Del Mar, California
Del Mar is a beach city in San Diego County, California, United States, incorporated on July 15, 1959. Del Mar is Spanish for "of the sea" or "by the sea," which reflects its location on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. The Del Mar Horse Races are hosted on the Del Mar racetrack every summer.
Del Mar, California
|City of Del Mar|
Location of Del Mar in San Diego County, California
|Incorporated||July 15, 1959|
|• Body||City council|
|• Mayor||Terry Gaasterland|
|• City||1.78 sq mi (4.60 km2)|
|• Land||1.72 sq mi (4.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.14 km2) 3.94%|
|Elevation||112 ft (34 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,509.59/sq mi (968.80/km2)|
|• Metro||SD-TJ: 5,105,768|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (PST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1656480|
In 1885, Colonel Jacob Taylor purchased 338 acres (1.37 km2) from Enoch Talbert, with visions of building a seaside resort for the rich and famous. The United States Navy operated a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility for blimps at Del Mar during World War II. The population was estimated at 4,347 in 2018, up from 4,161 at the 2010 census.
The town has a wealthy population along the coast and the bluffs above the ocean. However, these properties are very vulnerable to climate change caused sea level rise and subsequent coastal erosion. Already transportation infrastructure has been under threat. The city has a Climate change adaptation plan that notably doesn't have any managed retreat strategy even though it was recommended by the state California Coastal Commission in 2019.
In 1885, Del Mar was established. With the name Del Mar being given from Ella the wife of a railroad contractor, Theodore M. Loop who was working on laying tracks between San Bernardino and San Diego, with “Colonel” Jacob Taylor providing funds to acquire 338.11 acres from Enoch Talbert.
Del Mar is one of only two locations where the Torrey Pine tree naturally occurs. The Torrey Pine is the rarest pine in the United States; only two populations of this endangered species exist, in Del Mar and on Santa Rosa Island. The Soledad Valley at the south of Del Mar severs two colony segments.
At the southern edge of Del Mar is the Los Peñasquitos Lagoon. To the north is the San Dieguito Lagoon and the San Dieguito River, which empties into the Pacific Ocean at Del Mar. The bluffs along Del Mar's south beach are subject to collapse.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2), of which 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (3.94%) is water.
Del Mar's climate is considered mediterranean-subtropical with warm, dry summers and mild, humid winters. Temperatures exceed 85 °F (29 °C) only on a few occasions throughout the year and rarely drop below 41 °F (5 °C). The average yearly temperature in Del Mar is approximately 65 °F (18 °C).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Del Mar had a population of 4,161. The population density was 2,341.9 people per square mile (904.2 per km2). The racial makeup of Del Mar was 3,912 (94.0%) White, 10 (0.2%) African American, eight (0.2%) Native American, 118 (2.8%) Asian, three (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 25 (0.6%) from other races, and 85 (2.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 175 people (4.2%).
There were 2,064 households, with 340 (16.5%) having children under the age of 18, and 927 (44.9%) with opposite-sex married couples living together, 114 (5.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 57 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 124 (6.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 19 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. There were 707 households (34.3%) comprising one individual, and 209 (10.1%) comprising one individual 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.02. There were 1,098 families (53.2% of all households); the average family size was 2.57.
The population comprised 564 people (13.6%) under the age of 18, 205 people (4.9%) aged 18 to 24, 1,071 people (25.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,455 people (35.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 866 people (20.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.
There were 2,596 housing units at an average density of 1,461.1 per square mile (564.1 per km2), of which 1,113 (53.9%) were owner-occupied, and 951 (46.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.9%. Of the population, 2,398 people (57.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,763 people (42.4%) lived in rental housing units.
The 2000 census, reported 4,389 people, 2,178 households, and 1,083 families residing in the city, with an average family size of 2.61. The age distribution was reported as 13.6% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 33.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $120,001, and the median income for a family was $130,270. Males had a median income of $81,250 versus $70,069 for females. The per capita income for the city was $92,425. About 7.8% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.
According to the San Diego Association of Governments, the estimated population of Del Mar as of January 1, 2018, was 4,322, with 2.08 persons per household and a median household income of $129,880 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (2010 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $115,179.
The City of Del Mar is governed by a city council of five elected representatives. Each year a new mayor is chosen from among the councilmembers. In 2019
The North County Transit District operates their BREEZE bus service. The historic Del Mar station once served passengers on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Surf Line and the Amtrak San Diegan intercity service between the early 1900s until its closure in 1995, due to the opening of the new Solana Beach station two miles north. That station provides Coaster commuter rail and Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner service. This trainline is the second busiest passenger rail corridor in the United States.
Much of the population is on the coast and nearby bluff which are vulnerable to sea level rise caused by climate change. In 2019, the city refused to develop a managed retreat strategy for moving infrastructure and population centers from the water. This decision was made against the recommendation of the California Coastal Commission. Instead the city is planning on using other climate change adaptation strategies, such as seawalls and beach nourishment.
The railroad tracks were built adjacent to coastal bluffs some 40 feet (12 m) above the beach. San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG) is conducting a $3 million study on relocating the rail line farther inland through the city. On August 16, 2020, the California Coastal Commission emphasized the need to move the railroad tracks inland due to the persistent coastal erosion which eats away at the bluff each year. The accelerating rate of sea level rise due to global warming adds urgency to the issue. A tunnel under Del Mar which would cost more than $3 billion is being considered.
- Del Mar racetrack, held live during the summer and now the fall at the Del Mar Fairgrounds. The fairgrounds also hosts the satellite wagering facility Surfside Race Place throughout the year when races are not live.
- San Diego County Fair
- Torrey Pines State Beach
- Powerhouse Community Center
- Del Mar Antique Show, held three times a year for over 50 years on the Del Mar Fairgrounds
- North Beach Area (29th Street to Solana Beach border), also known as "Dog Beach".
- Desi Arnaz maintained a residence in North Del Mar on the beach west of Highway 101 near the Del Mar Racetrack after his divorce from Lucille Ball. He was arrested once for brandishing a firearm and ordering people off of his beach area. He resided there until his death.
- Burt Bacharach, songwriter, has a beach residence in north Del Mar.
- Gary Beck radio DJ lived on top of Del Mar Heights in the early 70's on Mission Carmel Cove.
- Drew Brees, quarterback of the New Orleans Saints.
- Rachel Buehler, defender for the United States women's national soccer team.
- Martin Cooper, conceived the first handheld mobile phone.
- Tom DeLonge, guitarist and founding member of the pop-punk band Blink-182, rock band Angels & Airwaves, and punk rock band Box Car Racer.
- Jimmy Durante, lived on the beach for many years and has a street named after him.
- Steve Fisher, former head basketball coach at San Diego State University, resident since 1999.
- Rachael Flatt, former figure skater, 2010 Olympian, 2010 US Champion, three-time US silver medalist and 2008 World Junior Champion, was born in Del Mar.
- Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft Corporation, has a vacation residence on Del Mar beach.
- Craig Taro Gold, author, entrepreneur and entertainer, was raised in Del Mar and attended Torrey Pines High School.
- Tony Hawk, skateboarder and business entrepreneur, was raised in Del Mar.
- Kristin Hayter, singer-songwriter
- Gary E. Jacobs, businessman, philanthropist, minority owner in the Sacramento Kings, founder of the Gary and Jerri-Ann Jacobs High Tech High Charter School, and owner of the Lake Elsinore Storm, lives in Del Mar.
- Sara Jacobs, US Congresswoman
- Nate Kaeding, former San Diego Chargers placekicker.
- Charles David Keeling, American scientist known for the Keeling Curve, and Chairman of the Citizen Task Force responsible for developing the City of Del Mar's Community Plan (General Plan) adopted in 1976.
- George R. Lunn, former US Congressman and Lt. Governor of New York.
- William Murray, American fiction editor and staff writer at The New Yorker for more than thirty years and author of numerous fiction and nonfiction work, including a series of mystery novels with a racetrack setting, spent the majority of his later years living in Del Mar.
- Carson Palmer, former NFL quarterback.
- Steve Perry, former lead singer of the rock band Journey, lives in Del Mar.
- Madeleine A. Pickens, along with her deceased husband Allen Paulson owned a home in Del Mar overlooking the Del Mar Racetrack. She currently owns a home on the beach in Del Mar.
- Tristan Prettyman, singer-songwriter.
- Zandra Rhodes, celebrity fashion designer, splits her time between homes in Del Mar and London.
- Aaron Rodgers, quarterback for the Green Bay Packers.
- Willie Shoemaker, jockey, lived in North Del Mar on beach west of US 101 near Del Mar Racetrack.
- Garrett Stubbs, baseball player.
- Norv Turner, former head coach of the San Diego Chargers.
In popular cultureEdit
- In 1966, winners of a KHJ radio station contest rode with members of The Monkees band on a train from Del Mar, which had been renamed 'Clarksville' for the day by the town's mayor.
- Del Mar is the first surfing location mentioned in the 1963 Beach Boys song "Surfin' U.S.A."
- Tip on a Dead Crab (Viking Press 1984), William Murray's first mystery in the Shifty Lou Anderson series, is set at Del Mar's racetrack.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "City Council". City of Del Mar, California. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Del Mar". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "Del Mar city history". Delmarhistoricalsociety.org. Archived from the original on October 27, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- "U.S. Naval Activities World War II by State". Patrick Clancey. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 22, 2019.
- Diehl, Phil (October 8, 2019). "Del Mar will stand its ground against managed retreat". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
- News, Anne C. Mulkern,E&E. "Coastal City Refuses to Retreat". Scientific American. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
- Eric (August 1, 2008). "History of Del Mar". Del Mar times. Archived from the original on September 29, 2020. Retrieved February 9, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- C. Michael Hogan (2008). Torrey Pine: Pinus torreyana, Globaltwitcher, ed. Nicklas Stromberg  Archived May 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
- Riggins, Alex; Warth, Gary; Grad, Shelby (August 3, 2019). "Encinitas beach cliff collapse that killed 3 women part of larger California coast crisis". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on August 4, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2020.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- Xia, Rosanna (August 9, 2019). "A cliff collapse. Three deaths. More bluff failures expected with rising seas". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- SMITH, Joshua Emerson (December 16, 2018). "Officials press forward with emergency plan following string of collapses at Del Mar bluffs". Del Mar Times. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Diehl, Phil (July 28, 2019). "Del Mar is weak link in San Diego's coastal railroad". Del Mar Times. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- Smith, Joshua Emerson; Robbins, Gary (November 30, 2019). "Bluff collapses within steps of passenger train tracks in Del Mar after heavy rains". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on December 3, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2020.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
- Smith, Joshua Emerson (January 28, 2020). "To prevent rail line collapse, San Diego area spends $10 million to repair Del Mar bluffs". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
- Rott, Nate (December 4, 2018). "Retreat Is Not An Option As A California Beach Town Plans For Rising Seas". New Hampshire Public Radio. Retrieved May 5, 2020.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Del Mar city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "American FactFinder: Del Mar city, California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 9, 2014.[dead link]
- "City of Del Mar website". Delmar.ca.us. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- "Statewide Database". Regents of the University of California. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "Shoring Up for Rising Sea Levels". Engineering News Record. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
- Diehl, Phil (October 18, 2019). "California coastal regulators blast Del Mar for rejecting 'retreat' from sea-level rise". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 3, 2021.
- Little, Joe (September 22, 2020). "Steel Beams Installed to Reinforce Del Mar Beach Bluffs". NBC 7 San Diego. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
- Diehl, Phil (August 16, 2020). "State Coastal Commission says Del Mar train tracks need to move inland". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
- "New Race Track Executive Joins Del Mars Surfside Race Place ~ EquestrianMag". www.equestrianmag.com. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "William Murray, Novelist and New Yorker Writer, Dies at 78". NYTimes. March 12, 2005.
- "Regional Spotlight: $35 Million Home Sale Crushes Del Mar Record". RISMedia. June 2007.
- "Fashion designer crashes car into Calif. store". Associated Press. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- "Garrett Stubbs - 2015 Baseball Roster - University of Southern California". www.usctrojans.com.
- "The Monkees rename city!". (The Monkees Live Almanac, 1966 Promotional Tour). Monkees Live Almanac. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Tip on a Dead Crab".
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Del Mar, California.