Dortmund Hauptbahnhof

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The station's origins lie in a joint station of the Köln-Mindener Eisenbahn and Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn which was built north of the city centre in 1847. That station was replaced by a new station, erected in 1910 at the current site. It featured raised embankments to allow a better flow of traffic. At the time of its opening, it was one of the largest stations in Germany. It was, however, destroyed in an Allied air raid on 6 October 1944.

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn Dortmund Stadtbahn
Junction station
HBFDo.JPG
General information
LocationKönigswall 15, Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates51°31′3″N 7°27′32″E / 51.51750°N 7.45889°E / 51.51750; 7.45889Coordinates: 51°31′3″N 7°27′32″E / 51.51750°N 7.45889°E / 51.51750; 7.45889
Owned byDeutsche Bahn
Operated byDB Station&Service
Line(s)
Platforms16
Train operatorsDB Fernverkehr
DB Regio NRW
Abellio
eurobahn
NordWestBahn
Flixtrain
Thalys
ConnectionsS1 S2 S5
Other information
Station code1289[1]
DS100 codeEDO[2]
IBNR8000080
Category1[1]
IATA: DTZ[3]
Fare zoneVRR: 370[4]
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opened1847[5]
Key dates
1910rebuilt
1944destroyed
1952rebuilt
Passengers
130,000 daily[6]
Services
Preceding station Thalys Following station
Essen Hbf
towards Paris-Nord
Thalys Terminus
DB Fernverkehr
towards Düsseldorf or Cologne
ICE 10
via Düsseldorf/Wuppertal - Hamm (Westf) - Hannover
towards Frankfurt
ICE 31
train route splits here and rejoins in Köln Hbf
towards Frankfurt
towards Munich
ICE 41Terminus
ICE 42
towards Munich
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
towards Hannover
towards Vienna
ICE 91
train route splits here and rejoins in Köln Hbf
Terminus
towards Vienna
towards Offenburg
IC/EC 30
towards Frankfurt
IC/EC 31
towards Stuttgart
IC/EC 32
towards Berlin
towards Cologne
IC 55
towards Cologne
Preceding station FlixTrain Logo 2020.svg Following station
Essen Hbf
towards Aachen Hbf
FLX 30 Bielefeld Hbf
towards Leipzig Hbf
Preceding station National Express Germany Following station
Bochum Hbf
towards Aachen Hbf
Dortmund-Scharnhorst
Witten Hbf
towards Aachen Hbf
Terminus
Bochum Hbf Kamen
Bochum Hbf Kamen-Methler
Preceding station Eurobahn Following station
Dortmund-Mengede Dortmund-Scharnhorst
Dortmund-Kirchderne
towards Münster Hbf
Terminus
Terminus Dortmund Signal-Iduna-Park
towards Soest
Preceding station DB Regio NRW Following station
Terminus Dortmund-Hörde
towards Brilon Stadt
Dortmund-Mengede
towards Duisburg Hbf
Terminus
Dortmund-Huckarde Nord
towards Dorsten
Dortmund-Kirchderne
towards Enschede
Terminus Dortmund Signal-Iduna-Park
towards Lüdenscheid
Dortmund Signal-Iduna-Park
towards Iserlohn
Preceding station Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn Following station
Dortmund-Dorstfeld
towards Solingen Hbf
S1 Terminus
Dortmund-Dorstfeld S2
Terminus S5 Dortmund-Barop
towards Hagen Hbf
Preceding station Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn Following station
Leopoldstraße U41 Kampstraße
towards Clarenberg
Terminus U45 Kampstraße
Leopoldstraße U47 Kampstraße
towards Aplerbeck
Leopoldstraße
towards Hafen
U49 Kampstraße
towards Hacheney
Location
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Location in North Rhine-Westphalia
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is located in Germany
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Location in Germany
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is located in Europe
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
Location in Europe

The main station hall was rebuilt in the year 1952 in a contemporary style. Its stained glass windows feature then-common professions of Dortmund.

The station has 190,000 passengers passing through each day.[7]

HistoryEdit

The original Dortmund station was built north of the city centre by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (Cöln-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, CME) as part of its trunk line and opened on 15 May 1847.[5] Two years later the Bergisch-Märkische Railway Company (Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, BME) opened its station as a purely terminating station south of the existing station at the end of its main line to Elberfeld (now Wuppertal),[8] its line to Soest (from 1855)[9] and its Ruhr route to Duisburg and Oberhausen (from 1860).[10] The original station building on an island, with access from the castle gate, was replaced in 1910 by a spacious new building at the current location. The tracks were raised to end the obstacle to road traffic through restricted level crossings. This second Dortmund station was inaugurated on 12 December 1910 and was one of the largest in the German Empire when it opened. The station then received the name "Dortmund Hbf" on 1 October 1912. It was destroyed during the Second World War.[5]

The entrance building of Dortmund Hauptbahnhof was replaced in 1952 by a functionalist building. It is regarded as architecturally insignificant, but it has significant stained glass windows on the theme of the former industrial specialisations of Dortmund. Five large stained glass windows document the Dortmund economy. In the middle one the city is shown, flanked to the left and right by a steelworker, a blast furnace worker, a brewer and a bridge builder. During the reconstruction of the station they were removed and the put on exhibition at the Hattingen Henrichshütte (a former steel works, which is partly used as a museum of industry). They were replaced with exact copies.[11]

Reconstruction and rehabilitationEdit

 
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof
 
Dortmund Hauptbahnhof from the RWE Tower
 
Thalys, Dortmund-Paris-North

The reconstruction of the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof has been under discussion since 1997. The original plan for a residential area in the form of an "oversized UFO" (80,000 square metres of usable space) was rejected. On 7 October 1998 a memorandum of understanding had been signed between Deutsche Bahn, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and Westdeutsche Immobilien Bank. The Deutsche Mark (DM) 850 million project was to be completed by 2002.[12]

After the plans for the so-called "Dortmund UFO" were dropped, a new investor was found in 2001 in the form of the Portuguese investment group Sonae Imobiliaria. The DM 1.2 billion project was to be completed by 2006 and new designs were commissioned from architectural firms in the first quarter of 2001.[13] The new proposed development was called "3do" (3 Dortmund). €75 million of federal and €55 million of state funds were pledged. It was planned to have 36,000 square metres of retail and 26,500 square metres of entertainment space. On 3 February 2006, the Essen branch of the Federal Railway Authority (Eisenbahn-Bundesamt) approved the plans for "3do". On 28 February 2007, Deutsche Bahn announced that the investor was unwilling to commit to the project.[citation needed]

Through plans for the reconstruction of the station have twice failed, Dortmund Hauptbahnhof suffers significantly from neglect. Only the terminating platforms (tracks 2–5) and the platform of S-Bahn lines S1 and S2 (tracks 6 and 7) have a lift.[citation needed]

The reconstruction and rehabilitation of the Dortmund Hauptbahnhof began in summer 2009. In a first phase, the station building and related operational areas were gutted. During construction the ticket office and a restaurant of a fast-food chain were placed in containers outside the station. The federal police station and the Bahnhofsmission (a German charity focussed on railway stations) were also placed in containers on the north side. On 17 June 2011, the first phase was formally completed. Of the total cost of €23 million, the federal government contributed €13.3 million, the state €1.4 million and the Deutsche Bahn €8.3 million.[14]

In a second phase, which is scheduled to be completed until 2024, the station tunnels and the entrances to the platforms will be renewed.[15] Dortmund is one of the few big-city stations in Germany where access to the platforms has not yet made accessible for the disabled. In the course of these alterations the eastern access to the tunnel linking the station's buildings and platforms will also be rebuilt. At the same time it is also intended that there will be improvements to facilitate the introduction of the Rhine-Ruhr Express (a planned upgrade to North Rhine-Westphalia's Regional-Express network).[16]

ServicesEdit

[citation needed]

Long distanceEdit

Dortmund Hauptbahnhof is served by Thalys, Flixtrain, Deutsche Bahn Intercity-Express and Intercity services.

Line Route Frequency Operator
ICE 10 Berlin – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – DortmundEssen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf (– Cologne or Köln Messe/Deutz Cologne/Bonn Airport
one train from Cologne to Bonn – Koblenz)
Hourly DB Fernverkehr
ICE 30 Hamburg-Altona – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne 1 train DB Fernverkehr
ICE 31 Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Hagen – Wuppertal – Solingen – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt (– Hanau – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Ingolstadt – Munich) 3 train pairs DB Fernverkehr
ICE 41 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Aschaffenburg – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich Individual services DB Fernverkehr
ICE 41 Munich – Nuremberg – Würzburg – Fulda –Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe – Paderborn – Hamm –Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf (– Cologne / Köln Messe/Deutz – Wiesbaden – Frankfurt) 1 train pair DB Fernverkehr
ICE 42 (Hamburg - Münster –) Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Siegburg/BonnFrankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Ulm – Augsburg – München-Pasing – Munich Every 2 hours DB Fernverkehr
ICE 43 Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Hagen – Wuppertal – Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Offenburg – Freiburg – Basel Individual services DB Fernverkehr
ICE 47 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – (Cologne/Bonn Airport –) Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart Individual services DB Fernverkehr
THA 80 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – (Düsseldorf Airport –) Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen – Liège-Guillemins – Brussels – Paris Individual services Thalys
ICE 91 Dortmund – Bochum – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Hanau – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Regensburg – Plattling – Passau – Wels – Linz – St. Pölten Wien Meidling Wien – Vienna Airport Individual services DB Fernverkehr
IC 30 (Binz – ) Stralsund – Rostock – or Westerland – Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart Every 2 hours DB Fernverkehr
EC Hamburg-Altona – Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Cologne – Mannheim – Karlsruhe – Basel – Zürich / Interlaken Ost 4 train pairs DB Fernverkehr/SBB
IC 31 (Kiel – ) Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Hagen – Wuppertal – Solingen – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt (– Würzburg – Nuremberg – Regensburg – Passau) Every 2 hours DB Fernverkehr
IC 32 (Berlin Südkreuz Wolfsburg – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm –) Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Ulm (– Lindau – Bludenz – Innsbruck) Every 4 hours DB Fernverkehr
IC 50 MDV Gera – Jena – Weimar – Erfurt – Eisenach – Kassel – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf (– Cologne) 2 train pairs DB Fernverkehr
IC 55 Dresden – Leipzig – Halle – Magdeburg – Braunschweig – Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – (Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – bzw. Hagen – Wuppertal – Solingen – ) Cologne (– Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Ulm  – Kempten – Oberstdorf) Every 2 hours DB Fernverkehr
FLX 30 Leipzig – Lutherstadt Wittenberg – Berlin Südkreuz – Berlin Hbf – Berlin-Spandau – Hannover – Bielefeld – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen 1-2 train pairs daily Flixtrain

Regional servicesEdit

In local passenger service, Dortmund is served by several regional and S-Bahn lines (as of 2020):[17]

Line Route Frequency
RE 1
NRW-Express
AachenEschweilerDürenHorremCologneDüsseldorfDüsseldorf AirportDuisburgMülheimEssenBochumDortmundHamm 60 min
RE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
Düsseldorf – Duisburg – Oberhausen – Essen-Altenessen – GelsenkirchenWanne-EickelHerne – Castrop-Rauxel – Dortmund – Kamen – Hamm 60 min
RE 4
Wupper-Express
Aachen – Mönchengladbach – Düsseldorf – WuppertalHagenDortmund 60 mins
RE 6
Rhein-Weser-Express
Minden – Herford – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Essen – Mülheim – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf – Neuss – Cologne – Cologne/Bonn Airport 60 min
RE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
Düsseldorf – Düsseldorf Airport – Duisburg – Mülheim – Essen – Dortmund – Hamm – Paderborn (– Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe) 60 min
RB 32


Rhein-Emscher-Bahn

Duisburg – Oberhausen – Essen-Altenessen – Gelsenkirchen – Wanne-Eickel – Castrop-RauxelDortmund 60 min
RB 43
Emschertal-Bahn
DorstenGladbeck - Wanne-Eickel – Herne – Dortmund 60 min
RB 50
Der Lüner
MünsterLünenDortmund 60 min
RB 51
Westmünsterlandbahn
Dortmund – Lünen – DülmenCoesfeldGronauEnschede 60 min
RB 52
Volmetal-Bahn
Lüdenscheid – Lüdenscheid-Brügge – Schalksmühle – Hagen – Dortmund 60 min
RB 53
Ardey-Bahn
Dortmund – Schwerte (Ruhr) – Iserlohn 30–60 min
RB 59
Hellweg-Bahn
DortmundHolzwickedeUnnaSoest 30 min
S1 Dortmund (1) – Bochum – Essen (2) – Mülheim – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf (3) – Hilden  – Solingen (4) 15 min (1–2),
30 min (2–3),
20 min (3–4)
S2 Dortmund – Castrop-Rauxel – Herne (– Wanne-Eickel – Gelsenkirchen – Essen) / (– Recklinghausen) 30 min
S5 Dortmund – Witten (– Wetter – Hagen) 30 mins

Light railEdit

 
Underground platforms of Dortmund Stadtbahn

The station is served by lines U41, U45, U47 and U49 of the Dortmund Stadtbahn.

∗ U45 becomes at the station Westfalenhallen the line U46 and continues to Brunnenstraße. On match days of the Borussia Dortmund soccer club the line ends instead of the regular terminus Westfalenhallen at the Westfalenstadion station, which is only open on these occasions. In this case it does not continue as U46.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2022" [Station price list 2022] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 7 February 2022. Retrieved 13 March 2022.
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  3. ^ Airport information for Dortmund Hauptbahnhof at Transport Search website.[dead link]
  4. ^ "Linie U41". Dortmunder Stadtwerke AG. 1 July 2019. Archived from the original on 31 October 2019. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Dortmund-Dorstfeld Hbf operations". NRW Rail Archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  6. ^ Reisen, Service und Shopping für täglich 125.000 Reisende und Besucher Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Information auf bahnhof.de, accessed 13 December 2008
  7. ^ "Dortmund Hbf train schedules". Trainline International. Retrieved 23 March 2020.
  8. ^ Joost, André. "Hagen–Witten–Dortmund line". NRW Rail Archive (in German). Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  9. ^ Joost, André. "Dortmund–Soest line". NRW Rail Archive (in German). Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  10. ^ Joost, André. "Bochum–Dortmund line". NRW Rail Archive (in German). Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  11. ^ "Alte Bahnhofsfenster wieder neu" (in German). Der Westen. 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  12. ^ "Neuer Hauptbahnhof für Dortmund". Eisenbahn-Revue International (in German) (11/1998): 451. ISSN 1421-2811.
  13. ^ "Aktuelles in Kürze". Eisenbahn-Revue International (in German) (3/2001): 106. ISSN 1421-2811.
  14. ^ "Wiedereröffnung Empfangsgebäude Dortmund Hauptbahnhof" (Press release) (in German). DB Mobility Logistics AG. 17 June 2011. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  15. ^ "Tunnel durch Dortmunder Hauptbahnhof am Wochenende gesperrt - das ist der Grund". ruhr24.de (in German). 23 February 2019. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Kaum Neues vom RRX" (in German). Der Westen. November 2009. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  17. ^ Joost, André. "Dortmund Hauptbahnhof". NRW rail archive (in German). Retrieved 13 May 2020.