Firozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. After the Partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistani border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[4]

Firozpur
City
Saragarhi Memorial Ferozepur.jpg
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Stadium Firozpur.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Saragarhi Memorial in Ferozepur, Shaheed Baghat Singh Stadium,
Firozpur is located in Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Firozpur is located in India
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (India)
Firozpur is located in Asia
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (Asia)
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
Country India
StatePunjab
DistrictFerozepur
Founded byFiroz Shah Tughluq
Named forFiroz Shah Tughluq
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • Member of ParliamentSukhbir Singh Badal (SAD)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban)Ranbir Singh Bhullar(AAP)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural)Rajnish Dahiya (AAP)[1]
Elevation
182 m (597 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total110,313
 • Density380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Firozpuri, Firozpuria
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
152001
UNLOCODE
IN FIR
Area code(s)91-1632
Vehicle registrationPB-05
Sex ratio885/1000[citation needed] /
Literacy69.80%
Lok Sabha constituencyFerozepur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyFerozepur City
Planning agencyPUDA
Major HighwaysNH95 SH15 SH 20
ClimateBSh (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature29.7 °C (85.5 °F)
Avg. winter temperature16.9 °C (62.4 °F)
Precipitation731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)
Websitewww.ferozepur.nic.in

HistoryEdit

It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.[5]

The city of Firozpur is located on the banks of the Sutlej river on the Indo-Pakistan border. It was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century. The town is a major cantonment of the country. The town is located in 10 gates. The Saragarhi Memorial Gurudwara commemorates 21 Sikh soldiers of the 36th Sikh Regiment. The soldiers died to the last man in the Battle of Saragarhi, defending a signal post against an overwhelming enemy force on 12 September 1897.[6]

The Barki Memorial was constructed in 1969 to perpetuate the memory of the soldiers of the 7 Infantry Division who died in battle in 1965 and paved the way for the fall of Barki a town situated at a distance of 15 miles south-east of Lahore.[7]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.80)
38
(1.50)
30
(1.20)
20
(0.80)
20
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
229
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
13
(0.50)
20
(0.80)
730.1
(28.8)
Source: [8]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Indian Census, Firozpur had a total population of 110,313, of which 58,451 were males and 51,862 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 11,684. The total number of literates in Firozpur was 78,040, which constituted 70.7% of the population with male literacy of 73.3% and female literacy of 67.9%. The effective literacy rate (population of 7 years and above) was 79.1%, of which male literacy rate was 82.3% and female literacy rate was 75.6%. The Scheduled Caste population was 27,395. Firozpur had 22263 households in 2011.[2]

According to the 2001 Indian census[9] Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53 per cent of the population and females 47 per cent. It had an average literacy rate of 71 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent: male literacy was 73 per cent and female literacy 68 per cent. 11 per cent of the population was under 6 years of age.

ReligionEdit

According to the 2011 census, out of total population of 110,313 in Firozpur city, Hinduism is followed by 77,743 (70.47%) people and Sikhism by 28,961 (26.25%). Minorities are Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, and Jainism, followed by less than 1% of the population.[10]

Religion in Firozpur[10]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.47%
Sikhism
26.25%
Christianity
2.35%
Islam
0.31%
Others
0.61%

MediaEdit

Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Assembly elections 2017: Only 6 women legislators make entry into Punjab Assembly". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Census of India: Firozpur". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  3. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 14 October 2006.
  5. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. 11 September 1969. Archived from the original on 10 February 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ a b "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Firozpur City". census.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2020.

External linksEdit