The BMW X3 is a compact luxury crossover SUV manufactured by German automaker BMW since 2003. Based on the BMW 5 Series (G01) or BMW CLAR platform. Now in its third generation, BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's proprietary descriptor for its X-line of vehicles.

BMW X3
2018 BMW X3 (G01) xDrive30i wagon (2018-11-02) 01.jpg
BMW X3 (G01)
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production2003–present
Body and chassis
ClassCompact luxury crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV

The first-generation X3 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria—who also manufactured all X3s under contract to BMW. BMW manufactured the second-generation X3 at their Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States. The third-generation of the BMW X3 is manufactured at BMW South Africa's Rosslyn plant, a facility that underwent a major upgrade to prepare for the X3 production, replacing the long-running 3 Series production in the plant. About 76,000 units will be manufactured there annually.[1]

It was considered as the first mid-size, premium SUV on the market.[2] Only since 2008, X3 started competing with the Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class (renamed GLC-Class since 2016), and numerous other SUVs in this segment. Currently, it slots below the larger X5 and X6, and above the smaller X1 and the X2.

An all-electric variant is sold as the BMW iX3.

First generation (E83; 2003)Edit

First generation (E83)
 
Overview
ProductionAugust 2003 – August 2010[3][4]
AssemblyAustria: Graz (Magna Steyr)
Thailand: Rayong (BMW Thailand)[5]
Egypt: 6th of October City (BAG)[6]
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)[7]
LayoutLongitudinally mounted, front engine, four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission6-speed automatic and manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length4,564–4,570 mm (179.7–179.9 in)
Width1,855 mm (73.0 in)
Height1,673–1,675 mm (65.9–65.9 in)

The first-generation BMW X3, internally designated as the E83, was produced from 2003 to 2010 and based on the BMW 3 Series platform. The E83 was designed by BMW in conjunction with Magna Steyr of Graz, Austria who also manufactured all first-generation X3s under contract to BMW.

 
Interior

As a precursor to the X3, in 2003 BMW presented the xActivity concept vehicle at the Detroit Auto Show featuring the 3 Series platform and a fixed-profile convertible body style with reinforced longitudinal rails connect the A-pillars to the rear of the car on both sides, eliminating B- or C-pillars.

The X3 premiered in September 2003 at the Frankfurt Auto Show (Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung), sharing its rear suspension with the E46 330xi and using an automatic four-wheel drive system marketed as xDrive. All X3 models feature BMW's all-wheel drive system, with a default 40:60 torque split between the front and rear axles and the ability to direct all torque to either axle. The system used an electronically controlled multiple-plate clutch to enable infinitely adjustable, fully variable distribution of torque from front to rear with the capability of up to 100 percent of engine torque going to either axle. BMW markets the crossover as a Sports Activity Vehicle, the company's descriptor for its X-line of vehicles.

The X3 was conceived to combine the agility of a compact model with the driving experience of the company's X5. The X3 featured an upright, high H-point seating configuration, marketed as "command seating". Styling exhibited interacting concave and convex surfacing, characteristic for the company at the time along with a reinterpreted Hofmeister kink.

BMW upgraded the model in 2005 and facelifted the model in 2007, with revised body bumpers, engine, interior trim, and suspension.

The X3 3.0i won the Canadian Car of the Year Best Sports Utility Vehicle award for 2005. The X3 was initially criticised for its harsh ride, austere interior, lack of off-road capability and high price.[8]

U.S-spec X3 models were well-equipped, with standard equipment such as: the BMW Business A/M-F/M-CD radio (with optional dealer-activated Bluetooth functionality for wireless phones), an eight-speaker premium audio system, leatherette-trimmed seating surfaces, dual power front bucket seats, aluminum interior trim accents, keyless entry, and seventeen-inch (17") aluminum-alloy wheels. Optional equipment included a ten-speaker premium audio system with Digital Sound Processing (DSP), Sirius Satellite Radio, a dashboard-mounted color GPS navigational system that replaced the upper dashboard storage compartment and contained a modified version of BMW's "iDrive" multimedia system, eighteen-inch (and later nineteen-inch) aluminum-alloy wheels, Nevada leather-trimmed seating surfaces, heated front and rear seats, a heated steering wheel, a security system, BMW Assist, a panoramic dual-pane moonroof, Xenon front headlamps with adaptive front headlamps, and sport front bucket seats.

2003–2006Edit

  • Bluetooth could actually be ordered straight from the factory (part of the Premium Package) and functioned without dealer intervention. (Although the BMW X3 was originally offered and promised with Bluetooth support in 2004, none of the cars that shipped from the factory actually had it installed. Few were able to get it to work with servicing from their dealer.)
  • The interior was upgraded with more consistent plastic panels. Also instead of having grey carpeting which was present on all 2004 X3s, the 2005 X3 came with carpeting that matched the leather ordered (with the exception of the Terracotta interior with black carpeting).
  • Slightly softer suspension.
  • Front fenders are one-piece, as opposed to the two-piece found on 2004 models.
  • A 2.0d engine became available in 2005 for some markets – joining the 2.5i and 3.0i engines (found stateside) as well as the 3.0d engine sold elsewhere in the world.
  • An 'Open-Door' indicator was added on the 2004 models.

2006–2010Edit

For 2006, the U.S.-spec X3 lost its 2.5L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine for the 2.5i model. The only model available from 2006 onwards for the U.S.-spec X3 was the 3.0L M54 inline 6-cylinder engine (later, the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine) and the 3.0i model (later, 3.0Si or xDrive30i). This further increased the X3's base price.

In September 2006, the E83 received a facelift with revised headlights, grille, front bumper, tail lights, rear bumper, and interior.

For the 2007 model year, the US market X3 was powered by the N52 inline 6-cylinder engine that debuted on the 2006 E90 3 Series. Internationally, the X3 received smaller engines including the 4-cylinder petrol and diesel options. In Europe, the range started with a 2.0-litre 4-cylinder petrol, a 4cyl. turbo diesel and continues with 6-cylinder turbo & bi-turbo diesels. The largest diesel offered was the sport diesel with 210 kW (282 hp).

U.S. market 2006 X3's were equipped with a version of the 'M' technik body kit with unpainted door sills and wheel arches. U.S. spec Sport Package 2006 X3's received the full 'M' body kit (with painted front, side and rear plastic) available internationally as a factory accessory. 2.5i was removed for sale from the U.S. and Adaptive headlamps and a panoramic sunroof were made available, as well as upgraded dashboard components and leather seating.

Since September 2008, the Edition Exclusive and Edition lifestyle were available. The M-Sport Package was replaced in March 2009 by the Sport Limited Edition.

Pre-facelift styling

Post-facelift styling

SafetyEdit

Euro NCAP scores (2008 BMW X3)[9]
Adult Occupant:      
Child Occupant:      
Pedestrian:     

EnginesEdit

Petrol engines
Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed
2.0i 2004–2010 2.0 L N46
straight-4
110 kW (148 hp)
at 6200 rpm
200 N⋅m (148 lbf⋅ft)
at 3750 rpm
11.5 s 198 km/h (123 mph)
2.5i 2004–2006 2.5 L M54
straight-6
141 kW (189 hp)
at 6000 rpm
245 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft)
at 3500 rpm
8.9 s (MT) /
9.8 s (AT)
208 km/h (129 mph)
2.5si,
xDrive25i
2007–2010 2.5 L N52
straight-6
160 kW (215 hp)
at 6500 rpm
250 N⋅m (184 lbf⋅ft)
at 2750–4250 rpm
8.5 s (MT) /
8.9 s (AT)
221 km/h (137 mph) (MT) /
220 km/h (137 mph) (AT)
3.0i 2004–2006 3.0 L M54
straight-6
170 kW (228 hp)
at 5900 rpm
300 N⋅m (221 lbf⋅ft)
at 3500 rpm
7.8 s (MT) /
8.1 s (AT)
224 km/h (139 mph) (MT) /
210 km/h (130 mph) (AT)
3.0si,
xDrive30i  
2007–2010 3.0 L N52
straight-6
200 kW (268 hp)
at 6650 rpm
315 N⋅m (232 lb⋅ft)
at 2750 rpm
7.2 s (MT) /
7.5 s (AT)
232 km/h (144 mph) (AT) /
228 km/h (142 mph) (MT)
Diesel engines
Model Years Engine-
turbo
Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed
xDrive18d 2009–2010 2.0 L N47
straight-4
110 kW (148 hp)
at 4000 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft)
at 1750 rpm
10.3 s 195 km/h (121 mph)
2.0d,
xDrive20d
2005–2007 2.0 L M47
straight-4
110 kW (148 hp)
at 4000 rpm
330 N⋅m (243 lbf⋅ft)
at 2000 rpm
10.2 s 198 km/h (123 mph)
2007–2010 2.0 L N47
straight-4
130 kW (174 hp)
at 4000 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lbf⋅ft)
at 1750–3000 rpm
8.9 s (MT) /
9.2 s (AT)
206 km/h (128 mph) (MT) /
205 km/h (127 mph) (AT)
3.0d,
xDrive30d
2003–2004 3.0 L M57
straight-6
150 kW (201 hp)
at 4000 rpm
410 N⋅m (302 lbf⋅ft)
at 1500–3250 rpm
7.9 s (MT) /
8.2 s (AT)
218 km/h (135 mph) (MT) /
215 km/h (134 mph) (AT)
2004–2010 3.0 L M57
straight-6
160 kW (215 hp)
at 4000 rpm
500 N⋅m (369 lbf⋅ft)
at 1750–2750 rpm
7.4 s (MT) /
7.7 s (AT)
210 km/h (130 mph)
3.0sd,
xDrive35d
2007–2010 3.0 L M57
straight-6
210 kW (282 hp)
at 4400 rpm
580 N⋅m (428 lbf⋅ft)
at 1750–2250 rpm
6.4 s 240 km/h (149 mph)

Cross CountryEdit

 
X3 CC in the 2007 Dakar Rally

The X3 Cross Country, also known as the X3 CC is an X3 prepared for rally raid competition.[10][11] It features a 2.9-litre inline-6 (debore and destroked M57TU2D30 engine from 3.0 litre to 2.9-litre), twin turbocharged diesel engine.[12]

Second generation (F25; 2010)Edit

Second generation (F25)
 
Overview
ProductionSeptember 2010 – August 2017
Assembly
DesignerErik Goplen (2006)[18]
Body and chassis
Layout
RelatedBMW X4 (F26)
Powertrain
EnginePetrol:
2.0 L N20 I4
3.0 L N52/N55 I6
Diesel:
2.0 L N47/B47 I4
3.0 L N57 I6
Transmission6-speed manual
8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,810 mm (110.6 in)
Length4,652 mm (183.1 in)
Width1,884 mm (74.2 in)
Height1,713 mm (67.4 in)
 
Interior

The F25 is the second generation of BMW X3. The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 at the 2010 Paris Motor Show.[19][20][21] For this generation, production moved from Magna Steyr in Austria to at BMW's United States plant in Greer, South Carolina.[22] Production started on 1 September 2010,[23] and ended in August 2017.[24]

Dimensions-wise, the F25-based X3 is almost as large as the original E53 series X5.[25] At launch, all models use all-wheel drive, badged as xDrive. Transmission choices are a six-speed manual or eight-speed ZF 8HP automatic transmission. The emission standard for all engines was Euro 5. A rear-wheel drive only model called sDrive was added to the range in some markets in 2012.[26]


M Performance Parts were released in the facelift and can be installed to all models. These include carbon fibre mirrors, a sport steering wheel, M rims, black kidney grilles and Aluminium pedals. 30d models also get a power boost kit making 27hp more (286hp) and 18d and 20d models can be fitted with a dual exhaust.

Europe

UK models went on sale on 18 November 2010. Early UK models included the xDrive20d).[27] xDrive30d was added in April 2011.[28] xDrive35d was added from September 2011.[29] sDrive18d was added in 20 August 2012.[30] From Spring 2013, the latest generation of BMW Professional Navigation System became available.[31]

North America

US models arrived in US BMW Centers by the end of 2010 as 2011 model year vehicles. Early US models included xDrive28i, xDrive35i.[32] In 2013 model year (produced in April 2012 and delivered in May 2012), a turbo four cylinder xDrive28i was introduced as replacement for the inline six xDrive28i, with new features such as standard Auto Start/Stop, Driving Dynamics Control with ECO PRO, New Driver Assistance Package (includes Lane Departure Warning).[33] All US market vehicles come with an 8-speed automatic transmission.

For 2011, the F25 X3 is available in the US, only with a 3.0-liter inline six-cylinder gasoline engine either normally aspirated or with a twin-scroll turbocharger.

In 2012, the F25 X3 xDrive28i model's 3.0L naturally-aspired inline six-cylinder gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.0L TwinPower twin-scroll, single-turbo inline four-cylinder gasoline engine that was first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30), the BMW N20, more specifically coded N20B20O0.[34] A rear-wheel-drive sDrive28i model joined the X3 model lineup, marking the first non-xDrive BMW SAV to ever be sold in the United States.

In 2013, the F25 X3 xDrive28d model joined the X3 lineup, powered by a 2.0L turbocharged inline four-cylinder diesel engine, again first introduced on the BMW 3 Series (F30). As of 2017, the xDrive28d model of the F25 X3 is no longer available for sale in the United States.

2014 updateEdit

In 2014 for the 2015 model year, the F25 received an LCI (Life Cycle Impulse) facelift. Changes include new modified twin circular headlights (optional LED headlights), redesigned kidney grille, new front, and rear bumpers, and exterior mirrors with integrated turn signal indicators; a centre console with the optional automatic climate control system in high-gloss black-panel look, new cup holders with a sliding cover for the centre console, new exterior colours, upholstery designs, interior trim strips, and light-alloy wheels; new xLine equipment package, optional Smart Opener for the automatic tailgate and storage packages.

The vehicle was unveiled in 84th Geneva International Motor Show 2014,[35] followed by 114th New York International Auto Show 2014 (xDrive28d).[36][37]

Emission violations reportedEdit

BMW X3 20d diesel was reported to exceed EU Limit Euro 6 by over 11 times.[38][39][40] On 24 September 2015, BMW denied this report in a statement.[41]

Pre-facelift styling

Post-facelift styling

EnginesEdit

Petrol engines[42][43]
Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed
sDrive20i,
xDrive20i
2011–2017 2.0 L N20
straight-4 turbo
135 kW (181 hp)
at 5,000–6,250
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,500
8.3 s 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive28i 2011–2012 3.0 L N52
straight-6 (N.A.)
179 kW (240 hp)
at 6,600
300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750
6.5 s 230 km/h (143 mph)
2012–2017 2.0 L N20
straight-4 turbo
180 kW (242 hp)
at 5,000
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,800
6.5 s 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35i   2011–2017 3.0 L N55
straight-6 turbo
225 kW (302 hp)
at 5,800
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,200–5,000
5.7 s 245 km/h (152 mph)
Diesel engines[44]
Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
(0–62 mph)
Top speed
sDrive18d 2012–2014 2.0 L N47
straight-4 turbo
105 kW (141 hp)
at 4,000
360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500
9.9 s 195 km/h (121 mph)
2015–2017 2.0 L B47
straight-4 turbo
110 kW (148 hp)
at 4,000
360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,250
xDrive20d 2011–2012 2.0 L N47
straight-4 turbo
135 kW (181 hp)
at 4,000
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750
8.5 s 210 km/h (130 mph)
2015–2017 2.0 L B47
straight-4 turbo
140 kW (188 hp)
at 4,000
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,250
xDrive28d
(U.S. only*)
2015–2017 2.0 L N47
straight-4 turbo
134 kW (180 hp)
at 4,000
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750
8.5 s 210 km/h (130 mph)
xDrive30d 2011–2017 3.0 L N57
straight-6 turbo
190 kW (255 hp)
at 4,000
560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000–2,750
6.2 s 230 km/h (143 mph)
xDrive35d 2011–2017 3.0 L N57
straight-6 turbo
230 kW (308 hp)
at 4,400
630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500
5.8 s 244 km/h (152 mph)

* United States only. The xDrive28d used the four-cylinder engine from the European-specification xDrive20d models. Vehicles with Diesel engine sold in the United States were since end of 2008 equipped with selective catalysator using Diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) to reduce NOx emissions, while vehicles sold in Europe had a bypass exhaust pipe only.[45]

Third generation (G01; 2017)Edit

Third generation (G01)
 
BMW X3 M Sport (2018)
Overview
Production2017–present[46]
Assembly
DesignerCalvin Luk
Body and chassis
Layout
PlatformBMW CLAR platform
Related
Powertrain
Engine
Electric motor50 kW (67 hp) Synchronous electric motor (PHEV, 2018-2019) 80 kW (107 hp) Synchronous electric motor (PHEV, 2020-present) and 210 kW (282 hp) Synchronous electric motor (iX3)
Transmission8-speed ZF 8HP automatic
Single-speed with fixed ratio (iX3)
Battery12 kWh Lithium ion (PHEV) and 80 kWh Lithium ion (iX3)
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,864 mm (112.8 in)
Length4,708 mm (185.4 in)
Width1,891 mm (74.4 in)
Height1,676 mm (66.0 in)

The third generation is codenamed G01 and was unveiled in June 2017. Drivetrains include two 2.0-litre diesel units known as B47, a next-generation 3.0-litre diesel engine (B57), and a petrol variant (B58): a gasoline-powered, turbo-charged straight-six with a displacement of 2,998 cc and a plug-in hybrid.[50]

It was designed by Calvin Luk, BMW's Australian designer.[51]

Technology is shared with the BMW 5 Series (G30), such as gesture control (optional), LED exterior and interior lighting, and the BMW iDrive 6.0 system with a 12.5-inch touch-screen monitor for navigation systems. Depending on the model, the new X3 is as much as 55 kg (121 lb) lighter than a comparably equipped corresponding model from the previous X3 generation.[52]

In July 2018, BMW introduced the ability to option the X3 with the sDrive intelligent rear-wheel drive system.[53]

In 2019, the X3 xDrive 30e (which shares it's powertrain and platform with the G20 330e xDrive) iPerformance model was introduced, sharing its engine with the X3 sDrive20i/xDrive20i and a 50 kW (67 hp) electric motor, it has a maximum electric range of 27–30 mi (43–48 km).[54] It has a 12 kWh battery (9.6 kWh usable) along with a newly developed system called "XtraBoost" allowing a temporary power increase from the electric motor of up to 30 kW (40 hp).[55]

All 18-40 and iX3 models can be fitted with M Performance Parts. These include carbon fibre mirrors.

Full M models can be fitted with full M specific M Performance Parts. These include a spoiler, sport steering wheel, carbon fibre vents and kidney grilles.

EnginesEdit

Petrol/hybrid powertrains[52][56][57]
Model Years Engine-
turbo
Power Torque
sDrive20i/xDrive20i 2018– 2.0 L B48
straight-4
135 kW (181 hp)
at 5000 rpm
290 N⋅m (214 lb⋅ft)
at 1,350–4,250 rpm
xDrive30e 2020– 2.0 L B48
straight-4 with
electric motor
185 kW (248 hp)*
sDrive30i,
xDrive30i
2018– 2.0 L B48
straight-4
185 kW (248 hp)
at 5200 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,520–4,800 rpm
M40i 2018–2019 3.0 L B58
straight-6
265 kW (355 hp)
at 5,500–6,500 rpm
500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)
at 1,520–4,800 rpm
2020– 285 kW (382 hp)
at 5,800–6,500 rpm
495 N⋅m (365 lb⋅ft)
at 1,520–4,800 rpm
X3 M 2019– 3.0 L S58
straight-6
353 kW (473 hp)
at 6,250 rpm
600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft)
at 2,600–5,600 rpm
X3 M Comp. 375 kW (503 hp)
at 6,250 rpm
600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft)
at 2,600–5,600 rpm

* 330e has a power output of 210 kW (282 hp) when Electric Boost is engaged.

Diesel powertrains
Model Years Engine-
turbo
Power Torque
sDrive18d 2018– 2.0 L B47
straight-4
112 kW (150 hp) at 4,000 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 1,500–2,500 rpm
xDrive20d 2018– 140 kW (188 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
xDrive30d 2018– 3.0 L B57
straight-6
195 kW (261 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
620 N⋅m (457 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000–2,500 rpm
M40d 2018– 235 kW (315 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
680 N⋅m (502 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,250 rpm
Electric powertrains
Model Years Motor Power Torque
iX3 2020– synchronous 210 kW (282 hp) 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)

Alpina XD3Edit

 
Alpina XD3 at Geneva Motorshow 2018

The Alpina XD3 made its debut at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. The XD3 is fitted with an Alpina-modified version of BMW's B57 diesel inline-six engine. In the quad-turbo left-hand drive version, the engine outputs 285 kW (382 hp) and 770 N⋅m (568 lbf⋅ft), giving a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.6 s and a top speed of 266 km/h (165 mph). In the bi-turbo right-hand drive version, the engine outputs 245 kW (329 hp) and 700 N⋅m (516 lbf⋅ft), giving it a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.9 s and a top speed of 254 km/h (158 mph).

BMW iX3 (G08; 2020)Edit

The iX3 is a battery electric version of the X3. Debuted in April 2018 as a concept model, production began in September 2020 at BMW's factory in Dadong, China and was released to customers in 2021.[58][59]

Production and salesEdit

On 18 June 2008, the 500,000th X3 was produced in Graz.

Calendar year Total production US sales
2004 92,248[60] 34,604
2005 110,719[60] 30,769[61]
2006 114,000[60] 31,291
2007 111,879[62] 28,058[63]
2008 84,440[64] 17,622
2009 55,634[65] 6,067[66]
2010 46,004[67] 6,075[68]
2011 117,944 27,793[69]
2012 149,853 35,173[70]
2013 157,303 30,623
2014 150,915[71] 33,824[72]
2015 137,810[71] 31,924[73]
2016 157,017[74] 44,196[75]
2017 146,395[76] 40,691[77]
2018 201,637[78] 61,351[79]
2019 70,110[80]

ReferencesEdit

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