Feldkirch, Vorarlberg

Feldkirch (German pronunciation: [ˈfɛltkɪʁç] (About this soundlisten)) is a medieval town in the western Austrian state of Vorarlberg, bordering on Switzerland and Liechtenstein. It is the administrative centre of the Feldkirch district. After Dornbirn, it is the second most populous town in Vorarlberg. The westernmost point in Austria lies in Feldkirch on the river Rhine, at the tripoint between Austria, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein.

Feldkirch
Feldkirch3.jpg
Coat of arms of Feldkirch
Feldkirch is located in Vorarlberg
Feldkirch
Feldkirch
Location within Austria
Feldkirch is located in Austria
Feldkirch
Feldkirch
Feldkirch (Austria)
Coordinates: 47°14′17″N 09°35′54″E / 47.23806°N 9.59833°E / 47.23806; 9.59833Coordinates: 47°14′17″N 09°35′54″E / 47.23806°N 9.59833°E / 47.23806; 9.59833
CountryAustria
StateVorarlberg
DistrictFeldkirch
Government
 • MayorWolfgang Matt (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total34.34 km2 (13.26 sq mi)
Elevation
458 m (1,503 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total33,420
 • Density970/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6800
Area code05522
Vehicle registrationFK
Websitewww.feldkirch.at

HistoryEdit

This beautiful medieval town, which remains well preserved to this day, was mentioned as a city for the first time in 1218, after Count Hugo von Montfort built the "Schattenburg", a castle which still is the major landmark of Feldkirch. Other sights in the town include the Gothic-style cathedral of St. Nikolaus. Feldkirch was the birthplace of Rheticus, and is currently the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Feldkirch. From 1651 to 1773 and from 1856 to 1979, Feldkirch was the home of the Jesuit school Stella Matutina.

March 1799 saw two clashes between the forces of the First French Republic and the Habsburg Monarchy. On the 7th, Nicolas Oudinot, with 9,000 French soldiers, defeated Friedrich Freiherr von Hotze and his 6,000 Austrians. The Battle of Feldkirch occurred on 23 March, when André Masséna and 12,000 Frenchmen were beaten by Franjo Jelačić and a force of 5,500 Austrians.[3]

Town subdivisionsEdit

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18696,186—    
18807,322+18.4%
18908,039+9.8%
19009,755+21.3%
191011,830+21.3%
192311,896+0.6%
193412,909+8.5%
193913,067+1.2%
195115,115+15.7%
196117,343+14.7%
197121,751+25.4%
198123,745+9.2%
199126,730+12.6%
200128,607+7.0%
201130,975+8.3%
201431,428+1.5%
201531,824+1.3%

Economy and infrastructureEdit

TransportEdit

Feldkirch has had its own local bus network since 1993. It currently consists of eight lines, including buses which run to the north of neighbouring Liechtenstein. The bus system cooperates with Vorarlberg's regional bus system. The

Feldkirch railway station lies on the main railway line through the Vorarlberg, with inter-city services to Zurich and Vienna. There are also local international trains to Buchs via Liechtenstein on the Feldkirch–Buchs railway.

CompaniesEdit

The following companies and service organizations are based in Feldkirch:

  • Bachmann Electronic
  • Vorarlberg Milch
  •  
    Market place in the city of Feldkirch
    Lingenhöle Technologie
  • Stadtwerke Feldkirch
  • KSW Tankstellen- und Industrieanlagenbau
  • Gebäudereinigung Bauer
  • Landeskrankenhaus Feldkirch

Culture and landmarksEdit

Central FeldkirchEdit

Feldkirch has one of the best preserved medieval townscapes of Vorarlberg. The town was built around 1200 and has a geometric grid system. Since around 1500, when the city wall was rebuilt, the city has remained unchanged over the centuries.

Since 2015, the Feldkirch Municipal Ensemble has been listed in the Austrian List of Cultural Heritage (cultural property protected by the Hague Convention). The city is also a member of the Association of Small Historic Towns, a tourism marketing association.[4]

City fortificationEdit

The streets of the Schlossgraben, Hirschgraben and St. Leonhardsplatz marked the former course of the city wall surrounding the Neustadt area in the 13th century. The wall was largely rebuilt around 1500, and torn down in many places beginning in 1826.[5]

When Feldkirch was surrounded by a city wall and a city moat, one could enter the city only through one of its four gates. These city gates were called Bregenzertor or Nikolaustor, Bludenzertor or Schultor, Milltor or Sautor, and Churertor or Salztor. The last two gates are still standing, the other two were removed together with the city wall at the beginning of the 19th century.[6]

Castles and palacesEdit

  •  
    The Schattenburg in Feldkirch
    Schattenburg: The Schattenburg castle was the seat of the counts of Montfort until 1390. The first construction phase began around 1230 under Hugo I of Montfort, the founder of the city. Under Count Friedrich von Toggenburg (1416–1436) and under the Vogt Hans of Königsegg extensions and transformations of the Schattenburg castle were built in the 15th century. After the counts lost their power, the castle was repeatedly put up for auction, and was even to be demolished in 1813. Since 1825 the castle has been owned by the town of Feldkirch, which at that time acquired it for 833 florins. The castle then served as barracks, and later as accommodation for the poor. The castle owes its rescue and revitalization to the Museum and Homeland Security Association for Feldkirch and the Surrounding Area which was founded in 1912. The upper floors are home to a museum of local history that attracts about 25,000 visitors annually.[7]
  • Ruins of Tosters: The ruins of a hill castle on a hillside part of the Schellenberg, in the Feldkirch district of Tosters.
  • Palais Liechtenstein: In today's form, the house was built in the Schlossergasse No. 8 after the town fire of 1697, as an office building for the prince Johann Adam Andreas of Liechtenstein in Baroque style. In 1848 it became the property of Andreas Ritter of Tschavoll, at that time Feldkirch mayor and manufacturer. The town acquired the palais in 1967 and today the building is used as an exhibition centre. It is home of the cultural council, and also the seat of the city library and the city archives.[8]

Villas and other residential buildingsEdit

In the 19th century the Feldkirch bourgeoisie built a number of prestigious residential buildings, most of which are still privately owned. The villas were built mostly on the Reichsstraße, mainly in the area between the Bärenkreuzung and the train station.

Cultural eventsEdit

The Montforter Zwischentöne is an interdisciplinary festival that takes place three times a year. Each series is based on a specific topic which is artistically and dramaturgically interpreted without genre-orientated boundaries. There are contributions from the fields of music, poetry, architecture, science, dance etc. The festival addresses issues of social and personal development on site and provides impetus for urban and regional development.[9][10]

The Poolbar Festival is a modern music and cultural festival in Feldkirch. Held annually in July and August, it attracts around 20,000 visitors; it features music, exhibitions, poetry slams, fashion and an architectural prize. It was first held in 1994 as a cultural summer-academy and is, in its organization and implementation of landscape and architecture, very different from other open-air events.[11]

The light art festival Lichtstadt Feldkirch lets international artists fill the city of Feldkirch with light objects, projections and sculptures. Its first edition was held in 2018 and attracted 30.000 visitors. The festival will take place every other year.[12][13]

The POTENTIALe (formerly 'ArtDesign Feldkirch') is an art fair and festival at which about 110 exhibitors present their products and ideas. In addition to a vintage market, there are workshops and discussion groups, a design laboratory, photography exhibitions, and music and films are presented. The aim of the festival is to establish a network of artists, craftsmen and customers that share the common vision of sustainable design.[14]

The Feldkirch Festival (2001-2012) was an annual summer festival that offered theater performances, concerts and other cultural events.[15]

ClimateEdit

Feldkirch has a oceanic climate (Cfb).

Feldkirch, Vorarlberg
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
68
 
 
3
−3
 
 
65
 
 
5
−2
 
 
73
 
 
10
1
 
 
87
 
 
14
4
 
 
107
 
 
19
8
 
 
151
 
 
22
11
 
 
165
 
 
24
14
 
 
152
 
 
24
13
 
 
113
 
 
20
10
 
 
78
 
 
14
6
 
 
92
 
 
8
1
 
 
80
 
 
4
−2
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: ZAMG
Climate data for Feldkirch, Vorarlberg (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
29.8
(85.6)
32.5
(90.5)
35.6
(96.1)
38.1
(100.6)
35.5
(95.9)
30.0
(86.0)
29.7
(85.5)
25.2
(77.4)
21.8
(71.2)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
5.4
(41.7)
10.6
(51.1)
15.1
(59.2)
19.9
(67.8)
22.5
(72.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.9
(75.0)
19.6
(67.3)
15.0
(59.0)
8.2
(46.8)
4.2
(39.6)
14.4
(57.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
1.0
(33.8)
5.3
(41.5)
9.4
(48.9)
14.1
(57.4)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
18.2
(64.8)
14.1
(57.4)
9.8
(49.6)
4.4
(39.9)
1.2
(34.2)
9.5
(49.1)
Average low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.2
(34.2)
4.6
(40.3)
9.1
(48.4)
12.2
(54.0)
14.2
(57.6)
13.8
(56.8)
10.2
(50.4)
6.3
(43.3)
1.2
(34.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.4
(41.7)
Record low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−17.5
(0.5)
−15.0
(5.0)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.0
(37.4)
6.4
(43.5)
5.2
(41.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−14.6
(5.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72
(2.8)
68
(2.7)
89
(3.5)
89
(3.5)
124
(4.9)
155
(6.1)
182
(7.2)
182
(7.2)
131
(5.2)
86
(3.4)
92
(3.6)
89
(3.5)
1,360
(53.5)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 20
(7.9)
21
(8.3)
10
(3.9)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
8
(3.1)
19
(7.5)
79
(31)
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 74.3 66.7 57.3 53.7 55.3 57.1 58.2 60.5 63.4 66.9 73.5 76.9 63.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 71 104 142 173 199 203 226 211 162 130 76 55 1,754
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[16][17][18][19][20]
Climate data for Feldkirch, Vorarlberg (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
21.2
(70.2)
25.0
(77.0)
29.8
(85.6)
31.8
(89.2)
34.8
(94.6)
38.1
(100.6)
35.4
(95.7)
32.8
(91.0)
29.7
(85.5)
25.2
(77.4)
21.8
(71.2)
38.1
(100.6)
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
5.2
(41.4)
10.3
(50.5)
14.1
(57.4)
19.2
(66.6)
21.7
(71.1)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
19.6
(67.3)
14.1
(57.4)
7.6
(45.7)
4.1
(39.4)
13.9
(57.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
0.7
(33.3)
4.8
(40.6)
8.4
(47.1)
13.5
(56.3)
16.3
(61.3)
18.4
(65.1)
17.9
(64.2)
13.9
(57.0)
9.0
(48.2)
3.5
(38.3)
0.5
(32.9)
8.9
(48.0)
Average low °C (°F) −3.4
(25.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
1.0
(33.8)
3.9
(39.0)
8.4
(47.1)
11.4
(52.5)
13.5
(56.3)
13.3
(55.9)
9.8
(49.6)
5.6
(42.1)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.0
(41.0)
Record low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−17.5
(0.5)
−17.0
(1.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.0
(37.4)
5.4
(41.7)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.0
(10.4)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−22.6
(−8.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 68.0
(2.68)
65.3
(2.57)
72.9
(2.87)
86.6
(3.41)
106.7
(4.20)
150.5
(5.93)
165.3
(6.51)
152.1
(5.99)
113.2
(4.46)
78.0
(3.07)
92.1
(3.63)
80.3
(3.16)
1,231
(48.46)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 19.2
(7.6)
20.7
(8.1)
9.4
(3.7)
2.0
(0.8)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
10.3
(4.1)
14.6
(5.7)
76.4
(30.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.3 9.3 11.7 12.7 13.2 14.8 14.6 13.6 10.8 9.5 11.2 11.0 142.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00) 74.7 66.9 55.4 52.6 53.1 55.8 56.8 58.4 60.5 65.7 72.8 76.3 62.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 60.0 95.5 134.5 159.8 193.6 191.0 215.0 207.8 165.5 115.2 72.0 51.6 1,661.5
Percent possible sunshine 24.6 37.4 41.0 42.7 43.9 43.0 49.0 51.0 49.3 39.6 29.4 23.4 39.5
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[21]

SchoolsEdit

  • Bundesgymnasium und Bundesrealgymnasium Feldkirch (founded in 1649)
  • Bundeshandelsakademie und Bundeshandelsschule Feldkirch
  • Bundesoberstufenrealgymnasium und Bundesrealgymnasium Schillerstrasse (GYS)& Musikgymnasium Feldkirch www.gys.at
  • Bundeshandelsakademie und Handelsschule Feldkirch
  • Institut St. Josef
  • Musikschule der Stadt Feldkirch
  • Stella Matutina (Jesuit school) (former)
  • Pädagogische Hochschule des Bundes in Vorarlberg
  • Vorarlberger Landeskonservatorium

Notable peopleEdit

 
Bartholomäus Bernhardi

Sport clubsEdit

Twin townsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. ^ Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. pp. 146–148. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.
  4. ^ "Small historic towns". Archived from the original on 2016-03-24.
  5. ^ Salzburg. "Local history of Feldkirch - Small historic towns". www.khs.info. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  6. ^ Salzburg. "Sights in Feldkirch - Small historic towns". www.khs.info. Retrieved 2017-07-21.
  7. ^ "Schattenburg-Museum Räume". www.schattenburg.at (in German). Retrieved 2017-07-24.
  8. ^ "Palais | Kunst Palais Liechtenstein". www.palaisliechtenstein.at (in German). Retrieved 2017-07-24.
  9. ^ "Über". www.montforterzwischentoene.at. Retrieved 2021-08-08.
  10. ^ Tourismus, Bodensee Vorarlberg. "Montforter Zwischentöne". Bodensee Vorarlberg Tourismus (in German). Retrieved 2021-08-08.
  11. ^ "poolbar Festival". poolbar Festival (in German). Retrieved 2019-03-03.
  12. ^ "Lichtstadt Feldkirch - das neue Lichtkunstfestival im Oktober". Urlaub in Vorarlberg (in German). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  13. ^ ""Lichtstadt Feldkirch" auf Oktober 2021 verschoben". Stadt Feldkirch (in German). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  14. ^ "Die Potentiale in Feldkirch – Messe plus Festival". Art Aurea (in German). 2019-02-26. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  15. ^ "Patient Feldkirch Festival vor dem Aus? Es krankt derzeit an Budget, Konzept und Akzeptanz — Zeitschrift fur Kultur und Gesellschaft". kulturzeitschrift.at (in German). Retrieved 2020-09-07.
  16. ^ "Klimamittel 1981–2010: Lufttemperatur" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  17. ^ "Klimamittel 1981–2010: Niederschlag" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  18. ^ "Klimamittel 1981–2010: Schnee" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Klimamittel 1981–2010: Luftfeuchtigkeit" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  20. ^ "Klimamittel 1981–2010: Strahlung" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
  21. ^ "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Vorarlberg-Feldkirch" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.

External linksEdit