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Schellenberg is a municipality in the lowland area of Liechtenstein, on the banks of the Rhine. As of 2017, it has a population of 1,090[1] and covers an area of 3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi).

Schellenberg
Municipality
Schellenberg in early-June 2007
Schellenberg in early-June 2007
Flag of Schellenberg
Flag
Coat of arms of Schellenberg
Coat of arms
Schellenberg within Liechtenstein
Schellenberg within Liechtenstein
Coordinates: 47°14′0.98″N 9°32′53.01″E / 47.2336056°N 9.5480583°E / 47.2336056; 9.5480583Coordinates: 47°14′0.98″N 9°32′53.01″E / 47.2336056°N 9.5480583°E / 47.2336056; 9.5480583
Country Liechtenstein
Electoral districtUnterland
VillagesHinterschellenberg
Area
 • Total3.5 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation
626 m (2,054 ft)
Population
 (30-06-2017)[1]
 • Total1,090
 • Density294/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9488
Area code(s)7011
ISO 3166 codeLI-08
Websitewww.schellenberg.li

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

The area was first settled by Celts, then by Rhaetians. Rome conquered the area in 15 BC, and made it part of the province of Rhaetia. The Province later became a county (countship) under Charlemagne. The county was repeatedly divided among heirs.[2]

The Lordship of Schellenberg was purchased by the Counts of Vaduz in 1437 and the two states have been united in fact ever since. After the Swabian War in 1499, both came under Austrian suzerainty. Different dynasties of counts bought and sold them, until their purchase in the early 18th century by the Liechtenstein dynasty, which had been granted princely status in 1706, but which needed to acquire a territory with imperial immediacy in order to vote in the Diet of the Princes of the Empire. The emperor formally united Vaduz and Schellenberg in 1719 as the Principality of Liechtenstein.[2][3]

World War IIEdit

The Russian Monument in the municipality commemorates the asylum given to Russian soldiers during the Second World War.[4] Near the end of World War II, Liechtenstein granted asylum to approximately five hundred soldiers of the First Russian National Army, a collaborationist Russian force within the German Wehrmacht. This act was no small matter, as the country was poor and had difficulty feeding and caring for such a large group of refugees. Eventually, Argentina agreed to resettle the asylum seekers permanently. In contrast, the British repatriated the Russians who fought on the German side to the USSR.

GeographyEdit

Schellenberg territory borders with the Liechtensteiner municipalities of Eschen, Gamprin, Mauren and Ruggell. It borders also with the Austrian municipality of Feldkirch, in the federal state of Vorarlberg.[5]

TransportEdit

In Schellenberg there is a small road crossing to Austria, manned by Austrian and Swiss border guards.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b https://www.llv.li/files/as/bevolkerungsstatistik-30-juni-2017.pdf
  2. ^ a b History of Schellenberg
  3. ^ The Lordship of Schellenberg on states-world.com
  4. ^ Schellenberg TravelGuide on Virtual Tourist.com
  5. ^ 1155946 (x a j h) Schellenberg on OpenStreetMap
  6. ^ "Wohlwend hofft auf Startplatz in neuer Rennserie (in German)". Volksblatt.li. Retrieved 29 November 2018.

External linksEdit