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David Arthur Kingman (born December 21, 1948), nicknamed "King Kong" and "Sky King", is a former Major League Baseball left fielder, first baseman, third baseman, and designated hitter who was a 3 time MLB All-Star with 442 career home runs and 1,210 RBI in 16 seasons. In his career, Kingman averaged a home run every 15.11 at bats, tied for 14th best all-time.

Dave Kingman
Dave Kong Kingman.JPG
Kingman in 1979 while with the Cubs.
Left fielder / First baseman / Designated hitter
Born: (1948-12-21) December 21, 1948 (age 70)
Pendleton, Oregon
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 30, 1971, for the San Francisco Giants
Last MLB appearance
October 5, 1986, for the Oakland Athletics
MLB statistics
Batting average.236
Home runs442
Runs batted in1,210
Teams
Career highlights and awards

The 6' 6" Kingman was a power hitter, who twice led the National League in home runs. Known for his long home runs, Kingman hit one measured at over 530 feet. Kingman struck out frequently, and posted a low batting average and on-base percentage. His 1,816 strikeouts was the fourth-highest total in MLB history at the time of his retirement. As a result of the increase in frequency of strikeouts in the intervening period, he currently ranks eighteenth as of January 2019.[1] Kingman finished in the top 25 voting for National League Most Valuable Player four times (1972, 1975, 1976, and 1979) and American League Most Valuable Player once (1984).[2]

Early lifeEdit

Born in Pendleton, Oregon, in 1948, Kingman moved with his family to Denver, Colorado, in 1951, to Los Angeles, California, in 1954 and finally to Mount Prospect, Illinois, as Kingman's father worked for United Airlines and moved the family as needed for his career. Kingman attended Prospect High School, where he was a center and a forward on the basketball team, being named All-Area, a wide receiver and safety on the football team, and a star pitcher on the baseball team. Kingman threw a no-hitter against Niles North High School on April 6, 1967. In his final high school game, he hit four home runs and pitched a two hit shutout.[3]

Harper College (1967)/University of Southern California (1968-1970)Edit

He was drafted by the California Angels out of high school in the second round of the 1967 Major League Baseball draft, and by the Baltimore Orioles in the first round of the 1968 draft, but chose, instead, to attend the University of Southern California (USC) to play college baseball for the USC Trojans under coach Rod Dedeaux, after a year at Harper Junior College in Palatine, Illinois. Kingman began as a pitcher before being converted to an outfielder.[4][5][6][7]

In 1969, Kingman had a 11–4 win–loss record with a 1.38 earned run average (ERA) and batted .250 with four home runs and 16 runs batted in (RBIs) as a part-time hitter for USC. In the 1970 USC NCAA Championship Season, Kingman hit .355 with nine home runs and 25 RBIs, exclusively as a hitter, despite missing time mid-season due to injury.[8]

In 1970, Kingman was named an All-American and led the Trojans to the College World Series championship, along with teammates, pitchers Steve Busby, Jim Barr and Brent Strom. Kingman was then selected by the San Francisco Giants with the first pick of the 1970 secondary phase draft.[9][10]

Professional careerEdit

Minor Leagues (1970-1971)Edit

After signing with the Giants, Kingman played for the Class AA Amarillo Giants in 1970 after the College World Series victory. He hit .295 with 15 home runs and 45 RBIs in 60 games. Moving to the Class AAA Phoenix Giants in 1971, he hit .278 with 26 home runs and 99 RBIs in 105 games before being called up by the San Francisco Giants.[11]

San Francisco Giants (1971-1974)Edit

Kingman came up as an outfielder and first baseman with the San Francisco Giants. He made his major league debut on July 30, 1971, pinch running for Willie McCovey, and finishing the game at first base. He hit a home run in his next game, a grand slam,[12] and hit two more a day later.[13] He finished his rookie season with a .278 average with 6 home runs and 24 RBI in 41 games.[14]

On April 16, 1972, the second day of the season, Kingman hit for the cycle in the Giants' 10–6 victory over the Houston Astros. A day earlier, he made his debut at third base, a position he would play off and on for the remainder of his Giants career. Kingman also made his major league debut on the mound with the Giants, pitching two innings of "mop up duty" in an 11–0 loss to the Cincinnati Reds on April 15, 1973.[15] He pitched again in the mop up role on May 13 in a 15–3 loss to the Los Angeles Dodgers.[16] In both games, he pitched the final two innings and gave up two earned runs.

In 1974, he committed twelve errors in 59 chances at third, and lost his starting job to Steve Ontiveros. Following the season, the Giants sold their rights to him to the New York Mets.

In four seasons and 409 games with the Giants, Kingman hit .224 with 77 home runs and 217 RBI.[14]

New York Mets (1975-1977)Edit

On February 28, 1975, Kingman was purchased by the New York Mets from the San Francisco Giants for $150,000.[14]

Kingman played twelve games at third with the Mets; however, the Mets eventually abandoned the idea of Kingman as a third baseman and kept him primarily in the outfield. He emerged as a slugger upon his arrival in New York City, setting a club record with 36 home runs in 1975. He also scored 65 runs, the highest percentage of runs scored on homers for anyone that hit more than 30 in a season. A year later, in 1976, he broke his own record with 37 homers, and was elected to start in right field for the 1976 National League All-Star team. His single season home run record for the Mets stood until 1987 when it was broken by Darryl Strawberry.

On June 4, 1976, Kingman hit three home runs against the Los Angeles Dodgers in the Mets' 11–0 victory (the first of five times Kingman accomplished this feat in his major league career and the second in Mets franchise history).[citation needed]

New York Mets/San Diego Padres/California Angels/ New York Yankees - 1977 seasonEdit

Kingman was batting .209 with nine home runs when he became one of the three players traded in the infamous "Midnight Massacre" by the New York Mets.[17] On June 15, 1977, the Mets traded Kingman to the San Diego Padres for minor league pitcher Paul Siebert and Bobby Valentine; Tom Seaver was traded to the Cincinnati Reds for Pat Zachry, Doug Flynn, Steve Henderson and Dan Norman; and Mike Phillips was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for Joel Youngblood.

Kingman was waived by the Padres on September 6, 1977, and immediately claimed by the California Angels.[14]

On September 15, Kingman became one of only a handful of players to play for four major league teams in the same season (and the only one to play in each division in baseball in a single year since the establishment of divisional play in 1969) when he was traded by the Angels to the New York Yankees, for Randy Stein and cash. Although Kingman's four home runs and seven RBI in eight games helped propel the Yankees into the post-season over the second place Boston Red Sox and Baltimore Orioles, he could not participate in the team's push to a World Series crown as he was added to the roster after the August 31 cutoff date for postseason eligibility.[18]

Overall, Kingman hit .221 with 26 home runs and 78 RBI in 132 games for the four teams in 1977.[14]

Chicago Cubs (1978-1980)Edit

On November 30, 1977, Kingman signed as a free agent with the Chicago Cubs. He signed a 5-year contract for $240,000 per year.[19][14]

In 1978, Kingman hit .266 with 28 home runs and 78 RBI in 119 games with the Cubs.[14]

Kingman had an excellent performance in Los Angeles on May 14, 1978, when he again hit three home runs against the Dodgers, including a three-run shot in the top of the 15th inning that gave the Cubs a 10–7 victory. Eight of the Cubs' ten runs were driven in by Kingman.[20] Following the game, radio reporter Paul Olden asked Dodgers' manager Tommy Lasorda his opinion of Kingman's performance that day, inspiring an oft-replayed (and censored) obscenity-laced tirade.[21][22]

1979 season/550 foot home runEdit

The best season of Kingman's career came with the Cubs in 1979. Kingman batted .288 with a National League-leading 48 homers, as well as 115 runs batted in (second to San Diego's Dave Winfield's 118) and 97 runs scored. He hit three home runs in a game twice that season, both coming in Cubs losses. The first was a slugging duel with Mike Schmidt on May 17 at Wrigley Field; Kingman hit three home runs and drove in six while Schmidt hit two in the game, with Schmidt delivering his second in the top of the tenth inning to give the Phillies a 23–22 victory. Kingman's third home run during this game is likely the longest home run of his career, and believed to be the longest in the history of Wrigley Field. There is a street called Kenmore Avenue that T's into Waveland Avenue behind left-center field. Kenmore is lined with houses, and the ball Kingman launched landed on the third porch roof on the east side of Kenmore, a shot estimated at 550 feet.[23]

The second three homer game for Kingman that year came against his former team on July 28 at Shea Stadium in a 6–4 loss to the Mets.[24]

His .613 slugging percentage in 1978 was almost 50 points higher than that of his next closest National League competition, Mike Schmidt. Kingman finished eleventh in NL MVP balloting that year and led the league in strikeouts for the first time in his career (131).

In 1980, Kingman (whose personality former Mets teammate John Stearns had once compared to a tree trunk)[25] dumped a bucket of ice water on Daily Herald reporter Don Friske's head late in spring training.[26] Kingman regularly insisted he was misquoted, and he began appearing regularly in the Chicago Tribune, as the nominal author of a column ghostwritten by Chicago Park District employee Gerald Pfeiffer.[27] Mike Royko, then writing for the rival Chicago Sun-Times, parodied Kingman's column with a series using the byline "Dave Dingdong."[28]

The Cubs held a Dave Kingman T-shirt Day promotion in conjunction with its game with the Pittsburgh Pirates on August 7, but Kingman instead spent the afternoon at Navy Pier promoting Kawasaki Jet Skis at ChicagoFest.[29]

Injured, Kingman played in 81 games in 1980, hitting .278 with 18 home runs and 57 RBI.[14]

Overall, in his three seasons with the Cubs, Kingman hit .278 with 94 home runs and 251 RBI and a .907 OPS in 345 games.[14]

New York Mets II (1981-1983)Edit

In January 1980, the Payson heirs sold the Mets franchise to the Doubleday publishing company for $21.1 million. Nelson Doubleday, Jr. was named chairman of the board while minority shareholder Fred Wilpon took the role of club president. On February 28, 1981, the Mets reacquired Kingman from the Cubs for Steve Henderson and cash. In separate deals, the new organization also reacquired Rusty Staub, and two seasons later, Tom Seaver.

Kingman primarily played first base upon his return to the Mets in 1981, and exclusively there his second season back in New York. In 1982, he tied his own Mets' single-season home run record while hitting .204, the lowest batting average for a first baseman with enough plate appearances to qualify for the batting title. Leading the league in home runs that year, it is also the lowest batting average for any season's home run leader.[30] Additionally, he accomplished the dubious feat of leading the league in home runs while having a lower batting average than the Cy Young Award winner, (Steve Carlton, .218).[31]

Kingman led the NL in strike outs both of his first two seasons in New York (105 in 1981 & 156 in 1982). On June 15, 1983, the sixth anniversary of the Midnight Massacre, the Mets acquired first baseman Keith Hernandez from the St. Louis Cardinals for pitchers Neil Allen and Rick Ownbey. Kingman remained with the team for the remainder of the season in a limited role. He was released at the end of the season, and signed as a free agent with the Oakland Athletics.

In six total seasons with the Mets, Kingman hit .219 with 154 home runs and 389 RBI in 664 games.[14]

Oakland Athletics (1984-1986)Edit

On April 16, 1984, Kingman collected his fifth and final 3-homer game, in a 9–6 win over the Seattle Mariners.[32] Kingman made just nine appearances at first base in 1984, and was the A's regular designated hitter the remainder of the time. For the 1984 season, Kingman hit .268 with 35 home runs and 118 RBI. He was named the American League's Comeback Player of the Year, and finished 13th in MVP balloting.

After hitting 30 home runs in 1985, Kingman's 35 homers in 1986 were a record for a player in his final season, until surpassed by David Ortiz in 2016.[33]

In three seasons as a DH in Oakland, he collected at least 30 home runs and 90 RBIs in each season. He also had two at-bats in this period which did not result in home runs, but nonetheless were noteworthy: in the Metrodome against the Minnesota Twins, on May 4, 1984, he hit a pop-up that flew into a hole in the roof and got stuck for a ground rule double. In a game in Seattle on April 11, 1985, he hit a hard drive to left field which struck a speaker hanging from the roof of the Kingdome, bounced back and was caught for an out.[34]

During his final year in Oakland in 1986, Kingman sent a live rat in a pink box to Sue Fornoff, a sportswriter for The Sacramento Bee.[35] The rat had a tag attached to it that read, "My name is Sue." Fornoff claimed that Kingman had told her that women do not belong in the clubhouse, and that he harassed her several times since she began covering the team the year before. Kingman himself said it was intended as a harmless practical joke.[36] The A's fined Kingman $3,500 and warned that he would be released if a similar incident occurred again.

When Kingman's contract expired the 1986 season, Oakland did not renew his contract and he became a free agent.[37] Oakland signed former A and Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson to play his final season as the team's designated hitter for the 1987 season, playing alongside Jose Canseco and rookie Mark McGwire.[38]

In three seasons with Oakland, under manager Tony LaRussa, Kingman hit .230 with 100 home runs and 303 RBI.[39]

Overall, in his career, Kingman hit .236 with 442 home runs and 1210 RBI. He had an .302 OB%, a 780 OPS with 608 walks and 1816 strikeouts in 1941 career games. Kingman averaged a home run every 15.11 at bats, tied with Juan González for 14th best all-time.[39][40]

RetirementEdit

On July 11, 1987, Kingman signed a minor league deal with the San Francisco Giants during the 1987 season.[2] After twenty games at AAA Phoenix in which he batted .203 with two home runs and 11 RBI, he retired from baseball.[11]

In 1989, Kingman played for the West Palm Beach Tropics of the Senior Professional Baseball Association, alongside other former major league players. He hit .271 with 8 HR and 40 RBI, as the Tropics had the best record in the Senior League. The league folded in 1990.[41]

In 1992, his first year of eligibility for the Baseball Hall of Fame, he appeared on just three ballots, excluding him from future Baseball Writers' Association of America voting. He was the first player to hit 400 or more home runs without being eventually inducted into the Hall of Fame.[42]

PersonalEdit

Kingman lives in the Lake Tahoe area. He has three children and operates a local tennis club.[43]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Career Leaders &Records for Strikeouts - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
  2. ^ a b "Dave Kingman Stats - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
  3. ^ Chicago Cubs: Where Have You Gone? Ernie Banks, Andy Pafko, Ferguson Jenkins by, By Fred Mitchell; Sports Publishing LLC; (2004), ISBN 1582618062; ISBN 978-1582618067
  4. ^ http://www.jfkrush.com/kingmanfan/1969-70.htm
  5. ^ Bjarkman, Peter C. (March 2002). The New York Mets Encyclopedia. ISBN 9781582615097.
  6. ^ https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2014/07/10/babe-ruth-7-best-converted-pitchers-not-named-babe-ruth-stan-musial-mark-mcgwire-george-sisler-dave-kingman-lefty-odoul-used-to-be-pitchers-position-players/
  7. ^ https://bleacherreport.com/articles/737985-mlb-power-rankings-the-top-12-pitchers-who-became-position-players
  8. ^ http://www.jfkrush.com/kingmanfan/1969-70.htm%7Ctitle=The Dave Kingman Web Site – 1969–70 USC Trojans|website=www.jfkrush.com
  9. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/draft/%7Ctitle=1st Round of the 1970 MLB June Draft-Secondary Phase|website=Baseball-Reference.com
  10. ^ http://www.baseball-reference.com/draft/%7Ctitle=MLB Amateur Draft Picks who came from|website=Baseball-Reference.com
  11. ^ a b "Dave Kingman Minor Leagues Statistics & History - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
  12. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates 11, San Francisco Giants 15". Baseball Almanac. 1971-07-31. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  13. ^ "Pittsburgh Pirates 3, San Francisco Giants 8". Baseball Almanac. 1971-08-01. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Dave Kingman Stats". Baseball-Reference.com.
  15. ^ "Cincinnati Reds 11, San Francisco Giants 0". Baseball-Reference.com. 1973-04-15.
  16. ^ "Los Angeles Dodgers 15, San Francisco Giants 3". Baseball-Reference.com. 1973-05-13.
  17. ^ "The true story of The Midnight Massacre". New York Daily News. 2007-06-17. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
  18. ^ "Yankees All-Forgotten Team: DH and Closer". yesnetwork.com.
  19. ^ "Dave Kingman is packing his bags again. The slugging outfielder,..." UPI.
  20. ^ "Chicago Cubs 10, Los Angeles Dodgers 7". Retrosheet. 1978-05-14. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  21. ^ Jerry Crowe (July 20, 2009). "Olden Can Still Hear the Answer to One Question". Los Angeles Times.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-12-26. Retrieved 2016-12-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Philadelphia Phillies 23, Chicago Cubs 22". Retrosheet. 1979-05-17. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  24. ^ "New York Mets 6, Chicago Cubs 4". Retrosheet. 1979-07-28. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  25. ^ "John Stearns Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  26. ^ Leavy, Jane "Dave Kingman" The Washington Post, Sunday, June 15, 1980
  27. ^ Royko, Mike "Words packaged with deceit" Chicago Sun-Times, Tuesday, April 22, 1980
  28. ^ Wulf, Steve "Scorecard: Cub Reporter" Sports Illustrated, April 21, 1980
  29. ^ Smith, Sam & Duffy, Tom "Kingman shows – at ChicagoFest" Chicago Tribune, Friday, August 8, 1980
  30. ^ "Home Runs Year-by-Year Leaders". Baseball-almanac. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  31. ^ "Steve Carlton Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  32. ^ "Oakland Athletics 9, Seattle Mariners 6". Retrosheet. 1984-04-16. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  33. ^ "Red Sox David Ortiz sets home run record". MLB.com.
  34. ^ "Dave Kingman from the Chronology". Baseballlibrary.com. Archived from the original on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  35. ^ AP. "Kingman Fined $3,500".
  36. ^ "Sports Illustrated (undated) Ugly Media-Athlete Confrontations".
  37. ^ "View source for Dave Kingman" – via Wikipedia.
  38. ^ "1987 Oakland Athletics Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  39. ^ a b November 30, 1977: Signed as a Free Agent with the Chicago Cubs.
  40. ^ https://www.baseball-reference.com/leaders/at_bats_per_home_run_career.shtml
  41. ^ "West Palm Beach Tropics – BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  42. ^ "1992 Hall of Fame Vote Totals". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-07-31.
  43. ^ McCarron, Anthony. "Where are they now? Former Met Dave Kingman in Lake Tahoe". nydailynews.com.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit