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The BMW X5 is a mid-size, rear-wheel drive luxury SUV produced by BMW.

BMW X5
2019 BMW X5 M50d Automatic 3.0.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1999–present
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size luxury SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutFront-engine, four-wheel-drive
Front-engine, rear-wheel-drive

The X5 made its debut in 1999. It was BMW's first SUV and it also featured all-wheel drive and was available with either manual or automatic transmission. In 2006, the second generation X5 was launched, known internally as the E70, featuring the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic transmission, and in 2009 the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model[1].

BMW branded the X5 as a Sport Activity Vehicle (SAV) rather than an SUV, to emphasize its on-road ability despite its size. Like the Lexus RX 300, the X5 heralded the shift from light truck-based body-on-frame SUVs to crossovers underpinned by unibody car platforms that would come to fruition in the late 2000s. Among German luxury automakers, while the Mercedes-Benz M-Class had beaten the X5 to the market by a year, the X5 was the first to use a unibody chassis whereas the M-Class used a light truck platform until its second generation. While the Lexus RX is based on the Toyota Camry mass market sedan, the X5 shares its underpinnings with the BMW 5 Series performance luxury sedan.[2][3]

X5s are manufactured in Greer, South Carolina at the Spartanburg BMW plant and modified for armoured, security versions in Mexico at the BMW de México Toluca plant.[4] Since July 2009, some assembly operations are also performed in Kaliningrad, Russia by Avtotor.

Starting with the X5, BMW's "SAV" series has since expanded with derivatives of other BMW number-series models, first in 2003 with the BMW X3 compact luxury crossover, and then in 2008 with the BMW X6 midsize coupe luxury crossover which shares its platform with the X5.

First generation (E53; 1999–2006)Edit

 
BMW X5 Sport

The BMW E53 X5 crossover was manufactured between 1999 and 2006. It was developed while BMW owned Land Rover and benefitted from company technology.[5] It shared the Range Rover HSE's Hill Descent System and Off Road Engine Management system, and the engine and electronic system of the BMW E39 5 series. As a result, the earlier X5 models can be upgraded with newer BMW technologies (e.g. Bluetooth phone connectivity).[6]

A range of petrol (gasoline) inline-6s, V8s and diesel engines was offered.

A facelifted version was released for the 2004 model year, with production starting in late 2003.

Second generation (E70; 2006–2013)Edit

 
BMW X5 3.0d

The BMW E70 is the second generation X5 crossover. It replaced the BMW X5 (E53) in November 2006. The second generation X5 features many new technological advancements including BMW's iDrive system as standard equipment and, for the first time in a BMW, an optional third row seat raising passenger capacity to seven.

The branding for the X5 from late 2008 onwards follows the new BMW nomenclature scheme, for example the X5 3.0si is now called the X5 xDrive30i, and the X5 4.8i is called the X5 xDrive48i. In 2010 BMW added the new CIC hard drive iDrive system, replacing the DVD based CCC system.

In 2009, the xDrive35d diesel engine variant of the X5 was made available for sale in Canada and the United States, along with the BMW 335d sedan.[7]

The BMW X5 M high performance variant was introduced to the press at the New York Auto Show in April 2009, and started appearing in BMW dealerships in September 2009 as a 2010 model. Sharing the same powertrain as the BMW X6 M, the X5 M features the first M Power V-8 Turbo, 555 hp (414 kW) and 500 lb⋅ft (680 N⋅m) of torque, and comes with M Dynamic Performance Control for impressive handling.

The E70 X5 received a facelift for the 2011 model year known as the LCI update.

For the 2011 model year, the BMW X5 (E70) was BMW's 3rd best-selling model after the first place BMW 3 Series (E90) and BMW 5 Series (F10), respectively.[8]

Third generation (F15; 2013–2018)Edit

 
BMW X5 xDrive35i

The BMW F15 is the third generation X5 crossover, unveiled on 30 May 2013 and launched in November 2013.

It featured the same chassis and same wheelbase of previous generation and launched with a choice of three engines: a 450 hp V8 petrol engine (xDrive50i) and two six-cylinder in-line diesel units, producing 258 hp with one turbo (xDrive30d) and 381 hp with three turbos (M50d M Performance), respectively. In December 2013, additional engine options became available: xDrive40d, xDrive35i and, for the first time on the X5 model, two four-cylinder engines xDrive25d and sDrive25d (with two-wheel transmission). In their later years, BMW added a PHEV (Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle) a xDrive40e with single turbo inline 4 cylinders. Also in the xDrive40e an electric 83kW motor peak, 55kW continuous use with 9kWh 351V Lithium-ion battery pack.

As with the previous model, it was assembled at BMW's Spartanburg plant in South Carolina, United States.

Fourth generation (G05; 2018–present)Edit

 
BMW G05

The new 2018 G05 X5 is the fourth and current generation X5 model and was unveiled online on June 6, with a planned November 2018 launch date. It is based on the new Cluster Architecture (CLAR) platform shared with other BMW models.

All 2019 X5 models are xDrive all-wheel drive only, while an sDrive (rear-wheel drive) X5 has been added to the US lineup as a 2020 model. The 2020 X5 sDrive will only be available with the inline-6 petrol B58 powerplant and will be named the X5 sDrive40i.

Another model year 2020 addition is the plug-in hybrid model xDrive45e. It has the B58 engine and an 82 kW electric motor, with a combined power of 290 kW, and a larger 24 kWh battery pack.

Initial engine offerings for the G05 X5 included:

  • B58 turbocharged inline-6 petrol
  • N63 V8 petrol
  • B57 inline-6 turbodiesel

While the X5 is produced for additional markets at various sites around the world, the majority of the global supply for the G05 X5 is produced in Spartanburg County, South Carolina.[9]

X5 M ModelsEdit

The BMW X5 M is a high-performance derivative of the X5. The following generations of the X5 M have been produced:

Production and salesEdit

Year Production EU sales US sales
1999 73 1,312[10]
2000 38,282[11] 8,036 26,720
2001 82,645[11] 26,950 40,622[12]
2002 54,555 38,650 42,742[13]
2003 105,554[11] 42,457 40,715[14]
2004 104,988[11] 50,736 35,225[15]
2005 101,537[11] 45,347 37,598
2006 75,321[11] 29,774 26,798[16]
2007 120,617[17] 50,782 35,202[18]
2008 116,489[19] 49,453 31,858
2009 88,851[20] 32,886 27,071
2010 102,178[21] 29,224 35,776[22]
2011 104,827 26,625 40,547[23]
2012 198,544 21,300 44,445[24]
2013 107,231[25] 16,643 39,818[26]
2014 147,381 38,229 47,031[27]
2015 168,143[28] 38,230 54,997[29]
2016 166,219 37,097 47,641[30]
2017 180,905[31] 34,641 50,815
2018 155,575 [32] 30,590 45,013
Total: 2,219,842 647,723 751,946

ReferencesEdit

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  2. ^ Michael Harley RSS feed. "Review: 2009 BMW X5 xDrive35d delivers obsolescence to. . .. gasoline-powered sibling". Autoblog.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
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  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ BMW teases new X5 ahead of 2018 debut Archived 25 May 2018 at the Wayback Machine Viknesh Vijayenthiran. Motor Authority May 24, 2018
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  13. ^ "2003 BMW X5". Autoblog.com. Archived from the original on 11 May 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
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  20. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
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  22. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  23. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey. PR Newswire. Archived from the original on 27 June 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  24. ^ LLC, BMW of North America. "BMW Group Achieves Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S." www.prnewswire.com. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  25. ^ "BMW Group blijft op koers in 2013". www.press.bmwgroup.com. Archived from the original on 8 April 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
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External linksEdit