Linz Hauptbahnhof

Linz Hauptbahnhof or Linz Central Station[1] is a railway station in Linz, the third largest city in Austria, and capital city of the federal state of Upper Austria.[2] Opened in 1858, the station is the centrepiece of the Linz transport hub. It forms part of the Western Railway, and is also a terminus of the Pyhrn Railway, the Summerauer Railway, and the Linzer Lokalbahn (LILO). The station is owned by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB); train services are operated by the ÖBB and the LILO. With over 30,000 travellers per day, it is one of the busiest through stations in Austria.

Linz Hauptbahnhof
LinzHbf.jpg
Linz Hauptbahnhof
LocationBahnhofplatz
4020 Linz
Austria
Coordinates48°17′26″N 14°17′28″E / 48.29056°N 14.29111°E / 48.29056; 14.29111Coordinates: 48°17′26″N 14°17′28″E / 48.29056°N 14.29111°E / 48.29056; 14.29111
Elevation264 m (AA)
Owned byAustrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)
Operated byÖBB
LILO
Line(s)Western Railway
Pyhrn Railway
Summerauer Railway
Linzer Lokalbahn (LILO)
Platforms14
Tracks12 for ÖBB
2 for LILO
Connections
History
Opened1858 (1858)
Services
Preceding station   WESTbahn   Following station
toward Salzburg Hbf
InterCity
Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
towards Frankfurt
ICE 91
towards Vienna
Preceding station   ÖBB   Following station
toward München Hbf
Railjet
Railjet
toward Salzburg Hbf
Railjet
EuroCityTerminus
REX Terminus
R Terminus
Location
Linz is located in Austria
Linz
Linz
Location in Austria
Linz is located in Europe
Linz
Linz
Location in Europe

LocationEdit

Linz Hauptbahnhof is situated in Bahnhofplatz, near the southern edge of the city centre.

HistoryEdit

 
Linz's original central station building.

The first Linz central station building was completed in 1858, to coincide with the arrival of the Empress Elisabeth Railway company's Western Railway from Vienna.

The station was rebuilt from 1936 by the Nazi's - being the closest city to Adolf Hitler's birthplace - in a severe modernist style characterized by a reinforced concrete frame, high ceilings, and elongated windows.[3] But by the time of its completion, Linz had already been designated one of five Fuhrer Cities, where complete remodelling would take place. The site of the station in the remodelling plan was designated as the site of the Führermuseum, with the station to be moved four kilometers to the south at the opposite end of a new main boulevard.[4][5] However, these remodelling plans never came to fruition, and with the rebuilt station building damaged by Allied bombing during World War II, the station was rebuilt for a second time from 1949-1955 in the sober style of that time.[3]

By the end of the twentieth century, it was no longer appropriate to the increasing requirements of contemporary public transport. In 2002-2004, the rebuilt station building was completely replaced with a new building designed by Wilhelm Holzbauer. This redevelopment also added the Terminal Tower skyscraper as part of a mixed-use complex.[3]

Station buildingEdit

The present station building is structured in three levels. The main entrance is at ground level, next to the taxi rank, and also provides the connection to the station's bus terminal.

 
The current main hall.

The bus terminal is used by Postbuses and some bus and trolleybus routes operated by Linz Linien. It is also used by the Welser company's regional buses, which connect Linz with the neighbouring communities of Traun and Ansfelden.

The railway platforms are accessible via the intermediate level of the building. Here, alongside the ÖBB ticket windows, information services, and the ÖBB club lounge, are shops and restaurants.

In the basement, there are stops for all three lines of the Linz tramway network, and an underground parking garage.

Due to its short transfer routes, large size and bright ambience, the building has repeatedly won the Verkehrsclub Österreich's award for the most popular and beautiful railway station in Austria, ahead of the central stations at Klagenfurt, Wiener Neustadt, and Wels.

Train servicesEdit

The station is served by the following services:

  • Westbahn services Salzburg - Attnang Puchheim - Wels - Linz - Amstetten - St Pölten - Vienna[6]
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 91) Hamburg - Hanover - Kassel - Nürnberg - Passau - Linz - St Pölten - Vienna - Vienna Airport
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 91) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Passau - Linz - St Pölten - Vienna - Vienna Airport
  • RailJet services Zürich - Innsbruck - Salzburg - Linz - St Pölten - Vienna - Győr - Budapest
  • RailJet services Munich - Salzburg - Linz - St Pölten - Vienna - Győr - Budapest

PlatformsEdit

 
View of the platforms.

As at 2015, Linz Hauptbahnhof had 14 operating station platforms, of which platforms 21 and 1 were allocated to Linzer Lokalbahn trains.

The platforms are of the latest design, to correspond with the requirements of the ÖBB's Bahnhofsoffensive. All are equipped with elevators or escalators. All platforms, except platform 22 which, however, does not face any track, are through platforms.

Platforms 21 and 22 are to serve in the future for the Linz S-Bahn, which is still being planned.

InterchangeEdit

Following the Bahnhofsoffensive, some changes were visible in public transport interchange at Linz Hauptbahnhof.

Tram stationEdit

 
Cityrunner 013 in the tram station.

Until 2004, the Hauptbahnhof was served only by line 3 of the Linz tram system. Lines 1 and 2 ran along the Wienerstraße, a short distance away. The Wienerstraße route has now been relocated underground between Goethekreuzung and Herz Jesu Kirche. By that new route, lines 1 and 2 now join line 3 in serving the Hauptbahnhof. The former above ground tram route between Blumauerplatz and Herz Jesu Kirche had been removed by 2009, and the streets were resurfaced. Thus, nothing now remains of the old route.

The Hauptbahnhof tram stop is now 86 m (282 ft) long and has space for 2 Cityrunner trams. Both ends of the station are fitted with reversing loops.

Bus terminalEdit

In 2004, the bus terminal was built east of the Hauptbahnhof. The bus station is below the county offices (regional service centre) and is at ground level. In the bus terminal there are three long bus platforms, where the Linz AG Linien, Postbus und Wilhelm Welser Traun buses all stop. The bus terminal is a total of 200 m (656 ft) long and 50 m (164 ft) wide.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Linz Central Station at www.oebb.at, website of Austria's national carrier. Retrieved 28 Dec 2015.
  2. ^ ÖBB travel portal: Stations with Luggage lockers "Upper Austria: Linz Hauptbahnhof, Wels Hauptbahnhof, .. Salzburg Hauptbahnhof, ..Graz Hauptbahnhof, Leoben Hauptbahnhof, ...Carinthia / East Tyrol: Klagenfurt Hauptbahnhof, Villach Hauptbahnhof, Tyrol: Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof, .. "
  3. ^ a b c "Linz - Kultur - Denkmäler: Hauptbahnhof" (in German). City of Linz. Retrieved 2011-04-28. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Plaut (1946)
  5. ^ "Hitler's Museum", Intelligent Television, retrieved 13 December 2008 CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ https://westbahn.at/en/

External linksEdit

  Media related to Linz Hauptbahnhof at Wikimedia Commons