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The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured by BMW since 1972. It is the successor to the New Class Sedans and is currently in its seventh generation.

BMW 5 Series
2018 BMW 520d xDrive M Sport Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1972–present
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style4-door sedan
5-door wagon
5-door fastback
LayoutFR layout,
F4 layout (xDrive models)
Chronology
PredecessorBMW New Class

Initially, the 5 Series was only available in a sedan body style. The wagon/estate body style (called "Touring") was added in 1991 and the 5-door fastback (called "Gran Turismo") was produced from 2009 to 2017.

The first generation of 5 Series was powered by naturally aspirated four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines. Following generations have been powered by four-cylinder, six-cylinder, V8 and V10 engines that are either naturally aspirated or turbocharged. Since 1982, diesel engines have been included in the 5 Series range.

The 5 Series is BMW's second best-selling model after the 3 Series.[1] On January 29, 2008, the 5 millionth 5 Series was manufactured, a 530d sedan in Carbon Black Metallic.[2]

BMW's three-digit model naming convention began with the first 5 Series,[3] thus the 5 Series was BMW's first model line to use "Series" in the name.

Since the E28, all generations of 5 Series have included an "M" model, called the BMW M5.

Contents

First generation (E12; 1972–1981)Edit

 
E12 front
 
E12 rear

The E12 is the first generation of 5 Series, which was produced from 1972 to 1981. It replaced the New Class sedans and was produced in the sedan body style. The initial models were powered by four-cylinder engines, with a six-cylinder engine being introduced a year later.

There was no M5 model for the E12, however the E12 M535i is considered to be the predecessor to the M5.[4][5]

The E12 was replaced by the E28 in 1981, although E12 production continued until 1984 in South Africa.

Second generation (E28; 1981–1988)Edit

 
E28 front
 
E28 rear

The E28 is the second generation of 5 Series, which was produced from 1981 to 1988 in the sedan body style. It was initially produced with petrol four-cylinder and six-cylinder engines.

In 1983, a diesel engine was available for the first time in a 5 Series. The E28 was the first 5 Series with the centre console angled towards the driver and the option of anti-lock brakes (ABS).[6]

The E28 M5 began the line of M5 high performance models that has continued through every generation since. It was powered by the S38B35 and the M88/3 six-cylinder engines.

Third generation (E34; 1988–1996)Edit

 
E34 front
 
E34 rear

The E34 is the third generation of the 5 Series, which was produced from 1988 to 1996. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the range expanded in 1990 to include the "Touring" wagon/estate body style.

The E34 was the first 5 Series to be available with the wagon body style, all-wheel drive and V8 engines. It also saw the introduction of stability control (ASC), traction control (ASC+T) a 6-speed manual transmission and adjustable damping (EDC) to the 5 Series range.

There was an unusually large range of engines fitted over its lifetime, as nine different engine families were used. These consisted of four-cylinder, six-cylinder and V8 petrol engines, and six-cylinder diesel engines.

The E34 M5 is powered by the S38 six-cylinder engine and was produced in sedan and wagon body styles.

Fourth generation (E39; 1995–2003)Edit

 
E39 front
 
E39 rear

The E39 is the fourth generation of 5 Series, which was sold from 1995 to 2004. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the wagon/estate body style (marketed as "Touring") introduced in 1996.

The E39 was the first 5 Series to use aluminium components in the front suspension. The proportion of chassis components using aluminium significantly increased for the E39,[7] in order to reduce weight. It was also the first 5 Series where a four-cylinder diesel engine was available.

V8 models use recirculating ball steering (as per previous 5 Series generations), however rack and pinion steering was used for the first time, in the four-cylinder and six-cylinder models. Unlike its E34 predecessor and E60 successor, the E39 was not available with all-wheel drive.

The E39 M5 sedan was introduced in 1998, powered by the 4.9-litre S62 V8 engine.

Fifth generation (E60/E61; 2003–2010)Edit

 
E60 front
 
E60 rear

The E60/E61 is the fifth generation of the 5 Series, which was sold from 2003 to 2010. The body styles of the range are:

The E60 generation introduced various new electronic features to the 5 Series, including iDrive, head-up display, active cruise control, active steering and voice control. The E60 also was the first 5 Series to be available with a turbocharged petrol engine, a 6-speed automatic transmission and regenerative braking. New safety features for the E60 included adaptive headlights, night vision, active headrests, Lane Departure Warning and high intensity emergency brake lights.

The E60/E61 M5 was released in 2005 and is powered by the S85 V10 engine. It was sold in the sedan and wagon body styles, with most cars using a 7-speed automated manual transmission ("SMG III").

Sixth generation (F10/F11/F07/F18; 2010–2016)Edit

 
F10 front
 
F10 rear

The BMW F10/F11/F07/F18 is the sixth generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was produced from 2010 to 2017.[8][9] The body styles of the range are:

The F07 Gran Turismo is the only 5 Series to date that has been produced in a fastback body style. The F10 is also the first 5 Series to offer a hybrid drivetrain, a turbocharged V8 engine, an 8-speed automatic transmission, a dual-clutch transmission (in the M5), active rear-wheel steering (called "Integral Active Steering"), electric power steering, double-wishbone front suspension, an LCD instrument cluster (called "Black Panel Display") and automatic parking (called "Parking Assistant").[10]

The F10 M5 is powered by the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine with a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. It is the first M5 to use a turbocharged engine.

Seventh generation (G30/G31/G38; 2017–present)Edit

 
G30 front
 
G30 rear

The BMW G30/G31/G38 is the seventh generation of the 5 Series. It was officially announced in October 2016, and sales began in February 2017.[11][12][13]

The body styles of the range are:

The fastback 5 Series GT model from the previous generation is no longer part of the model range, because it has been moved to the 6 Series model range.[14]

The G30 is based on the same modular platform as the 7 Series (G11). BMW plans to release a saloon- and estate-style plug-in hybrid, the 530e iPerformance, which would have the advanced driver-assistance systems found in the 7 Series.[15]

The F90 M5 is the M5 model for the G30 generation, and is the first M5 to use all-wheel drive. It is powered by an upgraded version of the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine used in the previous generation M5.[16]

Production and salesEdit

Current production is located in Dingolfing, Germany and Magna Steyr, Austria.

Calendar year Total production US sales China sales
1995 22,637[17]
1996 22,775
1997 228,800[18] -
1998 221,600[18] -
1999 201,400[18] 38,218[19]
2000 191,546[18] 39,703
2001 193,948[18] 40,005[20]
2002 172,323[18] 40,842
2003 185,481[18] 46,964[21]
2004 229,598[18] 45,584[22]
2005 228,389[18] 52,722[23]
2006 232,193[18] 56,756
2007 230,845[24] 54,142
2008 202,287[25] 45,915
2009 175,982[26] 40,109[27]
2010 211,968[28] 39,488 42,076[29]
2011 332,501 51,491[30]
2012 359,016 56,798
2013 366,992[31] 56,863[32]
2014 373,053 52,704[33]
2015 347,096[34] 44,162[35]
2016 331,410[36] 32,408

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Neil, Dan (January 29, 2010). "2011 BMW 535i: Everything you want, except fun". The Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 1 December 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
  2. ^ Joseph, Noah (2008-01-30). "BMW rolls out 5 millionth 5-Series — Autoblog". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2009-11-23.
  3. ^ "BMW 5 series galleries and specs". www.bimmerin.net. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  4. ^ Ramey, Jay (ed.). "Watch BMW look back at the M5's predecessor [BMW commercial]". www.autoweek.com. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  5. ^ "The Seven Best BMW 5-Series of All Time". www.roadandtrack.com. Retrieved 19 August 2017.
  6. ^ "The BMW 5 Series History. The 2nd Generation (E28)". www.youtube.com/BMW. Retrieved 27 January 2017.
  7. ^ "BMW Classic - Recherche-Client". bmw-grouparchiv.de. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  8. ^ "5'F11 LCI model selection". www.realoem.com. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
  9. ^ Graeme Fletcher (24 November 2009). "New 2011 BMW 5 Series gets bigger, better looking". National Post.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "2011 BMW 5 Series Official Press Release". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  11. ^ "New BMW 5 Series (2017)". www/zero60cars.co.uk. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  12. ^ Wong, James (13 October 2017), "2017 BMW 5 Series revealed: Lighter new 5er heavy on technology", CarAdvice.com
  13. ^ "The new BMW 5 Series at BMW Welt. [press release]". press.bmwgroup.com. BMW. 14 February 2017.
  14. ^ "G32 6 Series Gran Turismo launching in 2017". www.bmwblog.com. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  15. ^ Moss, Darren (14 October 2015). "2017 BMW 5 Series Touring spotted - latest spy pictures". Autocar. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  16. ^ "The new BMW M5". press.bmwgroup.com. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  17. ^ "BMW Ends Best Year Ever By Shattering 100,000-Vehicle Luxury Automotive Sales Barrier in the U.S. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2011-02-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "BMW Delivers Strongest Sales Success Ever in 2000. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  20. ^ "BMW Group Ends Best Year Ever With Record Month; December Sales Up 43 Percent; Year-to-date Sales Up 20 Percent. – Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  21. ^ "BMW Group Shatters All Past Annual Sales Records in 2004". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  22. ^ "BMW Group Sets All-Time Annual Sales Record, Highest Sales Month Ever in 2005". Theautochannel.com. 2006-01-04. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  23. ^ "BMW Group Reports 2006 – Strongest Year Ever". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2009-09-25.
  24. ^ "Annual Report 2007". BMW Group. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  25. ^ "Annual Report 2008". BMW Group. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  26. ^ "Annual Report 2009". BMW Group. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  27. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December 2010 Sales – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. 2011-01-04. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
  28. ^ "BMW Group". BMW Group. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  29. ^ "2010年BMW品牌销售16万辆 MINI品牌超万辆-汽车频道_中华网". Auto.china.com. 2011-01-11. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  30. ^ "BMW Group Achieves Second Best Sales Year Ever in the U.S. – WOODCLIFF LAKE, N.J., Jan. 5, 2012 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
  31. ^ "BMW Group blijft op koers in 2013". www.press.bmwgroup.com.
  32. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2013 Sales". www.prnewswire.com.
  33. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2014 Sales". www.prnewswire.com.
  34. ^ "Annual report" (PDF). www.bmwgroup.com. 2015.
  35. ^ "BMW Group U.S. Reports December and 2015 Sales". www.press.bmwgroup.com.
  36. ^ [1]