Firozpur

Firozpur, also known as Firojpur or Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India. It was founded by Sultan Firoz Shah Tughluq (1351–88), a ruler of the Tughluq dynasty, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388.[4]

Firozpur

Firojpur
Saragarhi Memorial, Ferozepur
Saragarhi Memorial, Ferozepur
Firozpur is located in Punjab
Firozpur
Firozpur
Location in Punjab, India
Firozpur is located in India
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (India)
Firozpur is located in Asia
Firozpur
Firozpur
Firozpur (Asia)
Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6Coordinates: 30°55′00″N 74°36′00″E / 30.9166°N 74.6°E / 30.9166; 74.6
CountryIndia
StatePunjab
DistrictFirozpur
Founded byFiroz Shah Tughluq
Named forFiroz Shah Tughluq
Government
 • TypeDemocratic
 • Member of ParliamentSukhbir Badal (SAD)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Urban)Parminder Singh Pinky (INC)
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (Rural)Satkar Kaur (INC)[1]
Elevation
182 m (597 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total110,313
 • Density380/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Firozpuri, Firozpuria
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
152001
UNLOCODE
IN FIR
Area code(s)91-1632
Vehicle registrationPB 05
Sex ratio885/1000[citation needed] /
Literacy69.80%
Lok Sabha constituencyFirozpur
Vidhan Sabha constituencyFirozpur City
Planning agencyPUDA
Major HighwaysNH95 SH15 SH 20
ClimateCw (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature29.7 °C (85.5 °F)
Avg. winter temperature16.9 °C (62.4 °F)
Precipitation731.6 millimetres (28.80 in)
Websitewww.ferozepur.nic.in

After the Partition of India in 1947, it became a border town on the Indo-Pakistani border with memorials of India's freedom fighters.[5]

HistoryEdit

The city of Firozpur is located on the banks of the Sutlej river on the Indo-Pakistan border. It was founded by Firoz Shah Tughlaq in the 14th century. The town is a major cantonment of the country. The town is located in 10 gates. The Saragarhi Memorial Gurudwara commemorates 21 Sikh soldiers of the 36th Sikh Regiment. The soldiers died while protecting the Fort Saragarhi in Waziristan on 12 September 1897.[6]

The Barki Memorial was constructed in 1969 to perpetuate the memory of the soldiers of the 7 Infantry Division who died in battle in 1965 and paved the way for the fall of Barki a town situated at a distance of 15 miles south-east of Lahore.[7]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Firozpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
(66)
21
(69)
26
(78)
34
(94)
38
(101)
39
(103)
34
(94)
33
(91)
33
(92)
32
(89)
26
(79)
21
(69)
30
(85)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(44)
8
(47)
13
(55)
18
(65)
23
(73)
26
(79)
26
(79)
24
(76)
23
(74)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.80)
38
(1.50)
30
(1.20)
20
(0.80)
20
(0.80)
61
(2.40)
229
(9.00)
188
(7.40)
86
(3.40)
5.1
(0.20)
13
(0.50)
20
(0.80)
730.1
(28.8)
Source: [8]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 Indian Census, Firozpur had a total population of 110,313, of which 58,451 were males and 51,862 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 11,684. The total number of literates in Firozpur was 78,040, which constituted 70.7% of the population with male literacy of 73.3% and female literacy of 67.9%. The effective literacy rate (population of 7 years and above) was 79.1%, of which male literacy rate was 82.3% and female literacy rate was 75.6%. The Scheduled Caste population was 27,395. Firozpur had 22263 households in 2011.[2]

According to the 2001 Indian census[9] Firozpur had a population of 95,451, which increased from 78,738 in 1991. Males constitute 53 per cent of the population and females 47 per cent. It had an average literacy rate of 71 per cent, higher than the national average of 59.5 per cent: male literacy was 73 per cent and female literacy 68 per cent. 11 per cent of the population was under 6 years of age.

ReligionEdit

According to the 2011 census, Hinduism and Sikhism are the main religions of Firozpur. Minorities are Christianity, Islam, Buddhism and Jainism.[10]

Religion in Firozpur[10]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
70.47%
Sikhism
26.25%
Christianity
2.35%
Islam
0.31%
Others
0.61%

MediaEdit

Firozpur has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Firozpur. It broadcasts on 100.1 MHz frequency.

Notable peopleEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Assembly elections 2017: Only 6 women legislators make entry into Punjab Assembly". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Census of India: Firozpur". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2 January 2020.
  3. ^ "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  4. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 98. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  5. ^ "Firozpur". Info Punjab. Retrieved 14 October 2006.
  6. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Welcome to the official website of District Ferozepur, Punjab, India". Ferozepur.nic.in. 11 September 1969. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Average Weather for Firozpur - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  10. ^ a b "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Firozpur City". census.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2020.

External linksEdit