Bonn Hauptbahnhof

Bonn Hauptbahnhof is a railway station located on the left bank of the Rhine along the Cologne–Mainz line. It is the principal station serving the city of Bonn. In addition to extensive rail service from Deutsche Bahn it acts as a hub for local bus, tram, and Stadtbahn services.

Bonn Hauptbahnhof
Deutsche Bahn Bonn Stadtbahn
Bonn Hauptbahnhof.jpg
Entrance of the station (2008)
LocationAm Hauptbahnhof 1, BonnNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Germany
Coordinates50°43′55″N 7°5′49″E / 50.73194°N 7.09694°E / 50.73194; 7.09694Coordinates: 50°43′55″N 7°5′49″E / 50.73194°N 7.09694°E / 50.73194; 7.09694
Line(s)
Construction
Architectural styleNeo-Renaissance
Other information
Station code0767
DS100 codeKB[1]
IBNR8000044
Category2[2]
Fare zoneVRS: 2600[3]
Websitewww.bahnhof.de
History
Opening22 April 1885
Services
Preceding station   DB Fernverkehr   Following station
Terminus
ICE 10
via Düsseldorf/Wuppertal - Hamm (Westf) - Hannover
select trains only
towards Frankfurt
ICE 31
towards Vienna
ICE 91
towards Frankfurt
towards Offenburg
IC/EC 30
towards Frankfurt
IC/EC 31
towards Stuttgart
IC/EC 32
towards Berlin
towards Cologne
IC/EC 35
towards Emden
towards Cologne
IC 55
Terminus
Preceding station   DB Regio NRW   Following station
toward Koblenz Hbf
RE 5
Rhein-Express
toward Wesel
TerminusRB 23
Voreifel-Bahn
toward Ahrbrück
RB 30
Rhein-Ahr-Bahn
Terminus
Preceding station   National Express   Following station
toward Bonn-Mehlem
RB 48
Rhein-Wupper-Bahn
Preceding station   trans regio   Following station
toward Mainz Hbf
RB 26
MittelRheinBahn
Preceding station Bonn Stadtbahn Following station
Bonn West Line 16 Universität/Markt
Bonn West
towards Thielenbruch
Line 18 Terminus
Bonn West Line 63 Universität/Markt
Stadthaus Line 67
Line 66 Universität/Markt
towards Bad Honnef
Bonn West
towards Bornheim
Line 68 Universität/Markt
towards Ramersdorf
Preceding station Trams in Bonn Following station
Poppelsdorfer Allee
towards Dottendorf
Line 61 Thomas-Mann-Straße
Line 62 Thomas-Mann-Straße
Location
Bonn Hauptbahnhof is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Bonn Hauptbahnhof
Bonn Hauptbahnhof
Location within North Rhine-Westphalia

HistoryEdit

 
Bonn station in 1900

The first station was constructed in 1844 by the Bonn-Cologne Railway Company, as part of the West Rhine Railway.[4] The current building was erected between 1883 and 1884. From 1870 a train ferry connected Bonn station to the East Rhine Railway. With the opening of the Voreifel Railway to Euskirchen, the station became a rail junction.

In 1883 and 1884, a new station building was erected, which is now heritage listed.

The station sharply increased in importance in 1949, when Bonn became capital of the Federal Republic. Many politicians and federal employees travelled by train, as did guests of the state.

In 1969, Bonn grew considerably by incorporating towns which includes the stations of Bad Godesberg, Beuel, Duisdorf, Oberkassel and Mehlem and, in 1971, the station was renamed Bonn Hauptbahnhof.

Northwest of the station there used to be a small freight yard, which is now closed and partially demolished. The remaining tracks are used to allow freight trains to be overtaken and as a yard for assembling passenger trains and parking freight wagons. The Rhine Shore station (Rheinuferbahnhof) of the former Cologne-Bonn Railway (Köln-Bonner Eisenbahnen AG, KBE) was next to the station until 1985. As part of the construction of the Bonn Stadtbahn in the early 1970s, the existing buildings at the station were demolished and rebuilt. The design of the station forecourt was soon the subject of much controversy among the public of Bonn and there were several attempts to redesign it.

During the planning phase of the Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed line in the 1980s and early 1990s, a proposal to build a new line via Bonn station was controversial. This proposed a tunnel under the city, which would begin on the northern outskirts of Bonn and run through a deep level station 35 m below the main station. After crossing under the government district, the Rhine and the Siebengebirge hills to reach the line route that favoured by the Deutsche Bundesbahn to run via Limburg an der Lahn to Frankfurt. The additional cost of this option was estimated at about half a billion Euros.[5] In addition, a route via Bonn-Beuel and Aegidienberg through a 14 km long tunnel was also considered.[5] Today, Bonn Hauptbahnhof is connected indirectly to the high-speed line, by tram line 66 of the Bonn Stadtbahn to Siegburg/Bonn station. Despite Intercity-Express services running through Siegburg/Bonn rather than Bonn, Bonn Hauptbahnhof is still a major stop for long-distance traffic.

StadtbahnEdit

Located beneath the main platforms are two underground platforms served by the Bonn Stadtbahn.[citation needed] Bonn Hauptbahnhof sits astride the north–south and east–west axes of the network and consequently sees daily about 50,000 passengers. The current facility opened in 1979.

Train servicesEdit

 
platforms and tracks

The station is served by the following services:[6]

  • Intercity Express services (ICE 10) Koblenz - Cologne - Wuppertal - Hagen - Hamm - Hanover - Berlin
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 31) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Munich
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 31) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Basel
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 91) Hamburg - Bremen - Münster - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Frankfurt - Nürnberg - Passau - Linz - Vienna
  • Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – München – Salzburg – Villach – Klagenfurt
  • Eurocity services (EC 32) Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart – Lindau - Innsbruck
  • Intercity services (IC 32) (Berlin - Hanover -) Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Munich
  • Intercity services (IC 35) Norddeich - Emden - Rheine - Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Karlsruhe - Konstanz
  • Intercity services (IC 35) Norddeich - Emden - Rheine - Münster - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart
  • Intercity services (IC 55) Magdeburg - Hanover - Dortmund - Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Koblenz - Mainz - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Oberstdorf
  • Regional services RE 5 Rhein-Express Emmerich - Wesel - Oberhausen - Duisburg - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Bonn - Koblenz
  • Local services RB 26 MittelrheinBahn Cologne - Bonn - Remagen - Andernach - Koblenz - Bingen - Mainz
  • Local services RB 30 Rhein-Ahr-Bahn Bonn - Remagen - Bad Neuenahr - Dernau - Ahrbrück
  • Local services RB 48 Rhein-Wupper-Bahn Bonn-Mehlem - Bonn - Cologne - Solingen - Wuppertal - Wuppertal-Oberbarmen
  • Rhein-Sieg S-Bahn services S 23 Bonn - Meckenheim - Rheinbach (- Euskirchen)

Stadtbahn servicesEdit

 
U-Bahn station

Tram servicesEdit

Two tram lines serve a surface-level stop in front of Bonn Hauptbahnhof:

  • 61: Auerberg – Bonn Hauptbahnhof – Dottendorf
  • 62: Oberkassel – Ramersdorf – Bonn Hauptbahnhof – Dottendorf

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
  2. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2021" [Station price list 2021] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 16 November 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  3. ^ "VRS-Gemeinschaftstarif" (PDF) (in German). Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Sieg. 20 April 2020. p. 198. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 June 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
  4. ^ "Bonn Hbf (KB) operations". NRW rail archive (in German). André Joost. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Planungsstadium". Eisenbahn Journal (in German) (Special issue 3: Tempo 300 − Die Neubaustrecke Köln–Frankfurt): 12–17. 2002. ISBN 3-89610-095-5.
  6. ^ Timetables for Bonn Hbf station

External linksEdit