Bundesautobahn 4

Bundesautobahn 4 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 4, short form Autobahn 4, abbreviated as BAB 4 or A 4) is an autobahn that crosses Germany in a west–east direction. The western segment has a length of 156 km (97 mi), the part in the east is 429 km (267 mi) long. Works to continue the A 4 are in progress, but currently no plans exist to fill the gap completely.

A4 shield}}
A4
Bundesautobahn 4
Route information
Length616 km (383 mi)
Existed1934–present
Major junctions
 
Route
A 76
E 314
Netherlands

EU-Icon.svg (1) Vetschau border crossing
AB-AS-blau.svg (-) Bocholtz
The offramp of the Dutch exit Bocholtz is on German territory
AB-AS-blau.svg (2) Aachen-Laurensberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (3) Aachen-Zentrum B 57
Zeichen 314.svg Toresberg parking area
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (4) Aachen 4-way interchange A 44 / E 40, A 544
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Aachener Land
AB-AS-blau.svg (5a) Eschweiler-West B 264
AB-AS-blau.svg (5b) Eschweiler-Ost B 264
Zeichen 314.svg Alte Kippe parking area Pfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (5c) Weisweiler
AB-Brücke.svg Inde bridge
AB-AS-blau.svg (5d) Langerwehe
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Rur-Scholle
AB-Brücke.svg Rur bridge 100 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (6) Düren B 56
AB-AS-blau.svg (7a) Merzenich
AB-Brücke-gruen.png Wildlife crossing 35 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (7b) Elsdorf B 477
AB-AS-blau.svg (8) Kerpen
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (8) Kerpen 4-way interchange A 61
AB-Brücke.svg Erftbrücke 50 m
AB-AS-blau.svg Zeichen 123.svg Frechen-Königsdorf (under construction)
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Frechen
AB-AS-blau.svg (9b) Frechen-Nord
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (10) Köln-West 4-way interchange A 1 / E 31
Kölner Ring
AB-AS-blau.svg (11) Köln-Klettenberg B 265
AB-AS-blau.svg (—) Containerbahnhof Köln-Eifeltor Autohof.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (12) Köln-Süd 4-way interchange A 555
AB-Brücke.svg Rheinbrücke Rodenkirchen 567 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (13) Köln-Poll
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (14) Gremberg 4-way interchange A 559
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (15) Heumarer Dreieck A 3 / E 35 A 59
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (16) Kreuz Köln-Ost A 3 / E 35
Kölner Ring B 55a
AB-AS-blau.svg (17) Köln-Merheim
AB-AS-blau.svg (18) Refrath
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Lustheide
AB-AS-blau.svg (19) Bensberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (20) Moitzfeld B 55
Zeichen 314.svg Röttgesberg parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (21) Overath-Untereschbach
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Holzbach 440 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (22) Overath B 55 B 484
AB-Brücke.svg Aggerbrücke 110 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Aggertal
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Schlingenbach 230 m
Zeichen 314.svg Erlenhof parking area
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 170 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Loopebach 370 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 400 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (23) Engelskirchen
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 470 m
Zeichen 314.svg Bellingroth parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (24) Wiehl/Bielstein
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Molbach 210 m
AB-Brücke.svg Wiehltalbrücke 705 m
Zeichen 314.svg Hömeler Feld parking area Pfeil oben.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Brücke 280 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (25) Gummersbach
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Morkepütz
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Alpebach 310 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (26) Reichshof/Bergneustadt B 256
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Hasbacher Höhe
AB-AS-blau.svg (27) Reichshof-Eckenhagen
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (28) Olpe-Süd A 45 / E 41 E 40
AB-Brücke.svg Biggebrücke 230 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (28) Wenden
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Dahl 126 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Altenberg 239 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Elben 430 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (29) Krombach B 54
AB-AS-blau.svg Biedenkopf (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Wetter (Hessen)-West (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Wetter (Hessen)-Süd (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Sarnau (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Cölbe (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Schönstadt (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Kirchhain (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Stadtallendorf (planned)
Intersection 3-way interchange Stadtallendorf (planned) A 49
AB-AS-blau.svg Neustadt (Hessen) (planned)
Intersection 3-way interchange Neustadt (Hessen) (planned) A 49
AB-AS-blau.svg Schwalmstadt (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Neukirchen (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg Oberaula (planned)
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (31) Kirchheim 3-way interchange A 7 / E 45
Autohof.svg E 40
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Kirchheim will be closed
Zeichen 314.svg Asbachgrund/Engersburg parking area
AB-Brücke.svg Asbachtalbrücke 280 m
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Auerhahnkuppe
AB-Brücke.svg Fuldabrücke 110 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (32) Bad Hersfeld Autohof.svg B 27 B 62
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Siebenborn 260 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Großer Kessel 220 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (33) Friedewald
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Eichhorst 240 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (34) Wildeck-Hönebach
AB-AS-blau.svg (35) Wildeck-Obersuhl
AB-AS-blau.svg (36) Gerstungen western part
AB-Brücke.svg Weihetalbrücke Richelsdorf 584 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (36) Gerstungen eastern part
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke 70 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Fuchsloch 80 m
Intersection Wommen (planned) A 44
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Wommen 304 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (37) Wommen B 400 (Pfeil oben.svg)
AB-Brücke.svg Brücke Frauenborner Bach 120 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (38) Herleshausen B 7a
AB-Brücke.svg Werratalbrücke 732 m
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Eisenach
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Ramsberg will be closed (Pfeil unten.svg)
AB-AS-blau.svg (39) Eisenach-West B 7 B 19
AB-AS-blau.svg (40) Eisenach-Ost B 84
Zeichen 314.svg parking area
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Hörseltal 422 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (40b) Sättelstädt
AB-AS-blau.svg (41a) Waltershausen
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Hörselgau Pfeil oben.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (41b) Gotha-Boxberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (42) Gotha Autohof.svg B 247
AB-Brücke.svg Apfelstädttalbrücke 150 m
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Pfeil unten.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (43) Wandersleben
AB-AS-blau.svg (44) Neudietendorf/Arnstadt-West Autohof.svg
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (45) Erfurt 4-way interchange A 71
AB-Brücke.svg Gerabrücke 110 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (46) Erfurt-West B 4
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Willroder Forst
AB-AS-blau.svg (47a) Erfurt-Ost
AB-AS-blau.svg (47b) Erfurt-Vieselbach Autohof.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Eichelborn
AB-AS-blau.svg (48) Nohra
AB-AS-blau.svg (49) Weimar B 85
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area
AB-AS-blau.svg (50) Apolda Autohof.svg B 87
AB-Brücke.svg Ilmtalbrücke 385 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (51) Magdala
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Schorba
AB-AS-blau.svg (52) Schorba
Zeichen 314.svg parking area
AB-Tunnel.svg Zeichen 123.svg Tunnel Jagdbergtunnel 3034 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (53) Jena-Göschwitz B 88
AB-Brücke.svg Saaletalbrücke 838 m
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Einhausung Lobeda 600 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (54) Jena-Zentrum
AB-Brücke.svg Podelsatzbrücke224 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Zeitzgrund 295 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (55) Stadtroda Autohof.svg
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Teufelstal
AB-Brücke.svg Teufelstalbrücke 270 m
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (56a) Hermsdorfer Kreuz A 9 / E 51
AB-AS-blau.svg (56b) Hermsdorf-Ost Autohof.svg
AB-AS-blau.svg (57) Rüdersdorf
AB-Brücke.svg Thieschitzer Talbrücke 270 m
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Weiße Elster 160 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (58a) Gera-Langenberg B 2 B 7
AB-AS-blau.svg (58b) Gera
AB-AS-blau.svg (59) Gera-Leumnitz
AB-AS-blau.svg (60) Ronneburg Autohof.svg B 7
AB-Brücke.svg Sprottetalbrücke 200 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (61) Schmölln
AB-Brücke.svg Pleißenbrücke 550 m
AB-AS-blau.svg Crimmitschau (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (62) Meerane B 93
AB-AS-blau.svg (63) Glauchau-West
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Am Angerberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (64) Glauchau-Ost B 175
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Zwickauer Mulde 550 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (65) Hohenstein-Ernstthal B 180
Zeichen 314.svg (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (66) Wüstenbrand
AB-Rast.svg Raststätte Rabensteiner Wald Pfeil unten.svg
Zeichen 314.svg Pfeil oben.svg parking area
AB-AS-blau.svg (67) Limbach-Oberfrohna
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (68) Kreuz Chemnitz 4-way interchange A 72 / E 441
AB-AS-blau.svg (69) Chemnitz-Mitte B 95
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Eisenbahnunterfahrung 35 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (70) Chemnitz-Glösa B 107
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Auerswalder Blick
AB-AS-blau.svg (71) Chemnitz-Ost
AB-Brücke.svg Zschopaubrücke 90 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (72) Frankenberg B 169
Zeichen 365-58 - Toilette (600x600), StVO 2017.svg (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (73) Hainichen Autohof.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Kleine Striegis 357 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (74) Berbersdorf
AB-AS-blau.svg (75) Siebenlehn Autohof.svg B 101
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Freiberger Mulde 413 m
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Tännichtbach 190 m
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (76) Nossen 3-way interchange A 14
AB-Brücke.svg Triebischtalbrücke 427 m
AB-Brücke.svg Triebischseitentalbrücke 349 m
AB-Brücke.svg Saubachtalbrücke 253 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (77a) Wilsdruff
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Dresdner Tor
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (77b) Dresden-West 3-way interchange A 17 E 55
AB-AS-blau.svg (78) Dresden-Altstadt B 6
AB-Brücke.svg Elbebrücke 496 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (79) Dresden-Neustadt Autohof.svg
AB-Brücke.svg Unionbrücke 280 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (80) Dresden-Wilder Mann
AB-AS-blau.svg (81a) Dresden-Hellerau E 55 B 170
AB-AS-blau.svg (81b) Dresden-Flughafen
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg (82) Dresden-Nord 3-way interchange A 13 E 55
AB-AS-blau.svg Weixdorf (planned)
AB-AS-blau.svg (83) Hermsdorf B 97
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Grünberg
AB-AS-blau.svg (84) Ottendorf-Okrilla
AB-AS-blau.svg (85) Pulsnitz
AB-AS-blau.svg (86) Ohorn
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Ohorn
AB-Brücke-gruen.png Grünbrücke 50 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (87) Burkau
AB-AS-blau.svg (88a) Uhyst am Taucher
AB-Tank.svg AB-Rast.svg Services Oberlausitz
AB-AS-blau.svg (88b) Salzenforst
AB-AS-blau.svg (89) Bautzen-West B 96
AB-Brücke.svg Spreetalbrücke 160 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (90) Bautzen-Ost B 156
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Purschwitz
AB-AS-blau.svg (91) Weißenberg
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Buchholz
AB-AS-blau.svg (92) Nieder-Seifersdorf
AB-Tunnel.svg Tunnel Königshainer Berge 3300 m
Parkplatz mit WC (Zeichen).png Rest area Kodersdorf
AB-Brücke.svg Talbrücke Weißer Schöps 303 m
AB-AS-blau.svg (93) Kodersdorf Autohof.svg B 115
AB-AS-blau.svg (94) Görlitz Autohof.svg B 6
EU-Icon.svg (95) Görlitz border crossing
AB-Brücke.svg Neißebrücke 340 m

A 4
E 40
Zgorzelec (Poland)
Location
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse, Saxony, Thuringia
Highway system
A 3 A 5
A4 heading towards Aachen at inter-section with A559 on the Cologne Beltway
The A4 west of Cologne

The A 4 starts north-west of Aachen, where the Dutch A76 enters Germany. Initially it is 2 lanes each way with no speed limit. From Kreuz Aachen to Düren and from Kerpen to Refrath (between Refrath and Köln-Merheim westbound the hard shoulder is the 3rd lane and only open at peak times) it has 3 lanes each way. Between Kreuz Köln-West and Kreuz Heumar it forms the southern part of the Cologne Beltway (Kölner Autobahnring). The whole rest of the section between Kreuz Aachen and Kreuz Köln-West has a variable speed limit. Between Merzenich and Elsdorf, there is a speed limit of 130 km/h, that has been imposed in 2017, due to an increase of accidents.[1] Between Kreuz Köln-West and Kreuz Heumar the speed limit is 120 km/h. From Kreuz Köln-Ost to Refrath there is a maximum limit of 100 km/h. The westbound section between Köln-Merheim and Kreuz Köln-Ost is restricted to 80 km/h. The section between Refrath and the current terminus at Krombach has no speed limit. Only between Untereschbach and Refrath westbound there is a 100 km/h speed limit from 6 - 10 am on weekdays. It is mostly 2 lanes each way, but between Untereschbach and Wiehl there are several additional climbing lanes in both directions.

The eastern part starts at the Kirchheim intersection (with the A 7) and goes through Eisenach, Gotha, Erfurt, Weimar, Jena, Gera, Chemnitz and Dresden to Görlitz, where it crosses the border to Poland and continues as A4 (Poland).

The westernmost 11 kilometers of the A 4 form the most easterly stretch of the European route E314: continuing east from the Aachen interchange (Kreuz Aachen), the A 4 is part of the European route E40. European routes don't have gaps and E40 follows A 45 and A 5, which is a suitable route past the gap of A 4.

The first sections of the A 4 were built in the years 1934 to 1937. Just west of Eisenach was the Wartha-Herleshausen border checkpoint between East and West Germany. However, just eight kilometers down the road, after the Wommen interchange, the road crosses back into the former territory of East Germany into Gerstungen (today in Thuringia) for seven kilometers, before crossing back to the former West Germany at Wildeck. Because of that, the section between Wommen and Wildeck-Obersuhl interchanges was closed and fell into decay during the time of German division, it was bypassed by B400 road. Repairs of those parts are scheduled to be completed in 2007. Reconstruction of last section in Thuringia between Eisenach and Gotha near the former Inner German Border began in 2007 and required building 25 km (16 mi) of new road. Vinci SA and Hochtief were the contracted to build the new road.[2]

A4 near Dresden, Saxony.

Wiehltalbrücke accidentEdit

The "Wiehltalbrücke" is a bridge which carries the A 4 across the valley of the river Wiehl. The A 4 near Gummersbach, North Rhine-Westphalia was the site of the most expensive traffic accident in German history: On 26 August 2004, a BMW M3, whose driver did not hold a driving licence and was later found to be driving under the influence, collided with a tanker lorry, carrying 33,000 litres of gasoline. The lorry broke through a guardrail, fell off the Wiehltalbrücke and exploded, killing the driver. The subsequent fire caused severe structural damage to the bridge. The driver of the BMW was jailed for 22 months without parole in September 2005.[3]

The bridge was closed for weeks until temporary repairs were completed. Permanent repairs began on 28 July 2006 and finished on 22 August 2006, using a unique method never before used in Germany.[4] For the duration of the repairs, where among other things a 20 m × 31 m segment was replaced, the bridge was closed. The repairs cost 7.2 million euros.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tempolimit auf der A4 bei Düren" (in German). WDR. 15 September 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  2. ^ "VINCI preferred bidder for a motorway concession in Germany". VINCI. 27 August 2007. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Tatort Wiehltalbrücke: Unfallverursacher verurteilt" (in German). FAZ. 14 September 2005. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Neues Brückensegment erfolgreich in Wiehltalbrücke eingehoben". www.strassen.nrw.de (in German). 13 July 2006. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2020.

External linksEdit