Android is a stroke of genius". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 3310 and the people who love it". Campaignasia.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 3310 leverages "nostalgia marketing" for "PR stunt"". Eandt.theiet.org. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Interview: HMD Global on the future of Nokia phones - TechCentral". Techcentral.co.za. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6". Stuff.tv. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 6 review: HMD Global isn't strutting its stuff yet - Hardware reviews - AndroidPIT". Stuff.tv. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "This beautiful phone needs more oomph". CNET. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 3 Review". Trusted Reviews. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 3310 review: No matter how much you think you want it, you don't want it". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- White, Jeremy. "Nokia 3310 review: the retro fun is short lived". Wired.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "New Nokia 3310 (2017) review". Techradar.com. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "Nokia 8 best features: What is a 'bothie' and does it have Snake?". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- Withers, Paul (7 June 2017). "Demand for Nokia 3310 up to seven times more than expected". Mobilenewscwp.co.uk. Retrieved 20 August 2017.
- "President". HMD Global. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Chief Executive Officer". HMD Global. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "HMD Global CEO Arto Nummela resigns". The Economic Times. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
- "Leadership Change at HMD Global". HMD Global. 19 July 2017. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
- "Ex-Angry Birds Ceo To Head Nokia Phones Relaunch". Arcticstartup.com. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- Kris Carlon. "Nokia will "rise again" says newly appointed marketing chief". Android Authority. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Chief Marketing Officer". HMD Global. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Contact". HMD Global. Retrieved 14 June 2017.