Wang Hao (chess player)

Wang Hao (Chinese: 王皓; pinyin: Wáng Hào; born August 4, 1989) is a Chinese chess grandmaster. In November 2009, Wang became the fourth Chinese player to break through the 2700 Elo rating mark. In 2019, he qualified for the 2020 Candidates Tournament by winning the FIDE Grand Swiss Tournament 2019, making him the second Chinese player to qualify for a Candidates Tournament.

Wang Hao
Hao,Wang 2018 Karlsruhe.jpg
Wang Hao in 2018
Full nameWang Hao
Born (1989-08-04) August 4, 1989 (age 31)
Harbin, Heilongjiang[1]
FIDE rating2763 (March 2021)
Peak rating2763 (October 2020)
RankingNo. 12 (May 2020)
Wang Hao
Medal record
Representing  China
Asian Games
Gold medal – first place 2010 Guangzhou Men's Team

Grandmaster titleEdit

In 2005, he became China's 20th Grandmaster at the age of 16.

As with Gata Kamsky, Wang Hao became a grandmaster without first gaining an International Master title. He achieved his three Grandmaster norms at the:[2]


Wang was taught the rules of chess when he was six years old. He had attended a local youth center with the hopes of being taught Xiangqi (Chinese Chess); however, the trainer did not show up. He was introduced to chess that day instead and, almost by accident, his career was launched. Around one year later, Wang played in his first local junior tournament.[3]

In 1999, Wang came third in the Under-10 division of the World Youth Chess Championships in Oropesa del Mar, Spain.[4] In July 2002, he won the Qingdao Zhongfand Cup. In the following month, he played on board 4 for the gold medal-winning Chinese team in the Under-16 Chess Olympiad in Kuala Lumpur.[5][6] In 2003, Wang beat Magnus Carlsen at the U14 World Youth Chess Championship.[7] In July 2004, Wang again won gold with his national team in the U-16 Chess Olympiad in Calicut, India. He scored 8/9 on the first board, a result that also earned him the individual gold medal, producing a rating performance of 2577.[8][9] In the same month he won the "Children of Asia", a youth tournament in Yakutsk, Russia.

Wang's first major tournament win was the Dubai Open in April 2005, when he was still untitled and finished clear first with a score of 7/9 points (rating performance of 2731), ahead of 53 grandmasters and 30 international masters.[10] In August 2005, Wang won with 10/11 (two points clear ahead of the rest of the field) in the 2nd IGB Dato' Arthur Tan Malaysia Open in Kuala Lumpur (rating performance of 2843).[11] In October 2005, he came joint-first in the Beijing Zonal 3.3 tournament, and took the second place after a playoff match.[12]

In February 2007, he won the GACC Tournament at the University of Malaya. In September 2007, he came in second place, after Zhang Pengxiang, at the Asian Individual Championship in Manila.[13] In October 2007, Wang came third at the World Junior Chess Championship in Yerevan.[14]

In January 2008, at the 15th Asian Team Chess Championship in Visakhapatnam, Wang won an individual gold medal for his performance on board three (5/6). The national team had also won gold overall.[15] In March 2008, he won the 23rd Reykjavik Open on tie-break with 7/9 points (2721 rating performance).[16] In April 2008, Wang competed at the Russian Team Championships in Dagomys, Sochi for the team 64 (Moscow), where he achieved a score of 8.0/11 (+5=6-0) and a performance rating of 2795.[17] In July 2008, he came 5th out of 10 players at the 9th Karpov International Tournament (Category 18, average Elo rating: 2691) in Poikovskiy, Russia. He scored 5/9 (+2=6-1) with a performance of 2734.[18] In September 2008, he competed in the 5th Russia v China Match in Ningbo, where he was the top scorer in the men's section with 3½/5 and a performance rating of 2844 playing with Wang Yue, Bu Xiangzhi, Ni Hua, Li Chao for the Chinese men's team.[19]

In May 2009, he scored 5½/10 (+3=5-2) at the 39th Bosna International Tournament in Sarajevo with a 2725 performance, sharing second place with Borki Predojevic.[20] In November 2009, he competed in the FIDE World Cup: after defeating Joshua Friedel and Surya Shekhar Ganguly in the first two rounds, he was knocked out by Shakhriyar Mamedyarov.

In May 2010, he won the 40th Bosna International Tournament.[21] In the following month, Wang Hao won the Chinese Chess Championship scoring 7½/11 and edging out 2004 champion Bu Xiangzhi and Zhou Jianchao on tiebreak.[22] In September 2010 he competed in the Grand Slam of Shanghai, a four players round-robin tournament, in which he played Levon Aronian, Alexei Shirov and Vladimir Kramnik. Wang Hao, the lowest ranked player in the tournament, scored three draws and three losses.

He has assisted in preparing Levon Aronian for the 2011 Candidate Matches.[23] In a report on the 2010 Tal Memorial, the noted chess journalist Ilya Odessky writes that Levon Aronian "in his teasing style" named Wang Hao as the most talented player of the tournament.[24]

In August 2012, he won the Biel Grandmaster Tournament in Bienne, Switzerland, with six wins, one draw, and three losses. The tournament was played with three points for a win, and this result put Wang one point ahead of Magnus Carlsen, who had four wins and six draws.[25]

Wang Hao was one of the AGON nominees for the FIDE Grand Prix Series 2012–13.[26] In the first stage, held in London, he placed sixth with 5½/11. He shared the first place with Sergey Karjakin and Alexander Morozevich at the second stage, that took place in Tashkent, scoring 6½/11. In the Beijing stage, he was sixth on 5½/11. In the final stage in Paris, Wang finished tenth with 5/11.

At the 2013 Norway Chess tournament, Wang Hao finished in seventh place with three wins, three draws, and three losses. Wang was tied for last after five rounds, when he lost against the eventual tail-ender Jon Ludvig Hammer. However, he ended the tournament very strongly with two wins over the World Championship finalists Magnus Carlsen and Viswanathan Anand.[27]

In April 2014, he competed in the B Group of the Gashimov Memorial and scored 5/9, sharing third place with Etienne Bacrot.[28] Later that year, Wang played for Azebaijani team SOCAR which won the European Club Cup in Bilbao.[29]

In June 2015, Wang Hao scored 6½/9 in the 10th Edmonton International Tournament, tying for the second place with Vassily Ivanchuk and Surya Shekhar Ganguly.[30] On December 31, 2015 Wang won the 4th Al Ain Classic tournament scoring 8/9, 1½ points ahead of the nearest followers. He already ensured the victory with a round to spare.[31] In March 2016 he won the 6th HDBank Cup in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam with 8/9.[32]

In April 2017, Wang Hao came first in the Sharjah Masters tournament.[33] The following month, he won the Asian Continental Championship in Chengdu, edging out Bu Xiangzhi on tiebreak score, after both players finished on 7/9 points (+5−0=4).[34][35]

In October 2019, Wang Hao qualified for the 2020 Candidates Tournament by winning the FIDE Grand Swiss Tournament 2019 with a score of 8/11 (+6−1=4).[36]

In December 2019, he won the Yinzhou Cup in Ningbo, China.[37]

China Chess LeagueEdit

Wang Hao plays for Hebei chess club in the China Chess League (CCL).[38]


  1. ^ GM norm certificate (Kuala Lampur). FIDE.
  2. ^ GM title applications: Wang Hao FIDE
  3. ^ "Interview with Wang Hao and Game Review". Chess Videos, Chess DVDs, Chess Software and more. 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  4. ^ "World U10 Championship 1999". Italian Chess Federation. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  5. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "2nd World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad: final standings". OlimpBase. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  6. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "2nd World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad: China A team". OlimpBase. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  7. ^ "The 2020 Candidates: Wang Hao". Retrieved 4 March 2020.
  8. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "4th World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad: final standings". OlimpBase. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  9. ^ Wojciech Bartelski. "4th World Youth U16 Chess Olympiad: tournament review and board standings". OlimpBase. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  10. ^ "Sensation: Dubai Open won by Wang Hao". ChessBase. 14 April 2005. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  11. ^ Edwin Lam Choong Wai (6 September 2005). "Incredible!! Fantastic!! Sensational!!". ChessBase. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  12. ^ Mark Crowther (31 October 2005). "TWIC 573: Zonal 3.3 in Beijing". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
  13. ^ VI Asian Individual Chess Championship Chess-Results
  14. ^ World U-20 Championship/Juniors Chess-Results
  15. ^ OlimpBase :: 15th Asian Team Chess Championship, Visakhapatnam 2008, China
  16. ^ Reykjavik Open 2008 Chess-Results
  17. ^ "Russian Team Championships: Ural and Finec win". ChessBase. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  18. ^ Mark Crowther (21 July 2008). "TWIC 715: Poikovsky". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Fifth China vs Russia Match in Ningpo". ChessBase. 24 September 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  20. ^ 39th International Chess Supertournament Bosna 2009 Chess-Results
  21. ^ 40th International Tournament Bosna 2010 Chess-Results
  22. ^ "Wang Hao and Ju Wenjun Chinese Champions". 6 June 2010. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  23. ^ "Levon Aronian starts preparing for Candidates Matches 2011". Chessdom. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  24. ^ "Ilya Odessky returns in style". Chess in Translation.
  25. ^ "Wang Hao strikes back in last round to win Biel". ChessBase. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  26. ^ "Announcement on FIDE Grand Prix Series 2012/13". FIDE. 17 July 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2015.
  27. ^ "Sergey Karjakin wins Norway Chess 2013". ChessBase. 18 May 2013. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
  28. ^ Mark Crowther. "Vugar Gashimov Memorial 2014". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  29. ^ Ramirez, Alejandro (2014-09-20). "ECC 07: Two perfect scores". ChessBase. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
  30. ^ Peter Doggers (29 June 2015). "Harikrishna strongest at Edmonton International". Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  31. ^ "GM Wang Hao wins 4th Al Ain Chess Classic". Chessdom. 2015-12-31. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  32. ^ Crowther, Mark (2016-03-21). "TWIC 1115: 6th 6th HD Bank Cup 2016". The Week in Chess. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  33. ^ Silver, Albert (2017-04-03). "Sharjah Masters: Wang Hao is first among equals". ChessBase. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
  34. ^ McGourty, Colin (2017-05-21). "Asian Champs 6-9: Wang Hao & Vo take titles". Retrieved 2017-06-09.
  35. ^ Banjan, Priyadarshan (2017-05-24). "Asian Continental Rd.7-9: Wang Hao is the Champion". Chess News. ChessBase. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
  36. ^ Doggers, Peter. "BREAKING: Wang Hao Wins FIDE Grand Swiss, Qualifies For Candidates'". Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  37. ^ "The Week in Chess 1311". Retrieved 2020-07-09.
  38. ^

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Ding Liren
Chinese Chess Champion
Succeeded by
Ding Liren