The BMW M3 is a high-performance version of the 3 Series, developed by BMW's in-house motorsport division, BMW M GmbH. M3 models have been derived from the corresponding generations of the BMW 3 Series.
|Manufacturer||BMW M GmbH|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact executive car (D)|
The initial model was available in a coupé body style. At times the M3 has also been available in saloon and convertible body styles. Due to the coupé and convertible models no longer being part of the 3 Series range from 2015, the F82/F83 coupe and convertible models are now called the M4 based on the newly introduced 4 Series. The M3 name remains in use solely for the saloon version.
Upgrades over the standard 3 Series automobiles include more powerful and responsive engines, improved handling/suspension/braking systems, aerodynamic body enhancements, lightweight components and interior/exterior accents with the tri-colour "M" (Motorsport) emblem.
E30 generation (1986–1992)Edit
BMW M3 Evolution II
|Designer||Claus Luthe |
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupe|
|Related||BMW 3 Series (E30)|
|Engine||2.3 L S14B23 I4 |
2.5 L S14B25 I4
|Transmission||5-speed Getrag 265 manual|
|Wheelbase||2,562 mm (100.9 in)|
|Length||4,345 mm (171.1 in)|
|Width||1,680 mm (66.1 in)|
|Height||1,370 mm (53.9 in)|
|Curb weight||1,165–1,360 kg (2,568.4–2,998.3 lb)|
The first BMW M3 was based on the E30 3 Series and was produced from 1986 to 1992. The majority of E30 M3s were produced in the coupe body style, however limited volumes of convertibles were also produced.
The E30 M3 differed from the regular E30 models in several areas. The same basic body shell was used, however 12 of the body panels were unique to the M3, for the purposes of improving aerodynamics. Box-flared wheelarches were used to accommodate a wider track width and larger wheels/tyres. The only exterior body panels the standard 3 Series and the M3 shared were the bonnet, roof panel, sunroof and door inner panels.
The brake calipers, rotors and master cylinder were unique to the M3 model.
The transmission was a Getrag 265 5-speed manual. European models were outfitted with a dogleg version with close ratios and a 1:1 ratio for fifth gear. North American models used a standard shift pattern and had wider gear spacing with an overdriven fifth gear. A clutch-type limited-slip differential was standard equipment.
In 2004, Sports Car International named the E30 M3 car number six on the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1980s. In 2007, Automobile Magazine included the E30 M3 in their "5 greatest drivers cars of all time" under their 25 Greatest Cars of All Time.
The E30 M3 used the BMW S14 four-cylinder engine, a high-revving DOHC design based on the BMW M88 six-cylinder engine. In countries where the M3 was sold with a catalytic converter, the initial versions produced 143 kW (192 bhp) and had a top speed of 235 km/h (146 mph). In countries where a catalytic convertor was not required, the engine produced 149 kW (200 bhp).
In September 1989, European M3s were upgraded to the 158 kW (212 bhp) (as introduced on the Ravaglia special editition model), increasing the top speed to 240 km/h (149 mph).
Differences to the standard E30 models included:
- 5-stud wheel hubs
- offset control arm bushings in the front suspension, for increased caster angle
- aluminium control arms
- revised front strut tubes with bolt on kingpins and swaybar mounted to strut tube, similar to the E28 5 Series
- front wheel bearings and brake calliper bolt spacing from the E28 5 Series
The sportier "Evolution" model (also called "EVO2") introduced in 1988 produced 162 kW (217 bhp). Other changes included larger wheels (16 X 7.5 inches), thinner rear and side window glass, a lighter bootlid, a deeper front splitter and additional rear spoiler.
A more powerful and lighter "Sport Evolution" model (sometimes referred as "EVO3") with a limited production run of 600 units was produced with an upgraded 2,467 cc (150.5 cu in) engine producing 175 kW (235 bhp) at 7,000 rpm and 240 N⋅m (177 lbf⋅ft) at 4,750 rpm. The top speed was increased to 249 km/h (155 mph). Sport Evolution models have enlarged front bumper openings and an adjustable multi-position front splitter and rear wing. Brake cooling ducts were installed in place of front foglights.
Ravaglia and Cecotto editionsEdit
In April 1989, the Ravaglia and Cecotto limited editions were released, both named after Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft (DTM) racing drivers. Power was increased to 158 kW (212 bhp) with a catalytic converter.
M3 Pickup prototypeEdit
In 1986, BMW produced an "M3 Pickup" prototype pickup truck, based on the convertible model. The M3 Pickup used the narrower body of regular E30 models and was originally powered by the 2.0 litre version of the S14 engine from the Italian-specification M3. It was used as a transporter for roughly 26 years before it was officially retired in 2012.
|Euro spec (149 kW)||8,661||786|
|Euro spec (158 kW)||1,519|
The E30 M3 competed in many forms of motorsport and was highly successful in touring car racing. The E30 M3 road car was homologated for Group A racing, to compete against models such as the Mercedes-Benz W201 190E. In full race trim, the 1988 M3's 2.3 L (140 cu in) naturally aspirated 2.3 L engine produced approximately 224 kW (300 hp). The E30 M3 won the 24 Hours Nürburgring five times (1989, 1990, 1991, 1992 and 1994) and the Spa 24 Hours four times (1987, 1988, 1990 and 1992), other competing against cars with significantly larger or turbocharged engines.
To keep the car competitive in racing following year-to-year homologation rules changes, homologation specials were produced and sold in limited volumes. These include the Evo 1, Evo 2, and Sport Evolution, with upgrades including weight reduction, improved aerodynamics, taller front wheel arches (to allow 18-inch wheels to be used in DTM racing), bigger brake ducts and more power. With the introduction of the 2.5 L evolution engine into racing in 1990, power increased to approximately 283 kW (380 hp).
The M3 also competed as a rally car, with Prodrive-prepared examples contesting several national championships and selected rounds of the World Rally Championship between 1987 and 1989. By the latter year, the cars, based on the standard M3, were equipped with six-speed gearboxes and produced 220 kW (295 bhp). The M3 was not very competitive with the four-wheel-drive cars on loose surfaces, but a very effective car on asphalt. Its most notable success was victory on the Tour de Corse in 1987, driven by Bernard Beguin.
- World Touring Car Championship; 1 title (1987)
- European Touring Car Championship; 2 titles (1987 and 1988)
- British Touring Car Championship; 2 titles (1988 and 1991)
- Italia Superturismo Championship; 4 titles (1987, 1989, 1990 and 1991)
- Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft; 2 titles (1987 and 1989)
- Australian Touring Car Championship; 1 title (1987)
- Australian 2.0 Litre Touring Car Championship; 1 title (1993)
- Australian Manufacturers' Championship; 2 titles (1987 and 1988 – both shared)
- AMSCAR Series; 2 titles (1987, 1991)
- Irish Tarmac Rally Championship; 1 title (1990)
E36 generation (1992–1999)Edit
Rosslyn, South Africa
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Related||BMW 3 Series (E36)|
The M3 model of the E36 3 Series was released in 1992 and was initially available as a coupe only, with a convertible version added in 1994. A sedan version was also added in 1994, to fill in the gap caused by the lack of a BMW M5 sedan model between the end of E34 M5 production in 1995 and the launch of the E39 M5 in 1998.
In September 1995, a facelift for the coupe resulted the engine size being increased to 3.2 L (195 cu in), a six-speed manual transmission, different wheels and clear indicator lenses. The facelift changes were applied to the sedan model in November 1995 and the convertible model in February 1996.
The majority of cars were produced at the BMW Regensburg factory in Germany; however, a small number of low compression right hand drive cars were assembled at BMW's plant in Rosslyn, South Africa. In total, 46,525 coupés, 12,114 convertibles and 12,603 sedans were produced. The sedan ceased production in December 1997, the coupé ceased production in late 1998, and the convertible ceased production in December 1999.
The E36 M3 was powered by the BMW S50 straight-six engine. It was the first M3 to use a six-cylinder engine, which has since been used the majority of M3 models (albeit in turbocharged form since 2014).
In most countries, the initial 2,990 cc (182 cu in) version generated 213 kW (286 bhp) at 7,000 rpm and 320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft) at 3,600 rpm. North American models (except for the limited edition Canadian "M3 Euro-Spec" model) used the less powerful BMW S50B30US engine instead.
The facelift models in late 1995 were upgraded to a 3,201 cc (195 cu in) version of the BMW S50 engine, generating 316 bhp (236 kW) at 7,400 rpm and 350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft) at 3,250 rpm. North American models used the less powerful BMW S52 engine instead.
There were six special-edition models of the E36 M3 produced: the M3 Euro-Spec (Canadian Edition), M3 Lightweight (US), and the European M3 GT, M3 GT-R, M3-R, and the Imola Individual (often referred to as the GT2) – the last of the E36s.
There was also an M3 Anniversary Edition only produced in 1999 for Australia. This was the final year of production for the E36, with only 50 coupes and 70 convertibles being made. Furthermore, "BMW Individual" were able to custom design an M3 with specific coloured leather, woodgrain and other personalized options including polished magnesium alloy wheels from the Anniversary edition. Convertibles lacked the sports seats found in the coupe but retained every other feature.
M3 Euro-Spec (Canadian Edition)Edit
citation needed] Though BMW had unveiled the next generation E36 M3 in Europe in 1992, the company felt that the production version would need to be priced much higher for export to North America than the market would allow. While the engineers worked on a less expensive North American version of the E36 M3, BMW Canada seized the window of opportunity: 45 numbered European specification M3 coupes were specially produced and imported into Canada.[
Even with a base price of $59,900 (a substantial sum for the day given that the standard equipment list did not include forged lightweight wheels, air conditioning, a sunroof or even metallic paint), all 45 cars were spoken for in 3 days. Unlike the other special versions of the E36 M3, buyers were free to choose any colours and options they wanted on their cars. The cars all came equipped with the 286 PS (210 kW; 282 hp) 3.0 L inline 6-cylinder engine, vented brakes with floating rotors, glass headlights and other European standard equipment. They were initially delivered to Toronto, then shipped all across the country to the dealerships where they were ordered.
Canada would not see another E36 M3 for sale until two years later, when BMW finally made the American versions of the 1997 M3 available for sale. Forty five Euro-Spec Canadian Edition cars were built, each one having a numbered engraved plaque in both the glovebox and the custom leather case which holds the owners manuals. Only the Australian M3-R was built in lower numbers.
Beginning with the first E36 M3s delivered, BMW racers began pressuring BMW for a homologation version with which to compete against Porsche 911s in sports-car racing. A homologation version is a car with special modifications from the factory that are allowed in racing as "production" cars, if enough cars are made and sold.
In 1995, BMW relented and offered the M3 Lightweight. The major changes to the car were to lower the weight for racing. The cars came without a radio (although the speakers were installed and the car pre-wired for the radio), air conditioning, leather seats, tool kit, or a sunroof. The doors have aluminum skins. There is no underbonnet insulation blanket and the trunk only has carpet on the floor. The under body insulation is thinner and there is special carpeting to lower weight. Overall the changes added up to 200 lb (91 kg) less than a standard M3.
The engines were specially selected from the assembly line for the highest power. The ECU had the top speed limiter removed. The cars also came with a 3.23 rear axle ratio versus the standard 3.15 of the 1995 M3s. The cars were fitted with the shorter springs from the European M3 and used the same shocks as the standard M3, verified by having the same part number.
Cosmetically the M3 Lightweight came only in Alpine White with the Motorsports flag decals on the left front and right rear corners of the car. There is an aggressive wing on the trunk lid. There was some carbon fibre interior trim and the badges (side molding and dash) say "BMW Motorsports International." The seat fabric is black with a red pattern.
Upon completion they were sent to Prototype Technology Group (PTG) Racing in Virginia for final preparation, which included the front and rear Motorsport flag decals, and "trunk kit." In the trunk there was a different oil pan with special oil pump with dual pickups as used on the European M3 and later on the E46 M3, longer oil dipstick tube, front strut bar, lower x brace, spacer blocks to raise the rear wing, and an adjustable front splitter. Each new owner was given a 1-page legal document to sign stating that any installation of trunk items voided the new car warranty.
Unique forged 17-inch alloy wheels, 7 1⁄2 inches wide in the front and 8 1⁄2inches wide in the rear, mounted with identically sized 235/40-17 tyres front and rear were an additional difference from the standard 17 × 7 1⁄2-inch cast alloy wheels mounted with 235/40-17 tyres on standard M3s.
Although BMW promised to build approximately 100, BMW never released the number of M3 Lightweights built, and because of the peculiar assembly line, to this day the number may not be known. However, enthusiasts now believe that approximately 125 were built, with some 116 sold to the public.
The first two cars, which were used as press cars, are not technically M3 Lightweights as they were regular production M3s that PTG made similar in appearance to the not-yet-built Lightweight model. After press duties, those two cars were brought back into the PTG stable.
In 1994, BMW produced the limited-edition M3 GT as a racing homologation special; all cars were painted in the British Racing Green colour and featured an upgraded 295 PS (217 kW; 291 hp) 3.0-litre engine. Production of the GT was limited to 356 cars.
The M3 GT coupe is a limited-edition mainland Europe-only edition of the E36 M3, of which 356 were made; 50 were made in right-hand drive for the UK market and were built in 1995 February–June. The car was only available in British Racing Green (#312) exterior colour with a Mexico Green interior. Six prototypes were made in December 1994 for the development of the homologation model.
The M3 GT is a homologation series special built to allow the E36 M3 to compete in the FIA-GT class II, IMSA GT and international long-distance races.
It differs from the standard M3 with a deeper, adjustable front splitter, higher rear double wing and aluminum doors, as well as forged BMW Motorsport wheels measuring 17x7,5 in front and 17x8,5 in rear, stiffer suspension in front and the addition of an x-brace and strut brace. The engine has been modified with raised compression (10,8:1), as well as slightly changed intake and camshafts (264 deg duration), motorsport oil pump, double oil pickups in the special oil pan and special software for engine and VANOS. These upgrades allow the M3 GT to produce 220 kW; 299 PS (295 hp) at 7,100 rpm and 323 N⋅m (238 lb⋅ft) of torque at 3,900 rpm. The M3 GT is also around 30 kg (66 lb) lighter than the standard M3 and has a derestricted top speed of 171 mph (275 km/h).
M3 Evolution Imola Individual (M3 GT2)Edit
The M3 Evolution Imola Individual is a limited-edition (200 units for Europe with part VIN WBACB5103-AN307--, 50 for the United Kingdom) car sometimes referred to as the M3 GT2. The engine and performance characteristics of the car were unchanged from the 1996+ euro M3, and a special exterior and interior colour combination was once again chosen by BMW; Imola red (405) paint with Nappa leather & Amaretto seats in Imola red and anthracite seats. It also included side airbags, the M3 GT Class II rear spoiler, front class II corner splitter extensions, electric seats, and double-spoke polished alloy wheels.
Prior to the release of the Imola Individual there was a pre-production model made which was used as the basis of the special edition, it featured the Class II front splitter and rear spoiler, special order Imola red Paint, special order Nappa + Anthracite Amaretta interior, SMG gearbox, GSM Phone Kit, headlamp washers and double-spoke polished alloy wheels.
This car is believed to be the car BMW used for the Imola individual advertising, though not officially confirmed. The car was professionally converted to a 6-speed manual in June 2010 when the SMG Gearbox failed.
Fifteen M3s were ordered by BMW Australia in 1994 to race in the Australian Super Production series. All were delivered to Tony Longhurst Racing for final preparation by the Frank Gardner run team. Eleven were made available to the general public (who had to possess a CAMS license[further explanation needed] to be allowed to buy one), while four were retained for the race series. The M3-R had locally sourced King springs fitted to Group N adjustable struts and rear perches, AP Racing twin plate clutch and four piston brake calipers, dual pickup sump, an oil restrictor in the head, AC Schnitzer cams, a 3.25:1 ratio medium case diff and M5 driveshaft, cold air snorkel into air filter box replacing left hand fog light, non-functional rear seat, air conditioner delete and more aggressive tune, GT front splitter and rear spoiler with extensions and gurney strips. This was the most powerful production E36 made with 240 kW (326 PS; 322 hp). A bolt-in FIA-approved roll cage was also a factory option (locally produced by Dencar). There were several differences between the cars depending on customer requirements, early numbers had non-staggered BBS wheels, while later models had staggered BBS wheels (individually numbered plaque fitted to centre console below emergency brake lever)
The E36 M3 GTR is the road-going version of the competition machine built to compete in the 1994 ADAC German GT Cup Touring Car series. citation needed][
M3 Compact prototypeEdit
To celebrate the 50th birthday of the German automobile magazine Auto Motor und Sport in 1996, BMW M GmbH hand-built at least one official BMW E36 M3 compact. The car was tested and described in the June edition of the magazine.
The car embodied all the mechanical (engine, driveline, suspension) and visual (bumpers, wheels, mirrors, dashboard) characteristics of the stock E36 M3. It was powered by the 236 kW; 317 hp (321 PS) 3.2-litre engine, and its colour was red with a black cloth/Alcantara interior. It had the forged Styling 24M 5-doublespoke wheels that came standard on the M3 cabriolet, an exhaust with fairly centered quad exhaust tip, Recaro sports bucket seats, red four-point seat belts and an Alcantara wrapped steering wheel and gear lever.
North American modelsEdit
The first E36 M3 to be imported to the United States was the 1995 model, which used the S50B30US engine with 179 kW; 243 PS (240 hp) and 305 N⋅m (225 lb⋅ft), a different suspension setup and a 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration time of about six seconds. It was available with five-speed manual and automatic transmissions. An M3 Lightweight was produced in limited numbers for the 1995 model year.
In November 1996, the engine was upgraded to the 3.2 L (195 cu in) BMW S52, with the same power outputs of 179 kW; 243 PS (240 bhp), but torque increases to 320 N⋅m (236 lbf⋅ft) which is the same engine used in the early M Roadster and M Coupe. The manual gearbox remained a 5-speed despite the European versions being upgraded to a 6-speed version. It was also available as a sedan starting in model year 1997, and as convertible in 1998. Production of the sedan was halted in 1998, while the other models continued until 1999.
US sales figures include a total of 18,961 coupés, 7,760 sedans and 6,211 convertibles.
Other notable differences between North American and their European counterparts were as follows: Floating rotors were standard on the Canadian and European cars, but absent from the American variations. The Differential was shared between USA and Euro 3000cc cars, the euro 3200cc only had a larger unit. Rear axles and clutch on the North American cars were identical to the euro.
All late model M3s received sub-frame re-inforcements and more aggressive front end suspension geometry due to the differences in caster and camber yielded by top hat design and lower control arm bushings. Additionally, front spring rate was increased in addition to spindle and control arm geometry changes.
In 2012, an E36 M3 driven by Daniel Merkins and Ryan Smiley of Team GotOrgans? competed in the Alcan 5000 Winter Rally, a rally starting in Seattle to the Arctic Circle and back, marking the first time that an M3 had competed in this gruelling motorsport event. The M3 was an unprecedented vehicle choice for this rally, however, it proved to be one of the most reliable cars competing that year, never citing a breakdown or hard start in the cold, as well as never becoming snowbound.
Outside of multiple cars raced in the BMW CCA Club Racing series (an amateur series specific only to BMW models) Prototype Technology Group (PTG) had between two and four models, three of which they turned over to Genesis Racing to campaign in the Professional Sportscar's Endurance Series (formerly the International Motor Sports Association (IMSA)Firehawk Series),
while they (PTG)focused on the development of the GT series cars. The lead car, driven by Rick Fairbanks and Nick Ham, had several podium finishes in its inaugural season,
In 1998 they entered the 1998 IMSA GT Championship taking five wins in the GT3 class and four wins in the GT2 class, BMW claimed the manufacturers championship in the GT3 class. In 2000 PTG competed in the 2000 American Le Mans Series taking one win in the GT class.
While the other two cars had a variety of drivers that had varying degrees of success. One of the original three Genesis cars was severely damaged during the Sears Point race in 1995 while being driven by John Paul Jr. It seems that one of the PTG cars was sold to Jeff McMillian, in which he won the SCCA World Challenge series, without winning a single race. One was raced in the SCCA's Touring 1 class by John Browne. The now defunct team Massari Muller won the 1998 Motorola Cup "Grand Sport class" championship with drivers Terry Borcheller and Andy Pilgrim in an M3.
E46 generation (2000–2006)Edit
|Designer||Ulf Weidhase (exterior: 1998)|
Martina Bachmann (interior: 1998)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Related||BMW 3 Series (E46)|
|Transmission||6 Speed manual|
6 Speed SMG-II Drivelogic
|Wheelbase||107.5 in (2,730 mm)|
|Width||70.1 in (1,781 mm)|
|Curb weight||3,415 lb (1,549 kg) (coupé)|
The final production version was first introduced in October 2000 at the Geneva Motor Show, it appeared worldwide with the new 3.2 L S54 M-tuned inline-6 engine. The E46 was only available in coupé and convertible body styles as the saloon version had been dropped due to the introduction of the new M5.
The E46 M3 was offered with a standard 6-speed Getrag manual transmission, but optionally came with a SMG drivelogic transmission (also known as the SMG II). This is the standard 6-speed Getrag transmission with an electrohydraulically actuated clutch (no clutch pedal). Shifts are made via the SMG gear knob or the steering wheel mounted paddle shifters. The engine had a redline of 8,000 rpm. As with most M engines, the S54 had 6 independent throttle bodies, now electronically operated (drive-by-wire with no cable).
Total production of the E46 M3 was 56,133 coupes and 29,633 convertibles.
In the U.S, the E46 M3 came with similar engine output as the European version, unlike in the E36, whose engine was derived from the M50/52 series engine. Power was now rated at 333 bhp (248 kW; 338 PS) due to close-coupled catalytic converters closer to the engine exhaust ports.
The M3s S54 naturally aspirated 3.2-litre straight-six engine produces 252 kW; 338 hp (343 PS).
- 343 PS (252 kW; 338 hp) at 7,900 rpm
- Torque: 365 N⋅m (269 lb⋅ft) at 4,900 rpm
- 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time – 5.1 s for manual and SMG, 5.5 s for cabriolet
- Top Speed: 249 km/h (155 mph)(electronically limited)
- Skid Pad: 0.89 g
United States Models
- 333 hp (248 kW; 338 PS)
- Torque: 355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft)
- 0-60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration time – 4.8 s for manual and SMG, 5.6 s for cabriolet
- 0–60 mph – 5.1 s for cabriolet as measured by Car and Driver magazine
- 1/4 mile – Coupé: 13.0 s at 104 mph (167 km/h), Convertible: 13.7 s at 104 mph (167 km/h)
- Top speed – Coupé: 250 km/h (155 mph) (electronically limited), 274 km/h (170 mph) (delimited)
- Skid pad – Coupé: 0.89 g, Convertible: 0.81 g
There were various models of E46 M3s produced, including the M3 Silverstone Edition (50 cars produced for the UK Market), the M3 CSL, the M3 GTR V8 (limited production) and the M3 ZCP, (in the US and mainland Europe), which is known as the M3 CS (Coupe Sport) in the UK.
M3 Touring (2000)Edit
The M3 Touring is a prototype demonstrating the possibility of integrating an M3 Touring into the ongoing production of the standard BMW 3 Series Touring with very little difficulty, including reworked rear doors to adapt them to the rear wheel arches without the need for new and expensive tools.
The E46 GTR came to life in February 2001, powered by the P60B40 a 3,997 cc (4.0 L) V8 producing 330 kW (449 PS; 443 hp). Unlike the straight-six powered M3 versions, which were outpaced by the Porsche 996 GT3, the racing version of the E46 M3 GTR, entered by Schnitzer Motorsport, was very successful in the American Le Mans Series (ALMS) with BMW factory driver Jörg Müller securing the 2001 GT title.
Rivals such as Porsche pointed out that this car was more of a prototype as no V8 engine was available in the road-going BMW E46, which is in violation of the spirit of Gran Turismo. In 2001, ALMS regulations stated that cars must be for sale on two continents within twelve months of the rules being issued. To fulfill this rule, BMW created the road going GTR and put them on sale after the 2001 season, for €250,000 each.
The ALMS rules were altered for 2002 to state that 100 cars and 1,000 engines must be built for the car to qualify without penalties. Although BMW could have raced the V8 with the new weight and power penalties under these new regulations, they chose to pull out of the ALMS, effectively ending the short-lived M3 GTR's career.
Two Schnitzer Motorsport M3 GTR cars saw a comeback in 2003 at the 24 Hours Nürburgring, winning 1–2 in 2004 and 2005, (power increased to 368 kW (500 PS; 493 hp)) as well as entries in the 24 Hours Spa. Onboard coverage recorded in 2004 Hans-Joachim Stuck, Pedro Lamy, Jörg Müller and Dirk Müller on the Nürburgring and Spa-Francorchamps.
Mechanically this car was very close to the racing version. The same P60B40 V8 with dry-sump lubrication is fitted, detuned from 330 kW (449 PS; 443 hp) to 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp). Further equipment included a six-speed manual gearbox as well as the variable locking M differential as used in the racing vehicle. The bodywork was also modeled on the racing car. The roof, the rear wing as well as the front and rear bumpers are made of carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic. By these measures and the complete renouncement of comfort equipment, the vehicle reached an empty weight of 1,350 kg (2,980 lb). BMW put 10 road going GTRs on sale after the 2001 season, The price was €250,000. Only six were built, they were assembled alongside their racing counterparts in the special vehicles department of BMW's Regensburg Plant. Three were designated as engineering development vehicles and later recycled. The three production vehicles were retained by BMW.
- Technical data of the BMW P60B40 / BMW M3 GTR Street
- Displacement: 3,997 cc (4.0 L)
- Bore × Stroke: 94 mm × 72 mm (3.7 in × 2.8 in)
- Max. Power / speed: 285 kW (387 PS; 382 hp) at 7,000 rpm
- Max. Torque / speed: 390 N⋅m (288 lbf⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm
- Maximum speed: 295 km/h (183 mph)
The BMW M3 CSL (Coupe Sport Leichtbau) (Coupe Sport Lightweight) is a limited edition version of the M3, with only 1,383 cars being produced for its 2004 model year run. The CSL was never released into the North American market, and was only available in two colours – Silver Grey Metallic and Black Sapphire Metallic.
As its name suggests, an emphasis was put on reducing weight. The M3 CSL has a curb weight of 1,385 kg (3,053 lb), 110 kg (243 lb) lighter than the regular M3. The CSL features many weight saving technologies taken from BMW's Formula One racing applications. A large proportion of the M3s sound insulation has been removed, along with electric seats and navigation systems. Air conditioning and stereo systems could be retrofitted free of cost, but were not available standard. The CSL's unique body pieces are all crafted from carbon fibre reinforced polymer. Glass-reinforced plastics are used throughout structural points in the car. The standard rear window was replaced with one made from thinner glass. Although the CSL loses a considerable amount of curb weight from its original version, the focus was put on strategically reducing or moving the weight in the car rather than the raw amount of weight that could be lost. This is to retain the ideal 50:50 weight distribution characteristics the E46 has. For example, the roof is constructed from carbon fibre reinforced plastic. While this only reduces the curb weight of the car by 7 kg (15 lb), it lowers the centre of gravity of the car and decreases body flex.
In order to improve the handling ability of the car, the entire suspension system was further refined. Specially developed racing springs and dampers were given to the CSL, and a tightened steering ratio (14.5:1 vs 15.4:1 on the regular M3) improved responsiveness. The braking system was also improved with larger front floating rotors and larger pistons in the rear calipers; front calipers were the same as the standard M3 but with a larger calliper carrier to allow for the larger rotor. Rear discs are M3 standard.
The CSL was given a retuned dynamic stability control system with a "M track mode" setting that allowed the car to be pushed to its absolute limits before being activated. Top speed was limited but on production of a current Motorsport licence, factory ordered cars could be requested with this restriction removed.
The engine used in the CSL had increased output over the regular S54 by 13 kW (17 hp) and 5 N⋅m (4 lbf⋅ft) over the European M3. This is due to the use of sharper profile camshafts, a bigger air intake with carbon fibre manifold, a refinement of the exhaust manifold, and slightly different exhaust valves.
The CSL also had various aesthetic modifications over the standard M3. It received an aerodynamic lightweight body kit which included carbon fibre front splitters that improved down force at high speeds by 50%, as well as a carbon fibre rear diffuser. The front bumper had a distinct hole that is used to draw cool air into the newly designed air intake. The trunk floor cover was made of lightweight fibre-board (not cardboard as infamously described by BBC Top Gear presenter Jeremy Clarkson). The trunk lid was redesigned to incorporate a raised lip, unlike the standard M3 where one is simply added onto a flat trunk. The CSL was sold with distinct 19-inch lightweight cast BBS alloy rims that came with Michelin Pilot Sport Cup semi-slick racing tyres. The interior of the CSL is redesigned with a sporty weight-saving theme. The CSL obtains fibreglass front racing bucket seats, and fibreglass backed rear seats. The center console, door panels and trim, and head-liner are all formed from carbon fibre, and the steering wheel is redesigned with cruise control, stereo, and phone controls removed to include just a single button that activates the M track mode.
Unlike the standard M3, which was offered with a standard 6-speed Getrag transmission, or optionally a SMG drivelogic transmission (also known as the SMG II), the CSL was offered only with the SMG II transmission. This is the standard 6-speed Getrag transmission with an electrohydraulically actuated clutch pedal, similar to a Formula One style transmission. However, the CSL received a more advanced drivelogic software package than the standard M3 that was capable of making shifts in 0.08-second. This advanced CSL Software package can also be uploaded to the standard M3 SMG DME to get the CSL gear shift performance increase.
M3 CS (Competition Package)Edit
While it is known as the M3 Competition Package (ZCP) in the US and mainland Europe, it is also known as the M3 CS (Coupe Sport) in the UK. (option S7MAA = Competition Packet).
While the M3 CSL was never exported to the United States, for 2005 BMW introduced an M3 Competition Package in both Europe and the US (a.k.a. CS/Coupe Sport in the UK), a $4,000 (£2,500) option which offered a number of upgrades taken from M3 CSL parts bin. The package includes:
- 19-inch BBS spin-cast (flow formed) alloy wheels (marketed as "forged"); 19"x8" front, 19"x9.5" rear: weigh 26 lb (12 kg), the 8" front is exclusive to the ZCP/CS, the CSL has the 8.5" version, the rears are the same as the CSL.
- Specially tuned spring rates for the Competition Package; this was carried over to all M3 production from 12/04 on.
- CSL steering rack: More direct steering ratio of 14.5:1 (vs. standard M3s 15.4:1)
- CSL's M-Track Mode enabled with a button mounted on the steering wheel (deletion of cruise control and steering wheel mounted radio/phone controls).
- CSL's Larger front disc/rotor of 13.6 inches (from 12.6 inches) (345 mm from 325 mm) with Standard M3 callipers, but painted black and with larger calliper carriers.
- CSL's Larger piston in rear callipers and standard 12.9 inch (328 mm) rear rotors, again, with black painted callipers.
- Alcantara steering wheel and handbrake covers.
- Interlagos Blue exterior paint available as an exclusive colour option.
- Unique cube aluminium interior trim. (optional).
While the CS shares some bolt on parts with the CSL, the engine and gearbox are the same as a non-Competition Package M3 (so there is no power increase), as are all the main hardware modules, mk60 DSC, Engine and SMG DME (where fitted) etc. Other than M-Track mode, CSL brake and the steering angle sensor calibrations the CS shares all its software with that of the standard M3.
In the UK, the M3 CS is often referred to as a Club Sport (two words), however, this is incorrect, as it was only ever officially used in the UK by BMW (UK) as a designation of a special edition E46 330Ci (coupe), and called a "clubsport" (one word no space) in all sales documentation for that specific model.
E90/E92/E93 generation (2007–2011)Edit
|Production||2007–July 5, 2013 (saloon discontinued in 2011)|
|Designer||Karl John Elmitt (coupé)|
Hans-Bruno Starke (saloon)
|Body and chassis|
|Related||BMW 3 Series (E90)|
|Engine||4.0 L S65B40 V8|
4.4 L S65B44 V8
|Wheelbase||108.7 in (2,761 mm)|
As was the case with the E46 M3 Concept and the E60 M5 Concept, the M3 Concept had almost no differences from the production version in terms of design, that had its world premiere on the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show IAA (Germany, 12 to 23 September).
Similar to its predecessors that introduced a new engine, the fourth generation of the M3 did the same and marked the debut of the BMW S65 V8 engine. The engine generates a maximum power output of 420 PS (309 kW; 414 hp) at 8,300 rpm, with a peak torque of 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 3,900 rpm. A 6-speed manual transmission was included as standard. As of April 2008, BMW offered a new 7-speed Getrag double-clutch paddle shift transmission, called M-DKG (Doppel-Kupplungs-Getriebe) or M-DCT (Double Clutch Transmission) as an option, which reduces shift pauses to less than a tenth of a second and shortens the car's 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time by 0.2 seconds vs. the car equipped with a manual transmission. It features both automatic and manual modes similar to the SMG gearboxes in the E36 and E46, but with more speed and efficiency.
The E92 M3 coupé inherited a carbon-fibre roof similar to the one used on the E46 CSL. For 2011, the E92 M3 received a model refresh commonly referred to as a LCI (Life Cycle Impulse) by BMW. Those changes included minor interior trim pieces and LED rear tail-lights. Testing by Car and Driver magazine has shown that the 2011 M3 equipped with an M-DCT transmission accelerated from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 3.9 seconds and went on to record a 12.4-second quarter-mile time. This is almost half a second quicker than 2008–2010 M3 models with the same engine and transmission.
The M3 was again available as a 4-door saloon, based on the E90 3 Series saloon, but unlike the regular saloons the M3 version shares the coupe's wide and sculpted front end, including the headlights. Saloons, however, do not have the coupe's carbon-fibre roof, and are 10 kg (22 lb) heavier than the identically equipped coupé.
Although the front-end design of the saloon matches the specific look and high-performance character of the coupé, the side-sills and rear diffuser are tailored for the saloon. The M3 saloon is powered by the same engine as the other two versions (coupé and convertible). In 2008, a four-door (E90), six-speed manual transmission M3 accelerated to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.3 seconds in a Motor Trend test, matching the performance of the M3 Coupé.
The E93 convertible version joined the M3 lineup shortly after the E92's launch, and is based directly on the M3 Coupé. The convertible uses a power retractable hardtop which adds 200 kg (441 lb) to the weight of the car, bringing the total to 1,810 kg (3,990 lb) with a negative impact on the convertible's overall performance. The convertible features a special leather surface for the seats that reflects sunlight. This reduces the tendency of the seats to become uncomfortably hot with the top down.
Total production was of the E9x M3 was 40,092 coupes, 16,219 convertibles and 9,674 sedans.
General performance dataEdit
Official times as published by BMW (6-speed manual times in parentheses):
- Coupe/Saloon 0–100 km/h acceleration time: 4.6 s (4.8 s)
- Coupe/Saloon 0–60 mph acceleration time: 4.5 s (4.7 s)
- Convertible 0–100 km/h acceleration time: 5.1 s (5.3 s)
- Convertible 0–60 mph acceleration time: 4.9 s (5.1 s)
- Coupe/Saloon 80–120 km/h acceleration time in 4th/5th gear: 4.9/6.0 s (4.2/5.2 s)
- Convertible 80–120 km/h acceleration time in 4th/5th gear: 5.7/7.1 s (5.0/6.3 s)
Independently Tested performance (E92):
- 0–60 mph (97 km/h) acceleration time: 3.9 s measured by Car and Driver magazine (2010 E92 w/ DCT)
- 1/4 mile time: 12.4 s at 114 mph (183 km/h) measured by Car and Driver magazine (2011 E92 w/ M-DCT Trans)
- Top Speed: 155 mph (249 km/h) (electronically limited) Delimited: 178 mph (286 km/h)
M3 Pickup (2011)Edit
The M3 Pickup is a one-off custom variant of the M3 based on the E93 M3 convertible. It has a capacity of 20 standard 46-inch golf bags. It was used as a workshop transport vehicle for BMW M GmbH, replacing their E30 M3 pickup version after 26 years of use.
The vehicle was assembled by M GmbH's employees, as well as interns and engineering students.
E92 M3 ZCP Competition PackageEdit
For 2011, BMW added the ZCP Competition Package to the M3s lineup. Unlike the ZCP offered on the previous generation E46, the newest package didn't change very much about the E92. Most of the adjustments were made to suspension components and the computer governing stability control. The changes for the E92 ZCP are as follows:
- The suspension was lowered by 10 mm. The spring rates are the same, but the springs themselves are shorter, to compensate for the shorter stance. The suspension's shock damping was also adjusted by the M division. This was in order to compensate for the lower ride height, primarily for rebounding damping rates as opposed to actual compression.
- The Electronic Damper Control in the "Sport Mode" was modified. A quote taken from the Manager of BMWNA's M Division, Larry Koch: "The Sport Mode before ZCP was locked at 75% of the way to full stiff. It still has that as a default, but is now variable like the 'Comfort' and 'Normal' modes." This translates to a stiffer ride whilst sport mode is engaged, aiding heavy cornering on a track at a cost to ride comfort when driving normally on the road.
- In addition, forged 19 inch wheels in the same style as those on the E46 CSL are added to the car.
E92 M3 GTSEdit
BMW announced the M3 GTS in November 2009. The car is powered by a 4.4-litre V8 based on the 4.0-litre engine found in the standard M3, which produces a maximum power output of 450 PS (331 kW; 444 hp). The car weighs 136 kg (300 lb) less than the standard M3 due to various weight savings. A total of only 135 cars were sent out to customers. This version of the M3 could accelerate from 0-62 mph in just 4.4 seconds. In Germany deliveries began in May 2010 while other countries were scheduled for the summer of 2010. The BMW E92 M3 GTS was priced at around €115,000 per unit. All E92 M3 GTS models have been sold.
E90 M3 CRTEdit
The M3 CRT (Carbon Racing Technology) was announced in June 2011 as a 2012 model. It was powered by the same engine as the GTS, but in opposite to the GTS coupe with roll cage and 4-point harnesses, the CRT was a saloon with navigation, high-end sound system etc. as standard equipment. Despite these luxury extras, the car still weighed 100 lb (45 kg) less than a regular M3 saloon. Compared to a saloon with the same luxury equipment, it weighed 155 lb (70 kg) less. The production was limited to 67 cars, all numbered with a plaque on the dashboard. It was claimed that it could accelerate from 0 to 62 mph (100 km/h) in 4.4 seconds.
E92 M3 DTM Champion EditionEdit
BMW Motorsport returned to the DTM in 2012, and the "DTM Champion Edition" was built to commemorate it winning the championship. The "DTM Champion Edition" was available only in the Frozen Black paint finish with the same M stripes over the roof and boot lid as on Bruno Spengler's race car. It also incorporated visual clues to the race car, such as carbon flaps and gurney, dark chrome elements and matt black wheels. The interior had some exclusive parts such as interior trim in carbon fibre, Alcantara steering wheel and "M Power" embroidered on the handbrake grip. Each car had a numbered plaque with Spengler's signature and the text "DTM champion 2012" above the glove box.
As the car was focused on high performance, options as M Drive, M DCT Drivelogic and the M Driver's Package were fitted as standard equipment. For the car to have everyday usability, options as navigation system, heated seats and PDC were also standard.
The DTM Champion Edition was produced from February 2013, in a limited number of 54 cars, the same number as BMW's victories in DTM. In Germany, the price started at €99,000.00 including VAT.
E92 M3 Lime Rock Park EditionEdit
The M3 Lime Rock Park Edition was a US specific model, with a production limited to 200 cars, all painted in Fire Orange. All 200 of these 2013 vehicles came with carbon fibre performance parts, such as roof, front splitter, rear spoiler, competition package, a lowered ride height in front of .60 inches, track style steering with fewer turns to lock and a lightweight muffler, courtesy of BMW's M division. BMW claims the model has no added horsepower, however, when marketing the lightweight Inconel-titanium BMW Motorsports Exhaust to stock M3 vehicles, BMW Claims that the system adds about 5 hp (3.7 kW). The Lime Rock Park editions were equipped with either a 6 speed manual transmission, or the optional DCT (Dual Clutch Transmission). No changes made to the original 4.0L V8 (309 kW; 420 PS (414 hp), redline 8,300 rpm); however the ECU is programmed slightly differently from standard M3 vehicles with less interference from the dynamic stability control and a less interfering traction control. Each LRP edition's governor is limited for achieving its natural top speed, which is claimed to be 187 mph (301 km/h). Each M3 LRP Edition comes with a numbered plaque and paper certificate, each one reading "One of 200" instead of a numbering sequence. BMW did this to ensure none of the cars were worth more than another.
E92/E93 M3 Limited Edition 500Edit
In mid 2012 the BMW M3 Limited Edition 500 was launched in the UK and offered with an enhanced specification over the standard car. BMW only built 500 Limited Edition models in both coupé and convertible bodystyles. Although the Limited Edition 500 is mechanically unchanged over the standard car, BMW included extra equipment worth more than £4000, as standard. The new models cost £55,690 (coupé) and £59,785 (convertible) respectively; £1000 more than the base model.
The BMW M3 Limited Edition 500 was available in three colours: Imola Red, Mineral White and Santorini Blue, reflecting the colours of the iconic 'M' badge. Each model has "One of 500" laser cut into the dashboard inlay. The cabin is trimmed in BMW's extended Novillo leather and features stitching to match the exterior colour. The grille surround, side gills and tailpipes are finished in dark chrome. Both the coupé and convertible have Shadowline exterior trim and black alloy wheels.
BMW M3 (E92) Frozen Edition (South Africa)Edit
Due to South Africa not getting the M3 GTS, BMW South Africa created the BMW M3 Frozen Edition in 2009. It was only available in two colours: Frozen Black or Frozen Grey, both matte. It produced 330 kW (449 PS; 443 hp) due to an AC Schnitzer intake manifold, exhaust revised engine management system. Only 25 were made.
E92 M3 GT2Edit
|Category||American Le Mans Series GT2 (then GT in 2010)|
24 Hours of Le Mans GTE Pro
|Designer(s)||Jeff Koons (2010 LM24 Art Car)|
|Successor||BMW Z4 GTE|
|Chassis||Unitary construction steel body with welded safety cell made of extremely rigid precision steel tubing; safety fuel tank in CRP sandwich tray; pneumatic four-stamp jack system|
|Suspension (front)||ZF Sachs based on production version, with increased wheel caster angle, enlarged track width and enhanced wheel camber; five-way adjustable shock absorbers; tubular stabilizer bar|
|Suspension (rear)||ZF Sachs based on production version, with enlarged track width and enhanced wheel camber; five-way adjustable shock absorbers, tubular stabilizer bar|
|Length||4,634 mm (182 in)|
|Width||1,912 mm (75 in)|
|Height||1,280 mm (50 in)|
|Axle track||1,900 mm (75 in)|
|Wheelbase||2,779 mm (109 in)|
|Engine||BMW P65B40 4.0 L (4,000 cc; 244 cu in) V8 90° cylinder angle, 32-valve, DOHC, four valves per cylinder, naturally aspirated, front engined, longitudinally mounted|
|Transmission||Hewland/Xtrac 6-speed sequential manual (2009-2010)/semi-automatic (2011-2012) gearbox, mechanical limited slip differential with additional oil/air cooler|
|Power||343 kW (460 hp) at 7,500 rpm (ALMS air restrictor)|
373 kW (500 hp) at 8,750 rpm (2010+)
|Weight||1,245 kg (2,745 lb) maximum including driver and fuel|
|Fuel||Ethanol E85 + Petronas Primax 15% gasoline|
|Tyres||Dunlop SP Sport Maxx|
Front: 30/66 – R18
Rear: 31/71 – R18
Rays Engineering aluminum wheels
Front: 12 x 18 inches
Rear: 13 x 18 inches
|Notable entrants||/ BMW Rahal Letterman Racing (later BMW Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing in 2011)|
|Notable drivers|| Dirk Müller|
|Debut||2009 12 Hours of Sebring|
BMW Motorsport announced in February 2008 that Rahal Letterman Racing will campaign two factory-backed E92 M3s in the American Le Mans Series in 2009, following a two-year absence by the brand. The cars are homologated for the GT2 category. This was the cover car for the simulation racing game Need for Speed: Shift. Schnitzer Motorsport entered 2 cars at the 1000 km of Spa and finished 4th after a move by the Ferrari in the final corner. For 2010, BMW Motorsport has been granted entry in the 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans and in the 2010 24 Hours Nürburgring. BMW Motorsport/Schnitzer Motorsport went on to take an overall win at the 24 Hours Nürburgring with the No. 25 M3 GT2 of Jörg Müller, Augusto Farfus, Pedro Lamy, and Uwe Alzen while the top competitors from Porsche and Audi dropped out one by one. In addition, one of the M3 GT2's that competed at Le Mans (#79) has been chosen as the 17th BMW Art Car, which will be done by American artist, Jeff Koons. At the 2010 24 Hours of Spa, BMW qualified 1st in class (2nd overall) and maintained 1st with the No. 79 car throughout the race until it succumbed to a suspension failure with just half an hour remaining, forcing them to give the overall lead to two Porsche 997 GT3-RSRs. The M3s still came 1st in the GTN class. The BMW M3s won the GT2 category in the ILMC 1000 km of Zhuhai. In 2011, the BMW achieved a 1-2 finish in the 12 Hours of Sebring. In the 2011 American Le Mans Series GT class, BMW Team RLL swept all categories, winning the GT manufacturer, team and driver championships. They contest another year in the ALMS GT class, coming off of another fantastic win at the 2012 60th running of the 12 Hours of Sebring. The M3 GT2 was succeeded by the BMW Z4 GTE, an LMGTE specification racing car alongside the Group GT3 spec BMW Z4 GT3. The Z4 GTE started racing at the 2013 12 Hours of Sebring.
E92 M3 GT4Edit
On 10 April 2009, the week after the debut of the GT4, BMW's Customer Racing program announced it had partnered with Schubert Motorsport (sponsored by Motorsport Arena Oschersleben) to run the BMW M3 GT4 in the 2009 24 Hours Nürburgring race, in the new class for GT4 cars, listed as SP10 there. The BMW M3 GT4 also raced in the Nürburgring VLN ADAC Westfalenfahrt in April 2009, taking the win in the SP10 class and finishing 30th overall. The 2009 24h race took place on the weekend of 23 and 24 May, with Jörg Müller, Andy Priaulx and sport auto journalist Jochen Übler at the wheel. Despite qualifying as best SP10/GT4 car at 57th overall and being at least 10 seconds per lap faster, the team finished third in the class, behind two Aston Martin V8 Vantage N24. The overall rank was 47th.
BMW Motorsport announced on 7 July 2009 the launch of a line of BMW M3 race cars which meet the SRO/FIA's GT4 spec and are oriented for sale to private teams and drivers. The BMW M3 GT4 price is 121,500 EUR without VAT. While BMW states that 'the BMW M3 GT4 weighs just 1,430 kilograms' and the 336 kW; 450 hp (450 bhp) engine remained largely untouched', the 2010 24 Hours Nürburgring "Balance of Performance" requires that the power must not exceed 390 PS (287 kW; 385 hp), while the minimum weight is set to 1400 kg.
The M3 GT4 is offered in Europe as a homologated production race car for sale to the general public. According to Larry Koch, then BMW NA M-brand manager, a feasibility study is currently being conducted to evaluate the possible sale of the M3 GT4 in North America. However, without a sanctioned GT4-class racing series in the US, the sale of the M3 GT4 in the States is not likely.
- Arthur St. Antoine of Motor Trend magazine says: "World's single greatest car? Seriously? Yes – the new BMW M3 is unquestionably a contender. Probably no other car combines so many virtues – speed, handling, good looks, roominess, practicality – into one package. Driving the new BMW M3 is an absolutely blissful experience, flooding your brain with dopamine as if you were arriving to courtside seats at the Lakers game with Jennifer Connelly on your arm." -and- "If you put an F1 car and a premium sedan in a blender, the M3 would be the cocktail that pours out. Mmmm, nothing else like it. A toast then: To the BMW M3, the greatest all-around car in the world."
- Mark Gillies of Car and Driver magazine says: "A car has got to be pretty spectacular to win over the curmudgeons here at 1585 Eisenhower Place, especially when familiarity sets in over the course of 40,000 miles. But our Sparkling Graphite Metallic M3 did indeed win us over.", and "Based on our experience, the current M3 is the world's all-around best car for the money, although several staffers would have preferred to trade some of the coupe's looks for the added practicality of the sedan.", and "This is the finest car on the market, period."
- Ezra Dyer of Automobile magazine once suggested that "...car magazines generally regard the M3 the same way a four-year-old regards Santa Claus."
- Jeremy Clarkson of BBC television show Top Gear says: "This [The M3] is the best car, and always will be, and there's no point in ever thinking otherwise."
- Mark Magrath of Edmunds Inside Line wrote these comments after driving a 2009 E90 M3 saloon in the canyons of Southern California: "This is the best most complete car in the world. It's actually a bargain for what you get. Wow."
- In the high-performance sports luxury niche (an entry-level luxury/small family car with a V8 engine), the E90 M3 (usually an E92 M3 Coupé being tested) has won comparison tests against rivals such as the Mercedes-Benz C63 AMG, Lexus IS-F, Audi RS4, Audi RS5 and Cadillac CTS-V.
F80 generation (2014–2018)Edit
2017 BMW M3 (post facelift)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door saloon|
|Related||BMW 3 Series (F30)|
|Engine||3.0 L S55B30T0 twin-turbocharged I6|
|Wheelbase||2,812 mm (110.7 in)|
|Length||4,671 mm (183.9 in)|
|Width||1,877 mm (73.9 in)|
|Height||1,424 mm (56.1 in)|
|Curb weight||1,621 kg (3,574 lb) (Manual) |
1,647 kg (3,631 lb) (DCT)
Production of the F80 M3 started in 2014 (2015 for the US), introducing it as only a saloon following the company's plans to split off the BMW 4 Series coupé/convertible from the BMW 3 Series. Unlike its E90 M3 saloon predecessor, but similar to that generation's E92 coupé, the F80 M3 features a carbon fibre roof and driveshaft. The F80 M3, as well as its coupe counterpart the M4, were revealed at the 2014 North American International Auto Show.
The performance of the car has improved over the previous generation. The 7-speed M-DCT transmission accelerates the car from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.1 seconds. The 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration time with the conventional 6-speed manual transmission is 4.3 seconds. The M3 and M4 run the standing kilometre in 22.20 seconds. This is a comparable time to the 2006 Corvette Z06, which took 22.24s to accomplish the same. Top speed is limited to 155 mph (249 km/h) but an optional M Driver's package raises this to 174 mph (280 km/h). The new engine generates up to 317 kW; 431 PS (425 hp) between 5,500 and 7,300 rpm and up to 406 lb-ft (550 N·m) of torque between 1,850 and 5,500 rpm.
The fifth generation M3's platform structure is made of steel, and the bonnet and front quarter panels from aluminium. From the front doors back, the body is steel with exception of the carbon fibre roof.
In February 2016, BMW announced the M3/M4 Competition Package. Power is now increased to 331 kW; 450 PS (444 hp) and a revised suspension replaces the standard unit for better handling. The new springs, dampers and anti-roll bars supplement the included Adaptive M Suspension. BMW also re-tuned the electronic differential and the Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) to match the upgraded hardware. The package also features 20" forged light alloy wheels (Style 666M) with performance non run-flat tires. Michelin Pilot Super Sport. The interior remains largely unchanged, but the Competition Package cars get new lightweight sport seats along with the M-striped woven seat belts. The exterior includes the M Sport exhaust with black chrome tailpipes and high gloss Shadow Line exterior trim. Gloss black trim is added to the kidney grille, side gills, and model badge on the trunk.
With the competition package the M3 accelerates from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.0 seconds while using the dual clutch transmission (DCT).
The Competition package costs an added US$4,750 for the M3/M4 on top of its base price.
In late 2017, the light weight version of the M3 dubbed the M3 CS (Competition Sport) was launched continuing the tradition of high performance light weight M cars. The S55B30T0 twin-turbo Inline-6 engine is now updated and generates 339 kW; 460 PS (454 hp) and 601 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft) of torque, 21 kW; 28 PS (28 hp) and 50 N⋅m (37 lb⋅ft) more than the standard M3 respectively. Exterior enhancements include a carbon fibre front spoiler, a rear diffuser and a rear lip spoiler along with new 763M wheels (19-inch at the front and 20-inch at the rear). The interior remains luxurious and combines leather and Alcantara with carbon fibre deleting the arm rest and featuring thin side windows. All of these measures result in weight savings of 50 kg (110 lb) over the standard M3. Four new colour choices are available namely San Marino Blue Metallic, Lime Rock Grey Metallic, Frozen Dark Blue II Metallic and Black Sapphire Metallic. Orders for the M3 CS started in May 2018 with a limited production run of 1,200 units world wide.
It was announced in February 2018 that the F80 M3 will cease production May 2018, as the current model would not be able to comply with new emissions regulations from the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure. The new regulations would require a gasoline particulate filter to be installed on the vehicle. Retrofitting of the filter would require significant re-engineering of a vehicle’s underside due to the amount of space it requires. The replacement for the F80 M3 is scheduled to be launched in 2020 while the M4 coupe variant will continue production. The company later stated that production will continue due to the immediate unavailability of the new model.
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