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Fortune Global 500

MethodologyEdit

Until 1989, it listed only non-United States industrial corporations under the title "International 500" while the Fortune 500 contained and still contains exclusively United States corporations. In 1990, United States companies were added to compile a truly global list of top industrial corporations as ranked by sales. Since 1995, the list has had its current form, listing also top financial corporations and service providers by revenue.

ControversyEdit

Several inconsistencies exist in Fortune's ranking of cities with the most Fortune 500 headquarters. On June 3, 2011, the Atlanta Business Chronicle stated examples of Fortune including regional headquarters for some cities, excluding regional headquarters for other cities and in some cases excluding headquarters that are physically located inside a city limit.[1]

Geographical distributionEdit

Since 2001, there has been a significant change in the geographical distribution of the companies in the Global 500 rankings. The number of North American-based companies decreased from 215 in 2001 to 143 in 2017[citation needed] and the contribution of Asian-based companies increased rapidly from 116 in 2001 to 197 in 2017[citation needed]. Most of this growth is accounted for by the rapid increase in the number of Chinese Global 500 companies, of which there were 109 by 2017, increasing from only 10 in 2001. The share of European-based companies also declined, from 158 to 143, over the same period.[2][3][4]

Fortune Global 500 list of 2019Edit

The following is the list of top 10 companies.[5]

Fortune Global 500 list of 2019
Rank Company Country Industry Revenue in USD
1 Walmart   United States Retail $514 billion
2 Sinopec Group   China Petroleum $415 billion
3 Royal Dutch Shell   Netherlands Petroleum $397 billion
4 China National Petroleum   China Petroleum $393 billion
5 State Grid   China Energy $387 billion
6 Saudi Aramco   Saudi Arabia Energy $356 billion
7 BP   United Kingdom Petroleum $304 billion
8 Exxon Mobil   United States Petroleum $290 billion
9 Volkswagen   Germany Automobiles $278 billion
10 Toyota Motor   Japan Automobiles $273 billion

Breakdown by countryEdit

As of July 2019, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies.[5]

Breakdown by country
Rank Country Companies
1   United States 121
2   China 119
3   Japan 52
4   France 31
5   Germany 29
6   United Kingdom 17
7   South Korea 16
8    Switzerland 14
9   Canada 13
10   Netherlands 12

The Global 500 includes Unilever under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries.

Breakdown by sectorEdit

The top-ranked companies in 2019 for each sector.[5]

Sector Company Headquarters Overall
rank
Revenues
($M)
Aerospace & Defense Boeing   Chicago 0060#68 101,127
Apparel Christian Dior   Paris 0234#187 55,263
Business services Compass Group   Chertsey 0434#403 30,879
Chemicals DuPont   Midland 0126#100 85,977
Energy Sinopec Group   Beijing 0002#2 414,650
Engineering & Construction China State Construction Engineering   Beijing 0024#21 181,525
Financials Berkshire Hathaway   Omaha 0008#12 247,837
Food & Drug Stores Walgreens Boots Alliance   Deerfield 0037#40 131,537
Food, Beverages & Tobacco Nestlé   Vevey 0064#76 93,513
Health Care UnitedHealth Group   Minnetonka 0013#14 226,247
Household Products Procter & Gamble   Cincinnati 0098#146 66,832
Industrials General Electric   Boston 0031#48 120,268
Materials China Minmetals   Beijing 0120#112 80,076
Media Walt Disney   Burbank 0161#170 59,434
Motor Vehicles & Parts Volkswagen   Wolfsburg 0005#9 278,342
Retailing Walmart   Bentonville 0001#1 514,405
Technology Apple   Cupertino 0009#11 265,595
Telecommunications AT&T   Dallas 0019#25 170,756
Transportation China Post Group   Beijing 0099#101 85,628
Wholesalers Trafigura Group   Singapore 0011#22 180,744

Fortune Global 500 list of 2018Edit

The following is the list of top 10 companies.[6]

Fortune Global 500 list of 2018
Rank Company Country Industry Revenue in USD
1 Walmart   United States Retail $500 billion
2 State Grid   China Energy $349 billion
3 Sinopec Group   China Petroleum $327 billion
4 China National Petroleum   China Petroleum $326 billion
5 Royal Dutch Shell   Netherlands   United Kingdom Petroleum $312 billion
6 Toyota Motor   Japan Automobiles $265 billion
7 Volkswagen   Germany Automobiles $260 billion
8 BP   United Kingdom Petroleum $245 billion
9 Exxon Mobil   United States Petroleum $244 billion
10 Berkshire Hathaway   United States Holding $242 billion

Breakdown by countryEdit

As of July 2018, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies.[6]

Breakdown by country
Rank Country Companies
1   United States 126
2   China 120
3   Japan 52
4   Germany 32
5   France 28
6   United Kingdom 21
7   South Korea 16
8   Netherlands 15
9    Switzerland 14
10   Canada 12

The Global 500 includes Unilever under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries.

As shown in the table above, 436 (87.2%) of the Global 500 are represented by only 10 countries: two in North America (Canada and United States), five in Western Europe (France, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland and United Kingdom) and three in East Asia (China, Japan and South Korea). Moreover, the top six (United States, China, Japan, Germany, France and United Kingdom) are the world's largest economies as estimated by the IMF (List of countries by GDP (nominal)). Among the Global 500, 379 companies (75.8%) are from these six countries.

Breakdown by sectorEdit

The top-ranked companies in 2018 for each sector.[6]

Sector Company Headquarters Overall
rank
Revenues
($M)
Aerospace & Defense Boeing   Chicago 0060#64 93,392
Apparel Christian Dior   Paris 0234#208 49,221
Business services Compass Group   Chertsey 0434#413 28,578
Chemicals BASF   Ludwigshafen 0126#112 72,677
Energy State Grid   Beijing 0002#2 348,903
Engineering & Construction China State Construction Engineering   Beijing 0024#23 156,071
Financials Berkshire Hathaway   Omaha 0008#10 242,137
Food & Drug Stores Kroger   Cincinnati 0037#39 122,662
Food, Beverages & Tobacco Nestlé   Vevey 0064#69 91,222
Health Care UnitedHealth Group   Minnetonka 0013#15 201,159
Household Products Procter & Gamble   Cincinnati 0098#135 66,217
Industrials General Electric   Boston 0031#41 122,274
Materials China Minmetals   Beijing 0120#109 72,997
Media Disney   Burbank 0161#176 55,137
Motor Vehicles & Parts Toyota Motor   Toyota 0005#6 265,172
Retailing Walmart   Bentonville 0001#1 500,343
Technology Apple   Cupertino 0009#11 229,234
Telecommunications AT&T   Dallas 0019#20 160,546
Transportation China Post Group   Beijing 0099#113 72,197
Wholesalers McKesson   San Francisco 0011#13 208,357


Breakdown by industry

The top-ranked companies in 2018 for each industry.

Fortune Global 500 by Industry
Industry Company Country Rank Revenue ($M)
Aerospace & Defense Boeing   United States 64 93,392
Airlines American Airlines   United States 260 42,207
Apparel Christian Dior   France 208 49,221
Banks: Commercial & Savings Industrial & Commercial Bank   China 26 153,021
Beverages Anheuser-Busch InBev   Belgium 170 56,444
Building Materials, Glass Saint-Gobain   France 231 46,002
Chemicals BASF   Germany 112 72,677
Computer Software Microsoft   United States 71 89,950
Computers, Office Equipment Apple   United States 11 229,234
Construction & Farm Machinery Caterpillar   United States 238 45,462
Diversified Financials EXOR Group   Netherlands 19 161,677
Electronics, Electrical Equipment Samsung Electronics   South Korea 12 211,940
Energy Gazprom   Russia 49 111,983
Engineering & Construction China Construction Engineering   China 23 156,071
Entertainment Disney   United States 176 55,137
Food & Drug Stores Kroger   United States 39 122,662
Food Consumer Products Nestle   Switzerland 69 91,222
Food Production Archer Daniels Midland   United States 152 60,828
Food Services Compass Group   United Kingdom 413 28,578
General Merchandisers Walmart   United States 1 500,343
Health Care: Insurance & Managed Care UnitedHealth Group   United States 15 201,159
Health Care: Medical Facilities HCA Healthcare   United States 215 47,653
Health Care: Pharmacy & Other Services CVS Health   United States 17 184,765
Household & Personal Products Procter & Gamble   United States 135 66,217
Human Resources & Employment Services Adecco Group   Switzerland 441 26,670
Industrial Machinery General Electric   United States 41 122,274
Information Technology Services IBM   United States 92 79,139
Insurance: Life, Health (Mutual) Nippon Life Insurance   Japan 126 68,684
Insurance: Life, Health (Stock) AXA   France 27 149,461
Insurance: Property & Casualty (Mutual) State Farm Insurance   United States 95 78,331
Insurance: Property & Casualty (Stock) Berkshire Hathaway   United States 10 242,137
Internet Services & Retailing Amazon.com   United States 18 177,866
Mail, Package, & Freight Delivery China Post Group   China 113 72,197
Medical Products & Equipment Medtronic   Ireland 396 29,710
Metals China Minmetals   China 109 72,997
Mining, Crude-Oil Production Glencore   Switzerland 14 205,476
Motor Vehicles & Parts Toyota Motor   Japan 6 265,172
Network & Other Communications Equipment Huawei Investment & Holding   China 72 89,311
Oil & Gas Equipment, Services Schlumberger   United States 386 30,440
Petroleum Refining Sinopec Group   China 3 326,953
Pharmaceuticals China Resources   China 86 82,184
Pipelines Energy Transfer Equity   United States 217 47,487
Railroads Deutsche Bahn   Germany 211 48,124
Real Estate China Evergrande Group   China 230 46,019
Semiconductors & Other Electronic Components Intel   United States 146 62,761
Shipping China Shipbuilding Industry   China 245 44,431
Specialty Retailers Home Depot   United States 57 100,904
Telecommunications AT&T   United States 20 160,546
Textiles Shandong Weiqiao Pioneering   China 185 53,203
Tobacco Philip Morris International   United States 411 28,748
Trading Trafigura Group   Singapore 32 136,421
Utilities State Grid   China 2 348,903
Wholesalers: Electronics & Office Equipment Tech Data   United States 315 36,775
Wholesalers: Food & Grocery Sysco   United States 174 55,371
Wholesalers: Health Care McKesson   United States 13 208,357


Most profitable

The global 500 list sorted by profits.[7]

Fortune Global 500 most profitable of 2018
Rank Company Country Profits ($M)
1 Apple   United States $48,351.0
2 British American Tobacco   United Kingdom $48,327.8
3 Berkshire Hathaway   United States $44,940.0
4 Industrial & Commercial Bank of China   China $42,323.7
5 Samsung Electronics   South Korea $36,575.4
6 China Construction Bank   China $35,845.2
7 Verizon   United States $30,101.0
8 AT&T   United States $29,450.0
9 Agricultural Bank of China   China $28,550.4
10 Bank of China   China $25,509.2

Fortune Global 500 list of 2017Edit

The following is the list of top 10 companies.[8][9]

Rank Company Country Industry Revenue in USD
1 Walmart   United States Retail $486 billion
2 State Grid   China Energy $316 billion
3 Sinopec Group   China Petroleum $268 billion
4 China National Petroleum   China Petroleum $263 billion
5 Toyota Motor   Japan Automobiles $255 billion
6 Volkswagen   Germany Automobiles $240 billion
7 Royal Dutch Shell   Netherlands Petroleum $240 billion
8 Berkshire Hathaway   United States Products $242 billion
9 Apple   United States Technology $216 billion
10 Exxon Mobil   United States Petroleum $205 billion

Fortune had previously listed Shell as a British/Dutch company, but as of the 2016 listing it is listed as Dutch.

Breakdown by countryEdit

As of November 2017, this is the list of the top 10 countries with the most Global 500 companies.[10]

Rank Country Companies
1   United States 133
2   China 109
3   Japan 51
4   France 29
5   Germany 29
6   United Kingdom 21
7   South Korea 15
8   Netherlands 15
9    Switzerland 13

The Global 500 includes Unilever under the heading "Britain/Netherlands", as the company is counted in the tally for both countries.

As can be seen from the table above, 425 (85.0%) of the Global 500 are represented by only 10 countries: two in North America (Canada and United States), five in Western Europe (France, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland and United Kingdom) and three in East Asia (China, Japan and South Korea). Moreover, the top six (United States, China, Japan, France, Germany and United Kingdom) are some of the world's largest economies as estimated by the IMF (List of countries by GDP (nominal)). Among the Fortune Global 500, 371 companies (74.2%) are from these six countries.

Breakdown by sectorEdit

The top-ranked companies in each sector are as follows.

Sector Company Headquarters Overall
rank
Revenues
($M)
Aerospace & Defense Boeing   Chicago 0060#60 94,571
Apparel Christian Dior   Paris 0234#234 42,113
Business services The Adecco Group   Zürich 0434#434 25,112
Chemicals BASF   Ludwigshafen 0126#126 63,641
Energy State Grid Corporation of China   Beijing 0002#2 315,199
Engineering & Construction China State Construction Engineering   Beijing 0024#24 144,505
Financials Berkshire Hathaway   Omaha 0008#8 223,604
Food & Drug Stores Walgreens Boots Alliance   Deerfield 0037#37 117,351
Food, Beverages & Tobacco Nestlé   Vevey 0064#64 90,814
Health Care UnitedHealth Group   Minnetonka 0013#13 184,840
Household Products Procter & Gamble   Cincinnati 0098#98 71,726
Industrials General Electric   Boston 0031#31 126,661
Materials China Minmetals   Beijing 0120#120 65,547
Media The Walt Disney Company   Burbank 0161#161 55,632
Motor Vehicles & Parts Toyota Motor   Toyota 0005#5 255,000
Retailing Walmart   Bentonville 0001#1 485,873
Technology Apple   Cupertino 0009#9 215,639
Telecommunications AT&T   Dallas 0019#19 163,786
Transportation U.S. Postal Service   Washington, D.C. 0099#99 71,498
Wholesalers McKesson   San Francisco 0011#11 198,533

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Maria Saporta. "Some cities rankings are overstated". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  2. ^ "A New Perspective on the Corporate World". CNN Money, Fortune Magazine. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  3. ^ "Visualize The Global 500". Fortune.
  4. ^ "40% of Fortune 500 companies Asian, India has 7 in list - Times of India â–º". The Times of India. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Global 500". Fortune. Retrieved 2019-07-22.
  6. ^ a b c "Fortune Global 500 List 2018: See Who Made It". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-07-19.
  7. ^ "Fortune Global 500 List 2018: See Who Made It". Fortune. Retrieved 2019-03-14.
  8. ^ "Fortune Global 500 List 2018: See Who Made It". Fortune. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Global 500". Fortune. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Global 500 2017". Fortune. Number of companies data taken from the "Country" box.

External linksEdit