Open main menu

BMW N47 is a four-cylinder common rail diesel engine that has many improvements over its predecessor, the M47. In 2014 it was replaced with the B47.

BMW N47
BMW N47D20.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production2007-present
Layout
ConfigurationStraight-4
Displacement
  • 1.6 L; 97.5 cu in (1,598 cc)
  • 2.0 L; 121.7 cu in (1,995 cc)
Compression ratio16.1:1-16.5:1
Combustion
TurbochargerWastegate sequential twin-turbo (some versions)
Fuel systemCommon rail direct injection
Fuel typeDiesel fuel (DIN EN 590)
Cooling systemWater-cooled
Output
Power output70–152 kW (95–207 PS; 94–204 bhp)
Torque output235–450 N⋅m (173–332 lb⋅ft)
Emissions
Emissions control technologyEGR DPF
Chronology
PredecessorBMW M47
SuccessorBMW B47

First useEdit

The N47 engine debuted in March 2007 in the facelifted 1 Series BMW E87 and E81 and was available in the 1 Series BMW E82 and E88, which were introduced later in the same year.

Usage in other modelsEdit

The engine also became available in the 5 Series BMW E60 and E61 from September 2007, several months after the 5 series was face lifted, during which time the older M47 remained available.

In the 2008 model year 3 Series E90/E91/E92/E93 when the entire 3 series range gained the company's Efficient Dynamics technology. Not long after it became available in the X3 and has since then become available in the X1.

The N47 comes as a 1.6 L; 97.5 cu in (1,598 cc) (D16) and 2.0 L; 121.7 cu in (1,995 cc) (D20) unit, the latter identical in capacity to the BMW M47TU/TU2 series.

115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) versionEdit

The 115 bhp (86 kW; 117 PS) tune is for the entry level E81 and E87 116d, as well as the entry level 3 Series E90 316d.

143 bhp (107 kW; 145 PS) versionEdit

The 143 bhp (107 kW; 145 PS) model was used in the

  • E81, E82, E87 and E88 118d
  • E90 and E91 318d
  • F20 118d
  • F30 and F31 318d
  • 2009-2015 BMW E84 sDrive18d and xDrive18d
  • 2010–present MINI Countryman Cooper SD (R60)
  • 2010–present MINI Cooper SD (R56)
  • 2010–present MINI Cabrio Cooper SD (R57)
  • 2010–2015 MINI Coupe Cooper SD (R58)
  • 2012–2015 MINI Roadster Cooper SD (R59)
  • 2013–present MINI Paceman Cooper SD (R61)
  • X3 xDrive18d.

163 bhp (122 kW; 165 PS) versionEdit

A new 163 bhp (122 kW; 165 PS) 360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft) derivative was introduced in September 2009 for the 2010 model year. This version featured exceptionally low CO
2
emissions of only 109 g/km (6.2 oz/mi) and fuel consumption of 68.9 mpg[clarification needed][1]

This version was used in the E90 BMW 320d Efficient Dynamics

177 bhp (132 kW; 179 PS) versionEdit

The "standard" x20d model has extra 14 bhp (10 kW; 14 PS), at 177 bhp (132 kW; 179 PS) but 7 lb⋅ft (9 N⋅m) of torque less at 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft). This is found in the

In Europe, this particular version is one of the most popular engines in the entire range; the best selling 3 series is the 320d, while the 520d is the UK's best selling 5 series.[2]

The updated version of this engine introduced in March 2010 produces 135 kW (184 PS; 181 hp) at 4000 rpm and 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) at 1750-2750 rpm.

Twin turbo versionEdit

In October 2007, BMW introduced a twin sequential turbo model. With 204 bhp (152 kW; 207 PS), it is the first production diesel on sale to achieve a specific output of over 100 bhp (75 kW; 101 PS) per liter. It uses the same turbo technology first shown in the E60 535d.

This engine is on sale in the E81/E82/E87/E88 123d and the E84 X1 xDrive 23d. This is the engine which won the International Engine of the Year Award 2010.

VariantsEdit

Engine Displacement Compression Ratio Power Torque Years
N47D16 1.6 L (1,598 cc) 16.5:1 70 kW (94 hp; 95 PS) at 4,000 rpm 235 N⋅m (173 lb⋅ft) at 1500 - 2750 rpm 2013
85 kW (114 hp; 116 PS) at 4,000 rpm 260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) at 1500 - 2750 rpm 2012
N47D20 2.0 L (1,995 cc) 16.5:1 85 kW (114 hp; 116 PS) at 4,000 rpm 260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) at 1750 rpm 09/2009
105 kW (141 hp; 143 PS) at 4,000 rpm 300 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm 03/2007
120 kW (161 hp; 163 PS) at 4,000 rpm 340 N⋅m (251 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm 09/2009
130 kW (174 hp; 177 PS) at 4,000 rpm 350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft) at 3000 rpm 03/2007
135 kW (181 hp; 184 PS) at 4,000 rpm 380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft) at 2750 rpm 03/2010
16.1:1 150 kW (201 hp; 204 PS) at 4,400 rpm 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 2000 rpm 03/2010
16.5:1 160 kW (215 hp; 218 PS) at 4,400 rpm 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft) at 2500 rpm 2011

Timing chain problemsEdit

The N47 engine family is prone to excessive timing chain wear and premature failure.[3] Rattling noise from the rear of the engine is indicative of the condition. Timing chain failure may call for engine replacement or a costly repair. The most seriously affected units which require the most extensive repairs were produced from 01.03.2007 to 05.01.2009.[4] However there have been frequent reports of timing chain failure in 1, 3 and 5 series BMW engines manufactured from as early as 2004 until at least 2011 in both the petrol and diesel versions (and hence not just necessarily in the N47 engine). At times the failure has resulted in a dangerous cut out of the engine while the vehicle was being driven - sometimes at relatively high speed. A “Quality Enhancement” was issued by BMW for some, but not all vehicles, but has since been discontinued.

Other issuesEdit

The return spring on the turbo's wastegate was not originally lubricated or covered, this frequently resulted in early failure causing the waste-gate to remain partially or fully open. With the subsequent loss in compression, fuel consumption increased by 30%-50%. The problem was described by BMW engineers as a "known fault" and was immediately repaired (BMW mobile engineers even carried boxes of an improved spring), however BMW refused to compensate customers for the excessive fuel consumption and denied this fault was their liability.[citation needed]

As the cars equipped with this engine are coming of age, some hoses in the engine bay can start to break down. This is not to be ignored, even though this does not illuminate the CEL, it just sets a code in the ECU. If the vacuum hose supplying the EGR cooler bypass valve gets a hole rubbed in it, or breaks down from old age and oil spray, the EGR cooler won't get bypassed during the engine warmup period. This causes excessive buildup in the cooler matrix, and when the engine warms up these solid chunks of buildup can detach from the EGR cooler and get sucked into the plastic intake tube, melting holes in the intake tube, causing a massive boost leak and in very rare cases an engine fire.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Edition coming to Frankfurt with 57 mpg". egmCarTech. 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2010-09-13.
  2. ^ "BMW 520d SE". FleetNews. 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  3. ^ "BMW 1 Series E81/E87 2004 - Car Review". Honest John. Retrieved 2011-10-23.
  4. ^ "BBC One - Watchdog - BMW deny engine failures are due to manufacturing fault". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-23.

External linksEdit