Ghaziabad district, Uttar Pradesh

Ghaziabad district (pronounced [ɣaːziːaːˈbaːd̪ ˈzɪla]) is a largely suburban district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is also a core part of the National Capital Region. The city of Ghaziabad is the administrative headquarters of the district. This district is part of Meerut Division. It has become a major bedroom community for Delhi.

Ghaziabad district
Location of Ghaziabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ghaziabad district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMeerut
HeadquartersGhaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
Tehsils3
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Meerut (shared with Meerut district) 2. Ghaziabad
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies5
Area
 • Total1,273 km2 (492 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total4,681,645
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
67.55%
Demographics
 • Literacy89%
 • Sex ratio860 (2001)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH58, NH24, NH91

HistoryEdit

Before 1976, the area of Ghaziabad district was categorized as Ghaziabad Tehsil of Meerut district. On 14th November 1976, then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh N.D. Tiwari declared it as a separate district with an area of 2550 sq km.[1]

The district was further reduced in size to 1933 sq km on 6th September 1997 when the Government of Uttar Pradesh carved out the blocks of Dadri and Bisrakh to create Gautam Buddh Nagar district.[2]

Most recently,[when?] the Hapur tehsil was split off to form Hapur District by then Chief Minister Mayawati, finally reducing the size of Ghaziabad district to 1273 sq km and the revised population is 33,23,241.[3]

COVID-19 pandemic in GhaziabadEdit

The first positive case of Covid-19 was confirmed on 5th March 2020 as a businessman resident of Raj Nagar Extension area of Ghaziabad city who returned from Iran.[4]

By June 30, Ghaziabad had highest number of active Covid-19 cases in the state.[5] As of August 21, it had a total of 7,049 confirmed Covid-19 cases, which included 5,846 patients (82.93%) discharged and 67 dead, apart from 1,136 active cases. It had 338 active containment zones in different parts.[6]

GeographyEdit

The district is bounded on the northwest by Baghpat District, on the north by Meerut District, on the east by Hapur District, on the southeast by Bulandshahr District, on the southwest by Gautam Buddha Nagar District, and on the west by Delhi state across the Yamuna River. The Hindon River flows through the district.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 Census, it is the third most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 75), after Allahabad and Moradabad.[7]

According to the 2011 census of Ghaziabad district, it has a population of 4,681,645,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Ireland[8] or the US state of South Carolina.[9] This gives it a ranking of 28th highest in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 3,967 inhabitants per square kilometre (10,270/sq mi).[7] Its population growth rate[failed verification] over the decade 2001–2011 was 41.66%.[7] Ghaziabad has a sex ratio of 878 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 85%.[7]

At the 2011 census, this district had a population of 4,661,452 (3rd highest in UP), with 2,481,803 males and 2,179,649 females. This is revised to 3,323,241 after Hapur district was split off. Ghaziabad district comprises 2.33% of the total population of UP. It has the highest density of population in the state with 4060 persons per square km. It is also second in population growth rate with a 40.66% rise. The average literacy rate in 2011 was 85%, which was the highest in UP.[10]

ReligionEdit

Income disparity exists between Hindus and Muslims.[11] There were numerous riots with religious context.[12] The Muslim proportion of Ghaziabad City is much lower than in the district in general.[12] Per the 2011 census, Hindus are the majority, at around 72%, Muslims are the second largest religious community at 25% and the remaining 3% belong to other religions.

LanguageEdit

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 90.96% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 7.56% Urdu and 0.49% Punjabi as their first language.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About District". Ghaziabad District official page. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  2. ^ "About District". Gautam Buddh Nagar District official page. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Hapur is Uttar Pradesh's 74th district". hindustantimes.com. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Coronavirus confirmed in Ghaziabad businessman after travelling from Tehran". jagran.com. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Ghaziabad has highest number of active Covid-19 cases in Uttar Pradesh; total count touches 1,615". hindustantimes.com. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Ghaziabad: District to be divided into five zones for better Covid monitoring". hindustantimes.com. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Country Comparison : Population". Cia.gov. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Ireland: 4,670,976, July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. South Carolina: 4,625,364
  10. ^ "Census of India 2011 : Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  11. ^ http://icssr.org/revised_report_Ghaziabad.pdf
  12. ^ a b Brass, Paul R. (6 February 1997). Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence. ISBN 978-0691026503.
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 28°40′00″N 77°26′00″E / 28.6667°N 77.4333°E / 28.6667; 77.4333