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Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH & Co. KG is an automobile manufacturing company based in Buchloe, in the Ostallgäu district of Bavaria, Germany that develops and sells high-performance versions of BMW cars.

Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen GmbH & Co. KG
Private, GmbH & Co. KG
IndustryAutomotive
Founded1965
HeadquartersBuchloe, Germany
Key people
Burkard Bovensiepen
ProductsAutomobiles
Websitealpina-automobile.de

Alpina works closely with BMW and their processes are integrated into BMW's production lines, thus Alpina is recognized by the German Ministry of Transport as an automobile manufacturer, in contrast to other performance specialists which are aftermarket tuners. For instance, the Alpina B7 is produced at the same assembly line in Dingolfing, Germany (BMW Plant Dingolfing), as BMW's own 7 Series. The B7's twin-turbo 4.4-litre V8 is assembled by hand at Alpina's facility in Buchloe, Germany, before being shipped to BMW for installation, and the assembled vehicle is then sent back to Alpina for finishing touches.[1][2]

The firm was founded in 1965 by Burkard Bovensiepen, a member of the Bovensiepen family of industrialists.

HistoryEdit

 
BMW Alpina 3.0 CSL (1974), driven by Helmut Koinigg

Alpina's roots can be traced back to 1962 when Burkard Bovensiepen developed a Weber dual carburetor for the BMW 1500. This carburetor was well received by the automotive press, as well as BMW's own sales boss Paul G. Hahnemann. In 1964, BMW certified the quality of this Alpina product by awarding BMW vehicles fitted with the Alpina system the full factory guarantee.

Alpina Burkard Bovensiepen KG was established on 1 January, 1965 in Kaufbeuren, Bavaria. The company had eight employees.

Although Alpina started by producing typewriters, the original Alpina ceased to exist at the end of the 1960s in their attempt to move into the textile industry. In 1965, Burkard established a BMW tuning business, following his success with investments in the stock market. He started the tuning business in an outbuilding of the original Alpina typewriter factory. The company worked on carburetors and revised cylinder heads. By 1970, with seventy employees, the original facility changed locations from Kaufbeuren to Buchloe.

In its first years, Alpina established its core competency by tuning carburetors and crankshafts to extract more power from BMW engines, elements that eventually defined the company's logo, which came into being in 1967.

Between 1968 and 1977, Alpina cars did very well in competition. The highlight was in 1970, when the team's cars won the European Touring Car Championship, the German Hillclimb Championship, rally and track racing championships and the prestigious Spa 24 Hours.

Alpina officially withdrew from racing in 1988 because of capacity limitations and restrictions. Tied to this was the decision to begin production of a new set of BMW Alpina automobiles.[3]

Brand distinctionsEdit

Since 1983 Alpina has been recognized by the German Federal Ministry of Transport as an automobile manufacturer, thus Alpina-built cars are branded and registered as Alpina instead of BMW, although an Alpina can be serviced at all BMW dealerships, and is fully covered if there is a warranty issue. Alpina automobiles are also sold at some BMW dealerships.

Distinctive features of Alpina vehicles are the fact that these models are literally “manu-factured”, meaning “hand-made”. The production process switches between fine tuning the engine, delivering it to the BMW plant, marrying engine and body there, bringing it back to Alpina for interior upgrade with Alpina's specific components, again all in a hand-made process that allows only limited production numbers. Besides engine and interior, Alpina also optimizes the transmission and installs steering wheel mounted button-shifters (called Switch-Tronic) on most cars, with paddle shifters used on the B4 S Edition 99. This has historic reasons, since Alpina was the first to mount shifting buttons on the steering wheel.[4] Distinguishing marks from the exterior are the 20-spoke alloy wheels with hidden valves under the center cap and the "Alpina Blue or -Green” metallic exterior colours. Inside, the finest materials are used to fabricate the exclusive feel. A typical blue and green pattern is often used on interior parts such as stitchings on leather. A thin, pinstriped style outside body decor set in gold or silver is also a hallmark of older Alpina cars which is an option on new Alpina models. A metal plate inside also proves the heritage and the serial number of the car.

Compared to cars from BMW's in-house performance subsidiary, BMW M, Alpina's vehicles have more emphasis on luxury, higher torque, and have their own Alpina-style shiftable ZF automatic transmissions instead of manual or semi-automatic transmissions.[5] For instance, regarding the high performance variants of the BMW E60 5 Series, the B5 offers a different take on performance and how to accomplish it. Unlike BMW M's own M5 which has a naturally aspirated, high-revving 5.0L V10, the Alpina B5 uses a supercharged 4.4L V8 which produces similar horsepower and greater torque at lower rpm.

Current lineupEdit

 
Alpina B5 BiTurbo Touring
 
Alpina XD4
  • Alpina D3 Bi-Turbo saloon / Touring: based on the BMW F30/F31 3 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo Diesel engine, delivering 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) / 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)[6]
  • Alpina B3 S Bi-Turbo saloon / Touring: based on the BMW F30/F31 3 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo engine, delivering 440 PS (324 kW; 434 hp) / 660 N⋅m (487 lb⋅ft)[7]
  • Alpina XD3: based on the BMW G01 X3 - featuring a 3 L straight-six Diesel engine:
    • a quad-turbo version delivering 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) / 770 N⋅m (568 lb⋅ft) (right-hand drive)
    • a bi-turbo version delivering 333 PS (245 kW; 328 hp) / 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) (left-hand drive)
  • Alpina D4 Bi-Turbo Coupé / Cabrio: based on the BMW F32/F33 4 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo Diesel engine, delivering 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) / 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft)[8]
  • Alpina B4 S Bi-Turbo Coupé / Cabrio: based on the BMW F32/F33 4 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo engine, delivering 440 PS (324 kW; 434 hp) / 660 N⋅m (487 lb⋅ft)[9]
  • Alpina B4 S Bi-Turbo Edition 99 Coupé / Cabrio: based on the BMW F32/F33 4 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo engine, delivering 452 PS (332 kW; 446 hp) / 680 N⋅m (502 lb⋅ft)[10]
  • Alpina XD4: based on the BMW G02 X4 - featuring a 3 L quad-turbo straight-six Diesel engine delivering 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) 770 N⋅m (568 lb⋅ft) (right-hand drive only)
  • Alpina D5 S saloon / Touring : based on the BMW G30/G31 5 Series - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo Diesel engine :
    • delivering 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) / 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft) (right-hand drive)
    • delivering 326 PS (240 kW; 322 hp) / 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) (left-hand drive)
  • Alpina B5 saloon / Touring: based on the BMW G30/G31 5 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 bi-turbo engine. 608 PS (447 kW; 600 hp) / 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft)[11]
  • Alpina B6 Bi-Turbo Coupé/Convertible/Gran Coupé: based on the BMW F06/F12/F13[12] 6 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 bi-turbo engine. 600 PS (441 kW; 592 hp) / 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft)[13]
  • Alpina B7 Bi-Turbo: based on the BMW G12 7 Series - featuring a 4.4 L V8 bi-turbo engine. 608 PS (447 kW; 600 hp) / 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft)[14][15]

Alpina XD3Edit

 
Alpina XD3 at Geneva Motorshow 2018

The Alpina XD3 made its debut at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show. The XD3 is fitted with an Alpina-modified version of BMW's B57 Diesel inline-six engine. In the quad-turbo left-hand drive version, the engine outputs 388 PS (383 hp; 285 kW) and 770 N⋅m (568 lbf⋅ft), giving a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.6 s and a top speed of 266 km/h (165 mph). In the bi-turbo right-hand drive version, the engine outputs 333 PS (328 hp; 245 kW) and 700 N⋅m (516 lbf⋅ft), giving it a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.9 s and a top speed of 254 km/h (158 mph).

Alpina XD4Edit

The Alpina XD4 debuted at the 2018 Geneva Motor Show.[16] It is fitted with a modified version of the B57 diesel engine with four turbochargers,[17] and outputs 285 kW (382 hp) and 568 N⋅m (419 lbf⋅ft).[18] The XD4 is the fastest accelerating diesel-powered production SUV, and can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.6 s and has a top speed of 268 km/h (167 mph).[19] It is available in left-hand drive markets only.[20]

Alpina B3 Bi-TurboEdit

 
Alpina B3 Touring (G21)

The F30 Alpina B3 Bi-Turbo was in production since March 2013. It is based on the BMW F30 335i with a bi-turbocharged 3.0 liter six-cylinder. The 301 kW (404 hp; 409 PS) engine with 600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft) of torque accelerates the B3 from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.0 seconds. The top speed is 305 km/h (190 mph). The B3 Biturbo is available as a sedan or touring, both can be combined with xDrive four-wheel drive.

Alpina modified the exterior with front and rear spoilers and a 4-exit exhaust system.

In March 2017, Alpina revised the engine of the B3, It now produces 324 kW (434 hp; 441 PS).

A new model based on the G20 3 Series replaced the F30 model.

Alpina D3 Bi-TurboEdit

 
Alpina D3 Touring (F31)

The Alpina D3 Bi-Turbo was presented at IAA 2013. It is based on the BMW F30. It is available as a sedan or touring with a three-liter straight-six, bi-turbocharged diesel engine with a maximum power of 257 kW (345 hp; 349 PS) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque. The Touring is also available with all-wheel drive, based on BMW xDrive.[21]

Alpina B4 Bi-TurboEdit

Launched in 2014, the B4 is based on the 435i. The N55 straight-6 engine is modified by using twin-turbochargers, a 61 percent larger intercooler and a new crankshaft. The engine also utilises new pistons, all of these modifications allow the engine to generate 408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp) between 5,550 and 6,250 rpm and 601 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft) between 3,000 and 4,000 rpm.

Alpina B5 Bi-TurboEdit

 
Alpina B5 Bi-Turbo Touring at the IAA 2017

The Alpina B5 was introduced at the 2017 Geneva Motor Show in all-wheel drive only Saloon and Touring variants.[22] The B5 features a 4.4-litre N63M30 V8 engine[23] that generates a maximum power output of 447 kW (599 hp; 608 PS) and 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft) of torque.[24] Based on the N63B44O2 V8, it has uprated pistons,[25] new twin-scroll Garrett turbochargers[26] and new spark plugs by NGK. The B5 can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) 3.5 seconds with a top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph), making it the fastest estate car currently in production.[27][additional citation(s) needed]

Alpina D5 SEdit

 
Alpina D5 S
 
Interior

The Alpina D5 S debuted at the 2017 Frankfurt Motor Show[28] in all-wheel drive only sedan and Touring variants. The D5 S uses a modified 3.0-liter B57D30 diesel inline-six engine. The engine has three turbochargers and produces 285 kW (382 hp; 387 PS) and 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft) of torque in left-hand drive markets, whereas it has two turbochargers and produces 240 kW (322 hp; 326 PS) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque in right-hand drive markets.[29] The left-hand drive D5 S saloon has a top speed of 286 km/h (178 mph) and a 0-100 km/h acceleration time of 4.4 seconds.[30] Alpina claims it is the fastest diesel-powered production car in the world.[31] The right-hand drive, saloon-only version has a 0-100 km/h acceleration time of 4.9 seconds and a top speed of 275 km/h (171 mph).[32]

Alpina B6 Gran CoupéEdit

 
Alpina B6 Gran Coupé at the Tokyo Motor Show in 2015.

The high performance Alpina B6 Gran Coupé xDrive was launched in 2014. This model is conceived by Alpina and based on the 650i. This model is sold by BMW only in the United States and in Canada (but Alpina also independently offers it in other countries). The Alpina B6 Gran Coupé 2015 model shares the 540 hp (403 kW; 547 PS), 730 N⋅m (538 lb⋅ft) 4.4-litre twin-turbo V8 of the Alpina B5 BiTurbo and B6 BiTurbo coupé which are not sold in North America. The 2016-2019 model produces 600 hp and 590 lbft of torque. Specification includes a more luxurious interior, 20-inch Alpina light-alloy wheels, aerodynamic elements and exclusive Alpina trims and paints. The Alpina B6 can go from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.9 (3.8 for the 2016-2019 model) seconds and has a top speed of 318 km/h (198 mph). (324 km/h or 202 mph for the 2016-2019 model)[33]

Alpina B7Edit

The Alpina B7 is one of the two Alpina cars offered in the USA and Canada, the other one being the Alpina B6.[34] The B7 is produced at the same assembly line in Dingolfing, Germany, along with BMW's own 7 Series.

BMW permitted Alpina to produce a high-performance version of its flagship 7 Series, however they did not want it to be a high-revving, BMW M version (which would have been known as a "BMW M7" under the current nomenclature). It has also been suggested that there was no market for an M7 that would have featured the BMW M's trademark high-rev engine and twin-clutch automated manual transmission, and most customers who desired a performance option in the 7 Series would have gone for the V12-engined BMW 760Li.[35]

Competitors include the Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG and Audi S8.[15]

Alpina B7 xDrive
 
Alpina B7 Bi-Turbo

The Alpina B7 xDrive was announced by BMW North America on 8 February 2016 with sales starting in September 2016. With an electronically limited top speed of 310 km/h (193 mph) and a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration time of 3.7 seconds along with a sportier setup, it is the sportiest 7 Series[citation needed] but is sold by BMW only in the United States and Canada.[36] The B7 is sold in other countries by Alpina as the B7 Bi-Turbo, with a delimited top speed of 330 km/h (205 mph).

The Alpina B7 features a 447 kW (608 PS; 599 hp) 4.4 litre twin-turbocharged V8 engine delivering 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft) of torque and a more luxurious interior.[citation needed] It was unveiled at the 2016 Geneva Motor Show.

The face-lifted model, unveiled in February 2019, has a better power band which allows better performance, with a 0–100 km/h acceleration time of 3.6 seconds. The top speed of 330 km/h is now delimited worldwide.[37]

Previous modelsEdit

Petrol-enginedEdit

Alpina Previous Models (Petrol engines)[38][39]
Alpina model BMW donor model Alpina Engine Power at rpm Torque at rpm Production
A1/3 E21 320 A1/3 90 kW (122 PS; 121 bhp) at 5,800 170 N⋅m (125 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1975–1977
A2/3 E21 320 A2/3 112 kW (152 PS; 150 bhp) at 6,900 173 N⋅m (128 ft⋅lbf) at 5,500 1975–1977
A4/3 E21 320i A4/3 119 kW (162 PS; 160 bhp) at 6,700 180 N⋅m (133 ft⋅lbf) at 5,500 1976–1977
A4S/3 E21 320i A4S/3 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) at 6,700 180 N⋅m (133 ft⋅lbf) at 5,500 1976–1977
C1 2,3 E21 323i C1 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) at 6,000 210 N⋅m (155 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1980–1983
B6 2,8 E21 323i B6 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) at 6,200 248 N⋅m (183 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1978–1981
B6 2,8 E21 323i B6 160 kW (218 PS; 215 bhp) at 6,000 265 N⋅m (195 ft⋅lbf) at 5,000 1981–1983
C1 2,3 / 1 E30 323i C1/1 125 kW (170 PS; 168 bhp) at 6,000 225 N⋅m (166 ft⋅lbf) at 5,000 1983–1985
C2 2,5 E30 325i C2 136 kW (185 PS; 182 bhp) at 5,800 246 N⋅m (181 ft⋅lbf) at 4,800 1985-1986
C1 2,5 E30 325i C2/3 140 kW (190 PS; 188 bhp) at 5,800 235 N⋅m (173 ft⋅lbf) at 5,000 1986–1987
C2 2,7 E30 325i C2/1 154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp) at 5,800 267 N⋅m (197 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1986–1987
C2 2,7 E30 325i C2/2 149 kW (203 PS; 200 bhp) at 6,000 265 N⋅m (195 ft⋅lbf) at 4,800 1987-1987
B3 2,7 E30 325i C2/2 150 kW (204 PS; 201 bhp) at 6,000 265 N⋅m (195 ft⋅lbf) at 4,800 1987–1992
B6 2,8 / 1 E30 323i/325i B6/2 154 kW (209 PS; 207 bhp) at 6,100 270 N⋅m (199 ft⋅lbf) at 5,000 1984–1986
B6 3,5 E30 323i/325i B10/2 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) at 6,000 346 N⋅m (255 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1985–1987
B6 3,5 E30 325i B10/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) at 5,900 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1986–1987
B6 3,5 E30 325i B10/5 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) at 5,900 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1987–1990
B6 3,5 S E30 M3 B10/5 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) at 5,900 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1987–1990
B6 2,8 E36 325i E1 177 kW (241 PS; 237 bhp) at 5,900 293 N⋅m (216 ft⋅lbf) at 4,700 1992–1993
B3 3,0 E36 325i E3 184 kW (250 PS; 247 bhp) at 5,700 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,400 1993–1996
B3 3,2 E36 328i E4 195 kW (265 PS; 261 bhp) at 5,800 330 N⋅m (243 ft⋅lbf) at 4,400 1996–1999
B8 4,6 E36 328i F2/1 245 kW (333 PS; 329 bhp) at 5,700 470 N⋅m (347 ft⋅lbf) at 3,900 1995–1998
B3 3,3 E46 328i E4/4 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) at 6,200 335 N⋅m (247 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1999–2002
B3 3,3 ALLRAD E46 330ix E4/8 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) at 6,200 335 N⋅m (247 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 2001–2005
B3 S E46 330i E5/1 224 kW (305 PS; 300 bhp) at 6,300 362 N⋅m (267 ft⋅lbf) at 4,800 2002–2006
B3 Bi-Turbo E90/E91/E92/E93 335i K2 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) at 5,500 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) at 3,800 2007–2010
B3 Bi-Turbo Allrad E90/E91/E92 335xi K2 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) at 5,500 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) at 3,800 2008–2010
B7 Turbo E12 528i B7 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) at 6,000 462 N⋅m (341 ft⋅lbf) at 3,000 1978–1982
B7 S Turbo E12 528i B7S 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) at 5,800 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) at 3,000 1981–1982
B9 3,5 E28 528i B9 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) at 5,700 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1981–1983
B9 3,5 / 1 E28 528i B9/1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) at 5,700 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1983–1985
B7 Turbo / 1 E28 528i/535i B7/1 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) at 5,800 501 N⋅m (370 ft⋅lbf) at 3,000 1984–1987
B10 3,5 E28 535i B10 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) at 5,800 346 N⋅m (255 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1985–1987
B7 Turbo / 1 E28 535i B7/3 235 kW (320 PS; 315 bhp) at 5,700 520 N⋅m (384 ft⋅lbf) at 2,400 1986–1987
B10 3,5 / 1 E34 535i B11/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) at 6,000 325 N⋅m (240 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1988–1992
B10 Bi-Turbo E34 535i B7/5 265 kW (360 PS; 355 bhp) at 6,000 520 N⋅m (384 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1989–1994
B10 3,0 ALLRAD E34 525ix E3/1 170 kW (231 PS; 228 bhp) at 5,800 312 N⋅m (230 ft⋅lbf) at 4,200 1993–1996
B10 4,0 E34 540i F1 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) at 5,800 410 N⋅m (302 ft⋅lbf) at 4,600 1993–1996
B10 4,6 E34 540i F2 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) at 5,700 480 N⋅m (354 ft⋅lbf) at 3,900 1994–1996
B10 3,2 E39 528i E4/3 191 kW (260 PS; 256 bhp) at 5,900 330 N⋅m (243 ft⋅lbf) at 4,300 1997–1998
B10 3,3 E39 528i E4/5 206 kW (280 PS; 276 bhp) at 6,200 335 N⋅m (247 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1999–2003
B10 V8 E39 540i F3 250 kW (340 PS; 335 bhp) at 5,700 470 N⋅m (347 ft⋅lbf) at 3,900 1997–1998
B10 V8 E39 540i F4 255 kW (347 PS; 342 bhp) at 5,700 480 N⋅m (354 ft⋅lbf) at 3,700 1998–2002
B10 V8 S E39 540i F5 276 kW (375 PS; 370 bhp) at 5,800 510 N⋅m (376 ft⋅lbf) at 3,800 2002–2004
B5 E60/E61 545i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) at 5,500 700 N⋅m (516 ft⋅lbf) at 4,250 2005–2007
B5S E60/E61 550i H2 390 kW (530 PS; 523 bhp) at 5,500 725 N⋅m (535 ft⋅lbf) at 4,750 2007–2010
B7 Turbo Coupé E24 630CSi B7 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) at 6,000 462 N⋅m (341 ft⋅lbf) at 2,500 1978–1982
B7 S Turbo Coupé E24 635CSi B7S 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) at 5,800 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) at 3,000 1982-1982
B9 3,5 Coupé E24 635CSi B9 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) at 5,700 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1982-1982
B9 3,5 Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B9/1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) at 5,700 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1982–1985
B7 Turbo Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B7/2 243 kW (330 PS; 326 bhp) at 5,700 512 N⋅m (378 ft⋅lbf) at 2,400 1984–1987
B10 3,5 Coupé E24 635CSi B10 192 kW (261 PS; 257 bhp) at 6,000 346 N⋅m (255 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1985–1987
B7 Turbo Coupé / 1 E24 635CSi B7/3 235 kW (320 PS; 315 bhp) at 5,700 520 N⋅m (384 ft⋅lbf) at 2,400 1986–1988
B6 E63/E64 650i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) at 5,500 700 N⋅m (516 ft⋅lbf) at 4,250 2006–2008
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11 184 kW (250 PS; 247 bhp) at 5,700 330 N⋅m (243 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1987-1987
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11/1 176 kW (239 PS; 236 bhp) at 5,700 310 N⋅m (229 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 1987-1987
B11 3,5 E32 735i B11/3 187 kW (254 PS; 251 bhp) at 6,000 325 N⋅m (240 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1987–1993
B11 4,0 E32 740i F1 232 kW (315 PS; 311 bhp) at 5,800 410 N⋅m (302 ft⋅lbf) at 4,600 1993–1994
B12 5,0 E32 750i D1 257 kW (349 PS; 345 bhp) at 5,300 470 N⋅m (347 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1988–1994
B12 5,7 E-KAT E38 750i D3 285 kW (387 PS; 382 bhp) at 5,200 560 N⋅m (413 ft⋅lbf) at 4,100 1995–1998
B12 6,0 E-KAT E38 750i D3/2 316 kW (430 PS; 424 bhp) at 5,400 600 N⋅m (443 ft⋅lbf) at 4,200 1999–2001
B7 E65/E66 745i H1 368 kW (500 PS; 493 bhp) at 5,500 700 N⋅m (516 ft⋅lbf) at 4,250 2003–2008
B12 5,0 Coupé E31 850i/850Ci D1/1 257 kW (349 PS; 345 bhp) at 5,300 470 N⋅m (347 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1990–1994
B12 5,7 Coupé E31 850CSi D2 306 kW (416 PS; 410 bhp) at 5,400 570 N⋅m (420 ft⋅lbf) at 4,000 1992–1996
Roadster Limited Edition Z1 C2/6 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) at 6,000 261 N⋅m (193 ft⋅lbf) at 4,900 1990–1991
Roadster V8 Limited Edition E52 Z8 F5 280 kW (381 PS; 375 bhp) at 5,800 520 N⋅m (384 ft⋅lbf) at 3,800 2002–2003
Roadster S E85 Z4 E5/2 221 kW (300 PS; 296 bhp) at 6,300 362 N⋅m (267 ft⋅lbf) at 4,800 2003–2005

Diesel-enginedEdit

Alpina Previous Models (Diesel engines)
Alpina model BMW donor model Alpina Engine Power at rpm Torque at rpm Production
D10 BITURBO E39 530d G1 180 kW (245 PS; 241 bhp) at 4,200 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) at 3,500 2000–2003
D3 E90/E91 320d M47 147 kW (200 PS; 197 bhp) at 4,000 410 N⋅m (302 ft⋅lbf) at 2,000 2005–2008
D3 Bi-Turbo[40] E90/E91 3 series (engine from BMW 123d) N1 157 kW (213 PS; 211 bhp) at 450 N⋅m (332 ft⋅lbf) at 2,000-2,500 2008-2013

Alpina XD3 Bi-Turbo: based on the BMW F25 X3 - featuring a 3 L straight-six bi-turbo Diesel engine, delivering 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft).[41]

3 Series based AlpinasEdit

Alpina C1Edit

 
Alpina C1

The Alpina C1 was based on the E21 323i and was among their most popular early models, providing superior performance over the unmodified car. The C1 2.3 made 125 kW (168 hp) and 225 N⋅m (166 lb⋅ft) of torque. 0–100 km/h (0-62 mph) is achieved in 7.8 seconds. Top speed was 213 km/h (132 mph).[42] The extra power is due to special Mahle pistons, and a special exhaust and ignition system. It also received dry-sump lubrication and a short-ratio five-speed gearbox.[42] Only 35 C1 cars were built, making it one of the rarest Alpina models. As BMW released the 325i, Alpina responded with the C2 2.5, and later the 2.7 models, providing between 190–210 hp (142–157 kW). The brakes and suspension were also upgraded.

The C1 2.5 and early C2 / 2.6* models used the M20B23 (2,3L) engine, but bore and stroke were increased to achieve a displacement of 2552 cm3. Alpina reworked the head which was ported and polished, installed harder valve springs and a hotter cam. The intake manifold was also reworked, and Alpina used a larger throttle body. It produced 136 kW (182 hp), with 246 N⋅m (181 lb⋅ft) of torque. Alpina claimed 0–100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration in 7.1 seconds. Top speed was 220 km/h (137 mph). Production is unclear, with estimates ranging from 35 cars built to around 400 depending on the source.[43]

Alpina C2Edit

 
Alpina C2 2.7 Allrad, based on the all-wheel drive BMW 325ix

An interesting variant of the M20 engine was Alpina's C2. The first C2 combined the wider bore of the M20B25 with the slightly larger 76.8 mm (3.02 in) crankshaft of an M20B23, to create a torquier engine of 2552 cc. This version put out 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp) and 265 N⋅m (195 lb⋅ft), 74 units were built between 1985 and November 1986.[44][45] After the C2 2.7 appeared in the spring of 1986, the 2.5 was slightly upgraded and gained 5 horsepower. However, to indicate its "little brother" position in the lineup, the name was changed to C1 2.5. When the September 1987 facelift model of the E30 was introduced, the 2.5 litre C1 was discontinued, although a few cars were finished into 1988.

 
Alpina C2 2.7 Cabriolet

The larger yet 2.7 litre unit was introduced in February 1986 in uncatalyzed C2/1 form.[45] This engine, sharing the dimensions of the M20B27, develops 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) at 5800 rpm and shows what the engine was really capable of.[46] Originally installed in the E30-based Alpina C2 2.7, with available four-wheel drive, the catalyzed C2/2 appeared in the interim C2 2.7 Kat in March 1987. This was then renamed "B3 2.7" five months later, by which time the "C2" labelled cars were discontinued. The B3 2.7 continued to be available until June 1992, in all body variants and drivetrain configurations (excepting automatics) in which the E30 was offered.[45] Around 1986, 67 "B6 2.7"-labelled C2-engined E30s were built for export to Japan, where the larger 3.0 L B6 3.5 had a hard time passing emissions regulations. Aside from the C2 drivetrain, the B6 2.7 is cosmetically identical to the B6 3.5.[47]

Later C2 2.5 models (C2 /3 2.5) were based on the 325i. Alpina used the M20B25 engine with very few modifications compared to earlier models. Again the cylinder head was decked to increase compression ratio, and it was ported and polished. The ECU was also remapped. Max power is 140 kW (188 hp), with 235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) of torque. 0–100 km/h (62 mph) was achieved in 7.2 seconds. Top speed is 220 km/h (137 mph). Only 50 cars were built.[citation needed]

The C2 /1 2.7 used the 325e eta model engine block, crank and rods, but with custom flat head pistons provided by MAHLE. Originally Alpina modified the "200" casting number cylinder head specific to the 325e with bigger intake valves, larger air intake ports, and redesigned the valve chamber for better flow. A more aggressive camshaft was used, with higher lift and duration, and harder valve springs were installed. Compression ratio was increased to 10.2:1. The C2/1 2.7 made 210 bhp (157 kW) with 267 N⋅m (197 lb⋅ft) of torque and was the fastest E30 available at the time[citation needed] (227 km/h (141 mph) top speed). 108 cars were built.[citation needed]

Later C2 /2 2.7 (and early 1987 B3 2.7) used the M20B25 block with ETA (325e) crank and rods. The intake manifold was also redesigned for better flow. The head was decked to improve compression ratio (10.1:1 for models with the 731 head, 9.6:1 for later "885" head models with catalytic converter) and matched with custom pistons - flat MAHLE pistons for engines equipped with the 731 head, and domed KS pistons for engines equipped with the 885 head. Larger throttle bodies were installed (the C2/2 version uses the same throttle body as the M20B25 325i). A total of 309 cars were built between 1986 and 1987. The C2/2 2.7 makes 204 bhp (152 kW) and 266 N⋅m (196 lb⋅ft) of torque. Top speed is 224 km/h (139 mph) and 0-100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 7.5 seconds.

The B3 2.7 is similar to late C2/2 2.7 cars. It uses the M20B25 block with M20B27 crank and custom rods. The 885 head is exclusively used for the B3 model. The head is decked ~ 1 mm to improve CR to 9.6:1 and matched with custom domed KS or MAHLE pistons. Intake and cylinder head are ported and polished. Custom ECU mapping is used. Engine management is Bosch Motronic 1.3. The B3 2.7 is equipped with a catalytic converter to conform to emission standard of the time. Performance numbers are similar to the later C2/2 2.7 cars. 254 cars were built from 1987 to 1992.

 
Alpina B6 2.8

Alpina B6Edit

 
Alpina B6 3.5

The Alpina B6 2.8 is based on the 323i, but uses the same B6/2 engine used in the B6 E21. The car makes 210 bhp (157 kW) and 270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft) of torque. Top speed is 230 km/h (143 mph). 0-100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 7.2 seconds. 533 cars were made from 1983 to 1986.[48]

The Alpina B6 3.5 is based on the 325i chassis, but uses the M30 "big six" 3430 cm3 engine, upgraded to 261 bhp (195 kW) and 346 N⋅m (255 lb⋅ft) of torque. 0–100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 6.4 seconds. The engine uses custom MAHLE pistons and rods. The cylinder head was ported and polished, and a hotter cam was used. Top speed is 250 km/h (155 mph). Suspension and brakes were upgraded. Bigger ventilated disks and progressive springs were installed at the front. Only 210 cars were made from 1986 to 1990.[citation needed] The B6 3.5 was sold in Japan as the B6 2.7 and used the 2.7 L engine from the Alpina C2 as the larger 3.0 L engine was unable to pass emissions.[49]

The Alpina B6 3.5 S uses the M3 chassis. The 3.5 S, like the 3.5, uses the B10/2 M30 "big six" which makes 261 bhp (195 kW) and 346 N⋅m (255 lb⋅ft) of torque. Displacement is 3430 cm3. 0–100 km/h (62 mph) is achieved in 6.4 seconds. Top speed is 250 km/h (155 mph). The gearbox used is the Getrag 260/6 sport, known as a dog-leg gearbox. Only 62 cars were made from 1987 to 1990.[50]

Alpina B3 GT3Edit

To celebrate Alpina's victory in the 2011 ADAC GT Masters with an Alpina B6 GT3, Alpina decided to produce a limited run of the Alpina B3 S Bi-Turbo, called the Alpina B3 GT3.[51] The B3 GT3 features a new exhaust system developed in collaboration with Akrapovič which is 11 kg (24 lb) than the standard exhaust and increases power to 300 kW (408 PS; 402 bhp) and 398 lb⋅ft (540 N⋅m) of torque. It features upgraded brakes with 380 mm discs, a Drexler limited slip differential and fully adjustable coilovers at all four corners.[52]

 
Alpina B6 3.5 S, based on the E30 M3

The most noticeable changes were on the exterior: The B3 GT3 sports a carbon fibre rear wing, a special front splitter and 19" lightweight Alpina GT3 Classic wheels, painted in Himalaya Grey. The B3 GT3 was available in Black Sapphire metallic, Mineral White metallic, Alpina Blue metallic or with a full body vinyl wrap in the official GT3 design. The car could be ordered with an extra set of lightweight wheels (also 19" Alpina GT3 Classic, but equipped with Michelin Pilot Sport Cup+ tires) for use on the track.

Only 99 units were produced.[52]

5 Series based AlpinasEdit

E28 B9Edit

 
Alpina B9, based on the BMW E28

The Alpina B9 was built in a small series from November 1981 to December 1985 on the basis of the BMW E28. About 500 examples were produced.[53]

ChangesEdit

The B9 is based on the 528i, whose M30-2.8-litre BMW engine was replaced by a 3.45-litre. Alpina tuned engine. The motor is based on the 3.5-liter version of the M30, but has been extensively modified. Alpina replaced the cylinder head, pistons, camshaft and modified the Bosch Motronic ECU. The engine transmits its power to the rear wheels via a 5-speed gearbox, an automatic transmission was also available. The suspension of the E28 has been modified with Bilstein gas dampers, as standard the B9 was delivered with 16-inch wheels (see picture). Alpina also modified the interior with among other things, Recaro seats, a new shifter and a modified instrument cluster.[53]

Technical specificationsEdit

B9 3,5 B9 3,5 / 1
Production period 11/1981 – 08/1983 01/1983 – 12/1985
Motor type B9
Design Inline-six
Displacement 3453 cm3 3430 cm3
Power 180 kW (241 hp; 245 PS) at 5,700 rpm
Torque 320 N⋅m (236 ft⋅lbf) at 4,500 rpm
Acceleration 0–100 km/h 6,7 s
Top speed 240 km/h (149 mph)
Source [54]

E28 B10Edit

In 1985, Alpina launched the B10 3.5, based on the BMW 535i (E28).

The 3.5 liter six-cylinder engine from the B6 3.5 was fitted to replace the B9's 3.45 liter. The output was 192 kW (261 PS; 257 hp). Only 77 examples of the B10 3.5 were produced.

Technical specificationsEdit

Model B10 3,5[55]
Platform BMW 535i E28
Production period 7/1985–12/1987
Displacement 3430 cm³
Engine architecture Inline-six
Power 192 kW (257 hp; 261 PS) at 5,700 rpm
Torque 346 N⋅m (255 lb⋅ft) at 4,000 rpm
Transmission 5-speed manual transmission, or a 4-speed automatic transmission (optional)
Acceleration,
0–100 km/h
6,4 s
Top speed 250 km/h (155 mph) (automatic: 245 km/h (152 mph))
Production 77[56]

E34 B10Edit

 
Alpina B10

B10 3.5Edit

The B10 3.5 was the first Alpina based on the BMW E34, With production beginning in April 1988 at launch it was the only available B10. The 3.5-liter BMW M30 inline-six cylinder engine of the BMW 535i was reworked with Mahle pistons, a modified cylinder-head, and a new camshaft increasing power from 155 kW (208 hp) to 187 kW (251 hp). In 1992 production was stopped after 572 cars were made.[57]

B10 4.0Edit

In 1993 the BMW M30 ended production forcing Alpina to discontinue the B10 3.5 and B10 BiTurbo. In April 1993 Alpina launched their replacement, the first B10 with an eight-cylinder engine. The BMW M60 engine of the BMW 540i was modified with higher-compression Mahle pistons and a modified air intake. Power was increased from 210 kW (282 hp) to 232 kW (311 hp). 49 examples were built.[58]

B10 3.0 AllradEdit

The B10 3.0 Allrad was based on the all-wheel drive BMW 525ix, launched in October 1993. The displacement of the six-cylinder single-VANOS and four-valve engine was increased from 2.5 liters to 3.0 liters and the performance was increased from 141 kW (189 hp) to 170 kW (228 hp). 64 sedans and 70 tourings were produced.

B10 4.6Edit

The B10 4.6 replaced the B10 biturbo from March 1994 onwards. The engine block of the BMW 540i was bored to reach a displacement of 4.6 liters. With 250 kW (335 hp), the power was just below the B10 Bi-Turbo. 27 vehicles were produced.

Technical specificationsEdit

Model B10 3.5[59] B10 Biturbo[59] B10 3.0 Allrad / Touring[59] B10 4.0 / Touring[59] B10 4.6 / Touring[59]
Platform BMW 535i E34 BMW 525ix E34 BMW 540i E34
Production period 4/1988–12/1992 8/1989–3/1994 10/1993–5/1996 4/1993–8/1995 3/1994–4/1996
Displacement 3430 cm³ 2997 cm³ 3982 cm³ 4619 cm³
Engine architecture Inline six V8
Power 187 kW (251 hp; 254 PS) 265 kW (355 hp; 360 PS) 170 kW (228 hp; 231 PS) 232 kW (311 hp; 315 PS) 250 kW (335 hp; 340 PS)
Torque 325 N⋅m (240 ft⋅lbf) 520 N⋅m (384 ft⋅lbf) 312 N⋅m (230 ft⋅lbf) 410 N⋅m (302 ft⋅lbf) 480 N⋅m (354 ft⋅lbf)
Acceleration,
0–100 km/h
6.4 s 5.6 s 7.9 / 8.4 s 6.5 / 6.7 s 6.1 / 6.2 s
Top speed 250 km/h over 290 km/h 235 / 230 km/h 268 / 263 km/h over 275 / 270 km/h

E34 B10 BiTurboEdit

 
Alpina B10 BiTurbo.

The B10 BiTurbo is a high performance version of the BMW 5 Series E34. Beginning production in 1989, the B10 BiTurbo was based on the 535i and received several upgrades by Alpina, being the fastest production saloon in the world at the time of its introduction, as tested by Road & Track.[60] Production ended in 1994 with 507 examples produced. The B10 Biturbo became the best-selling single model in Alpina history up until that point.

E39 B10Edit

 
Alpina B10 V8

The B10 was built as a sedan and touring based on the BMW E39 from January 1997 to May 2004.[61]

In February 2000, Alpina introduced the Alpina D10 Biturbo, the first six-cylinder diesel model produced by Alpina. The engine, a 3.0 litre twin turbocharged unit with 180 kW (241 hp) and 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft) of torque, was based on the engine of the BMW 530d.[61]

EnginesEdit

The third generation of the B10 was built with both six-cylinder and V8 engines.

The six-cylinder engines with 3.2 and 3.3 liters displacement were based on the 528i and the 530i.[61] For the 3.3 liter engine the engine block was bored to increase displacement to 3298 cubic centimeters. The cylinder head was machined and a modified crankshaft was added, different pistons and camshafts were also used. A modified intake system enabled a higher rate of air flow, as well as a stainless steel exhaust system (Alpina-Bosal) with metal catalytic converters. The engine control unit was also completely revised, which increased the power to 206 kW (276 hp; 280 PS).[62]

The two V8 engines with 4.6 (B10 V8) and 4.8 liters (B10 V8S) come from the BMW 540i. Again, a larger displacement was achieved by boring the engine block, which, together with other modifications, increased the power to 250 kW (335 hp), then to 255 kW (342 hp) for the 4.6 liter engine,[63] and 276 kW (370 hp) through an increased stroke with the 4.8 liter engine.[64]

SuspensionEdit

The original suspension from the BMW E39 has been reworked for the B10. Changes include modified springs and tuned shock absorbers from Sachs that help lower the car.

Technical DataEdit

Model Engine Power Torque Years
B10 3.2 BMW M52
I6
191 kW (256 hp; 260 PS)
at 5,900 rpm
330 N⋅m (243 ft⋅lbf)
at 4,300 rpm
8/1997–12/1998
B10 3.3 BMW M52
I6
206 kW (276 hp; 280 PS)
at 6,200 rpm
335 N⋅m (247 ft⋅lbf)
at 4,500 rpm
2/1999–10/2003
B10 V8 M62B46
V8
250 kW (335 hp; 340 PS) 470 N⋅m (347 ft⋅lbf) 1/1997–10/1998
B10 V8 M62TUB46
V8
255 kW (342 hp; 347 PS) 480 N⋅m (354 ft⋅lbf) 10/1998–9/2002
B10 V8S M62B48
V8
276 kW (370 hp; 375 PS) 510 N⋅m (376 ft⋅lbf) 1/2002–5/2004
D10 Biturbo M57D30
I6
180 kW (241 hp; 245 PS) 500 N⋅m (369 ft⋅lbf) 4/2000–10/2003

E60 B5Edit

The BMW E60 and the 4.4-liter BMW N62 engine from the 545i serve as the basis for the Alpina B5. Compared to the E60, the B5 has larger brakes, a new suspension with Electronic Damper Control, a stainless steel silencing system with polished double tailpipes and the typical Alpina changes to the interior and exterior.

The B5 was made from February 2005 to September 2007 and the B5 S was made from September 2007 to May 2010.

DrivetrainEdit

The N62B44's output is increased by means of a centrifugal supercharger. The supercharger is made by the company ASA, and is also called "Turbessor" because it is able to combine the advantages of turbocharger and supercharger. At low speeds, it spontaneously responds as a conventional displacement compressor, but it can also immediately provide the thrust of a turbo. It also reaches speeds of more than 100,000 revolutions per minute. As compared to the 545i performance has increased from 245 kW (333 PS; 329 hp) to 368 kW (500 PS; 493 hp),[65] torque was increased from 450 N⋅m (332 ft⋅lbf) to 700 N⋅m (516 ft⋅lbf).[65] The power is transmitted to the rear wheels by means of a six-speed automatic transmission (6HP26). As usual with Alpina, this was refined and has "Switch-Tronic".[66]

Technical DataEdit

Alpina B5 Sedan Touring
Displacement 4398 cm³
Compression ratio 9,0:1
Horsepower 368 kW (500 PS; 493 hp) at 5500–6000 rpm
Torque 700 N⋅m (516 ft⋅lbf) at 4250–4850 rpm
Transmission 6-Speed Automatic "Switch-Tronic“
Top speed 314 km/h (195 mph) 310 km/h (193 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h (62 mph) 4,7 s 4,8 s
Empty weight 1720 kg 1810 kg

NoteEdit

In 2005, an Alpina B5 Touring was tested by Auto, Motor und Sport on the Nardò Ring. The B5 reached a top speed of 319 km/h (198 mph).[67]

Alpina B5 SEdit

At the 2007 Frankfurt Motor Show (IIA), Alpina presented the revised B5 S. [68]

 
Alpina B5 S

EngineEdit

The motor's combustion process was optimized by changing the camshaft. This resulted in a significantly lower exhaust gas temperature, which is the basis for the performance increase. The power of the 4.4-liter V8 was thus increased by 22 kW (30 PS; 30 hp) to 390 kW (530 PS; 523 hp). The torque increased by 25 N⋅m (18 ft⋅lbf) to 725 N⋅m (535 ft⋅lbf). The B5 S takes the sprint to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.6 seconds; The top speed increases to 317 km/h (197 mph).[65]

TransmissionEdit

One innovation is the ZF six-speed Sport-Switch-Tronic transmission. The switching time was reduced by 50% compared to the predecessor. The reaction time is 1/10 s. In manual mode, the driving feeling is similar to the shift dynamics of a dual clutch transmission.

ChassisEdit

A further feature is the EDC suspension tuning with the company Sachs Race Engineering.

Technical DataEdit

Alpina B5S Sedan Touring
Displacement 4398 cm³
Compression ratio 9,0:1
Horsepower 390 kW (530 PS; 523 hp) at 5500 rpm
Torque 725 N⋅m (535 ft⋅lbf) at 4750 rpm
Transmission 6-Speed Automatic "Switch-Tronic“
Top speed 317 km/h (197 mph) 313 km/h (194 mph)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h (62 mph) 4,6 s 4,7 s
Empty weight 1720 kg 1810 kg

F10 B5Edit

Alpina produced two variants based on the BMW 5 Series (F10), the petrol-engined B5 and diesel-engined D5.

B5 Bi-TurboEdit

 
Alpina B5 Bi-Turbo Touring

The B5 is based on the 550i and is powered by an Alpina-modified version of the BMW N63 twin-turbo V8 engine. The original B5, which was unveiled at the 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed, produced 373 kW (500 hp) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft). The transmission is an 8-speed automatic.[69]

Alpina unveiled an updated B5 at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. Power had been uprated to 397 kW (532 hp) and torque to 730 N⋅m (538 lb⋅ft).[70] During 2015, Alpina sold the B5 Bi-Turbo Edition 50, which marked the company's 50th year in operation. The Edition 50 uses an upgraded engine which produces 441 kW (591 bhp) and 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft).[71] The standard B5 received this same engine for the B5's last year of production, 2016.[72][73][74]

D5 Bi-TurboEdit

The D5 Bi-Turbo is based on the 535d. It is powered by Alpina-modified version of the BMW N57 turbo straight-6 engine, which produces 257 kW (345 hp) and 700 N⋅m (516 lb⋅ft) of torque.[74]

7 Series based AlpinasEdit

E38 B12Edit

 
Alpina B12 6.0

Based on the BMW 750i and 750iL, Alpina released the B12 5.7 in 1995 and the B12 6.0 in 1999. In contrast to the cars they are based on, these models are not electronically limited to a top speed of 250 km/h (155 mph), but are able to reach top speeds of more than 280 km/h (174 mph) and 291 km/h (181 mph), respectively.[75] According to Alpina the B12 5.7 was the world's first vehicle with an electrically heated metal catalyst as standard.[76] The B12 5.7 has a 5.7 litre V12 and the B12 6.0 has a 6.0 litre V12.

Model Engine Power[75] Torque Years[77] Production[78]
B12 5.7 V12 285 kW (382 hp; 387 PS) 560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft) 12/1995–08/1998 202
B12 6.0 V12 316 kW (424 hp; 430 PS) 600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft) 07/1999–07/2001 94

E65 B7Edit

 
Alpina B7 Biturbo based on the E65 platform

For the E65 7 Series generation, the Alpina B7 was widely credited with being able to hold its own against top performing offerings from Mercedes (including AMG) such as the S600 and S63 AMG, Audi (particularly quattro's Audi S8), the Bentley Flying Spur, and Jaguar XJ Supercharged, while BMW's own top-of-the-line V12 760Li was considered uncompetitive.[79]

The E65 B7 uses a supercharged version of the 4.4-litre V8 found in the BMW 745i as the 750i and its 4.8-litre engine were not around when development began.[79] The 760Li's naturally aspirated 6.0-litre V12 was deemed too heavy to have a sporty offshoot.[5][80][81] The 2011 Alpina B7, with its twin-turbo 4.4-litre V8 engine and 6-speed automatic transmission, is less expensive and yet faster than its F01 stablemate, the 2010 BMW 760Li powered by a twin-turbo 6.0-litre V12 mated to an 8-speed automatic transmission. The B7's engine, derived from the BMW N63 that is found in the standard BMW lineup, matches the BMW 750i in fuel economy despite increased performance, plus its lighter weight than the 760Li's V12 engine gives the B7 considerably better weight distribution and handling than the 760Li.[1][2]

BMW of North America, LLC offered 800 Alpina B7s as limited edition models for 2007 and 2008, all of which quickly sold out.[82]

F01/F02 B7Edit

 
2013 Alpina B7, based on the F02 model BMW. Lightly facelifted for 2013.

The F01 B7 will be offered again for the 2011 model year in the USA, with approximately 500 vehicles (half of the annual production of the B7) with a choice of rear-wheel drive or all-wheel drive and/or a standard or long wheelbase (the B7, B7 L (long wheelbase), B7 xDrive (all-wheel drive), and B7 L xDrive), otherwise all configurations have the same equipment.[83][84] Roughly 80 models will be sold in Canada, all of the xDrive variety due to that country's winter weather.[35]

The B7's twin-turbo 4.4-litre V8 is assembled by hand at Alpina's facility in Buchloe, Germany, before being shipped to BMW for installation, and the assembled vehicle is then sent back to Alpina for finishing touches.[1][2] It is based upon BMW's twin-turbo V8 but produces considerable more torque and horsepower, albeit with some turbo lag due to the larger turbos, yet more measured throttle mapping makes the B7 smoother than a stock BMW 750i.[85]

While BMW uses run-flat tires for its 7 Series, the B7 comes with non-reinforced tires with a tire repair kit for emergencies. By using conventional, softer-sidewalled tires, compared to the reinforced sidewalls of run-flats, Alpina engineers were able to stiffen the B7's suspension for better handling and still improve the ride quality over that of a stock BMW 750i.[35]

For the 2013 model year, the Alpina B7 received similar updates to the rest of the 7 Series lineup, including an 8-speed automatic transmission, while its engine adds Valvetronic and now produces 540 hp (403 kW; 547 PS) and 538 lb⋅ft (729 N⋅m), which is good for a 0-100 km/h (62 mph) time of 4.3 seconds and a top speed of 300 km/h (186 mph). Compared to BMW M's version of the 4.4L twin-turbo engine (such as found in the F10 M5), Alpina's engine has 20 hp (15 kW; 20 PS) less but more maximum torque which is also available at a lower rpm.[35]

In a comparison of the 2013 BMW 7 series and the Alpina B7, Motor Trend stated the B7 handled better than the BMW 760iL, but not as well as the 750iL.[86]

8 Series based AlpinasEdit

E31 B12Edit

B12 5.0Edit

 
Alpina B12 5.0

The B12 5.0 was built from 1990 to 1994 and is based on the BMW E31 850i. It is powered by an Alpina modified BMW M70 V12 (shared with the E32 B12 5.0) producing 257 kW (349 PS; 345 hp) and mated to an automatic transmission.

B12 5.7Edit

 
Alpina B12 5.7

The B12 5.7 was available from 1992 and is based on the 850CSi. It is powered by an increased displacement version of the BMW S70 V12 with a modified intake, crankshaft. camshafts and a stainless steel exhaust system as well as a six speed manual gearbox with an optional system called Shift-Tronic that automatically actuates the clutch when shifting and allows the vehicle to creep in traffic,[87] 32 B12 5.7s were equipped with Shift-Tronic.[88] it produced 306 kW (416 PS; 410 hp). The carbon-fibre hood has cooling vents and a NACA duct.

Technical DataEdit

Model Engine Power Torque Years Production
B12 5.0 V12 257 kW (349 PS; 345 hp) 470 N⋅m (347 lb⋅ft) 6/1990-5/1994 97
B12 5.7 V12 306 kW (416 PS; 410 hp) 570 N⋅m (420 lb⋅ft) 11/1992-11/1996 57

Alpina Roadster V8Edit

 
Alpina V8 Roadster with hardtop in place

With production of the BMW Z8 completed by November 2002, for 2003 the Z8 production was replaced by the Alpina Roadster V8.[89] The Alpina was a departure from the hard-edged sporting focus of the original car, and elements of the new grand touring intent were evident throughout this final edition. Instead of the original six-speed manual and 4.9 L (S62) engine featured in Z8's, the Alpina came only as an automatic, using a five-speed BMW Steptronic transmission mated to a 4.8 L Alpina-tuned V8 motor from the Alpina E39 B10 V8 S (BMW M62B48). In order to complete the car's transition from sports car to Alpina, relaxed suspension tuning was used. The standard Z8's run-flat tires on 18 in (46 cm) wheels were discarded in favor of conventional tires with softer sidewalls, on 20 in (51 cm) wheels. A new, softer grade of Nappa leather replaced the Z8's less supple specification, and special Alpina gauges were featured on the dash cluster. An Alpina steering wheel with three solid spokes replaced the original, which could not be retrofitted with shift paddles for the automatic. Gear selection was displayed in an Alpina-specific display mounted in front of the wheel.

Performance of the Alpina V8 differed from that of the standard car in that peak power was reduced to 375 hp (280 kW) while peak torque was raised to 383 lb⋅ft (519 N⋅m); this torque was available at significantly lower rpm than the original in order to enable more relaxed cruising. Curiously, the electronically limited top speed was officially raised to 161 mph (259 km/h).[89]

Only 555 of these Alpinas were built, 450 of which were exported to the U.S. market and only eight to the UK.[90] In the United States, this special edition of the Z8 was sold directly through BMW dealerships, marking a first for Alpina, whose cars had never been sold through retail channels in the U.S.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit