Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station of Düsseldorf, the state capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn Düsseldorf Stadtbahn
Through station
Duesseldorf main station Konrad-Adenauer-Platz Stadtmitte Duesseldorf Germany.jpg
Entrance hall of station
LocationDüsseldorf, North Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278Coordinates: 51°13′13″N 6°47′34″E / 51.22028°N 6.79278°E / 51.22028; 6.79278
Owned byDB Netz
Operated byDB Station&Service
Line(s)
Platforms
  • 16 rail
  • 4 tram
  • 4 Stadtbahn
Construction
ArchitectKrüger and Eduard Behne
Architectural styleNew Objectivity
Other information
Station code1401
DS100 codeKD
Category1
Fare zoneVRR: 430[1]
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opened
Traffic
Passengers250,000 daily[2]
Services
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
toward Dortmund Hbf
Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
TerminusICE 10
via Düsseldorf/Wuppertal - Hamm (Westf) - Hannover
Select trains only
towards Aachen
towards Munich
ICE 41
towards Dortmund
towards Dortmund
ICE 42
towards Munich
towards Basel SBB
ICE 43
towards Stuttgart
ICE 47
towards Dortmund
towards Frankfurt
ICE 78
towards Vienna
ICE 91
towards Dortmund
towards Zürich HB
IC/EC 30
towards Stuttgart
IC/EC 32
towards Dortmund
towards Koblenz
IC/EC 35
towards Emden
Terminus
IC 50
towards Gera
City Night Line 419
EuroNight 447
toward Warsaw
City Night Line 457
toward Prague
Preceding station   FlixTrain   Following station
Terminus
FLX 20
via Münster
towards Hamburg
towards Aachen
FLX 30
via Hannover - Berlin
towards Leipzig
Preceding station   DB Regio NRW   Following station
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 1
NRW-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
TerminusRE 2
Rhein-Haard-Express
toward Münster Hbf
toward Aachen Hbf
RE 4
Wupper-Express
toward Dortmund Hbf
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Wesel
RE 6
Rhein-Weser-Express
toward Minden Hbf
TerminusRE 11
Rhein-Hellweg-Express
Preceding station   Eurobahn   Following station
TerminusRE 3
Rhein-Emscher-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
toward Venlo
RE 13
Maas-Wupper-Express
toward Hamm Hbf
Preceding station   NordWestBahn   Following station
toward Kleve
RE 10
Niers-Express
Terminus
Preceding station   Abellio Deutschland   Following station
TerminusRE 19
Rhein-IJssel-Express
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
toward Solingen Hbf
S 1
toward Dortmund Hbf
S 6
toward Essen Hbf
S 8
toward Hagen Hbf
S 11
toward Kaarster See
S 28
toward Langenfeld
S 68
Location
Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof
Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof
Location within North Rhine-Westphalia

HistoryEdit

 
Realignment of the lines, former BME line in red, former CME lines in yellow, former RhE line in orange, new combined lines in green
 
Original station in 1900

The station was opened on 1 October 1891. It replaced the three following stations:[3]

Both the Bergisch-Märkische and the Cologne-Minden stations were on the southern edge of the city and were in the way of the construction of Friedrichstadt. The wish to clear the way for the new development was a reason to build a new station in addition to the desire to bring together the stations and lines following the nationalisation of the railway companies of Rhineland-Westphalia between 1879 and 1882.

Construction of station building in the 1930sEdit

The original Hauptbahnhof was built in the Wilhelmine style. After three decades it had become too small and its style had become unfashionable. In November 1930, eight designs were submitted to the public as part of a competition to redesign the station. The station building was built from 1932-1936 conforming to a design dictated by the Reichsbahn directorate of Wuppertal and its architects, Krüger and Eduard Behne.[3] It features a notable clock tower.

The station underwent major reconstruction in the 1980s, finishing in 1985, when the Stadtbahn lines passing under the station were opened. This reconstruction involved the remodeling of the old ticket offices into a food court, the installation of lifts and the opening of the station toward the city borough of Oberbilk, where, at the western exit of the station, new office buildings were erected on the site of a former steel works. The former 1st class waiting room has been remodeled into a hotel and a discothèque.

Some minor changes were carried out in the year 2005; the old toilets from 1985 were torn out to make room for a fast food restaurant, a small 1st class lounge was installed in the northern passenger tunnel also. The dated ceilings and information systems in the passenger tunnels are scheduled for replacement also, as they do not meet current fire protection standards.

Operational usageEdit

 
Station hall

The station is frequented by roughly a quarter million passengers per day and is therefore Germany's sixth busiest station. All modes of rail transport are offered on the 20 main line tracks (16 platforms currently in use), including InterCityExpress, InterCity and EuroCity trains for long distance travel, DB NachtZug, D-Nacht and EuroNight overnight trains as well as RegionalExpress, RegionalBahn and S-Bahn services for regional distribution. The station is integrated into the Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn network and local traffic operates under the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr transport association. The subterranean station, operated by Rheinbahn, has 4 tracks that are part of the Stadtbahn lines of Düsseldorf. The 6 tramway stops in front of the station connect the Hauptbahnhof to the local tram network, also operated by Rheinbahn.

The station is served by the following services:[4]

Long-distanceEdit

Line Route Frequency
ICE 10 Berlin-Gesundbrunnen – Berlin – (Wolfsburg –) Hannover – Bielefeld – Hamm – Dortmund – Bochum – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf (– Cologne – Aachen) Hourly
ICE 30 Hamburg – Bremen – Osnabrück – Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne 1 train
ICE 41 (Dortmund –) Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt – Würzburg – Nuremberg – Munich Hourly
ICE 42 (Hamburg – Bremen – Münster –) Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Flughafen – Mannheim – Stuttgart – Munich Every 2 hours
ICE 43 (Amsterdam – Utrecht – Arnhem – Oberhausen – Duisburg –) or (Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg –) Düsseldorf – Cologne – Siegburg/Bonn – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – KarlsruheFreiburgBasel Individual services
ICE 47 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Frankfurt Airport – Mannheim – Stuttgart Every 2 hours
ICE 78 Amsterdam – Utrecht – Arnhem – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Every 2 hours
THA 80 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – (Düsseldorf Airport –) Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen – Liège-Guillemins – Brussels – Paris-Nord Individual services
ICE 91 Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Frankfurt Flughafen – Frankfurt – Würzburg – Nürnberg – Passau – Vienna – Vienna Airport Individual services
IC/EC 30 (Westerland –) Hamburg – Bremen – Münster – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Stuttgart (/ – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel – Zürich/Interlaken Ost) Every 2 hours
IC 32 (Berlin – Hannover – Bielefeld –) Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Mannheim – Heidelberg – Stuttgart – Ulm (– Oberstdorf/Innsbruck) Every 2 hours
IC 35 Norddeich Mole – Emden – Münster – Recklinghausen – Gelsenkirchen – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz Every 2 hours
IC 37 Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Wittlich – Trier – Luxembourg 1 train pair
IC 50 Gera – Jena – Weimar – Erfurt – Eisenach – Kassel – Dortmund – Düsseldorf (– Cologne) 2 train pairs
FLX 20 Hamburg Hbf – Hamburg-Harburg – Osnabrück – Münster – Gelsenkirchen – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne 1-3 train pairs
FLX 30 Leipzig – Lutherstadt Wittenberg – Berlin Südkreuz – Berlin Hbf – Berlin-Spandau – Hannover – Bielefeld – Dortmund – Essen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf – Cologne – Aachen 1-2 train pairs
EN ÖBB Nightjet
Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Süd Nuremberg – Regensburg – Passau – Wels – Linz – Amstetten – St. Pölten Wien Meidling Vienna (car train)
1 train pair
EN ÖBB Nightjet
Düsseldorf – Cologne – Bonn – Koblenz – Mainz – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt Süd – Nuremberg – Augsburg – Munich – Kufstein – Wörgl – Jenbach – Innsbruck
1 train pair

RegionalEdit

  • Regional services RE 1 NRW-Express Aachen - Cologne - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm
  • Regional services RE 2 Rhein-Haard-Express Münster - Dülmen - Recklinghausen - Essen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 3 Rhein-Emscher-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Gelsenkirchen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 4 Wupper-Express Dortmund - Hagen - Wuppertal - Düsseldorf - Mönchengladbach - Aachen
  • Regional services RE 5 Rhein-Express Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
  • Regional services RE 6 Rhein-Weser-Express Cologne/Bonn Airport - Cologne - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund - Hamm - Bielefeld - Minden
  • Regional services RE 10 Niers-Express Kleve - Weeze - Krefeld - Düsseldorf
  • Regional services RE 11 Rhein-Hellweg-Express Hamm - Dortmund - Essen - Duisburg - Krefeld - Mönchengladbach
  • Regional services RE 13 Maas-Wupper-Express Venlo - Viersen - Mönchengladbach - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm
  • Regional services RE 19 Rhein-IJssel-Express Arnhem – Emmerich – Wesel – Oberhausen – Duisburg – Düsseldorf Airport – Düsseldorf
  • Local services RB 39 Düssel-Erft-Bahn Bedburg - Grevenbroich - Neuss - Düsseldorf
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 1 Solingen - Düsseldorf - Duisburg - Essen - Dortmund
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 2 Duisburg - Oberhausen - Essen - Gelsenkirchen - Dortmund
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 6 Essen - Kettwig - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Köln-Nippes
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 8 Mönchengladbach - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal - Hagen
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 11 Düsseldorf Airport Terminal - Düsseldorf - Neuss - Cologne - Bergisch Gladbach
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 28 Kaarster See - Neuss - Düsseldorf - Mettmann
  • Rhein-Ruhr S-Bahn services S 68 Langenfeld - Düsseldorf - Wuppertal-Vohwinkel
Düsseldorf Airport rail services
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duisburg Hbf
 
 
 
 
 
 
Düsseldorf Airport
 
 
SkyTrain Parkhaus 4
 
 
SkyTrain Terminal A/B
 
 
 
 
SkyTrain Terminal C
 
 
 
 
Düsseldorf Airport Terminal C
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Düsseldorf Hbf
 
 
 
 

Stadbahn servicesEdit

 
Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof station of Stadtbahn Düsseldorf
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn   Following station
U70Terminus
U74
toward Neuss Hbf
U75
U76
Terminus
toward Am Seestern
U77
toward Holthausen
U78Terminus
U79

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Wabenplan für das Rheinbahn-Bedienungsgebiet" (PDF). Rheinbahn. 1 August 2008. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Düsseldorf Hauptbahnhof – Information to station, More Information, Facts & figures". Retrieved 28 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Der Hauptbahnhof" (in German). Stadtarchiv Landeshauptstadt Düsseldorf. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
  4. ^ Timetables for Düsseldorf Hbf station