Balram Jakhar

Balram Jakhar (23 August 1923 – 3 February 2016) was an Indian politician, who served as the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and Governor of Madhya Pradesh. He was also the longest serving Speaker of the Lok Sabha

Balram Jakhar
Dr Balram Jakhar.jpg
14th Governor of Madhya Pradesh
In office
20 July 2004 – 19 July 2009
Chief MinisterUma Bharti
Babulal Gaur
Shivraj Singh Chouhan
Preceded byLt. Gen. K. M. Seth (Acting)
Succeeded byRameshwar Thakur
Governor of Gujarat
Additional Charge
In office
12 July 2004 – 24 July 2004
Chief MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byKailashpati Mishra
Succeeded byNawal Kishore Sharma
19th Minister of Agriculture
In office
21 June 1991 – 17 January 1996
Prime MinisterP. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded byDevi Lal
Succeeded byJagannath Mishra
8th Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
22 January 1980 – 27 November 1989
DeputyG. Lakshmanan
M. Thambi Durai
Preceded byK. S. Hegde
Succeeded byRabi Ray
Leader of Opposition of the Punjab Legislative Assembly
In office
19 June 1977 – 17 February 1980
Preceded byPrakash Singh Badal
Succeeded byPrakash Singh Badal
Personal details
Born(1923-08-23)23 August 1923
Panjkosi, Punjab, British India
Died3 February 2016(2016-02-03) (aged 92)[1]
Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
ChildrenSunil Jakhar, Sajjan Jakhar, Suriender Jakhar
ProfessionFarmer, Politician

Early life and educationEdit

Jakhar was born in a Punjabi Hindu Jat family in Panjkosi village of Fazilka district in Punjab now in Fazilka on 23 August 1923. His father was Chaudhari Rajaram Jakhar and his mother Patodevi Jakhar. His elder son, Sajjan Kumar Jakhar, is a former Punjab minister and his youngest, Sunil Jakhar is three time MLA from Abohar and became Leader of the Opposition in Punjab in March 2012 and Member of Parliament from Gurdaspur and became PPCC President in 2017.

Jakhar earned a degree in Sanskrit from Forman Christian College, Lahore, in 1945. He had knowledge of English, Punjabi, Urdu, Sanskrit and Hindi languages.


Jakhar was elected to the Punjab Legislative Assembly in 1972 and was re-elected in 1977 becoming the Leader of the Opposition.

He was elected to the seventh Lok Sabha from Ferozepur in 1980 and re-elected to the eighth Lok Sabha from Sikar in 1984. He served twice as Speaker of Lok Sabha from 1980 to 1989, a rare achievement in Indian parliament history, thus became the longest speaker of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Indian Parliament). As Speaker of Lok Sabha he was an instrument for automation and computerization of Parliamentary works. He promoted Parliament library, reference, research, documentation and information services for the knowledge and use of members of Parliament. The establishment of Parliament Museum was his contribution. He was first Asian to be elected as Chairman of Commonwealth Parliamentarian Executive Forum.

He became the Central Agriculture minister in 1991 in INC govt headed by P. V. Narasimha Rao.

He was Governor of Madhya Pradesh state from 30 June 2004 to 30 May 2009.[2]

Speaker Jakhar with Pandit Ram Kishore Shukla and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother at a Commonwealth Conference.


  1. ^ "Balram Jakhar passes away". The Hindu. 4 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Official Webpage on Loksabha Website". National Informatics Centre, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2013.

External linksEdit

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Mohinder Singh Sayanwala
Member of Parliament
for Ferozepur

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Sikar

Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament
for Sikar

Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Speaker of the Lok Sabha
22 January 1980 – 18 December 1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Gujarat (Acting)
July 2004 – July 2004
Succeeded by
Preceded by Governor of Madhya Pradesh
30 June 2004 – 29 June 2009
Succeeded by