Claudio Paul Caniggia (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈklawðjo kaˈnixja, - kaˈniʝa]; born 9 January 1967) is an Argentine former professional footballer who played as forward or winger. Caniggia played 50 times for the Argentina national team. He appeared in three World Cups, and was a member of both rival clubs River Plate and Boca Juniors.
Caniggia in 1988
|Full name||Claudio Paul Caniggia|
|Date of birth||9 January 1967|
|Place of birth||Henderson, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Height||1.75 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
At the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Caniggia scored two key goals to help Argentina reach the final. In the opening game of the tournament against Cameroon, he was fouled three times in a single dribble, the last taking him out and earning Benjamin Massing a red card. In the second round match against Brazil, a pass by Diego Maradona put him through against goalkeeper Taffarel, with Caniggia dribbling past him and slotting the ball into the net to give Argentina victory. In the semi-final against Italy, he headed past goalkeeper Walter Zenga, the first goal Italy conceded in the tournament, sending the match into extra time as Argentina won on penalties. Having been booked against Italy, his second in the tournament, Caniggia was suspended for the final against West Germany.
Caniggia scored two goals in the 1994 FIFA World Cup, both of them in the first-round match against Nigeria, the first from a Gabriel Batistuta free kick rebound and the second one from a free kick by Maradona, which Caniggia finished by putting the ball in the top right-hand corner.
As well as appearing for River Plate and Boca Juniors, his other clubs include Atalanta, Benfica, Dundee and Rangers. Throughout his playing career, he played for clubs in Argentina, Italy, Portugal, Scotland, Qatar and England.
At club level, Caniggia played for River Plate (1985–88), Hellas Verona (1988–89), Atalanta (1989–92 and 1999–2000), Roma (1992–93), S.L. Benfica (1994–95), Boca Juniors (1995–98), Dundee (2000–01) and Rangers (2001–03). He has become a club legend and cult-hero at many of the clubs he has played at, for instance when scoring against Dunfermline in 2003 to help Rangers win the title.
Caniggia got a 13-month ban for taking cocaine in 1993 and has a history of enjoying the high life. After his ban expired he joined Benfica on a year-long loan financed by the Parmalat dairy company. During his Benfica run, Valencia contacted him. He played with the white kit during a friendly match where Valencia faced Brazil in Mestalla. He played as a guest player in a team where Tenerife player Diego Latorre was also included in the squad. Valencia had to pay 80 million pesetas for the inclusion of both players for that friendly, receiving only 66 million in ticket sales.
Argentine media mogul Eduardo Eurnekian then acquired the rights to Caniggia from Roma and Diego Maradona from Racing Club de Avellaneda, loaning them to Boca Juniors in exchange for matches played on his television stations. At the completion of his one-year contract, Caniggia's outspoken wife refused to return to Argentina and he was heavily linked with clubs in England. In September 1996 his mother committed suicide by jumping from the fifth floor of her building and Caniggia did not play in the 1996–97 season. He returned to play for Boca in 1997–98 but his appearances were sporadic as he missed out on the 1998 World Cup squad. After another season of inactivity he re-joined Atalanta in Serie B, but left after one season following a dispute with coach Giovanni Vavassori. He then signed for Scottish club Dundee, managed by Ivano Bonnetti whom he knew well from their time together in Italy. Quickly becoming Dundee's star player, he was then transferred to Rangers, becoming a fans favourite at Ibrox, after scoring against arch rivals Celtic in a cup final.
In June 2012, he was one of several former professional footballers who agreed to join Wembley to play in their FA Cup campaign for the new season. Caniggia and fellow former-internationals Ray Parlour, Martin Keown, Graeme Le Saux, Jaime Moreno, Danny Dichio and Brian McBride, plus David Seaman (goalkeeping coach) and former England manager Terry Venables (technical advisor), came out of retirement to play for Wembley who were featured in a television documentary as they endeavoured to help the club play at Wembley Stadium. On 12 August 2012, he appeared in a preliminary round of the FA Cup. Aged 45, he scored the first goal in a 3–2 win against Langford.
Caniggia was capped 50 times for Argentina, scoring 16 goals. He played at the 1990 and 1994 World Cups, scoring 4 goals in 8 matches. In Argentina, Caniggia was renowned for excelling for the national team despite not having a high-profile club career nor ever playing for big European teams. Contrary to popular belief and largely due to loose interpretation, Caniggia was not a pure striker, but rather a playmaker or creative forward.
Caniggia was great friends with Argentine legend and former international teammate Diego Maradona; the duo once celebrated a goal with a kiss on the lips. Claudio's wife at that time, model Mariana Nannis, said: "At times I believe Diego is in love with my husband. It must be the long hair and big muscles."
1990 World CupEdit
At the 1990 World Cup, Caniggia scored two key goals to help Argentina reach the final. He came off the bench in the inaugural match against Cameroon in Milan, memorably being fouled three times in a single dribble as he carried the ball forward, the last, by Benjamin Massing earning the Cameroonian a straight red card (Massing kicked Caniggia so hard his own shoe came off). In the subsequent matches, Caniggia was in the starting lineup. In the second round, Argentina faced Brazil in Turin, and with the score 0–0 after 80 minutes, a pass by Diego Maradona left Caniggia one on one against Brazilian goalkeeper Taffarel; Caniggia dribbled past him and scored on the empty goal, giving Argentina the victory and eliminating Brazil from the tournament in what was seen as a huge upset. The goal gave him legendary status among the Argentine fans for knocking out their chief rivals.
Argentina then beat Yugoslavia in Florence on penalty kicks, advancing to semifinals, where they played against Italy in Naples. The Italians had not conceded any goals in five matches, and were up 1–0 at halftime. In the second half, Caniggia headed a cross into the net of goalkeeper Walter Zenga, ending his record streak at 517 minutes without conceding a goal, and sending the match into extra time. After no change in the score, penalty kicks were taken, and Argentina won again through this method, advancing to the final. Caniggia had been cautioned in the team's second first round match against the Soviet Union, and then received another yellow card against Italy for deliberately handling the ball, which earned him a suspension. He had to watch the final between his team and Germany from the stands in Rome, which Argentina lost 0–1.
1991 Copa América, 1992 Confederations Cup and 1993 Artemio Franchi cupEdit
Throughout the 1991 Copa América, Caniggia asserted his dominance and was arguably the most dynamic player; he scored 2 goals and made 4 assists in the tournament as Argentina won the title. He also helped Argentina win the 1992 Confederations Cup, in which he scored a goal in the final itself. In February 1993, he scored the goal of the 1–1 tie between Argentina and Denmark in the Artemio Franchi Trophy, held in Mar del Plata. Argentina finally won by penalties and was declared intercontinental champion.
1994 World CupEdit
Caniggia scored two goals in the 1994 World Cup, both of them in the first round match against Nigeria, the first from a Gabriel Batistuta free kick rebound and second one from a free kick by Diego Maradona, which he finished, putting the ball in top right hand corner. He was taken out of Argentina's third game against Bulgaria 26 minutes into the match in the boiling heat of Dallas, an Argentine team who were also without Maradona. He was left out of the Argentine squad for the team's Round of 16 match against Romania in Los Angeles; Argentina lost 3–2 and were out of the tournament.
2002 World CupEdit
After refusing to cut his long hair despite the rules of national coach Daniel Passarella, he was frozen out of the national team for a number of years. He made a brief comeback to the Marcelo Bielsa-coached squad for the 2002 World Cup, but did not play. He received a red card for cursing at the referee from the bench in Argentina's last match against Sweden, becoming the first player to be sent off from the bench in a World Cup.
Style of playEdit
A quick and physically strong striker, with good technique and dribbling skills, Caniggia was known in particular for his significant speed as a player, and competed in athletics before his football career, taking part in athletic tournaments at the provincial level, running the 100 meters. In addition to his ability to score goals consistently, he was also equally capable of playing off other forwards, and of creating chances for teammates; as such, he was often deployed in deeper roles as an advanced playmaker or creative forward, or even more frequently out wide as a winger. Due to his explosive running, which enabled him to get past opponents consistently, throughout his career, he was nicknamed El Hijo del Viento ("Son of the Wind") and El Pájaro ("the Little Bird"). Despite his reputation as one of Argentina's greatest players ever, he was also known to be a controversial player. In addition to his playing ability and goalscoring, Caniggia stood out for his recogniseable long blonde hair.
Caniggia was married to Mariana Nannis. They had three children: son Kevin Axel, son Alexander Dimitri, and daughter Charlotte Chantal. In September 2019, Caniggia asked his wife for a divorce because of Sofia Bonelli, a 26-year-old Argentine model. In November 2019 he and Bonelli got married in Tulum, Mexico. 
- Primera División Argentina: 1985–86
- Copa Libertadores: 1986
- Intercontinental Cup: 1986
- Copa Interamericana: 1986
- Scottish Premier League: 2002–03
- Scottish Cup: 2001–02, 2002–03
- Scottish League Cup: 2001–02, 2002–03
- Qatar Cup: 2003–04
- rsssf: Argentina record international footballers
- Cancian, Dan (15 November 2018). "The speed, flair and drugs of Claudio Caniggia, an icon who lived on the edge of greatness". thesefootballtimes.co. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
- "The Courier launches Claudio Caniggia documentary to mark the 20 year anniversary of the iconic signing". DC Thomson Media. 8 October 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "Caniggia's late show". The Guardian. 8 February 2003. Retrieved 9 July 2021.
- "Darkness descends on the Stadium of Light". The Scotsman. 22 June 1997.
- "Cuando Caniggia jugó con el Valencia contra el Brasil del joven Ronaldo". Kodro Magazine (in Spanish). 6 November 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- "Re partidos: Valencia (con Latorre y Caniggia) 2 – Brasil 4". En Una Baldosa. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
- "1995 (April 27) Valencia (Spain) 2-Brazil 4 (Friendly)". Youtube.
- Rob Hughes (29 August 1995). "Maradona prepares for grand return". The Times.
- Martin Thorpe (21 September 1996). "SOCCER: ARGENTINA'S CANIGGIA FREE FOR THE TAKING". The Guardian.
- Martin Thorpe (28 September 1996). "Ends in tears". The Times.
- "Terry Venables' Wembley FC recruit former stars for FA Cup". BBC Sport. 21 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2012.
- "Claudio Caniggia rolls back the years and scores for Wembley F.C. in FA Cup". www.metro.co.uk. 12 August 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
- Caparrós, Martín (27 October 2013). "No more manly kissing". EL PAÍS. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- "Argentina's 'Son of the Wind': Claudio Caniggia". FIFA. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Matteo Dotto. "Caniggia, Claudio Paul" (in Italian). Treccani: Enciclopedia dello Sport. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Ranieri, Gianni (16 February 1992). "Caniggia, figlio del vento sembrava una tromba d'aria. Ma Zenga ha le sue colpe". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 33. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- "IL CANIGGIA RISCOPERTO". La Repubblica (in Italian). 11 May 1994. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Massimiliano Cappello (31 January 2015). "Che fine ha fatto? Claudio Caniggia" (in Italian). Calcio Mercato. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Zizzo, Mike (15 June 1994). "Baggio Takes Great Strides Toward Soccer Greatness". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
- "Biabiany come Bolt Nessuno è come lui". la Repubblica (in Italian). 11 February 2010. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- "Caniggia: Argentina's best attacking players can put fear into anyone". www.fifa.com. 25 May 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- Edwards, Daniel (17 June 2014). "Ranking Argentina's 10 Greatest World Cup Strikers of All Time". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- "His goals inspired me and so did his hair - Ramos meets idol Caniggia". fourfourtwo.com. 16 February 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
- "Isola, Charlotte Caniggia: "Ho rifatto naso seno e labbra. In Honduras non farò l'amore"" (in Italian). Leggo. 14 February 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
- Las pruebas del divorcio entre Caniggia y Nanis on Caras magazine, 13 September 2019
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