North County Transit District
The North County Transit District (NCTD) (reporting mark SDNX) is the agency responsible for public transportation in North San Diego County, California, United States. NCTD provides 12 million passenger trips per year. NCTD's geographic area is approximately 1,020 square miles, with an approximate population of 842,000 people. NCTD is governed by a Board of Directors.
|Locale||North San Diego County, California|
|Transit type||Multi-Modal regional transit network consisting of:|
|Number of lines||30 daily + 4 FLEX bus routes|
1 light rail line
1 commuter rail line
|Number of stations||15 light rail stations|
8 commuter rail stations
|Website||North County Transit District (NCTD)|
|Began operation||September 30, 1975|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8½ in (1435 mm) (standard gauge)|
The agency operates the BREEZE bus service, SPRINTER light rail service between Oceanside and Escondido, COASTER commuter rail service between Oceanside and downtown San Diego, LIFT paratransit service, and FLEX on-demand service.
NCTD owns 62 mi (100 km) of mainline track, as well as the 22 mi (35 km) Escondido Branch that has been used by the SPRINTER since 2008. The COASTER commuter train runs on 41.1 mi (66.1 km) of the mainline.
NCTD maintains two rail yards. One is shared with the San Diego Trolley at 12th & Imperial in Centre City San Diego; this rail yard stores trainsets during mid-days. The other, located north of Oceanside at Stuart Mesa on Camp Pendleton, is shared with Metrolink and is the location of the main maintenance facility.
History of NCTD and the San Diego Northern RailwayEdit
The North San Diego County Transit Development Board (NSDCTDB) was established in 1976 by California Senate Bill No. 802 to plan, construct, and operate public transit in North San Diego County. The Board quickly acquired the municipal transit systems operated by the cities of Escondido and Oceanside. The Board also designed a regional transit system consisting of local and regional corridor routes to serve the transportation needs of North San Diego County.
In 1982, planning began for the Coast Express Rail (COASTER) commuter rail service. On June 2, 1994, the Board created a non-profit corporation called the San Diego Northern Railway (SDNR) to maintain, enhance, and operate the COASTER. SDNR purchased the tracks to be used by the COASTER from the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway in 1994; SDNR was later dissolved in 2002. On February 27, 1995, COASTER service commenced.
On January 1, 2003, Senate Bill 1703 was enacted, transferring responsibility for future transit planning, programming, development, and construction to the San Diego Association of Governments (SANDAG), San Diego’s regional planning agency. In 2005, the State Legislature changed NSDCTDB’s name to the North County Transit District (NCTD).
In March 2008, after many years of planning, the SPRINTER light rail began service. FLEX on-demand service began in 2011.
In fiscal year 2009, NCTD projected annual operating deficits of more than $24 million by 2014. In response, NCTD made proactive changes to maintain transit services and related jobs, including reducing staff and renegotiating and restructuring various contracts. These changes closed a five-year, $80 million budget gap. The new business model also allowed NCTD to lower fares, increase service and ridership, and grow its financial reserves.
Throughout its history, NCTD has relied on public funding. In 1987, voters approved the Proposition A TransNet Ordinance, which provided funding for future transit projects and improvements to the existing system. In November 2004, voters approved a 40-year extension of the TransNet sales tax, which will allow NCTD to continue to operate service for many years.
In August 2018, NCTD announced that they were seeking public opinions and input on a re-brand of the agency. This included two new paint scheme ideas for COASTER, along with the existing scheme being used as a third option. The new COASTER livery will be decided upon by agency officials depending on the public input and will be painted on the new Siemens Chargers and passenger cars in 2021. The agency's other two plans besides the new paint schemes are a new logo for the agency and a cleaner, fresh website that is also being decided with public input. The new NCTD website is scheduled to launch in 2019 once the agency begins its renewal.
NCTD current serviceEdit
NCTD provides public transit in North San Diego County, from La Jolla and the Pacific Ocean, east to Poway and Ramona, and from Oceanside and the Orange County border south through Del Mar to UCSD in La Jolla, with connections extending to downtown San Diego. NCTD offers the following services:
- BREEZE - Fixed-route bus services.
- Breeze Rapid - Bus rapid transit.
- COASTER - Commuter rail service from Oceanside to downtown San Diego.
- SPRINTER - Light rail from Oceanside to Escondido, California.
- LIFT - Paratransit service for those with disabilities who are unable to use the accessible fixed-route system.
- FLEX - On-demand service in Carlsbad and Ramona.
BREEZE buses provide public transportation for residents of North San Diego County. What is now known as the BREEZE began in 1976 when NCTD acquired the municipal bus systems serving Escondido and Oceanside.
The annual ridership of BREEZE buses is 7.9 million people, with an average weekday ridership of 25,800 people. More than 2,600 bus stops and 9 transit centers service the BREEZE route. The fleet comprises 161 vehicles, including 120 compressed natural gas (CNG) buses.
In November 2009, NCTD approved outsourcing all bus and rail operations effective July 1, 2010, to First Transit. The agency anticipated saving $70 million over seven years with the move. Fleet and facility operators remained NCTD employees until their contracts expired June 30, 2011.
As of January 2013, NCTD offers 30 BREEZE bus routes plus 4 FLEX zones.
Current BREEZE fleet rosterEdit
This section does not cite any sources. (August 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Order Year||Manufacturer||Model||Fleet Series
|2003||Thomas Dennis||SLF 232 CNG||2101-2113
SPRINTER light railEdit
The SPRINTER’s first day of service was March 9, 2008. The annual ridership was 2.5 million people in 2015, with an average weekday ridership of 8,300 people. Fifteen stations are served by the SPRINTER route. SPRINTER equipment includes 12 light rail Diesel multiple unit passenger trains. Bombardier Transportation operates the SPRINTER.
COASTER commuter railEdit
The COASTER is a 41-mile commuter train that runs north and south between Oceanside and downtown San Diego. A total of 126 trains run every week, with expanded service offered in the spring and summer and additional trains scheduled for special events as needed.
The COASTER’s first day of service was February 27, 1995. The annual ridership is 1.7 million people, with an average weekday ridership of 5,700 people in 2015. The COASTER route serves 8 stations on its route, including the termini at Oceanside and Santa Fe Depot in Downtown San Diego. COASTER equipment includes 7 locomotives and 28 bi-level coaches. Bombardier Transportation operates the COASTER.
LIFT paratransit serviceEdit
LIFT vehicles provide origin to destination service for people with disabilities who are unable to use BREEZE buses due to their disability and have been certified for eligibility, as required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Service is available for trips within ¾ mile of fixed bus routes.
The LIFT’s first day of service was January 1, 1993. The American Logistics Company operates the LIFT.
FLEX on-demand serviceEdit
FLEX is an on-demand service in parts of southwest Carlsbad and Ramona, where BREEZE service is not available. FLEX vehicles take passengers anywhere within the FLEX zone or to the nearest transfer point on the BREEZE, COASTER, or SPRINTER. Required at least 30 minutes in advance, reservations can be made by calling toll-free 855-844-1454. The American Logistics Company operates the FLEX service.
Board of directorsEdit
A Board of Directors governs NCTD. The Board includes members from Carlsbad, Del Mar, Encinitas, Escondido, Oceanside, Solana Beach, San Marcos, Vista, and the San Diego County Board of Supervisors.
NCTD has implemented cutting-edge green initiatives and sustainability programs that minimize the environmental impact of public transit. NCTD recently installed solar panels, saving the agency $1 million in energy costs over five years. NCTD has increased recycling and improved lighting and is using biodegradable cleaning supplies. In addition, NCTD has received grant funding to install electric smart car chargers in transit center parking lots.
In September 2008, SANDAG introduced a new contactless "Compass Card" using technology by Cubic Transportation Systems, Inc. The Compass Card allows passengers from NCTD and the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System to store regional transit passes and/or cash value on a re-writeable RFID card.
As of January 2012, customers may purchase and add value to Compass Cards at 42 Albertson’s grocery stores in North San Diego County.
On October 16, 2008, NCTD board members unanimously voted to adopt NCTD Ordinance 1, banning smoking at all transit centers, train stations, and bus stops. The ban does not apply to parking lots at transit centers and there is no penalty for anyone found noncompliant with the ordinance.
In 2011, an artist surreptitiously installed a mosaic on the wall of a COASTER bridge near the Encinitas station that came to be known as "Surfing Madonna". In early 2012, the Encinitas City Council voted to accept the mosaic under a long-term loan agreement and to support a proposal to put the mosaic on publicly owned land near Moonlight Beach. The Encinitas City Council stipulated that acceptance of the mosaic is contingent upon the artist, Mark Patterson, signing an agreement that he will pay for the mosaic’s removal if it becomes the subject of a religious-imagery lawsuit.
- "NCTD Overview - Who We Are". North County Transit District. 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "NCTD Fact Sheet" (pdf). North County Transit District. February 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "SPRINTER Fact Sheet" (pdf). North County Transit District. June 2016. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- "COASTER Fact Sheet" (pdf). North County Transit District. January 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "BREEZE and FLEX Fact Sheet" (pdf). North County Transit District. January 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- Lavelle, Janet (November 20, 2009). "Outsourcing of NCTD's bus services is approved". U-T San Diego (San Diego Union-Tribune). The San Diego Union-Tribune, LLC. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
- "LIFT Fact Sheet" (pdf). North County Transit District. January 2013. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "Board of Directors - NCTD". North County Transit District. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "Coaster Compass Card". North County Transit District. Retrieved September 8, 2013.
- "Minutes of the Special Meeting/Closed Session and the Regular Meeting of North County Transit District" (pdf). North County Transit District. October 16, 2008. p. 4. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
- Henry, Barbara (January 25, 2012). "ENCINITAS: City will accept long-term loan of surfing Madonna mosaic". U-T San Diego (San Diego Union-Tribune). The San Diego Union-Tribune, LLC. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- Transit agency faces $3 million budget gap (Union Tribune, May 10, 2008)