Gummersbach (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʊmɐsˌbax] (listen); Kölsch: Jummersbach) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, being the district seat of the Oberbergischer Kreis. It is located 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Cologne.
|• Mayor (2020–25)||Frank Helmenstein (CDU)|
|• Total||95.3 km2 (36.8 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||519 m (1,703 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||200 m (700 ft)|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
51643, 51645, 51647
|Dialling codes||02261, 02266 (Berghausen), 02354 (Lieberhausen), 02263 (Elbach)|
In 1109 Gummersbach was mentioned in official documents for the first time. The document in question concerned the lowering of the episcopal tax for the church in Gummersbach by Archbishop Frederick I. At that time the name of the town was spelled as Gumeresbracht. Gummersbach received town privileges in 1857. In 1855 Gummersbach's industrial history began with the foundation of the company Steinmüller. With the company's success the little village began to grow to a town. After the company was bought in 1998 the production in Gummersbach was closed and most of the company's area was unused. Due to the fact that by the time this area made up half of the downtown area the town of Gummersbach bought this area to develop it. In the following years a multifunctional arena, shopping mall, university, movie theater, court, police station, hotel, offices and a park were built.
The coat of armsEdit
The arms were granted on July 27, 1892. Gummersbach developed rapidly from a small village to a large town during the early 19th century, due to the metal and textile industry. The right part of the arms thus show a spindle as a symbol for the textile industry. The left part shows the arms of the Counts of the Mark, as the area belonged to the Mark since 1287.
Communities, localities and villagesEdit
Apfelbaum – Becke – Berghausen – Bernberg – Birnbaum – Börnchen – Bracht – Bredenbruch – Brink – Bruch – Brunohl – Berghausen – Deitenbach – Derschlag – Dieringhausen – Drieberhausen – Dümmlinghausen – Elbach – Erbland – Erlenhagen – Flaberg – Frömmersbach – Grünenthal – Gummeroth – Hardt – Hardt-Hanfgarten – Helberg – Herreshagen – Hesselbach – Höfen -Hömel – Hülsenbusch – Hunstig – Kalkuhl – Karlskamp – Koverstein – Lantenbach – Lieberhausen – Liefenroth – Lobscheid – Lützinghausen – Luttersiefen – Mühle – Neuenhaus – Neuenschmiede – Niedergelpe – Niedernhagen – Niederseßmar – Nochen – Oberrengse – Ohmig -Peisel – Piene – Rebbelroth – Recklinghausen – Reininghausen – Remmelsohl – Rodt – Rospe – Schneppsiefen – Schönenberg – Schusterburg – Sonnenberg – Steinenbrück – Straße – Strombach – Unnenberg – Veste – Vollmerhausen – Waldesruh – Wasserfuhr – Windhagen – Wörde – Würden
- The Vogteihaus, former residence of the Vogt, built in 1700. It is also referred to as die Burg ("the castle"), and lies in the town center, on the Kaiserstraße.
- The Bunte Kerke ("colourful church") in the village Lieberhausen, a Protestant church with medieval wall paintings.
- The Protestant church of the village Hülsenbusch, rebuilt in the 18th century after a fire, in Baroque style.
- Communal elementary schools in the towncentre and the districts Becke, Bernberg, Derschlag, Dieringhausen, Hülsenbusch, Niederseßmar, Steinenbrück and Windhagen
- Jakob Moreno school, school for learning-disabled children
- Town secondary school Gummersbach-Hepel, http://www.rs-hepel.de/
- Town secondary school Gummersbach-Steinberg
- Town high school – Lindengymnasium, http://www.lindengymnasium.de/
- Occupational lecture Gummersbach
- Business school Gummersbach
- Cologne University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Computer Science and Engineering Science, https://www.th-koeln.de/informatik-und-ingenieurwissenschaften/
- Educational center for technology and economy
- Music school Gummersbach e.V.
- Town comprehensive school, http://gesamtschulegm.de
- Waldorf School Oberberg, http://fws-oberberg.de
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Heiner Brand (born 1952), former handball player and former coach of the handball national team
- Afu Thomas (Thomas Derksen), German internet celebrity in China
- Jürgen Domian, tv and radio show host
- Harald Fischer, doctor killed in Palestine on November 15, 2000
- Wolfgang Karius, conductor, organist, and harpsichordist
- Hella von Sinnen, TV personality
- Jan Sosniok, movie actor
- Adele Bloesch-Stöcker, Swiss-German violinist and composer
- Fritz Eschmann, former district administrator and member of the German parliament of SPD
- Jürgen Habermas (born 1929), well known philosopher
- Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 29 June 2021.
- "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2020" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
- "Städtepartnerschaften". gummersbach.de (in German). Gummersbach. Retrieved 2021-02-03.
- "Bio". Afu Thomas Official Website. Retrieved 2020-02-08. – German version
- Official website (in German and English)
- Marksteine Gummersbacher Geschichte A survey about the most important historical events
- City of Gummersbach: Coat of Arms and Notes of the History of Gummersbach (in German)
- Steinmüllergelände – official website of the city development project Steinmüller terrain