Bu Xiangzhi (Chinese: 卜祥志; pinyin: Bǔ Xiángzhì; born December 10, 1985) is a Chinese chess player. In 1999, he became the 10th grandmaster from China at the age of 13 years, 10 months and 13 days, at the time the youngest in history. In April 2008, Bu and Ni Hua became the second and third Chinese players to pass the 2700 Elo rating line, after Wang Yue.
|Born||December 10, 1985|
Qingdao, Shandong, China
|FIDE rating||2705 (May 2021)|
|Peak rating||2731 (March 2019)|
|2006 Doha||Men's Individual|
|2006 Doha||Mixed Team|
|2010 Guangzhou||Men's Individual|
|2010 Guangzhou||Men's Team|
Bu was born December 10, 1985 in Qingdao. At age six, Bu was first introduced to chess by an elder cousin (his grandfather was a strong xiangqi player), and his interest grew with his compatriot Xie Jun's women's world championship victory in 1991. He began taking chess seriously at the age of nine years and received early training from then on. During this time, the newspaper Qingdao Daily founded a local chess club which many children in the city went to, including the Qingdao Daily's chief editor's son. His first chess book was a translation of the famous My 60 Memorable Games by Bobby Fischer, a player Bu admires. By 1993, he had already won the Qingdao Junior Chess Championship.
In 1997 this talent became the children's champion of the National S.T. Lee Cup. In 1998 at the age of 12, he captured the titles of national pupil champion and under-14 world champion. In 1999 he finished seventh in the prestigious Tan Chin Nam Grandmaster Invitational Tournament.
Youngest grandmaster in historyEdit
A sponsorship contract with a mineral water producer of his home city Qingdao enabled to him in 1999 with his coach Ji Yunqi to travel to Europe to take part there in several international chess tournaments. In autumn 1999 he achieved within two months the required three norms for the title of Grandmaster (GM), with tournament wins at Paks GM tournament (6/9 points) in 21–29 September, at Kluger Memorial - First Saturday tournament (8½/11 pts) in Budapest in 3–13 October, and coming joint first in the Qingdao Daily Cup (6/8 pts) in 18–23 October. He was 13 years, 10 months, and 13 days old when he scored the final norm, at the time the youngest person to achieve that title. He gave up the running status of the world's youngest grandmaster to Sergey Karjakin in July 2002. Adding to his victories in 1999, he won the German Open.
In 2000 in Germany he won in his first appearance the International Neckar Open in Deizisau. Also in 2000, Bu defeated the Azerbaijani talent Teimour Radjabov 6½-1½ in an eight-game Future World Champions Match competition in New York. They played two games a day at a time control of one hour for all the moves. The margin of victory was a little flattering to Bu with Radjabov missing a number of good chances on the first day and then having a bit of a disaster on day two losing both games. Radjabov had beaten Bu in the two game final of a Cadet's event held earlier in the year on the Kasparovchess.com site. In May 2000, Bu made his first appearance in a United States Chess Federation-rated tournament at the New York Open in New York City. Although one of the favorites to win the tournament, he lost in the first round to American life master Shearwood McClelland III in an upset, before rallying to finish with 5½/9.
In July 2007, Bu won the Canadian Open Chess Championship in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. In October 2007, he won the Blindfold Chess World Cup in Bilbao by a 1½ point margin, defeating strong Grandmasters Veselin Topalov, Magnus Carlsen, Pendyala Harikrishna, Judit Polgár and Sergey Karjakin in the process.
In January 2008, at the 6th Gibtelecom Chess Festival in Gibraltar, Bu came joint first scoring 8/10 (+7−1=2; Elo performance 2834) but lost on the two game blitz play-off tie-break to Hikaru Nakamura. In April 2008, Bu competed at the Russian Team Championships in Dagomys, Sochi for the team Shatar-Metropole (Buryatia), where he achieved a score of 6½/10 (+3−0=7) and a performance rating of 2771. In his super-tournament debut in Sofia, Bulgaria at the Grand Slam M-Tel Masters (category 20) tournament on May 7–18, 2008, he came fifth out of six players (Levon Aronian, Ivan Cheparinov, Vassily Ivanchuk, Teimour Radjabov, Veselin Topalov) having scored 3/10 (+1−5=4; Elo performance 2594).
In October Bu won the men's rapid individual tournament of the 2008 World Mind Sports Games.
He scored 6½/9 (+4−0=5) at the Moscow Open in January with a 2723 performance.
Bu Xiangzhi scored 5½ (+3−1=5) at the 2010 Aeroflot Open finishing in 10th place out of 80 players with a 2700 performance. Following this tournament, he scored 13.0/18 in the Preliminaries of the 2010 World Blitz Championship Preliminaries on February 18 to finish in second place behind Maxime Vachier-Lagrave; the result automatically qualified Bu for the 2010 World Blitz Championship to be held in Moscow in November 2010.
From May 24 through June 4, 2010, Bu participated in the Chinese Chess Championship. In clear first after ten rounds, Bu needed a final round victory to secure his second Chinese chess championship. However, he drew his final round, allowing Wang Hao and Zhou Jianchao to catch him with 7½/11; Wang won the championship on tiebreak.
Bu participated in the 1st Danzhou Tournament in China from June 11 through June 20. After a victory over Zhou Jianchao, Bu led the tournament with 5½/8 with one round remaining. A final round draw with Hou Yifan allowed Li Chao to catch him with 6/9, but Bu won the tournament on tiebreak with a performance rating of 2740.
From August 4 through 15th, Bu participated in the 7th annual China versus Russia match, held in Yinzhou, Ningbo, China. Teamed with Wang Hao, Wang Yue, Zhou Jianchao and Ni Hua, Bu led the Chinese team to victory with 4/5 and a 2928 performance rating.
In June 2012, Bu won the 3rd Hainan Danzhou GM tournament on tiebreak over Ni Hua and this victory earned him the last spot in the Chinese team for the Istanbul Chess Olympiad. In August 2012, he won for the second time the World University Chess Championship, held in Guimarães, Portugal, with 8/9 (+7−0=2).
In July 2014, he first tied for first with Ding Liren, placing second on tiebreak, in the 5th Hainan Danzhou tournament and then won the Politiken Cup in Helsingør, Denmark with 9/10, a full point ahead of the field. Bu won the match against the world champion Magnus Carlsen in the FIDE World Cup 2017 in the third round and eliminated him from the tournament.
Bu has played regularly since 2001 in the Chinese national team. With the World Team Chess Championship in 2005 in Beersheba, and with the Turin 2006 Chess Olympiad he achieved on the top board very good results and won individual and team silvers in each event. He played first board in Turin, where the Chinese team finished in second place. He won four games and drew eight, including his games against top Grandmasters Vladimir Kramnik, Viswanathan Anand and Levon Aronian. He has played in two previous Chess Olympiads in 2002 and 2004, both on board four.
He was part of the team that won silver at the December 2006 Asian Games in Doha. He won an individual bronze medal on board two as the team won gold at the 2008 15th Asian Team Chess Championship in Visakhapatnam.
Bu was part of the Chinese team that won the gold medal in the World Team Chess Championship in 2015. He was also in the team that won the 43rd Chess Olympiad in 2018; in this event, Bu also won the individual bronze medal on board four.
China Chess LeagueEdit
Notable chess gamesEdit
- Bu Xiangzhi vs Krishnan Sasikiran, VI Ciudad de Dos Hermanas Internet 2005, Gruenfeld Defense: Exchange Variation, Nadanian Attack (D85), 1-0
- Baadur Jobava vs Bu Xiangzhi, 37th Chess Olympiad 2006, Slav Defense: Chameleon Variation, Advance System (D15), 0-1
- Bu Xiangzhi vs Judit Polgar, Biel Chess Festival 2007, English Opening: Symmetrical, Four Knights Variation (D41), 1-0
- Bu Xiangzhi vs Veselin Topalov, M-Tel Masters 2008, Queen Pawn Game: Symmetrical Variation (D02), 1-0
- Magnus Carlsen vs Bu Xiangzhi, World Cup (2017) Tbilisi GEO, Italian Game: Two Knights Defense, 0-1
- "Bu Xiangzhi: I would bet on Topalov for victory in Sofia". Mtelmasters.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Xiangzhi Bu, jüngster Großmeister der Geschichte, TeleSchach : Schach aktuell. Update 24.10.1999. (in German)
- Ilya Smirin Wins 2000 New York Open Chess Championship Sam Sloan Accessed 7 January 2014
- 10 Aceimar Intl.Open FIDE Accessed 16 January 2015
- CHN Champ.2004 FIDE Accessed 16 January 2015
- 9th world University Chess Champions Chess-Results
- ChessBase.com "Chinese dragon wins Canadian Open", July 16, 2007.
- "Bu Xiangzhi wins Blindfold Chess World Cup in Bilbao". ChessBase.com. 2007-10-21. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- Webcontent.nl. "Gibraltar Chess Festival 2008". Gibraltarchesscongress.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-10. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "M-Tel Masters 2008". Mtelmasters.com. Archived from the original on 2005-03-26. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "InventiChess". InventiChess. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Fifth China vs Russia Match in Ningpo". Chessbase.com. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2010-02-17.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2010-02-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Vachier-Lagrave wins World Blitz Championship Preliminaries". Chessvibes.com. 2009-06-23. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Mark Crowther - Friday 4th June 2010 (2010-06-04). "Chinese Championships 2010". Chess.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2011-10-20. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Mark Crowther - Sunday 20th June 2010 (2010-06-20). "1st Danzhou Tournament 2010". Chess.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "Seventh China-Russia match: Chinese beat Russians in slow games". Chessbase.com. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Gu, Xiaobing (2012-06-15). "The third Danzhou tournament – Bu Xiangzhi takes gold". ChessBase. Retrieved 9 October 2015.[permanent dead link]
- Ramirez, Alejandro (2014-07-06). "Ding Liren edges Bu Xiangzhi to top Hainan". ChessBase. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
- "Bu Xiangzhi convincing in Politiken Cup". Chessdom. 2014-07-29. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- Shah, Sagar (2017-09-11). "FIDE World Cup 2017: World No.35 eliminates World No.1". Chess News. ChessBase. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- Wojciech Bartelski. "World Men's Team Chess Championship :: Bu Xiangzhi". OlimpBase. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Wojciech Bartelski. "Men's Chess Olympiads :: Bu Xiangzhi". OlimpBase. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Wojciech Bartelski. "Asian Chess Games :: Bu Xiangzhi". OlimpBase. Archived from the original on 2012-03-09. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Wojciech Bartelski. "Men's Asian Team Chess Championship :: Bu Xiangzhi". OlimpBase. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- "China confirms domination, wins World Team Championship 2015". Chessdom. 2015-04-29.
- McGourty, Colin (2018-10-06). "Quadruple Olympiad gold for China: 17 conclusions". chess24.com. Retrieved 2019-09-09.
- "雅戈尔杯中国国际象棋甲级联赛官方网站". Ccl.sports.cn. Archived from the original on 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2011-12-04.
- Peng, Zhaoqin (2013-10-14). "Tianjin Nankai University with Koneru leads in the Chinese League". News About Chess. Archived from the original on 26 November 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bu Xiangzhi.|
- Bu Xiangzhi games at 365Chess.com
- NICBase Online Info at New In Chess
- Bu Xiangzhi player profile and games at Chessgames.com
- Bu Xiangzhi at Sina Sports
- Chessmetrics Ratings: Bu Xiangzhi
- Elo rating with world rankings and historical development since 1999 (benoni.de/schach/elo) for Bu Xiangzhi
- Biography of Bu Xiangzhi, Corus Chess 2007.
- Bu Xiangzhi: I would bet on Topalov for victory in Sofia (2008 Interview)
| Men's Chinese Chess Champion
| Youngest chess grandmaster ever