Bill Shoemaker

(Redirected from Willie Shoemaker)

William Lee Shoemaker (August 19, 1931 – October 12, 2003) was an American jockey, considered one of the greatest. For 29 years he held the world record for the most professional jockey victories.

Bill Shoemaker
Shoemaker in 1986
Born(1931-08-19)August 19, 1931
Fabens, Texas, U.S.
DiedOctober 12, 2003(2003-10-12) (aged 72)
San Marino, California, U.S.
Career wins8,833
Major racing wins
American Classics / Breeders' Cup wins:
Racing awards
Significant horses

Early life

Jayne Mansfield with (left to right) jockeys Johnny Longden, Eddie Arcaro and Willie Shoemaker in 1957

Referred to as "Bill", "Willie," and "The Shoe", William Lee Shoemaker was born in the town of Fabens, Texas. At 38 ounces (1.1 kg), Shoemaker was so small at birth that he was not expected to survive the night. Put in a shoebox on the oven to stay warm, he survived, but remained small, growing to 4 feet 10 inches (1.47 m) and weighing 91 pounds (41 kg). His diminutive size proved an asset as he went on to become a giant in thoroughbred horse racing, despite dropping out of El Monte High School in El Monte, California.

Jockey career


Shoemaker's career as a jockey began in his teenage years, with his first professional ride on March 19, 1949. The first of his eventual 8,833 career victories came a month later, on April 20, aboard Shafter V, at Golden Gate Fields in Albany, California.[1] In 1951, he won the George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award.

At the age of 19, he was making so much money (as much as $2,500 each week) the Los Angeles Superior Court appointed attorney Horace Hahn as his guardian, with the consent of his parents.[2]

Thirty years later, he won the Eclipse Award for Outstanding Jockey in the United States.

Shoemaker won eleven Triple Crown races during his career, spanning four different decades, but the Crown itself eluded him. The breakdown of these wins is as follows:

Two of Shoemaker's most noted rides were in the Kentucky Derby. He lost the 1957 Kentucky Derby aboard Gallant Man, when he stood up in the stirrups too soon, having misjudged the finish line, where Gallant Man finished second to Iron Liege, ridden by Bill Hartack. At the 1986 Kentucky Derby, Shoemaker became the oldest jockey ever to win the race (at age 54) aboard the 18-1 outsider Ferdinand. The following year, he rode Ferdinand to a victory over Alysheba in the Breeders' Cup Classic; Ferdinand later captured Horse of the Year honors.

Shoemaker rode the popular California horse Silky Sullivan, about which he is quoted as saying: "You just had to let him run his race ... and if he decided to win it, you'd better hold on because you'd be moving faster than a train."[3]

When Shoemaker earned his 6,033rd victory in September 1970, he broke jockey Johnny Longden's record.[4] In 1999, Shoemaker's own record of 8,833 career victories was broken by Panamanian-born Laffit Pincay Jr.; in 2006 Russell Baze tied Pincay's record.[5][6]

Win number 8,833, Shoemaker's last, came at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale, Florida, on January 20, 1990, aboard Beau Genius. Two weeks later, on February 3, Shoemaker rode his last race on Patchy Groundfog, at Santa Anita Park in Arcadia, California. He finished fourth, in front of a record crowd, to Eddie Delahoussaye, on Exemplary Leader. All told, Bill Shoemaker rode in a record 40,350 races. In 1990, he was voted the Mike Venezia Memorial Award for "extraordinary sportsmanship and citizenship".

The Marlboro Cup of 1976 at Belmont Park proved to be maybe his greatest racing achievement, and it was upon the mighty Forego. Forego's drive started from eighth position out of eleven horses on the backstretch. It culminated with a tremendous charge through the muddy middle-of-the-track stretch run, leading to a victory by a nose over the dead-game Honest Pleasure. Shoemaker was quoted as saying that Forego was the best horse he had ever ridden.

Shoemaker rode three-time champion Spectacular Bid in the horse's final 13 races from 1979 to 1980 losing only once during that stretch. This included Spectacular Bid's perfect nine for nine 1980 season, culminating in a walkover in the Woodward Stakes. In his autobiography Shoemaker (1988) he called Spectacular Bid the greatest horse he rode in his storied career.

After 1990 jockey retirement


Soon after retiring as a jockey in 1990, Shoemaker returned to the track as a trainer, where he had modest success, training for such clients as Gulfstream magnate Allen Paulson and composer Burt Bacharach.

He continued to train racehorses until his retirement on November 2, 1997. His final stats as a trainer were 90 wins from 714 starters and earnings of $3.7 million.

Shoemaker was involved in a solo drunk-driving car crash on April 8, 1991, in San Dimas, California, when he rolled over the Ford Bronco II he was driving. The accident left him paralyzed from the neck down, and he thereafter used a wheelchair. Even though a blood sample drawn 98 minutes after he entered the hospital showed his blood-alcohol at .13, above California's legal limit of .08, Shoemaker did not accept blame for the crash. He sued the California Department of Transportation for not installing guard rails along the highway and Ford Motor Company for faulty vehicle design (as the Bronco II was infamous for it higher rollover risk). Ford settled with Shoemaker for $1,000,000.[7]

Shoemaker authored three murder mysteries. They were often compared to the large stable of best-selling horse mysteries by fellow jockey/author Dick Francis. Shoemaker's Stalking Horse (1994), Fire Horse (1995), and Dark Horse (1996) all featured jockey-turned-sleuth Coley Killebrew using his racetrack experience in and about his restaurant and the horse world.

Shoemaker died on October 12, 2003, of natural causes at his home in San Marino, California. He was 72 years old.[8]



Shoemaker was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1958. He was immortalized as part of a series of portraits by Andy Warhol in the mid-1970s.[9]


  1. ^ "About Golden Gate Fields". Archived 2012-01-01 at the Wayback Machine Golden Gate Fields. Retrieved February 7, 2012
  2. ^ "Shoemaker Makes Too Much Money". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. June 2, 1951. p. 11.
  3. ^ "Silky Sullivan didn't come from behind in the 1958 Kentucky Derby". Kentucky Derby Tours. Associated Press. April 28, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  4. ^ "Shoemaker Breaks Record". The New York Times. September 8, 1970. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  5. ^ Harris, Beth (December 10, 1999). "Pincay Breaks Shoemaker's Record". The Washington Post. Associated Press. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  6. ^ Harris, Beth (November 30, 2006). "Russell Baze ties Pincay's record". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Associated Press. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  7. ^ Nack, William (April 19, 1993). "From Fame to Shame". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  8. ^ Bernstein, Adam (October 13, 2003). "Bill Shoemaker, Famed Jockey, Dies". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 12, 2022.
  9. ^ Mueller, Rich (April 28, 2007). "Warhol's Giant 'Sports Cards' for Sale". Archived 2007-05-29 at the Wayback Machine Sports Collectors Daily.

Further reading

Preceded by Jockeys' Guild President
Succeeded by
Preceded by Most victories in Horse-racing
Succeeded by