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Bergisch Gladbach (German pronunciation: [ˌbɛɐ̯gɪʃ ˈglatbax] (About this soundlisten)), is a city in the Cologne/Bonn Region of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, and capital of the Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis (district).

Bergisch Gladbach
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Forecourt of Schloss Bensberg
Flag of Bergisch Gladbach
Flag
Coat of arms of Bergisch Gladbach
Coat of arms
Location of Bergisch Gladbach within Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis district
Rheinisch-Bergischer KreisRhein-Sieg-KreisNorth Rhine-WestphaliaCologneLeverkusenMettmann (district)SolingenRemscheidOberbergischer KreisOverathRösrathBergisch GladbachKürtenOdenthalWermelskirchenBurscheidLeichlingenBergisch Gladbach in GL.svg
About this image
Bergisch Gladbach is located in Germany
Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Bergisch Gladbach
Bergisch Gladbach
Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117Coordinates: 51°06′N 07°07′E / 51.100°N 7.117°E / 51.100; 7.117
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictRheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
Subdivisions6
Government
 • MayorLutz Urbach (CDU)
Area
 • Total83.12 km2 (32.09 sq mi)
Elevation
51-267 m (−825 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total111,627
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
51401-51469
Dialling codes02202, 02204, 02207
Vehicle registrationGL
Websitewww.bergischgladbach.de

Contents

GeographyEdit

Bergisch Gladbach is located east of the river Rhine, approx. 10 kilometers east of Cologne.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Beginning in the north clockwise the neighbouring municipalities and neighbouring towns are: Odenthal, Kürten, Overath, Rösrath, Cologne and Leverkusen.

HistoryEdit

Early settlements existed in the 13th century, but the town was officially founded in 1856.

 
Old castle and town hall of Bensberg

The word Bergisch in the name does not originate from its location in the county of Berg and was not added to distinguish it from Mönchengladbach as believed by many people, but from the counts who gave their name to the region. At the start of the 12th century the counts of Berg settled in the area and it later became the duchy (under Napoleon, the grand duchy) of Berg. This is where the first part of the name (Bergisch) comes from, the town being located in the former county of Berg. It is the administrative headquarters ('Kreisstadt') of the Rheinish-Bergisch district (or 'Kreis').

The second part of the name, Gladbach (cognate with English Ladbrooke) originates from Low German (Bergisches Platt) and means canalised stream, referring to the small river (the Strunde) that was artificially canalised (laid) in early medieval times. In Bergisch Platt, the regional dialect, laid is said gelaat, a word which eventually evolved to glad (in this case the 'd' is pronounced as a 't'). The second part of the word, bach is the standard German word for a small stream, referring in this case to the Strunde.

In 1975 the town incorporated neighbouring Bensberg and when it reached a population of 100,000 in 1977 it was given city status.

Largest groups of foreign residents[2]
Nationality Population (2014)
  Turkey 2,123
  Italy 882
  Poland 878
  Greece 679
  Romania 300
  Kosovo 288
  Croatia 260
  Austria 257
  Russia 241
  Bosnia & Herzegovina 208

EconomyEdit

Paper manufacturing, printing, glass wool manufacturing, chocolate, and high-tech industries make up a large part of Bergisch Gladbach's economy.

International relationsEdit

Bergisch Gladbach is twinned with:

Country Place County / District / Region / State Date
  France Bourgoin-Jallieu   Rhône-Alpes 1956
  United Kingdom Luton   Bedfordshire 1956
  Netherlands Velsen   North Holland 1956
  France Joinville-le-Pont 1960
  United Kingdom Runnymede Surrey 1965
  Lithuania Marijampolė 1989
  Cyprus Limassol 1991
  Poland Pszczyna   Silesian voivodship, pszczyński county, Pszczyna gmina 1993
Beit Jala West Bank 2010
  Israel Ganei Tikva 2012

Born in Bergisch GladbachEdit

Secondary schools in Bergisch GladbachEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2017" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Staatsangehörigkeit in Bergisch Gladbach". Stadt Bergisch Gladbach. Retrieved 21 July 2015.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit